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2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (2) ◽  
pp. 157
Jouvan Randy Ekel ◽  
Indri Shelovita Manembu ◽  
Hermanto Wem Kling Manengkey ◽  
Kakaskasen Andreas Roeroe ◽  
Medy Ompi ◽  

Coral reefs are one of the most productive and diverse ecosystems on earth and provide ecosystem services. One of the islands of the Seribu Islands that has a coral reef ecosystem is Tidung Island. It is strategic and developing location makes this island used as a residential area, conservation area, and tourist destination. But the utilization has an impact on the damage of coral reefs through environmental and anthropogenic pressures. This study aims to determine coral diversity by identifying the coral genus Scleractinia and the factors that affect coral diversity. Observations were done on three different stations include 2 snorkeling areas and 1 natural area. The method used is LIT (Line Intercept Transect) and coral genus identification with Coral Finder Toolkit Indo Pacific 3.0. The results of identification obtained 16 coral genera namely genus Acropora, Montipora, Isopora, Favites, Leptastrea, Favia, Goniastrea, Montastrea, Platygyra, Echinopora, Porites, Pocillopora, Stylophora, Ctenactis, Pavona, dan Symphyllia, with the value of Diversity Index (H') in the waters of Tidung Island ranges from 0.94 – 2.34  in the category of low to moderate diversity. The parameters of water quality in Tidung Island, temperature, salinity, and acidity (pH) are relatively good for coral growth, but brightness is still relatively poor for coral growth. The impact of human activities such as snorkeling, ship anchors, fishing with destroyers, oil and waste pollution, and rock mining are factors that affect coral growth and diversity.Keywords: Coral Scleractinia; Limiting Factors; Coral Finder; Tidung IslandAbstrakTerumbu karang adalah salah satu ekosistem yang paling produktif dan beragam di bumi serta menyediakan jasa ekosistem. Salah satu pulau dari gugusan Kepulauan Seribu yang memiliki ekosistem terumbu karang yaitu Pulau Tidung. Letaknya yang strategis dan berkembang menjadikan pulau ini dimanfaatkan sebagai kawasan permukiman, daerah konservasi, dan kawasan tujuan wisata. Namun dari pemanfaatan tersebut memberikan dampak terhadap kerusakan pada terumbu karang melalui tekanan-tekanan lingkungan maupun antropogenik. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui keanekaragaman karang dengan mengidentifikasi genus karang Scleractinia dan faktor yang mempengaruhi keanekaragaman karang. Pengamatan di tiga stasiun berbeda yaitu di antaranya 2 kawasan wisata snorkeling, dan 1 kawasan yang masih alami. Metode yang digunakan yaitu LIT (Line Intercept Transect) dan identifikasi genus karang dengan Coral Finder Toolkit Indo Pasific 3.0. Hasil identifikasi didapatkan 16 genus karang yaitu genus Acropora, Montipora, Isopora, Favites, Leptastrea, Favia, Goniastrea, Montastrea, Platygyra, Echinopora, Porites, Pocillopora, Stylophora, Ctenactis, Pavona, dan Symphyllia, dengan nilai Indeks Keanekaragaman (H’) di perairan Pulau Tidung berkisar 0,94 – 2,34 berada pada kategori keanekaragaman rendah hingga sedang. Parameter kualitas perairan di Pulau Tidung, suhu, salinitas, dan derajat keasaman (pH) tergolong baik bagi pertumbuhan karang, namun kecerahan masih tergolong kurang baik bagi pertumbuhan karang. Dampak aktivitas manusia seperti snorkeling, jangkar kapal, penangkapan ikan dengan alat perusak, pencemaran minyak dan sampah, serta penambangan batu karang menjadi faktor yang mempengaruhi pertumbuhan dan keanekaragaman karang.

2021 ◽  
Soojeung Choi ◽  
Sangita Karki Kunwor ◽  
Hyea Bin Im ◽  
Jung Hye Hwang ◽  
Dain Choi ◽  

Abstract Background Traditional and complementary medicine (T&CM) is commonly used in South Asian countries such as Nepal. There are various causes and contributing factors for patients with cancer to consider using T&CM. However, little is known about the use of T&CM among the cancer population in this region. Methods The study followed a cross-sectional design using a structured survey questionnaire. Survey participants were recruited from two National hospitals in Kathmandu, Nepal. The survey instrument comprised 30 questions, including variables on demographics, use of T&CM, and perceived level of disease severity, and cancer treatment. Chi-square test and logistic regression were used for data analysis using SPSS ver. 23.0. Results Of 908 participants, 31.6% used one or more modalities of T&CM after a cancer diagnosis. The most commonly used T&CM was Ayurveda, followed by Yoga. 46.1% of T&CM users discussed their use with their doctors. Education level, residential area, employment, cancer type and stage, and self-rated disease severity were strong predictors of T&CM use. Conclusion This study underlined that despite the widespread use of T&CM among cancer patients in Nepal, most patients obtained related information from informal sources and did not disclose their use to physicians. To ensure the safe use of T&CM modalities, physicians should integrate questions on T&CM use into routine patient assessments in order to facilitate active communication and improve the quality of care.

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (3) ◽  
pp. 19-24
Aniston Williams ◽  
Siti Fatimah Az-Zahrah Amir ◽  
Muhammad Zulhelmi

It is estimated that more than 27,200 of Malaysians’ deaths annually are related to smoking. Majority of the smokers start smoking at the early age, smoke more than 15 years and spend less than RM 100 for cigarettes in a month. So, this study aims to determine the trend of smoking among smokers in a residential area in Dengkil, Sepang, Selangor. A cross-sectional study was conducted among Malaysian, aged more than 18-year-old with a combination of stratified, systematic and simple random sampling. Respondents who fulfill the inclusion & exclusion criteria were interviewed using a validated questionnaire and data were analysed using SPSS. The prevalence of current smoker was 23.5% with higher among male (50.7%), single (31.0%) and self-employed (44.1%). Peer pressure plays important role in either to start or to quit from smoking. It is important to increase awareness program primarily in educational institutions such as schools and colleges. Keywords: smoking, trend, prevalence, sub-urban, Selangor, Malaysian.

2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (4) ◽  
pp. 418
Shahzaib Maqbool ◽  
Maryam Haider ◽  
Ather Iqbal ◽  
Arham Ihtesham ◽  
Waleed Inayat Mohamed ◽  

Objective: Despite remarkable progress in scientific methods and measures against infectious disease transmission, the prevalence of infectious diseases is still on the rise in resource-poor countries. Hand hygiene is considered an effective way of fighting against deadly infectious diseases. Our study aimed to assess knowledge, attitude, and hand hygiene practices among mothers of children presenting for routine paediatric check-up in the department of paediatrics in a tertiary care hospital of Rawalpindi.Materials and Methods: It’s a descriptive cross-sectional study involving 400 mothers from the paediatric department of the Holy family hospital (HFH), Rawalpindi. A convenient sampling technique was used to select the study participants. A semi-structured, pre-tested questionnaire that included demographic details, knowledge, attitude, and practice levels were assessed through validated questionnaires used in previously published studies. Descriptive statistics were used for demographic details and chi-square analysis was used to find an association between handwashing practice with knowledge and attitude. A P<0.05 was taken as significant. Data analysis was done through SPSS.v.23.Results and Discussion: In total, 400 females participated in the study and the mean age (±SD) was 32.4±10.2 years. The mean age of children was 31.2±12.2 months. The level of good handwashing knowledge and attitude was 93% and 60% respectively. However, the level of good handwashing practice was just 40%. The age of mothers, residential area, occupation, socioeconomic status, and the level of knowledge regarding handwashing, showed significant association with handwashing practices.Conclusion: In our study handwashing practice among mothers was relatively low. Age of mothers, residential area, occupation, socioeconomic status, and the level of knowledge regarding handwashing, were significantly associated with handwashing practices.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Vol. 05 No. 04 October’21 Page: 418-423

2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (3) ◽  
pp. 1333
Gedinara Paiva dos Santos ◽  
Rodolfo Maduro Almeida ◽  
Elton Raniere Da Silva Moura ◽  
Leidiane Leão Oliveira

O objetivo desta pesquisa foi avaliar as variáveis microclimáticas, percepção e sensação térmica urbana de habitantes de um residencial planejado para famílias de baixa renda, na cidade de Santarém- Pará. Foi coletado dados de temperatura, umidade relativa do ar e velocidade do vento, além de aplicações de formulários pré-estabelecidos. O experimento ocorreu no dia 15 de agosto de 2018, em um transecto com sete pontos no residencial. Foram aplicados formulários em área interna (casas) e externa no total de 115 formulários, para uma população com idade de 15 a 60 anos. Com as informações microclimáticas do local foram calculados os índices de Temperatura e Umidade, de Temperatura e Umidade modificado e Temperatura Efetiva em função do Vento, os quais foram correlacionados com as sensações subjetivas da população do local. Os resultados indicam que o índice de Temperatura Efetiva em função do Vento foi o mais compatível com a sensação e a percepção pessoal dos entrevistados. Ficou bem evidente o desconforto térmico sentido pela população, entre o período de 12 a 15 h na área externa e 15 a 18 h na área interna (casas). A temperatura de brilho no recorte do residencial Salvação houve um aumento gradativo da temperatura de 27 a 30°C ao longo do transecto, em comparação com uma área de ocupação à frente, é possível verificar as maiores temperatura com 33°C. Sugerimos um planejamento urbano que incluam casas com padrões arquitetônicos compatíveis com o clima da região, principalmente que levem consideração o conforto ambiental para os cidadãos de menor poder aquisitivo. Além da criação de parques públicos com vegetação e áreas de passeio público com arborização adequada, para amenizar o microclima local desses bairros.   Urban thermal sensation in planned residential area in the municipality of Santarém – Pará, Amazônia, Brasil   R E S U M OThe objective of this research was to evaluate the microclimatic variables, perception and urban thermal sensation of residents of a residential area planned for low income families in the city of Santarém-Pará. It was collected from data of temperature, relative air humidity and wind speed, in addition to pre-set application applications. The experiment occurred on August 15, 2018, in a transect with seven points in the residential. Forms were applied in internal area (houses) and external in the total of 115 forms, for a population aged 15 to 60 years. With the microclimatic information of the place were calculated the Temperature and Humidity, Temperature and Humidity modified and Temperature Effective as a function of the Wind, which were correlated with the subjective sensations of the local population. The results indicate that the Effective Temperature index as a function of the Wind was the most compatible with the sensation and the personal perception of the interviewees. It was very evident the thermal discomfort felt by the population, between the period of 12 to 15 h in the external area and 15 to 18 h in the internal area (houses). The brightness temperature in the residential trim cutout there is a gradual increase in temperature from 27 to 30 ° C along the transect, compared to a forward occupancy area, it is possible to check the highest temperature at 33 ° C.Keywords: Thermal Comfort, Planned area, Urban climate.

Patil N S

In the present arena, wildlife and forest departments are facing the problem of movement of animals from forest area to residential area. The number of trees has reduced drastically from the forest that creates an unhealthy environment for animals to survive in the forest. It has been found in a survey that 80% losses are caused due to fire. This could have been avoided if the fire was detected in the early stages. This project proposes a system for tracking and alarming for the protection of trees against forest fires. Nowadays IOT (Internet of Things) devices and sensors allow the monitoring of different environmental variables, such as temperature, humidity, moisture etc. Arduino platform based IOT enabled fire detector and monitoring system is the solution to this problem. In this project we have built fire detector using ESP32 which is interfaced with a fire sensor and a buzzer. In order to implement this project, we will be using GSM which is used to provide the final SMS to the user through the given number in the simulation program. The sensor data is displayed on LCD. Whenever a fire occurs, the system automatically senses and alerts the user by sending an alert to an app installed on user’s android mobile.

2021 ◽  
Nanjie Ren ◽  
Shunlong Wang ◽  
Chenyan Shi ◽  
Ping Yu ◽  
Lu Zhao ◽  

Mosquitoes are medically important arthropod vectors and harbor a great variety of viruses. The population density, species and virome of mosquitoes varies according to geography and climate. To investigate the dynamic changes in the species composition and diversity of mosquitoes and their viromes in Wuhan, China, a total of 2,345 adult mosquitoes collected from different habitats including an urban residential area, two hospitals, a scenic area, and a pig farm in a rural region from April to October 2020 were subjected to morphological identification, RT-qPCR and metagenomic sequencing. The results indicated that the dominant presence of Culex mosquitoes was observed in both urban regions (90.32%, 1538/1703) and the pig farm (54.98%, 353/642). Viromes of Culex showed dynamic changes during the collection time. Several viruses, such as Culex flavivirus, Alphamesonivirus 1, Hubei mosquito virus 2 and Hubei mosquito virus 4, had seasonal changes and unimodal increases or declines. Other viruses, such as Wuhan mosquito virus 6, Hubei virga-like virus 2 and Zhejiang mosquito virus 3, were stable in all collected Culex and should be potential members of "core viromes". This study improves the understanding of the dynamic composition of mosquitoes and the viromes they carry and provides useful information for informing mosquito control and mosquito-borne disease prevention strategies.

Pitri Yandri ◽  
Dominicus Savio Priyarsono ◽  
Akhmad Fauzi ◽  
Arya Hadi Dharmawan

2021 ◽  
Yousef Hamidzadeh ◽  
Mehdi Vosoughi Niri ◽  
Hamed Zandian ◽  
Abdollah Dargahi ◽  
khadijeh Nasiri ◽  

Abstract Background We sought to investigate people's beliefs, decision dynamics, and future consequences of the current COVID-19 pandemic. Methods The present cross-sectional study was conducted from January 10th to April 30th, 2020. The data collection tool was a researcher-made electronic questionnaire that was designed in The test-retest reliability of the questionnaire was good, and consisted of three sections: introduction, demographic characteristics, and belief questions about COVID-19. Results In 17 of the 43 beliefs, more than two-thirds of the subjects chose the "correct belief", and less than one-third chose the "I have no idea" or "I disagree" options. There was a significant correlation between age, gender, education, residential area, occupational status and correct belief about COVID-19. Conclusions Accurate knowledge of policymakers, managers, health care workers, and the public, beliefs about COVID-19 is important in promoting community health and disease prevention.

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. 371-392
Paul Animbom Ngong

Film as a medium of communication uses visual and auditory signs between senders and receivers. It is considered as one of the most influential areas of media. The art form in Cameroon is valorised more through the home video system caused principally by the closure of theatre halls and the advent of cable TV channels dedicated to the broadcasting of movies for home consumption and the emergence of new media. This study looks at the reception of these home videos particularly in the student residential area of Bambili – Cameroon. A total number of 500 students served as sample for the study whose results show that a majority of viewers choose films according to different criteria but mostly influenced by their horizons of expectations.

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