Deep Vein Thrombosis
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2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (12) ◽  
pp. 3634
Author(s):  
Manoj D. Togale ◽  
Pulkit Gupta

Background: Venous thromboembolism which encompasses deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) is one of the major cardiovascular causes of death along with myocardial infarction and stroke. DVT is a common problem in non-ambulatory and hospitalized patients. It is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in these patients. Venous thromboembolism mimics other illnesses making its diagnosis difficult. In such circumstances clinical improvement often fails to occur despite standard medical treatment of the concomitant illness.Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted at tertiary care hospital in which 40 patients with complaint of limb swelling were included. Risk was calculated according to the wells criteria and confirmed with color Doppler of the affected limb.Results: Majority of people were more than 50 years with male preponderance and with history of smoking present. Subjects had leg swelling with edema and calf tenderness. Results were well established in favor of Wells criteria for making diagnosis of DVT. This criterion showed 100% sensitivity with a negative predictive value of 100% and an accuracy of 90%.Conclusions: This criterion can help the clinicians to treat the disease before it takes a violent course and help the patients live a healthy life. The present study was done in a small proportion of patients. It is highly recommended that thorough studies and researches be conducted so that modern medicine can be highly efficacious, with newer techniques and procedures which can be beneficial for the patients.


Author(s):  
Hidenori Onishi ◽  
Osamu Yamamura ◽  
Hiromasa Tsubouchi ◽  
Takeshi Hirobe ◽  
Ikuko Kosugi ◽  
...  

Abstract Objective: This study aimed to examine the prevalence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) among evacuees in Minamiaso, a village which was temporarily isolated after the earthquakes, from the acute to recovery phase after the 2016 Kumamoto Earthquakes (GLIDE no: EQ-2016-000033-JPN). Methods: This prospective study, which was approved by Fukui University Medical Research Ethics Committee (approval no. 20160024 and 20160089), enrolled 181 evacuees (73.9 ± 11.6 y) who participated in a series of 3 DVT screenings using portable ultrasound machines conducted over 19 mo. All participants completed a questionnaire before the screenings, and none of the participants attended all 3 screenings. Data analysis was performed using EZR version 1.41. Results: The DVT prevalence was 14.3% (79.4 ± 8.2 y) at first screening of evacuees staying in shelters and 18.5% (71.5 ± 13.1 y) and 12.2% (72.8 ± 10.9 y) in second and third screenings of evacuees staying in temporary housing, respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed age ≥75 y and alcohol consumption as independent risk factors in the entire cohort and in patients aged ≤74 y, respectively. Conclusions: A high DVT prevalence over a long time period of 19 mo was observed where survivors were temporarily isolated after the disaster.


2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (22) ◽  
pp. 5360
Author(s):  
Katja Martina Bartsch ◽  
Christian Baumgart ◽  
Jürgen Freiwald ◽  
Jan Wilke ◽  
Gunda Slomka ◽  
...  

Background: Foam rolling is a type of self-massage using tools such as foam or roller sticks. However, to date, there is no consensus on contraindications and cautions of foam rolling. A methodological approach to narrow that research gap is to obtain reliable opinions of expert groups. The aim of the study was to develop experts’ consensus on contraindications and cautions of foam rolling by means of a Delphi process. Methods: An international three-round Delphi study was conducted. Academic experts, defined as having (co-) authored at least one PubMed-listed paper on foam rolling, were invited to participate. Rounds 1 and 2 involved generation and rating of a list of possible contraindications and cautions of foam rolling. In round 3, participants indicated their agreement on contraindications and cautions for a final set of conditions. Consensus was evaluated using a priori defined criteria. Consensus on contraindications and cautions was considered as reached if more than 70% of participating experts labeled the respective item as contraindication and contraindication or caution, respectively, in round 3. Results: In the final Delphi process round, responses were received from 37 participants. Panel participants were predominantly sports scientists (n = 21), physiotherapists (n = 6), and medical professionals (n = 5). Consensus on contraindications was reached for open wounds (73% agreement) and bone fractures (84%). Consensus on cautions was achieved for local tissue inflammation (97%), deep vein thrombosis (97%), osteomyelitis (94%), and myositis ossificans (92%). The highest impact/severity of an adverse event caused by contraindication/cautions was estimated for bone fractures, deep vein thrombosis, and osteomyelitis. Discussion: The mechanical forces applied through foam rolling can be considered as potential threats leading to adverse events in the context of the identified contraindications and cautions. Further evaluations by medical professionals as well as the collection of clinical data are needed to assess the risks of foam rolling and to generate guidance for different applications and professional backgrounds.


Author(s):  
Mohaddeseh Azadvari ◽  
Seyede Zahra Emami Razavi ◽  
Maryam Hosseini ◽  
Mahsa Mayeli

Applying rehabilitative measures is shown to be influential in relieving the medical complications of the COVID-19 disease. Herein, we aimed to assess the effect of a rehabilitation training class on the knowledge and attitude of the caregivers of the COVID-19 patients. Twenty-three caregivers voluntarily filled the questionnaire before and after attending a training class that evaluated the participants' beliefs about the four types of rehabilitations in COVID-19, including musculoskeletal, respiratory, gastrointestinal, and deep vein thrombosis (DVT) prevention. Significant improvement in the caregiver's attitude about the importance of all four rehabilitation types was detected. Also, the knowledge was increased about the necessity of DVT prevention. The level of knowledge in the caregivers of COVID-19 patients in Iran is not satisfactory, which necessitates proper education to achieve the rehabilitation goals rapidly. In-person caregiver training along with presenting pamphlets is of the most useful methods.


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