Bldc Motor
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Widjonarko ◽  
Cries Avian ◽  
Setya Widyawan Prakosa ◽  
Bayu Rudiyanto

BLDC motor is the most widely used in the industrial world, especially in electric vehicles. With this increasing demand, a variety of research topics emerged in BLDC motors. One popular research is on BLDC motor speed control topics to maintain speed for its application, such as intelligent cruise technology in electric cars and conveyors for line assembly. However, from several existing studies, the BLDC Motor controller still uses a single controller model. The controller's output is purely from the controller without any improvement in characteristics and has a problem with the oscillating speed setpoint (error problem). In this study, the researcher proposed a combining control with the concept of summation output to handle this problem. With this concept, the control techniques used can improve each other so that better control can be produced following the control system assessment parameters. The authors used a Fuzzy Logic Controller, Artificial Neural Network (ANN), and PID, which were combined and obtained seven control systems. The results show that the control system can improve several parameters using the summation concept from the seven controllers model. It has a positive overall correlation when viewed in terms of the difference between the Error and the setpoint or MAE (Mean Absolute Error) as parameter assessment.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-7
K. Ramash Kumar ◽  
T. S. Anandhi ◽  
B. Vijayakrishna ◽  
Monalisa Mohanty ◽  
M. Siva Ramkumar ◽  

The aim of this paper is to investigate the design computation and prototype model implementation of a Modified Mechanical Structure (MMS) Electric Bike (E-Bike). It is the technology that allows the vehicle to operate with the assistance of electrical energy. All conventional cars will be converted to electric vehicles (EVs) in the future. EVs will be affordable to all types of people, allowing them to fly comfortably and safely. As a result, this paper proposes a design estimate and model implementation of the MMS E-Bike with the smallest number of parts, lowest expense, and lightest weight possible. The most important parts of the designed MMS E-Bike are the battery, MMS, BLDC motor, and electronic commutator with their controller. Because of its adapted mechanical frame nature, the designed E-Bike is low in cost and weight, and it can also go up to 25 kmph. Furthermore, the rider will be able to ride the built MMS E-Bike without any pain to their bodies and should be able to sit comfortably during their journey. In comparison to the Ampere Angel and DMW Electra 20 E-Bikes, the performance of the developed model is tested under various operating conditions, as well as their battery backup.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (5) ◽  
pp. 7615-7618
D. B. Minh ◽  
V. D. Quoc ◽  
P. N. Huy

A permanent magnet Brushless DC (BLDC) motor has been designed with different rotor configurations based on the arrangement of the permanent magnets. Rotor configurations strongly affect the torque and efficiency performance of permanent magnet electric motors. In this paper, different rotor configurations of the permanent magnet BLDC motor with parallel the Halbach array permanent magnet were compared and evaluated. Many applications of electric drives or air-crafts have recently preferred the surface-mounted permanent magnet design due to its ease of construction and maintenance. The finite element technique has been used for the analysis and comparison of different geometry parameters and rotor magnet configurations to improve efficiency and torque performance. A comprehensive design of a three-phase permanent magnet BLDC 35kW motor is presented and simulations were conducted to evaluate its design. The skewing rotor and Halbach magnet array are applied to the permanent surface-mounted magnet on the BLDC motor for eliminating torque ripples. In order to observe the skewing rotor effect, the rotor lamination layers were skewed with different angles and Halbach sinusoidal arrays. The determined skewing angle, the eliminated theoretically cogging torque, and the back electromotive force harmonics were also analyzed.

Issa Etier ◽  
Anci Manon Mary A. ◽  
Nithiyananthan Kannan

The main objective of this research work is to design the electronically communtated brushless direct current (BLDC) motor and analysis its performance in MATLAB environment. The use of BLDC engine is expanding daily, the performance analysis is progressively significant and the consumer loyalty is significant. In light of the ranking and requirements, the BLDC engine is planned. The BLDC motor is widely used in a variety of fields. Low ripple input supply and a suitable speed controller are needed to achieve desired motor output. The output of BLDC motors, such as torque, voltage, and speed response, is examined in this paper. The controller parameters have been fine-tuned to improve motor speed. It has been discovered that a three phase voltage source inverter (VSI) fed BLDC motor with a fractional-order proportional-integral-derivative (FOPID) controller provides superior BLDC motor response. The outcomes are broke down utilizing the MATLAB programming.

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
T.Venkateswara Rao ◽  
Ananth D.V.N. ◽  

The brushless DC motor (BLDC) is a low cost, reliable and efficient motor for low power applications. In general, the speed, torque and current of the BLDC motor are controlled using a well tuned PI controller in the inner and outer control loops. This controller will be effective in reducing the dynamic speed error, but will produce large current ripples. This reference current when given to the inner control loop and controlled using hall-effect position sensing technique, leads to comparatively large ripples in the torque. Because of large dynamic behavior of dc link voltage when nominal rating capacitor is used, there will be torque ripples and reduction in rotor speed from the reference current value. Hence, to mitigate this torque ripples in BLDC motor a fast acting adjustable dc link voltage like chopper is generally used. The effective dc link voltage control with voltage boosting and controlling action is observed with Y-source converter and is compared with a Z-source converter in this paper. The Y-source converter is designed in such a way that, it will effectively control the speed and also produces lesser current ripples reference. Further, the inverter topology uses a six switch basic configuration but with a new switching strategy. The results are compared with a Z-source converter with the proposed Y-source converter under variable load torque and variable speed cases in MATLAB/ SIMULINK environment. It is found that, the torque ripples are reduced effectively without much change in the reference speed. Also, even at higher rotor speeds, the torque ripples and surges are also lesser.

2022 ◽  
Vol 70 (2) ◽  
pp. 2435-2452
M. Premkumar ◽  
Pradeep Jangir ◽  
B. Santhosh Kumar ◽  
Mohammad A. Alqudah ◽  
Kottakkaran Sooppy Nisar

Energies ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (19) ◽  
pp. 6023
Chang-Sung Jin ◽  
Chang-Min Kim ◽  
In-Jin Kim ◽  
Iksang Jang

This study focused on the efficiency improvement and acoustic noise reduction of brushless DC (BLDC) motors by reducing current harmonics using a novel BLDC commutation method. To achieve these goals, we designed an improved 150° commutation method for a three-phase permanent magnet BLDC motor that can improve the current waveform. Although the 120° commutation method is generally employed for BLDC motors, an improved 150° commutation method is introduced to operate the BLDC with increased efficiency and acoustic noise similar to a brushless AC motor. This study investigated the attributes of various commutation methods, both theoretically and experimentally, to determine the optimal commutation method. The results of this study indicate that the improved 150° commutation method is optimal in terms of harmonic attributes and reduced torque ripple, allowing it to improve motor efficiency and reduce acoustic noise.

Electronics ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (18) ◽  
pp. 2299
Łukasz Knypiński ◽  
Sebastian Kuroczycki ◽  
Fausto Pedro García Márquez

This paper presents the application of the cuckoo search (CS) algorithm in attempts to the minimization of the commutation torque ripple in the brushless DC motor (BLDC). The optimization algorithm was created based on the cuckoo’s reproductive behavior. The lumped-parameters mathematical model of the BLDC motor was developed. The values of self-inductances, mutual inductances, and back-electromotive force waveforms applied in the mathematical model were calculated by the use of the finite element method. The optimization algorithm was developed in Python 3.8. The CS algorithm was coupled with the static penalty function. During the optimization process, the shape of the voltage supplying the stator windings was determined to minimize the commutation torque ripple. Selected results of computer simulation are presented and discussed.

Deekshitha S Nayak ◽  
R. Shivarudraswamy

AbstractThe typical mixer grinders are universal motor, which operates on alternating current supply because of the higher starting torque characteristics and easy speed control. The absence of brushes in the Brushless DC (BLDC) motor and noise reduction improves its life and makes it perfectly suited for mixer grinder. The mathematical modelling and experimental demonstration of a conventional universal motor and proposed simulated model of BLDC motor was analysed using the MATLAB/Simulink. The loss and efficiency analysis of the permanent magnet BLDC and universal motor in the application of a mixer grinder are presented in this paper.

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