scholarly journals Lightweight Structural Concrete

Omnia Saad ◽  
Khaled S. Ragab ◽  
Omar Elnawawy ◽  
Yousef R. Alharbi ◽  

Using of Lightweight concrete (LWC) amounts to a lower cost and a better thermal performance due to its unique properties and light density. The main disadvantage in using lightweight concrete is that its mechanical properties are relatively poor. An effective method to improve the mechanical properties of lightweight concrete is using a dosage of nano-silica in the concrete mix. The gained enhancement of mechanical properties promotes a more serious discussion of structural applications of lightweight concrete. There exists an optimum dosage of nano-silica by which the mechanical properties enhancement is maximized. Increasing the nano-silica content beyond the optimum dosage degrades the mechanical properties. However, a fixed optimum dosage is not agreed upon in literature. This paper investigates the optimum dosage of NS to enhance the mechanical properties and microstructure of a lightweight concrete made with lightweight expanded clay aggregates (LECA). The results concluded that a dosage of 0.75% of nano-silica is optimum for the studied lightweight concrete mixes.

Arman Abdigaliyev ◽  
Jiong Hu

During the last decades, cellular lightweight concrete (CLC), or foamed concrete, has been experiencing greater interest in geotechnical, structural, and non-structural applications. The low density and high flowability makes it a favorable construction material in relation to handling, placing, and construction costs. However, the applications of low-density cellular concrete (LDCC), the category of CLC with a unit weight less than 50 pounds per cubic foot (801 kg/m3) and generally without fine aggregates, are limited mostly to backfill applications in geotechnical engineering. The main reason lies in the brittleness of the material and low to zero resistance to flexural loads. Fiber-reinforced LDCC may be a reasonable solution to improve mechanical properties and expand the application range of the material. This study investigated the effects of adding polypropylene and hybrid fibers on physical and mechanical properties of LDCC and the feasibility of expanding LDCC utilization to non-structural applications. Results showed that although there is a slight reduction of flowability and compressive strength, the flexural behavior of LDCC can be significantly improved with the incorporation of fibers. The flexural strength and flexural toughness of LDCC was found to increase from 26.8 pounds per square inch (psi) (0.18 MPa) to 217.5 psi (1.48 MPa), and from 5.67 lb-in. (0.64 kN-mm) to 292 lb-in. (33.0 kN-mm) respectively at a 1.0% addition rate of a fibrillated polypropylene fiber selected in this study, which makes it a feasible material for non-structural applications.

2018 ◽  
Vol 2018 ◽  
pp. 1-8
Lijia Fang ◽  
Yuting Xu ◽  
Li Gao ◽  
Xinkun Suo ◽  
Jianguo Gong ◽  

Extensive efforts devoted in recent years to booming structural applications of lightweight magnesium alloys are usually undermined by their insufficient surface properties. Surface modification is therefore necessarily required in most cases for enhanced surface integrity of the alloys. Here, we report construction of aluminum-silica protective layers by cold spray on AZ31 magnesium alloys, and the effect of the silica additives on microstructure and mechanical properties of the coatings was examined. The ceramic particles were dispersed evenly in the coatings, and increased silica content gives rise to enhanced adhesion, antiwear performances, and microhardness of the coatings. The even distribution of silica in the coatings altered the wear regimes from adhesive to abrasive wear. The cold spray fabrication of the aluminum-silica protective coatings would facilitate structural applications of the magnesium alloys.

2017 ◽  
Vol 25 (5) ◽  
pp. 395-404
Qing Zhang

Processing rheological properties of poly(lactic acid) (PLA)/sesbania gum (SG)/nano-silica composites were investigated with a torque rheometer, and mechanical properties were researched by a universal testing machine and a cantilever-beam impact testing machine. Effects of SG content, nano-silica content, the types of plasticisers, the plasticiser content and the rotor speed of a torque rheometer on the properties of composites were discussed. The results indicated that polyethylene glycol (PEG)20000 exhibited the best plasticising effect on the composites, and at the same time, did not increase energy consumption of the systems compared with other four plasticisers. As for the aspect of processing rheological properties, the optimum formulation for PLA/SG/ nano-SiO2/PEG20000 composites was: 100 parts of PLA, 8 parts of SG, 2 parts of nano-SiO2, and 5–10 parts of PEG20000. Comparing with unmodified PLA, the comprehensive mechanical properties of the composites improved greatly, based on the results of the tensile, impact and bending tests.

2007 ◽  
Vol 353-358 ◽  
pp. 1529-1532 ◽  
Li Zhong Zhou ◽  
De Chang Jia

In this paper, nano-silica particles were incorporated to a fused silica-boron nitride dual phase ceramics originally using micrometer sized particles as starting powders. Effects of nano-silica content on density, sintering behavior, mechanical properties and microstructure of the dual phase ceramics were investigated. It was found that with the addition of nano-silica particles, the density and mechanical properties of the dual phase ceramics increased. Flexural strength and fracture toughness of them attained to 51.4MPa and 0.8MPa·m1/2, respectively. The increased density and spatial network structure of fused silica attribute to the improvement of the mechanical properties of the dual phase ceramics.

2019 ◽  
Vol 8 (4) ◽  
pp. 9150-9154

Structures built using lightweight concrete have feature of the lower own weight than that of the conventional concrete, where this property contributes to reducing the construction cost. This paper study recycling of pottery waste (PW) to use it as aggregate to develop structural lightweight concrete. To achieve this aim, six concrete mixtures were prepared. Five mixes developed using PW of 20%, 40 %, 60%, 80%, and 100% as a partially and wholly replacement of normal weight aggregate, while the control mix produced using normal weight aggregate of dolomite. The properties; consistency, dry density, water absorption, compressive, tensile and flexural strengths were studied and compared with the same properties of the control mix. Experimental results indicate that using 40, 60, 80, and 100% of PW as dolomite replacement can produce lightweight concrete, also all concrete mixtures containing PW aggregate can classified as structural concrete where their compressive strengths are more than 17 Mpa.

2016 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. 29-33
MB Hossain ◽  
KM Shaad ◽  
MS Rahman ◽  
P Bhowmik

This research was carried out to investigate various physical properties of Rice Husk Ash (RHA) and, some physical and mechanical properties of concrete incorporating RHA in different proportions. The concrete specimens were tested at 7, 21 and 28 days after curing. Test results revealed that the specific gravity of RHA was found lower than that of sand. The density of concrete containing RHA was recorded between 80-110 lb.ft-3, which is lower than conventional concrete. Water absorption was found increasing with the increase of RHA content in concrete specimens. There were significant variations in compressive strength values of concrete containing 5%, 10% and 20% volume of RHA. The compressive strength of 5% RHA specimen was 150-200% higher than that of other specimens. Hence, upto 5% replacement of RHA could be recommended for making normal lightweight concrete. The splitting tensile strength was about 9-10% of compressive strength. It was concluded that upto 5% RHA can be used effectively in making normal lightweight concrete. The higher percentage of RHA could be used in making non-structural concrete where the strength of concrete is not concerned.J. Environ. Sci. & Natural Resources, 9(1): 29-33 2016

2018 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
pp. 184798041876128 ◽  
Pengyu Zhang ◽  
Ning Xie ◽  
Xin Cheng ◽  
Lichao Feng ◽  
Pengkun Hou ◽  

Although the nano modification has been considered as a promising approach to enhance the mechanical properties of cement-based concrete, the investigation of low dosage nano modification on lightweight cement-based concrete is still very limited. In this study, the lightweight concrete, which was modified with low dosage nano-silica particles, were investigated. Non-prewetting and prewetting methods were used to prepare the lightweight concrete samples. The compressive and flexural strengths were tested to evaluate the modification effects of low dosage nano-silica on lightweight concrete. The microstructure analyses demonstrate that the hydration process of the cement paste can be changed with addition of nano-silica, and new types of hydration products have been observed in nano modified cementitious matrix. The interface between the lightweight aggregates and the cement paste can be reinforced by low dosage of nano-silica due to the new types of hydration products. However, relatively high dosage of nano-silica will reduce the modification effect because of the internal stress, which is resulted from the volume expansion of the new types of hydration product, at the interface of the lightweight aggregates and the cement paste. This study not only shows the possibility of low dosage nano modification on the mechanical properties enhancement of lightweight concrete but also provides potential modification mechanisms, which help to design and fabricate high-performance lightweight concrete materials.

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