scholarly journals Obtaining glucose-based 5-hydroxymethylfurfural on large-pore zeolites

2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (6 (110)) ◽  
pp. 38-44
Lyubov Patrylak ◽  
Serhii Konovalov ◽  
Olexandra Pertko ◽  
Anzhela Yakovenko ◽  
Volodymyr Povazhnyi ◽  

Obtaining such substances-platforms as, in particular, 5-hydroxymethylfurfural is one of the areas most actively investigated at present. They can act as raw materials for the further production of a new generation of biopolymers, fuels, pharmaceuticals, dietary supplements, and other chemicals. This paper reports the catalysts, synthesized by using methods of ion exchange and impregnation, based on the large-pore zeolites X, Y, and M, which contain the cations of rubidium, lanthanum, calcium, and ammonium. It was found that the zeolites' specific surface was 400‒500 m2/g; the selected synthesis conditions did not cause noticeable destruction of the microporous structure. In the presence of the synthesized catalysts, glucose dehydration in the aqueous medium and in dimethyl sulfoxide was carried out at 150–160 °C. The higher efficiency of polycationic forms of zeolites in a non-aqueous medium has been established. In the latter case, a 40 % yield of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural was achieved at an almost complete glucose conversion. Deactivated catalyst samples were investigated using the methods of infrared spectroscopy and differential thermal analysis/thermogravimetry. It was found that the catalyst accumulates fewer oligomerization process by-products when the reaction is implemented in dimethyl sulfoxide. The loss of mass by the samples deactivated in an aqueous medium is 30‒33 %, while in dimethyl sulfoxide – up to 24 %. The obtained results are important for practical application as the only volatile conversion product is 5-hydroxymethylfurfural with a yield of up to 40 %. That is acceptable for the possible implementation of a one-stage process of obtaining 5-hydroxymethylfurfural in the future

Polymers ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (3) ◽  
pp. 381
Alessandro Nanni ◽  
Mariafederica Parisi ◽  
Martino Colonna

The plastic industry is today facing a green revolution; however, biopolymers, produced in low amounts, expensive, and food competitive do not represent an efficient solution. The use of wine waste as second-generation feedstock for the synthesis of polymer building blocks or as reinforcing fillers could represent a solution to reduce biopolymer costs and to boost the biopolymer presence in the market. The present critical review reports the state of the art of the scientific studies concerning the use of wine by-products as substrate for the synthesis of polymer building blocks and as reinforcing fillers for polymers. The review has been mainly focused on the most used bio-based and biodegradable polymers present in the market (i.e., poly(lactic acid), poly(butylene succinate), and poly(hydroxyalkanoates)). The results present in the literature have been reviewed and elaborated in order to suggest new possibilities of development based on the chemical and physical characteristics of wine by-products.

Sungsik Park ◽  
Gakuji Sato ◽  
Ryota Osuga ◽  
Yong Wang ◽  
Yoshihiro Kubota ◽  

Nutrients ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (5) ◽  
pp. 1688
Ying-Ju Chen ◽  
Chun-Yen Kuo ◽  
Zwe-Ling Kong ◽  
Chin-Ying Lai ◽  
Guan-Wen Chen ◽  

The Taiwan Tilapia is an important aquaculture product in Taiwan. The aquatic by-products generated during Tilapia processing, such as fish bones and skin, are rich in minerals and protein. We aimed to explore the effect of a dietary supplement, comprising a mixture of fermented Tilapia by-products and Monostroma nitidum oligosaccharides as the raw materials, combined with physical training on exercise performance and fatigue. We used a mouse model that displays a phenotype of accelerated aging. Male senescence-accelerated mouse prone-8 (SAMP8) mice were divided into two control groups—with or without physical training—and supplemented with different doses (0.5 times: 412 mg/kg body weight (BW)/day; 1 time: 824 mg/kg BW/day; 2 times: 1648 mg/kg BW/day) of fermented Tilapia by-products and Monostroma nitidum oligosaccharide-containing mixture and combined with exercise training groups. Exercise performance was determined by testing forelimb grip strength and with a weight-bearing exhaustive swimming test. Animals were sacrificed to collect physical fatigue-related biomarkers. Mice dosed at 824 or 1648 mg/kg BW/day showed improvement in their exercise performance (p < 0.05). In terms of biochemical fatigue indicators, supplementation of 824 or 1648 mg/kg BW/day doses of test substances could effectively reduce blood urea nitrogen concentration and lactate concentration and increase the lactate ratio (p < 0.05) and liver glycogen content post-exercise (p < 0.05). Based on the above results, the combination of physical training and consumption of a dietary supplementation mixture of fermented Tilapia by-products and Monostroma nitidum oligosaccharides could improve the exercise performance of mice and help achieve an anti-fatigue effect.

2017 ◽  
Vol 183 (4) ◽  
pp. 1146-1157 ◽  
Qin Wang ◽  
Hui Zheng ◽  
Xia Wan ◽  
Hongfeng Huang ◽  
Junhui Li ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 410 ◽  
pp. 699-703
Valeriya È. Shvarczkopf ◽  
Irina A. Pavlova ◽  
Elena P. Farafontova

The research focuses on the properties of by-products formed in the production of porcelain stoneware: polishing residue and residue of the mixture-preparation shop. The polishing residue consists of glassy phase (80%), quartz (14%), mullite (5%). Residue of the mixture-preparation shop consists of quartz (~ 18%), muscovite (~ 6.9%), kaolinite (~ 20.5%), calcium-sodium feldspar (~ 51.4%), diopside (~ 2.98%). Polishing residue occurs when polishing porcelain stoneware to create a glossy surface and when polishing the side faces of porcelain stoneware to obtain accurate tile geometry. The particle size of the polishing residue is less than 0.2 mm, and the residue of the mixture-preparation shop is less than 40 microns. Residue of the mixture-preparation shop is formed when cleaning equipment: mills, mixers, slipways, etc. The ways of utilization of by-product are follows: as a filler for the silicate production; for polymer-cement, water-dispersion and oil paints; as a filler for the production of roofing materials, bituminous roofing mastics based on organic binders; raw materials for the production of foam glass materials and products.

The current fashion system uses high volumes of non-renewable resources to produce clothes, being responsible for 10% of the global greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere every year and 20%of the global water wasted. At the same time people are buying 60%more clothing than 15 Years ago, which going in the landfills, causes 92 million tons of waste each year. This waste has been further increased by the surgical masks used for COVID-19 pandemic. Thus, a new way of designing and producing clothing needs to be incorporated into the current system to facilitate its recycling making it more circular. New tissues, therefore, are proposed made by natural polysaccharides, embedded by micro- Nano capsules of chitin Nano fibrils and Nano lignin all obtained as by- products from food and forestry waste respectively. Thus, pollution and waste will be reduced and the natural raw materials will be maintained for the future generations.

P.K. Dang ◽  
N.T.P. Giang ◽  
T.T. Nguyen ◽  
S. Chu-Ky ◽  
N.C. Oanh ◽  

Background: In Vietnam, animal feed mainly depends on imported raw materials, while available agro-industrial by-products are often released into the environment and only a its unsubstantial portion used as an animal feed. Therefore, efficient use of these by-products as animal feed is essential. This work aimed to evaluate the effect of dietary levels of rice distiller’s dried grain (Rice DDG) on broiler performance, meat yield and meat quality. Methods: The research was conducted at the experimental station, Vietnam National University of Agriculture, Vietnam, from May to September 2020. A total of 240 a day-old broiler chicks were randomly assigned into 4 groups with 3 replications to receive 4 diets with different levels of RDDG at 0, 5, 8 and 10% for 14 weeks. Growth, meat yield and meat quality were estimated. Result: ADG was higher in broiler chickens fed diets with rice DDG compared to that in control diet at 12 and 14 weeks (P less than 0.05) while ADFI and FCR were not affected by the diets. There were significantly no differences in meat yield and quality among the diets. In conclusion, rice DDG could be used to partially replace main ingredients in chicken diets.

Foods ◽  
2018 ◽  
Vol 7 (12) ◽  
pp. 203 ◽  
Friederike Gutöhrlein ◽  
Stephan Drusch ◽  
Sebastian Schalow

In order to evaluate by-products from food processing as alternative raw materials for pectin extraction, their amount of galacturonic acid (GalA) has to be analysed as a marker for pectin content. In the present study, significant differences in GalA release using different digestion methods are shown for pea hulls, as an example of by-products with a high content of cellulose. Complete digestion of the fibre matrix was assumed for Saeman hydrolysis as a reference protocol. Significantly lower GalA release was achieved by a treatment with trifluoracetic acid (TFA). An alternative treatment with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) at pH 11 followed by an enzymatic digestion at pH 4.5 using a combination of polygalacturonase (Vegazyme M) and cellulase (Celluclast 1.5L) resulted in a similar release of GalA compared to Seaman hydolysis. Pea hull samples, analysed by this alternative protocol, showed on average a GalA content of 11.2%. Therefore, pea hulls may serve as new raw material for pectin extraction.

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