miscarriage rate
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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Shuwen Deng ◽  
Qiang Lei ◽  
Wei Lu

ObjectiveThis study aimed to investigate the demographic characteristic of pregnancy-related attacks (PRAs) in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD). In addition, we investigated the predictors of PRAs as well as the effect of immunosuppressive (IS) therapy in patients with pregnancy-related NMOSD.MethodWe retrospectively analyzed data on clinical and diagnostic characteristics, therapeutic management, and pregnancy outcomes for PRAs in AQP4-IgG-positive NMOSD patients admitted to the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University. Moreover, we searched the literature (without any temporal restriction) to identify all such similar cohorts and performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of IS therapy on NMOSD patients with PRAs.ResultWe collected clinical data on 117 women with AQP4 antibody-positive NMOSD; we ultimately included 33 patients (34 pregnancies). Ten patients were relapse-free during pregnancy, and 23 (69.7%) had PRA; attacks were most common during the first trimester of the postpartum period. Maintenance of IS treatment during pregnancy was found to greatly reduce PRAs in patients with NMOSD. PRAs were associated with a higher neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) at relapse during pregnancy and shorter time interval between the last relapse and conception. The meta-analysis suggested that maintenance of IS treatment during pregnancy can significantly reduce the RR of NMOSD (95%CI=0.35-0.62; z=5.18, p<0.0001) and had no adverse effect on the miscarriage rate. However, the unhealthy newborn occurrence among those receiving IS treatment was 3.73 times higher than that of those not receiving treatment during pregnancy (95%CI=1.40–9.91; z=2.64, p=0.008).ConclusionOur study results demonstrates that pregnancy can induce the onset or relapse of attacks in NMOSD patients. The increased NLR value and disease activity may be a predictor for PRAs in patients with NMOSD. Moreover, administration of IS treatment during pregnancy can reduce the relapse rate. However, the dosage of drugs and risks of adverse effects to the fetus need to be considered. Future prospective studies with larger sample sizes are needed to confirm and extend our findings.

2022 ◽  
Zeliha Atak ◽  
Sakine Rahimli Ocakoglu ◽  
Ozlem Ozgun Uyaniklar ◽  
Emin Ustunyurt

Abstract Purpose Based on the fact that Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) is assosiated with many hemocytometric changes, in this clinical trial we aimed to investigate the effect of this underlying inflammatory process on the frequency of miscarriage.Methods This is a retrospective cohort study. Patients with laboratory-confirmed Covid-19 infection before the 20th gestational week were determined as the study group. Healthy pregnant women in their early pregnancy were determined as the control group. Hematological parameters of all patients included in the analysis were evaluated.ResultsA total of 176 pregnant women with confirmed Covid-19 infections were evaluated, of which 117 were included in the analysis. 117 healthy pregnant women were determined as the control group. There was no difference between the groups according to demographic characteristics. The median white blood cell (WBC) and lymphocyte levels were lower in patients with Covid-19 infection (p<0.001, p<0.001). The value of platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR) was higher in the group with Covid-19 infection (160.95 vs 132.42, p<0.001). It was also determined that the median plateletcrit level was lower in the group with Covid-19 infection (p<0.001). The miscarriage rate in the Covid -19 infection group and control group was 14.2% and 9.4%, respectively. (p=0.220).ConclusionCovid-19 infection presents with low lymphocyte count and plateletcrit values ​​in pregnant women, and an increase in PLR rates in relation to the severity of the disease is observed. Although not statistically significant, Covid-19 infection was associated with increased miscarriage rates in our study.

Lavi Sindhu

Background: Objective of current study was to correlate uterine artery Doppler parameters with endometrial findings on hysteroscopy and its importance for the prediction of intrauterine pathology inconclusive on 2-dimensional transvaginal imaging prior to frozen embryo transfer.Methods: This was a retrospective study conducted at Medicover fertility center, New Delhi, India. The study population comprised of women with infertility who have undergone hysteroscopy before frozen embryo transfer. Total 70 patients were recruited based on inclusion/exclusion criteria. Intrauterine pathology found in 57.2% (n= 40) patients and 42.8% (n=30) had normal endometrial cavity on hysteroscopy, they were categorized as group 1 and group 2 respectively based on their findings. Both the groups were compared for pre hysteroscopy uterine artery Doppler parameters, resistivity index and pulsatility index. Further clinical pregnancy rate and miscarriage rate were determined in both groups.Results: Both the groups were comparable for age, body mass index, duration, and type of infertility. Mean RI and PI was significantly higher in group 1 as compared to group 2 (0.90±0.025, 2.89±0.291 vs. 0.76±0.043, 1.82±0.27; p value <0.001). The best cut-off value of uterine artery RI was ≥0.87 with sensitivity of 90% (95% CI=0.7634-0.9721), specificity of 100% (95% CI=0.8843-1.0000) and PI was 2.46 with sensitivity of 100% (95% CI=0.9119-1.0000), specificity of 96.7% (95% CI=0.8278-0.9992).Conclusions: Uterine artery Doppler is a non-invasive, cost- effective useful add-on tool for routine endometrial evaluation and can be a good predictor for screening intrauterine pathology and valuable in decision making for pre-IVF hysteroscopy.   

2021 ◽  
Haitao Xi ◽  
Lin Qiu ◽  
Yaxin Yao ◽  
Lanzi Luo ◽  
Liucai Sui ◽  

Abstract Background: This retrospective cohort study determines whether noninvasive chromosome screening (NICS) for aneuploidy can improve the clinical outcomes of patients with recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) or repeated implantation failure (RIF) in assisted reproductive technology.Methods: A total of 273 women with a history of RPL or RIF between 2018 and 2021 were included in this study. We collected data of all oocyte retrieval cycles and single blastocyst resuscitation transfer cycles.Results: For the RPL patients, NICS reduced the miscarriages rate per frozen embryo transfer (FET), improved the ongoing pregnancies rate and live birth rate: 17.9% vs 42.6%, adjusted OR 0.39, 95% CI 0.16–0.95; 40.7% vs 25.0%, adjusted OR 2.00, 95% CI 1.04–3.82; 38.9% vs 20.6%, adjusted OR 2.53, 95% CI 1.28–5.02, respectively. For the RIF patients, the pregnancy rates per FET in the NICS group were significantly higher than in the non-NICS group (46.9% vs. 28.7%, adjusted OR 2.82, 95% CI 1.20–6.66).Conclusions: This study demonstrated that selection of euploid embryos through NICS can reduce the miscarriage rate of patients with RPL and improve the clinical pregnancy rate of patients with RIF. Our data suggested that NICS could be used as a diagnostic test in clinical practice.

Nutrients ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (12) ◽  
pp. 4458
Verónica Melero ◽  
Isabelle Runkle ◽  
Nuria Garcia de la Torre ◽  
Paz De Miguel ◽  
Johanna Valerio ◽  

A pre-gestational thyroid reserve of iodine is crucial to guarantee the increased demand for thyroid hormone production of early pregnancy. An iodine intake ≥150 µg/day is currently recommended. The objective of this study was to assess average pre-gestational food-based iodine consumption in pregnant women at their first prenatal visit (<12 gestational weeks), and its association with adverse materno-fetal events (history of miscarriages, early fetal losses, Gestational Diabetes, prematurity, caesarean sections, and new-borns large/small for gestational age). Between 2015–2017, 2523 normoglycemic women out of 3026 eligible had data in the modified Diabetes Nutrition and Complication Trial (DNCT) questionnaire permitting assessment of pre-gestational food-based iodine consumption, and were included in this study. Daily food-based iodine intake was 123 ± 48 µg, with 1922 (76.1%) not reaching 150 µg/day. Attaining this amount was associated with consuming 8 weekly servings of vegetables (3.84; 3.16–4.65), 1 of shellfish (8.72; 6.96–10.93) and/or 2 daily dairy products (6.43; 5.27–7.86). Women who reached a pre-gestational intake ≥150 µg had lower rates of hypothyroxinemia (104 (17.3%)/384 (21.4%); p = 0.026), a lower miscarriage rate, and a decrease in the composite of materno-fetal adverse events (0.81; 0.67–0.98). Reaching the recommended iodine pre-pregnancy intake with foods could benefit the progression of pregnancy.

2021 ◽  
Yan Zhang ◽  
Xiujuan Chen ◽  
Yuan Lin ◽  
Chengying Lian ◽  
Xiumei Xiong

Abstract Objective The aims of this study were to analysis the clinical characteristics of women with heterotopic pregnancy (HP) following embryo transfer (ET) and explore the early predictors for pregnancy outcomes.Methods This retrospective study reviewed patients with HP following assisted reproductive technology (ART) in our institution between January 2013 and December 2020. The relationships between pregnancy outcomes and general features, ultrasonic characteristics and different treatment modality were analyzed by logistic regression analysis.Results Fourty patients were identified, including 27 with tubal HP, 7 interstitial HP and 6 cornual HP. The most frequent manifestations before diagnosis was vaginal bleeding (30.0%), while 7 patients (17.5%) had no symptoms before diagnosis. The mean gestational age at symptom onset was 44.8 ± 8.6 days (range 27–68). Gestational age at diagnosis was 49.4 ± 7.6 days (range 29–68). Among these cases, twenty-nine patients of HP were accurately diagnosed by transvaginal ultrasonography (TVS). Hence, the sensitivity of TVS for detecting HP was 72.5% (29/40). Eleven patients received expectant management, while 29 patients underwent laparotomy (13/29) or laparoscopy (16/29) surgery. Gestational age at surgery day was 51.0±8.6 days (range 33–67). Live births occurred for 18 patients in the surgery group, 3 of whom delivered preterm. Additionally, the miscarriage rate was lower for patients with IUP cardiac activity (16.7% vs. 90.0%) than patients without IUP cardiac activity at HP diagnosis (P < 0.001). Further by logistic regression analysis, an IUP with cardiac activity at HP diagnosis was identified as an independent factors of pregnancy outcome (P<0.001).Conclusions Symptoms combined with routine TVS scans could reduce misdiagnosis and facilitate the diagnosis of HP. An IUP with cardiac activity at HP diagnosis as predictors for a favorable prognosis of HP. Prompt surgical intervention after diagnosis may minimize the incidence of abortion of IUP.

2021 ◽  
xiaoyue Shen ◽  
Min Ding ◽  
Yuan Yan ◽  
Shanshan Wang ◽  
jianjun Zhou ◽  

Abstract Background To evaluate the frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) outcomes of repeated cryopreservation by vitrification of blastocysts derived from vitrified-warmed day3 embryos in patients who experienced implantation failure previously. Methods We retrospect the files of patients who underwent single frozen-thawed blastocyst transfer cycles in our reproductive medical center from January 2013 to December 2019. 127 patients transfer of vitrified-warmed blastocysts derived from vitrified-warmed day3 embryos were defined as twice-cryopreserved group. 1567 patients who transfer blastocysts that had experienced once vitrified-warmed were used as once-cryopreserved group. None of them was pregnant at the previous FET. The outcomes were compared between two groups after a 1:1 propensity score matching (PSM). Results The clinical pregnancy rate was 52.76%, live birth rate was 43.31% in twice-cryopreserved group. After PSM,108 pairs of patients were generated for comparison. The clinical pregnancy rate, live birth rate or miscarriage rate was not significantly different between two groups. Logistic regression analysis indicated that double vitrification-warming procedures did not affect FET outcomes in terms of clinical pregnancy rate (OR 0.83, 95%CI 0.47-1.42), live birth rate (OR 0.93, 95%CI 0.54-1.59), miscarriage rate (OR 0.72 95%CI 0.28-1.85). Furthermore, the pregnancy complications rate, gestational age or neonatal abnormalities rate between two groups was also comparable, while twice vitrification-warming procedures might increase the macrosomia rate (19.6% vs. 6.3%, P = 0.05). Conclusion Transfer of double vitrified-warmed embryo at cleavage stage and subsequent blastocyst stage did not affect live birth rate and neonatal abnormalities rate, but there was a tendency to increase macrosomia rate, which needs further investigation.

Monique Atkinson ◽  
Jenny Crittenden ◽  
Howard Smith ◽  
Cecilia Sjoblom Ahlstrom

Objective: To examine the pregnancy outcomes from frozen embryo transfer (FET) cycles using different endometrial preparation regimens, compared to ovulation induction with letrozole (letrozole OI). Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: Fertility centre in Sydney, Australia. Patient(s): 6060 frozen embryo transfer cycles. Interventions: Cycles were stratified into one of four ways to achieve endometrial preparation. These were either a natural, letrozole OI, OI with follicle stimulating hormone (FSH OI) or a programmed cycle. Main Outcome Measure(s): The primary outcome was live birth rate per embryo transfer (LBR). Secondary outcomes included clinical pregnancy and biochemical pregnancy rates, adverse events including miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy, stillbirth, neonatal death and multiple births. Ovarian stimulation parameters were also analysed including time taken to reach the luteal phase and the number of blood or urine tests required for monitoring of the cycle. Results: The LBR following letrozole OI cycles was higher when compared to natural cycles (OR 1.27 (1.07 – 1.49)) and programmed cycles (OR 2.36 (1.67 – 3.34)). There was no significant difference between letrozole OI and FSH OI LBR (OR 0.99 (0.76 – 1.28)). An improved LBR with letrozole OI compared to natural cycles was maintained when only women with a normal length cycle were considered (OR 1.44 (1.10 – 1.89)). There was a significant reduction in miscarriage rates when letrozole OI was compared to programmed cycles (OR 0.46 (0.26 – 0.83)). Conclusion(s): The use of letrozole OI for endometrial preparation in an FET cycle may be associated with higher LBR and lower miscarriage rate, compared to using a programmed cycle.

Peng-Sheng Zheng ◽  
Shan Li ◽  
Jing Jing He

Background Parental abnormal chromosomal karyotypes are considered as reasons for recurrent pregnancy loss. Objective This systematic meta-analysis evaluated the current evidence on pregnancy outcomes amongst couples with abnormal versus normal chromosomal karyotypes. Search strategy Two independent reviewers screened titles and abstracts identified in EMBASE and PubMed from inception to January 2021. Selection criteria Studies were included if they provided a description of pregnancy outcomes of parental chromosomal abnormality. Data collection and analysis Random effects meta-analysis was used to compare odds of pregnancy outcomes associated with noncarriers and carriers. Main results A significantly lower first pregnancy live birth rate (FPLBR) was found in carriers than in noncarriers with RPL (OR: 0.55; 95% CI: 0.46-0.65; p<0.00001). Regarding FPLBR between translocation or inversion carriers and noncarriers, a markedly decreased FPLBR was found in translocation (OR: 0.44; 95% CI: 0.31–0.61; p<0.00001) but not inversion carriers. The accumulated live birth rate (ALBR) (OR: 0.96; 95% CI: 0.90–1.03; p=0.26) was similar, while the miscarriage rate (MR) of accumulated pregnancies (OR: 2.21; 95% CI: 1.69–2.89; p<0.00001) was significantly higher in the carriers than in noncarriers with RPL. The ALBR was not significant (OR: 1.82; 95% CI: 0.38–8.71; p=0.45) but the MR (OR: 5.75; 95% CI: 2.57–12.86; p<0.0001) was markedly lower for carriers who choose PGD than natural conception. Conclusions Carriers with RPL had higher risk of miscarriage but obtained a satisfying pregnancy outcome through multiple attempts. No sufficient evidence was found PGD could enhance the ALBR but it was an alternative to decrease the MR.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-6
Junxia Li ◽  
Yan Gu ◽  
Shaojing Zhang ◽  
Baohui Ju ◽  
Jianmei Wang

Objective. To evaluate the effect of prepregnancy lymphocyte active immunotherapy on unexplained recurrent miscarriage, pregnancy success rate, and maternal-infant outcome. Methods. A total of 124 patients with recurrent miscarriage admitted to our hospital from January 2018 to December 2020 were selected as the research objects and divided into the experimental group and the control group according to the random number table method, with 62 patients in each group. The experimental group was treated with lymphocyte active immunotherapy, and the control group was given conventional treatment. The pregnancy success rate, estrogen indexes, hemorheology indexes, and psychological state of the two groups were compared. Results. The experimental group garnered a notably higher pregnancy success rate and a prominently lower miscarriage rate than the control group ( P < 0.05 ). Better results of self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) and self-rating depression scale (SDS) were observed in the experimental group, as compared to the control group ( P < 0.05 ). The experimental group yielded more desirable results in terms of treatment satisfaction, estrogen indexes, and hemorheology indexes in comparison with the control group ( P < 0.05 ). Conclusion. The use of lymphocyte active immunotherapy for patients with unexplained recurrent miscarriage can significantly increase the pregnancy success rate, optimize the maternal-infant outcome, drive down the miscarriage rate, and ameliorate the patient’s estrogen levels and hemorheology indicators, which is worthy of promotion and application in clinical practice.

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