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2022 ◽  
Vol 33 (1) ◽  
pp. 102
Author(s):  
Junfanlee Manoel Oliveira Feliciano ◽  
Jefale Gonçalves Feliciano dos Santos

<p><span>Este artículo es el resultado del análisis del Proyecto Paulo Freire de Movilidad Académica para Estudiantes de Programas de Formación Docente Universitaria con un enfoque en la reflexión sobre las carreras de Química, para tal fin el presente autor utiliza su experiencia e informe para desarrollar la escritura mientras participa. de este programa, estando vinculado a la Universidad Federal del Triângulo Mineiro (UFTM) en la carrera de Química. En este trabajo pretendemos abordar cuestiones que involucran problemas que están asociados a la relación entre Ciencia, Tecnología y Sociedad (CTS) y la indispensabilidad de esta dimensión para ser parte del proceso de internacionalización de los cursos de Ciencias de la Naturaleza y de la Tierra, principalmente en lo que se refiere al curso. Licenciada en Química. La estrategia metodológica utilizada para el análisis del documento fue Análisis de Contenido (AC) y Análisis Textual Discursivo (ATD), en la etapa de análisis se utilizó el software </span><span>Atlas.ti</span><span>, que permite el uso de la función Word Count, en la que se pretende trabajo facilitando el análisis a nivel textual. en la búsqueda de comprender los conceptos involucrados y empleados en el documento y el núcleo de las propuestas que atraviesan las especificidades de la carrera de Química. De esta manera, este estudio aporta elementos para reflexionar sobre el actual proceso formativo de los estudiantes de pregrado en Química y sobre la necesidad de introducir dispositivos educativos para una formación amplia e integral de los docentes en el proceso de internacionalización de los cursos de pregrado.</span></p>


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Justin Gasper Jacques ◽  
Cass Dykeman

This study was designed to further understand rupture events that counselors encounter during a counseling session that ultimately impact the quality of the therapeutic alliance. We employed a cross-sectional analysis of a linguistic corpus created from mock counseling transcripts embedded in a website administered by a peer-reviewed expert in the psychology field and three video recorded sessions of Carl Rodgers, Fritz Pearls, and Albert Ellis. The content of the corpuses was analyzed using Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count software. The results showed a significant difference between she/he words, or third-person singular pronouns, and certainty words when comparing withdrawal and mixed rupture corpuses with a confrontation rupture corpus. In addition, we found a significant differences between positive emotion words and discrepancy words when comparing a rupture-infused psychotherapy corpus to a general psychotherapy corpus. Several implications for counseling and research are provided in response to these findings. Keywords: corpus linguistics, therapeutic alliance, alliance rupture, rupture event, LIWC


The customer feedbacks provide alternative and important sources to discover knowledge supporting the marketers and customers to make better decisions. However, the manual process to extract useful information depends on domain experts. This paper focuses on improving the performance of the automatic sentiment information extraction from customer feedbacks. The article proposes a new extraction method that consider multiple dimensions of feedback information, aspect, word, contrast, sentence or phrase, and document levels. The aspect-based sentiment extraction uses a named entity recognition technique to extract the desired aspects of a target product. The aspect-based sentiment combines with sentiment information from multiple levels of feedback contexts resulting in the fused sentiment information improves the extraction performance. We validate the effectiveness by measuring the accuracy of the sentiment and aspect recognition methods comparing with SentiStrength and Word-Count. This information gives some insights on customer satisfaction and can be applied in an alarming tool.


Author(s):  
Jennifer Rae Myers ◽  
Nancy Pearl Solomon ◽  
Rael T. Lange ◽  
Louis M. French ◽  
Sara M. Lippa ◽  
...  

Purpose: Cognitive communication deficits can be difficult to assess in individuals with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). However, the use of discourse analysis as a direct and sensitive metric of cognitive communication skills has shown promising clinical utility for other TBI severity levels. This exploratory study investigated discourse production in service members and veterans (SMVs) with uncomplicated mTBI with and without posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and SMVs with neither mTBI or PTSD. Method: Fifteen SMVs with mTBI and PTSD, 26 with mTBI, and 25 controls with no brain injury (NBI) and without PTSD were given a wordless picture story to elicit spontaneous discourse. Discourse samples were analyzed for global coherence, word count, the use of negative emotion words, cognitive process words, nonfluencies, and story completeness. Results: Results revealed a significant difference between the mTBI ( Mdn = 3.33) and NBI ( Mdn = 3.50) groups, χ 2 (3) = 6.044, p = .017, ε 2 = .03, for global coherence. Word count differed significantly between the mTBI + PTSD ( Mdn = 135) and NBI ( Mdn = 195) groups, χ 2 (3) = 7.968, p = .006, ε 2 = .06. No other group differences were observed. Discussion: Structural features of discourse production may serve as potential markers of cognitive communication deficits in mTBI. Furthermore, PTSD may contribute to verbal fluency deficits in individuals with mTBI. Additional research is needed to develop discourse-related measures that are more sensitive to the effects of mTBI and PTSD.


Author(s):  
Лариса Засєкіна

Мета. COVID-19 пандемія на сучасному етапі трансформується у  другу хвилю пандемії, пов’язану з пандемією розладів психічного здоров’я. Незважаючи на той факт, що студенти упродовж тривалого часу не вважалися вразливою категорією населення у період пандемії, результати останніх досліджень доводять, що вони переживають актуальний стрес, тривожність, самотність та депресію в умовах вимушеної соціальної ізоляції. Мета дослідження полягає в емпіричному вивченні емоційного дистресу студентів під час пандемії COVID-19, та науковому обґрунтуванні авторського онлайн ресурсу, базованому на когнітивно-поведінковій терапії (КПТ). Методи. У дослідженні використовувалися методи теоретичного та емпіричного дослідження, зокрема психодіагностичний інструментарій, представлений  шкалою  психологічного благополуччя К. Ріфф, шкалою депресії А. Бека, шкалою резілієнтності  С. Хамса та ін., шкалою тривоги А. Бека. Для тематичного аналізу творів студентів використовувалася комп'ютерна програма Linguistic  Inquiry  and  Word  Count (LIWC). Результати дослідження психологічного благополуччя свідчать про те, що  найнижчий рівень вираження мають субшкали позитивного ставлення до інших, самоприйняття, цілі в житті та управління оточенням. Тому при розробці онлайн ресурсу саме ці аспекти психологічного благополуччя були враховані. Результати лінійного регресійного аналізу свідчать про те, що тривожність, депресія та резілієнтність сукупно є значущим предиктором психологічного благополуччя.  Водночас лише депресія є незалежним значущим предиктором психологічного благополуччя студентів. Враховуючи тривожність та самотність як основні проблеми, про які зазначали студенти у своїх творах, а також соціальну тривожність, яка зростає в умовах неможливості вдосконалювати комунікативні вміння під час пандемії, ресурс був спрямований на зменшення цих негативних емоційні станів. Відповідно до трьох блоків онлайн ресурс отримав назву 3 (ТРИвожність) D (Депресія) САМ (САМотність). Аналіз виділених категорій когнітивних процесів, афектів, часу у творах студентів та методологічні засади КПТ дали змогу вибудувати зміст та структуру онлайн ресурсу для студентів. Висновки. Онлайн КПТ є важливим інноваційним форматом надання психологічної самодопомоги студентам в умовах соціальної ізоляції.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (3) ◽  
pp. 205-225
Author(s):  
Lucrezia Rizzelli ◽  
Saul Kassin ◽  
Tammy Gales

Confession evidence is powerfully persuasive, and yet many wrongful convictions involving false confessions have surfaced in recent years (Innocence Project, 2021; National Registry of Exonerations, 2021). Although police are trained to corroborate admissions of guilt, research shows that most false confessions contain accurate details and other content cues suggesting credibility as well as extrinsic evidence of guilt. Hence, a method is needed to help distinguish true and false confessions. In this study, we utilized a corpus-based approach to outline the linguistic features of two sets of confessions: those that are presumed true (n = 98) and those that have been proven false (n = 37). After analyzing the two corpora in LIWC (Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count) to identify significant categories, we created a logistic regression model that distinguished the two corpora based on three identified predictors: personal pronouns, impersonal pronouns, and conjunctions. In a first sample comprised of 25 statements per set, the model correctly categorized 37 out of 50 confessions (74%); in a second out-of-model sample, the predictors accurately classified 20 of 24 confessions (83.3%). A high frequency of impersonal pronouns was associated with confessions proven false, while a high frequency of conjunctions and personal pronouns were associated with confessions presumed to be true. Several patterns were observed in the corpora. In the latter set of confessions, for example, “I” was often followed by a lexical verb, a pattern less frequent in false confessions. Although these data are preliminary and not to be used for practical diagnostic purposes, the findings suggest that additional research is warranted.


2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. 1
Author(s):  
Cynthia Logogye ◽  
Bernard Asafo-Duho ◽  
Joseph B.A. Afful

This work analyses post-traumatic growth in Covid-19 addresses delivered to the people of Ghana by President Nana Akuffo Addo. We draw on Post-Traumatic Growth Theory to explain how Akuffo Addo constructs a new identity for himself and the nation in order to navigate through the pandemic and forge an agenda of growth and prosperity for Ghana. The study employs a linguistic content analysis approach. The data consists of twenty different speeches from the president to the people. The speeches are first analysed and coded manually for the five main tenets of Post-Traumatic Growth (PTG) identified in the updates. Consequently, the linguistic markers that are used in reconstructing the Ghanaian identity in response to the pandemic are delineated and mapped to the goals of the president using the Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count 2015 (LIWC2015; Pennebaker et al., 2015) software; a vocabulary analysis tool. The analysis showed that there was a high prevalence of personal pronoun use, use of positive-emotion words, and cognitive-processing words. This confirms our hypothesis that linguistic markers can be used to detect PTG.


2021 ◽  
Vol 4 (4) ◽  
pp. 10-19
Author(s):  
Paul Danielle P. Labor ◽  
Maria Cecilia C. Gastardo-Conaco

Enriquez (1978) presented Kapwa as a core social psychological construct that could underpin Filipino social perception and interaction. However, issues arose regarding its conceptual and operational clarity as well as lack of empirical support. This two-phased study aims to address the issues presented through a psychometric approach. The first phase aimed to uncover construct characteristics by asking participants to provide definitions and examples of kapwa and di-kapwa, which were then examined via content analysis and the Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC) program. Results from this phase elicited four (4) themes indicating that people viewed their social other in terms of dispositional attribution, level of interaction, connection, and inclusion. The second phase utilized this data to develop a kapwa measure which was found to have three (3) dimensions: Relations with the Social Other, Perceived Negative Characteristics, and Difference from the Self. Initial reliability and validity tests were favorable. Implications on Filipino social perception and behaviors highlight that we view our social others in terms of the aforementioned three dimensions and how differentially we might treat them depending on whether they are perceived as kapwa or di-kapwa. Furthermore, the results of the study further elaborate and nuance kapwa, which adds to theorizing in Sikolohiyang Pilipino (SP).


2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (Supplement_1) ◽  
pp. 761-762
Author(s):  
Zoe Hancock ◽  
Matthew Wynn ◽  
Brian Carpenter

Abstract One of the most popular courses for undergraduate students, Introduction to Psychology, is often students’ first exposure to scientific and clinical facts about Alzheimer disease (AD). In order to learn how our current understanding of AD is presented to undergraduate psychology students, we analyzed passages related to Alzheimer disease that appear in contemporary Introduction to Psychology textbooks. We extracted and analyzed passages describing AD from twenty-four best-selling Introduction to Psychology textbooks for both advanced and intermediate undergraduate audiences, published between 2018 and 2020. We applied a standardized coding scheme to the passages to quantify what aspects of AD were most commonly described. Each textbook contained between 1 and 3 major passages regarding AD, most often appearing in the chapters on Memory or Human Development. Average word count for these passages was 409.1 words (SD = 194.8 words). Passages most often covered biological aspects of AD (87.5% of textbooks), symptoms (87.5%), prevalence (75%), and risk factors (75%). Disease prevention (62.5%) and illness course (62.5%) also appeared in the majority of textbooks, while aspects of treatment and management (25%), assessment and diagnosis (12.5%), and caregiving (25%) were mentioned less often. While the majority of books used contemporary and appropriate terminology to describe AD (e.g., “Alzheimer disease,” “dementia,” “neurocognitive disorder”), some textbooks maintained the use of out-of-date and inappropriate terminology (e.g., “senility” or “senile dementia” in 15%). Introductory psychology textbooks provide an opportunity to teach comprehensive, accurate information about AD and publishers and textbook authors could be guided in this effort.


2021 ◽  
Vol 26 ◽  
pp. 229-245
Author(s):  
Erika Jaráiz Gulías ◽  
José Manuel Rivera Otero ◽  
Nieves Lagares Diez ◽  
Paulo Carlos López López

Las redes sociales se han convertido en los últimos años en una importante plataforma de comunicación a través de la que los candidatos promueven el compromiso político de sus electores. Una de las variables que podría influir en esa capacidad de generar engagement a través de las redes sociales es la utilización de mensajes con una importante carga emocional, tanto positiva como negativa. Nuestra investigación tiene como objetivo profundizar en el análisis de dicha relación entre el compromiso político y las emociones en las redes sociales, mediante el Análisis de Sentimientos en los tweets de los principales candidatos en las elecciones generales de abril y noviembre de 2019 en España. Para ello recurrimos a la técnica de extracción de textos y su análisis con el software Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC), poniendo en relación el nivel de presencia de emociones positivas y negativas, con el nivel de compromiso alcanzado por los candidatos durante la campaña electoral. Nuestro análisis contribuye a demostrar la existencia de relación entre la carga emocional del discurso en las redes sociales y el nivel de engagement que genera, aunque este parece estar mediatizado además por la agenda política y la estrategia de campaña de los partidos. Comprobamos además que la relación entre discurso emocional y engagement hacia un líder no es exclusivamente endógena, sino que puede obedecer también a elementos exógenos debido a la presencia de comunidades digitales compartidas.


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