silica particles
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Micromachines ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 117
Author(s):  
Xiaohong Li ◽  
Junping Duan ◽  
Zeng Qu ◽  
Jiayun Wang ◽  
Miaomiao Ji ◽  
...  

Cell separation has become @important in biological and medical applications. Dielectrophoresis (DEP) is widely used due to the advantages it offers, such as the lack of a requirement for biological markers and the fact that it involves no damage to cells or particles. This study aimed to report a novel approach combining 3D sidewall electrodes and contraction/expansion (CEA) structures to separate three kinds of particles with different sizes or dielectric properties continuously. The separation was achieved through the interaction between electrophoretic forces and inertia forces. The CEA channel was capable of sorting particles with different sizes due to inertial forces, and also enhanced the nonuniformity of the electric field. The 3D electrodes generated a non-uniform electric field at the same height as the channels, which increased the action range of the DEP force. Finite element simulations using the commercial software, COMSOL Multiphysics 5.4, were performed to determine the flow field distributions, electric field distributions, and particle trajectories. The separation experiments were assessed by separating 4 µm polystyrene (PS) particles from 20 µm PS particles at different flow rates by experiencing positive and negative DEP. Subsequently, the sorting performances of the 4 µm PS particles, 20 µm PS particles, and 4 µm silica particles with different solution conductivities were observed. Both the numerical simulations and the practical particle separation displayed high separating efficiency (separation of 4 µm PS particles, 94.2%; separation of 20 µm PS particles, 92.1%; separation of 4 µm Silica particles, 95.3%). The proposed approach is expected to open a new approach to cell sorting and separating.


Cells ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 226
Author(s):  
Sabrina Colafarina ◽  
Piero Di Carlo ◽  
Osvaldo Zarivi ◽  
Massimo Aloisi ◽  
Alessandra Di Serafino ◽  
...  

Indoor air pollutants (IAP), which can pose a serious risk to human health, include biological pollutants, nitric oxide (NO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), volatile organic compounds (VOC), sulfur dioxide (SO2), carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), silica, metals, radon, and particulate matter (PM). The aim of our work is to conduct a multidisciplinary study of fine silica particles (<2.5 μm) in the presence or absence of ozone (O3), and evaluate their potential cytotoxicity using MTS, micronucleus, and the comet test in two cell lines. We analyzed A549 (human basal alveolar epithelial cell adenocarcinoma) and Hs27 (human normal fibroblasts) exposed to dynamic conditions by an IRC simulator under ozone flow (120 ppb) and in the presence of silica particles (40 μg/h). The viability of A549 and Hs27 cells at 48 and 72 h of exposure to silica or silica/ozone decreases, except at 72 h in Hs27 treated with silica/ozone. The micronucleus and comet tests showed a significant increase in the number of micronuclei and the % of DNA in the queue, compared to the control, in both lines in all treatments, even if in different cell times/types. We found that silica alone or with more O3 causes more pronounced genotoxic effects in A549 tumor cells than in normal Hs27 fibroblasts.


Author(s):  
Changbang Deng ◽  
Liang Jiang ◽  
Linmao Qian

Abstract Ti-6Al-4V (TC4) alloy has been widely used for implants, and excellent surface quality is required for satisfactory performance. In this study, chemical mechanical polishing (CMP) was introduced to process TC4 alloy. H2O2 and K+ were used to enhance the CMP efficiency. It is revealed that, at pH 10, the material removal rate (MRR) of TC4 alloy increases with the increasing H2O2. A synergistic action between H2O2 and K+ exists under alkaline conditions. With H2O2 and at pH 10, as the K+ concentration increases, the MRR of TC4 alloy first increases and then levels off. The anions have little influence on the CMP performance. After polishing, the surface is smooth without scratches, and the substrate underneath the surface film has no processing damage. For the synergistic action, K+ ions are adsorbed on the Stern layer of the TC4 alloy surface and the silica particles, screening the surface negative charge. Firstly, OOH- produced from H2O2 and OH- can approach the TC4 alloy surface easily, promoting the corrosion. Secondly, more silica particles come into contact with the TC4 alloy surface, enhancing the interactions. Therefore, the MRR increases. The research work brings about a promising high-efficiency CMP process for titanium alloys.


RSC Advances ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 1062-1076
Author(s):  
Bijian Zhou ◽  
Dan Teng ◽  
Jinghui Li ◽  
Yanhong Zhang ◽  
Minghui Qi ◽  
...  

An ionic liquid (IL) form of gliclazide with enhanced solubility characteristics was successfully synthesized. This IL could be loaded into mesoporous silica carrier and exhibited improved dissolution behavior in vitro.


BPB Reports ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 5 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-4
Author(s):  
Shun-ichi Eto ◽  
Aoi Koshida ◽  
Hirofumi Tsujino ◽  
Kazuya Nagano ◽  
Kazuma Higashisaka ◽  
...  

Nanomaterials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 39
Author(s):  
Stefan Bucur ◽  
Aurel Diacon ◽  
Ionel Mangalagiu ◽  
Alexandra Mocanu ◽  
Florica Rizea ◽  
...  

This study presents the synthesis of silica particles bearing two beta-cyclodextrin (BCD) (beta-cyclodextrin-BCD-OH and diamino butane monosubstituted beta-cyclodextrin-BCD-NH2). The successful synthesis of the BCD-modified silica was confirmed by FT-IR and TGA. Using contact angle measurements, BET analysis and SEM characterization, a possible formation mechanism for the generation of silica particles bearing BCD derivatives on their surface was highlighted. The obtained modified silica displayed the capacity to remove bisphenol A (BPA) from wastewater due to the presence of the BCD moieties on the surface of the silica. The kinetic analysis showed that the adsorption reached equilibrium after 180 min for both materials with qe values of 107 mg BPA/g for SiO2-BCD-OH and 112 mg BPA/g for SiO2-BCD-NH2. The process followed Ho’s pseudo-second-order adsorption model sustaining the presence of adsorption sites with different activities. The fitting of the Freundlich isotherm model on the experimental results was also evaluated, confirming the BCD influence on the materials’ adsorption properties.


2021 ◽  
Vol 22 (24) ◽  
pp. 13403
Author(s):  
Sara Saber Younes Mohamed ◽  
Sonia Martinez ◽  
Mauro Banchero ◽  
Luigi Manna ◽  
Silvia Ronchetti ◽  
...  

In the context of the development of carriers for amino acids delivery, Spherical Mesoporous Silica Particles (SMSP), characterized by particles size ranging from 0.15 µm to 0.80 µm and average pore diameter of 2.4 nm, were synthesised and loaded with L-arginine (ARG), a basic amino acid involved in several physiological processes. The loading was performed using water as a solvent through the wet impregnation method (with a final arginine content of 9.1% w/w). The material was characterized before and after impregnation by means of X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), nitrogen sorption analysis, Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM) and Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. SMSP are shown to suffer degradation upon impregnation, which dramatically affects their porosity. To elucidate the role of the pH of the ARG impregnating solution (originally set at pH ≈ 11) on SMSP degradation, the loading was performed under different pH conditions (5 and 9) keeping constant the ARG concentration. The impregnation performed with acidic solution did not modify the carrier. All samples displayed ARG in amorphous form: zwitterionic species were present in SMSP impregnated at basic pH whereas positive protonated species in that impregnated at acidic pH.


2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (7) ◽  
pp. 118-121
Author(s):  
Keiji Saiki ◽  
Toshihiro Ishikawa

We clarified the controlling factors of the particle size of the amorphous silica synthesized by wet and dry processes. In the wet process using methyl-trimethoxy-silane as a starting monomer, the obtained particle size can be easily controlled by changing the reaction time appropriately. However, to obtain larger particles, a relatively long time is needed. After the condensation reaction was conducted for 50h, the silica particles (D50: 3μm) were synthesized by calcination at 550oC in air. To synthesize larger silica particles, we used silica-seed particles (8μm) to obtain very large spherical silica particles (D50: 20μm). Thus, although the wet process needs a relatively long reaction time, it is very useful for synthesizing spherical silica particles with a wide range of particle size. In the dry process, we used methyl-trimethoxy-silane (MTMS), tetra-ethoxy-silane (TEOS), and octamethyl-cyclotetrasiloxane (OMCTSO) as the starting materials. In this process, the size of the silica particles was dominated by the molecular structure of the monomer, in particular, the number of silicon atoms contained in the monomer and the bulkiness of the substituent group. The largest silica particles were synthesized from OMCTSO, which contains the largest number of silicon atoms.


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