Cyanide Poisoning
Recently Published Documents


TOTAL DOCUMENTS

462
(FIVE YEARS 78)

H-INDEX

38
(FIVE YEARS 6)

Burns ◽  
2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Kafi N. Sanders ◽  
Jyoti Aggarwal ◽  
Jennifer M. Stephens ◽  
Steven N. Michalopoulos ◽  
Donna Dalton ◽  
...  

Author(s):  
Yuto Suzuki ◽  
Kazuaki Taguchi ◽  
Tomoko Kure ◽  
Yuki Enoki ◽  
Masaki Otagiri ◽  
...  

Nutrients ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (8) ◽  
pp. 2628
Author(s):  
Marius Baguma ◽  
Espoir Bwenge Malembaka ◽  
Esto Bahizire ◽  
Germain Zabaday Mudumbi ◽  
Dieudonné Bahati Shamamba ◽  
...  

This comparative cross-sectional study aimed to better understand the respective contributions of protein malnutrition and cassava-derived cyanide poisoning in the development of konzo. We compared data on nutritional status and cyanide exposure of school-age adolescent konzo-diseased patients to those of non-konzo subjects of similar age from three areas in the Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. Our results show that konzo patients had a high prevalence of both wasting (54.5%) and stunting (72.7%), as well as of cyanide poisoning (81.8%). Controls from Burhinyi and those from Idjwi showed a similar profile with a low prevalence of wasting (3.3% and 6.5%, respectively) and intermediate prevalence of stunting (26.7% and 23.9%, respectively). They both had a high prevalence of cyanide poisoning (50.0% and 63.0%, respectively), similar to konzo-patients. On the other hand, controls from Bukavu showed the lowest prevalence of both risk factors, namely chronic malnutrition (12.1%) and cyanide poisoning (27.6%). In conclusion, cassava-derived cyanide poisoning does not necessarily coexist with konzo outbreaks. The only factor differentiating konzo patients from healthy individuals exposed to cyanide poisoning appeared to be their worse nutritional status. This further suggests that, besides the known role of cyanide poisoning in the pathogenesis of konzo, malnutrition may be a key factor for the disease occurrence.


2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (30) ◽  
pp. 2697-2701
Author(s):  
Sasikala K ◽  
Vitni Fernz ◽  
Abitha Raj B.T ◽  
Ajith V. Asok ◽  
Amritha Mathew ◽  
...  

BACKGROUND Cyanide is a rapidly acting poison which has been the suicidal agent of choice since time unknown. Its notoriety also extends to homicide, and it has often been used by serial killers. It is found in nature and is used in various industries, but is difficult to obtain nowadays as a result of strict policy implementation. METHODS All cases of cyanide poisoning over a period of 20 years from 2000 to 2019 were studied. Samples were sent for identification and quantification by GC-MS to the chemical examiner’s laboratory. Data was collected in pro forma and entered into Microsoft Excel and analysed using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS). RESULTS A total of 84 cases were studied over a period of 20 years. The majority of cases were recorded in the first decade of the study period. Most common age group involved was 31 to 40 years. Males comprised 84.9 % of the total. Majority were suicidal in nature, and 22.6 % were suicide pacts. The reason for committing suicide could not be found in 59.3 %. 67.9 % were found dead or brought dead to the hospital. In 24 % cases, the typical smell of bitter almonds was identified. Police were able to make out the presence of poison in 83.3 % during the preliminary investigation. CONCLUSIONS Males were the commonly affected. Ingestion of poison was the method of administration in all cases. Majority were suicides, and occurred in the residence of the victims. In majority of cases, police could identify the cause of death as poisoning. The characteristic smell could be identified only in a few cases. KEYWORDS Cyanide, Corrosion, Poisoning, Suicide


Author(s):  
Yuto Suzuki ◽  
Kazuaki Taguchi ◽  
Tomoko Kure ◽  
Hiromi Sakai ◽  
Yuki Enoki ◽  
...  
Keyword(s):  

2021 ◽  
pp. 1-7
Author(s):  
Tara B. Hendry-Hofer ◽  
Carter C. Severance ◽  
Subrata Bhadra ◽  
Patrick C. Ng ◽  
Kirsten Soules ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 22 (12) ◽  
pp. 6452
Author(s):  
Max Y. Zhang ◽  
George J. Dugbartey ◽  
Smriti Juriasingani ◽  
Alp Sener

Thiosulfate in the form of sodium thiosulfate (STS) is a major oxidation product of hydrogen sulfide (H2S), an endogenous signaling molecule and the third member of the gasotransmitter family. STS is currently used in the clinical treatment of acute cyanide poisoning, cisplatin toxicities in cancer therapy, and calciphylaxis in dialysis patients. Burgeoning evidence show that STS has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, making it a potential therapeutic candidate molecule that can target multiple molecular pathways in various diseases and drug-induced toxicities. This review discusses the biochemical and molecular pathways in the generation of STS from H2S, its clinical usefulness, and potential clinical applications, as well as the molecular mechanisms underlying these clinical applications and a future perspective in kidney transplantation.


2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (6) ◽  
Author(s):  
Navid Namakizadeh Esfahani ◽  
Shafeajafar Zoofaghari ◽  
Amirhossein Akhavan Sigari ◽  
Gholamali Dorooshi

Author(s):  
Ki H. Ma ◽  
Dennean S. Lippner ◽  
Kelly A. Basi ◽  
Susan M. DeLeon ◽  
William R. Cappuccio ◽  
...  

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document