vital sign
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2022 ◽  
Vol 5 (1) ◽  
João Jorge ◽  
Mauricio Villarroel ◽  
Hamish Tomlinson ◽  
Oliver Gibson ◽  
Julie L. Darbyshire ◽  

AbstractProlonged non-contact camera-based monitoring in critically ill patients presents unique challenges, but may facilitate safe recovery. A study was designed to evaluate the feasibility of introducing a non-contact video camera monitoring system into an acute clinical setting. We assessed the accuracy and robustness of the video camera-derived estimates of the vital signs against the electronically-recorded reference values in both day and night environments. We demonstrated non-contact monitoring of heart rate and respiratory rate for extended periods of time in 15 post-operative patients. Across day and night, heart rate was estimated for up to 53.2% (103.0 h) of the total valid camera data with a mean absolute error (MAE) of 2.5 beats/min in comparison to two reference sensors. We obtained respiratory rate estimates for 63.1% (119.8 h) of the total valid camera data with a MAE of 2.4 breaths/min against the reference value computed from the chest impedance pneumogram. Non-contact estimates detected relevant changes in the vital-sign values between routine clinical observations. Pivotal respiratory events in a post-operative patient could be identified from the analysis of video-derived respiratory information. Continuous vital-sign monitoring supported by non-contact video camera estimates could be used to track early signs of physiological deterioration during post-operative care.

Sensors ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
pp. 395
Takunori Shimazaki ◽  
Daisuke Anzai ◽  
Kenta Watanabe ◽  
Atsushi Nakajima ◽  
Mitsuhiro Fukuda ◽  

Recently, wet-bulb globe temperature (WBGT) has attracted a lot of attention as a useful index for measuring heat strokes even when core body temperature cannot be available for the prevention. However, because the WBGT is only valid in the vicinity of the WBGT meter, the actual ambient heat could be different even in the same room owing to ventilation, clothes, and body size, especially in hot specific occupational environments. To realize reliable heat stroke prevention in hot working places, we proposed a new personalized vital sign index, which is combined with several types of vital data, including the personalized heat strain temperature (pHST) index based on the temperature/humidity measurement to adjust the WBGT at the individual level. In this study, a wearable device was equipped with the proposed pHST meter, a heart rate monitor, and an accelerometer. Additionally, supervised machine learning based on the proposed personalized vital index was introduced to improve the prevention accuracy. Our developed system with the proposed vital sign index achieved a prevention accuracy of 85.2% in a hot occupational experiment in the summer season, where the true positive rate and true negative rate were 96.3% and 83.7%, respectively.

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Chu-Lin Tsai ◽  
Tsung-Chien Lu ◽  
Chih-Hung Wang ◽  
Cheng-Chung Fang ◽  
Wen-Jone Chen ◽  

Background: Little is known about the trajectories of vital signs prior to in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA), which could explain the heterogeneous processes preceding this event. We aimed to identify clinically relevant subphenotypes at high risk of IHCA in the emergency department (ED).Methods: This retrospective cohort study used electronic clinical warehouse data from a tertiary medical center. We retrieved data from 733,398 ED visits over a 7-year period. We selected one ED visit per person and retrieved patient demographics, triage data, vital signs (systolic blood pressure [SBP], heart rate [HR], body temperature, respiratory rate, oxygen saturation), selected laboratory markers, and IHCA status. Group-based trajectory modeling was performed.Results: There were 37,697 adult ED patients with a total of 1,507,121 data points across all vital-sign categories. Three to four trajectory groups per vital-sign category were identified, and the following five trajectory groups were associated with a higher rate of IHCA: low and fluctuating SBP, high and fluctuating HR, persistent hypothermia, recurring tachypnea, and low and fluctuating oxygen saturation. The IHCA-prone trajectory group was associated with a higher triage level and a higher mortality rate, compared to other trajectory groups. Except for the persistent hypothermia group, the other four trajectory groups were more likely to have higher levels of C-reactive protein, lactic acid, cardiac troponin I, and D-dimer. Multivariable analysis revealed that hypothermia (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 2.20; 95% confidence interval [95%CI], 1.35–3.57) and recurring tachypnea (aOR 2.44; 95%CI, 1.24–4.79) were independently associated with IHCA.Conclusions: We identified five novel vital-sign sub-phenotypes associated with a higher likelihood of IHCA, with distinct patterns in clinical course and laboratory markers. A better understanding of the pre-IHCA vital-sign trajectories may help with the early identification of deteriorating patients.

2022 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
pp. 28-33
Julie A. Young ◽  
Brittany N. Hand ◽  
James A. Onate ◽  
Amy E. Valasek

Design Issues ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 38 (1) ◽  
pp. 39-54
Merlijn Smits ◽  
Geke Ludden ◽  
Ruben Peters ◽  
Sebastian J. H. Bredie ◽  
Harry van Goor ◽  

Abstract In this article, we aim to strengthen the basis of designing for values, by relating it to philosophy of technology. We start by discussing several theories to understand technology-induced value mediation: mediation approach, technology assessment methods, and types of value change. We continue by connecting these theories to design practice by proposing a new design for values methodology: Values that Matter. This methodology provides the means to evaluate moral mediation of technology during the design process and to responsibly design for it. The methodology is explained by the redesign of continuous vital sign monitoring technology in hospitalized patients.

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (2) ◽  
pp. 99
Muhammad Taufik Daniel Hasibuan ◽  
Harsudianto Silaen

The COVID-19 infection prevention and control program in hospitals is an effort to provide guidance for health workers to stay healthy, safe, productive, and the community gets services that meet standards. Health workers who work in hospitals are very vulnerable to being exposed to  COVID -19, so it is very important that health workers and policy makers understand the basic concepts of infectious diseases. The purpose of this study was to develop a program to prevent and control covid-19 infection in maintaining the health status of health workers at the Medan City Hospital. The type of research used is action research. The participants in this study were 14 people consisting of 2 parts, namely 1) Participants for qualitative data were taken from managerial such as medical services, nursing, medical records, infection prevention and control units, and the head of the room. 2) Participants for quantitative data are taken from health workers, namely nurses. Data collection in this study used various methods, namely individual interviews, observation, self-report, focus group discussions and several data collection tools, namely interview guides, focus group discussion guides, questionnaires, observation sheets, and supporting tools, namely voice recorders. The results of this study obtained outputs, namely standard operating procedures for the prevention and control of covid-19 infection, and from the results of health status checks on health workers from before and after the implementation of the  COVID -19 infection prevention and control program, the results were before (PCR/Antigen: Negative). 71.43%, Positive: 28.57%; Vital sign normal: 85.71%, Abnormal 14.29%), and after (PCR/Antigen: Negative 85.71%, Positive: 14.29%; Vital sign normal: 100%). This proves that there is an influence of the Covid-19 infection prevention and control program in maintaining the health status of health workers in hospitals. Suggestions to hospital leaders to continue to evaluate prevention and control programs for COVID-19 infection in accordance with developments and the situation at hand.

Niels Kant ◽  
Guido M. Peters ◽  
Brenda J. Voorthuis ◽  
Catharina G. M. Groothuis-Oudshoorn ◽  
Mark V. Koning ◽  

Sensors ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (23) ◽  
pp. 8131
Ahmed Youssef Ali Amer ◽  
Femke Wouters ◽  
Julie Vranken ◽  
Pauline Dreesen ◽  
Dianne de Korte-de Boer ◽  

This study introduces machine learning predictive models to predict the future values of the monitored vital signs of COVID-19 ICU patients. The main vital sign predictors include heart rate, respiration rate, and oxygen saturation. We investigated the performances of the developed predictive models by considering different approaches. The first predictive model was developed by considering the following vital signs: heart rate, blood pressure (systolic, diastolic and mean arterial, pulse pressure), respiration rate, and oxygen saturation. Similar to the first approach, the second model was developed using the same vital signs, but it was trained and tested based on a leave-one-subject-out approach. The third predictive model was developed by considering three vital signs: heart rate (HR), respiration rate (RR), and oxygen saturation (SpO2). The fourth model was a leave-one-subject-out model for the three vital signs. Finally, the fifth predictive model was developed based on the same three vital signs, but with a five-minute observation rate, in contrast with the aforementioned four models, where the observation rate was hourly to bi-hourly. For the five models, the predicted measurements were those of the three upcoming observations (on average, three hours ahead). Based on the obtained results, we observed that by limiting the number of vital sign predictors (i.e., three vital signs), the prediction performance was still acceptable, with the average mean absolute percentage error (MAPE) being 12%,5%, and 21.4% for heart rate, oxygen saturation, and respiration rate, respectively. Moreover, increasing the observation rate could enhance the prediction performance to be, on average, 8%,4.8%, and 17.8% for heart rate, oxygen saturation, and respiration rate, respectively. It is envisioned that such models could be integrated with monitoring systems that could, using a limited number of vital signs, predict the health conditions of COVID-19 ICU patients in real-time.

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