traditional practice
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Jonathan Y. Cagas ◽  
Stuart J. H. Biddle ◽  
Ineke Vergeer

Yoga is a traditional practice from India with the potential to promote physical activity and health. Participation worldwide remains low, particularly among men. To better understand yoga participation parameters, with a special focus on what influences male participation, this study examined gender differences in participation motives and conformity to masculine norms. It also explored these factors across three participant subgroups who differed in their engagement with the physical and the more psycho-spiritual aspects of yoga. A total of 546 yoga participants (138 males, 399 females, 9 others), 18–73 years old, completed an online survey that included an adapted version of the Exercise Motivation Inventory–2 and three subscales from the Conformity to Masculine Norms Inventory–46. Results showed significant gender differences in participation motives and conformity to masculine norms. Females were more motivated by positive affect, health/fitness, nimbleness, Mind–Body integration, and coping/stress management, whereas males were more motivated by supplementary activity and competition/social recognition. These differences should be considered in tailoring messages to promote uptake and continued participation. Furthermore, males were more likely than females to conform to emotional control and heterosexual self-presentation masculine norms. Future research may examine how differences in masculine norm adherence influences uptake, particularly among men.

2022 ◽  
pp. 109352662110646
Dina El Demellawy ◽  
Irina Oltean ◽  
Lamia Hayawi ◽  
Amisha Agarwal ◽  
Richard Webster ◽  

Introduction: Collins et al developed a histology scoring system (EoE HSS) to assess multiple pathologic features. The aim of this study is to identify if the EoE HSS can better detect endoscopic and symptom improvement vs the Peak Eosinophilic Count (PEC). Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed for patients during 2014–2016. All patients ≤18 years old with a diagnosis of EoE and whose records included initial and follow-up upper gastrointestinal endoscopies were included. Severity and extent of endoscopic features were scored using 8 parameters, from normal to maximum change for each location of the esophageal biopsy. Results: Forty patients with EoE were included in the study, of which 35 (87.5%) patients demonstrated symptom and 25 (62.5%) endoscopic improvement at the time of follow-up. In the proximal esophagus, the EoE HSS outperformed the change in eosinophil count of the Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario (CHEO) practice in predicting endoscopic improvement by 16.8% when examining the change in grade and 17.1% when examining the change in stage scores. Conclusions: At our institution, adoption of the EoE HSS in assessing biopsies of EoE patients might be warranted, compared to the traditional practice. However, a bigger sample size may give a more robust difference in all locations.

2022 ◽  
Vol 58 (1) ◽  
pp. 196-198
S. P. Tripathi ◽  
G. S. Chundawat ◽  
Shashi Gour ◽  
S. P. S. Somvanshi ◽  
Kinjulck C. Singh

The study was undertaken to assess ergonomically efficiency of hanging type wheat graincleaner, carried out in adopted villages under On Farm Testing (OFT) and Front LineDemonstration (FLD) program conducted by KVK, Mandsaur (M.P.). Total Fifteen farmwomen were selected to assess the physiological workload to compare the impact ofimproved technology over conventional practice for hanging type grain cleaner. Physiologicalparameters i.e. HR, energy expenditure, cardiac cost reduction and physiological costreduction etc., were measured during operations. The results revealed that hanging typegrain cleaner has proved proficient on time and output parameters. The average cardiaccost of work was decreased by 82.29 per cent while using hanging type grain cleaner forwheat. Drudgery reduction was found 83.96 per cent and it saved time by 89.10 per centwhen compared to traditional practice. The physiological cost of work and energyexpenditure in terms of heart rate were observed to be lower while performing activitieswith hanging type grain cleaner as compared to the traditional practice.

2022 ◽  
pp. 403-421
Emmanuel O. Amoo ◽  
Mofoluwake P. Ajayi ◽  
Faith O. Olanrewaju ◽  
Tomike Olawande ◽  
Adebanke Olawole-Isaac

The study is premised on social responsibility and social epidemiological theories and examined the exposure of back-wrapped babies to health risk during street trading. Data were collected using structured face-to-face interviews and snowballing techniques among 228 Street trading women (with children aged ≤ 11 months), in one local government area of Ogun State, Nigeria. Data analyses involved univariate and multivariate methods. The results show that 58.3% of women interviewed wrapped their babies at their back while trading on the streets, ≥80% were not aware of any campaign against baby back-wrapping, 35% viewed baby back-wrapping as medicinal for the baby, and as traditional practice (59.2%). The multivariate analysis revealed that children wrapped while trading on the street are at higher risk of exposure to illness than those not back wrapped (OR=1.778, p=0.042). The authors suggested media campaign against back-wrapping baby while trading on the street to reduce exposure to diseases, mortalities and possibly achievement of sustainable development goal (SDG-3).

2022 ◽  
pp. 103-117
Elizabeth Midil Rutun

For years the Yapese language has been perceived to be on its way out. In this chapter, this perceived looming death of language is examined as a necessary tangent to traditional Yapese practices, specifically traditional Yapese dances. It examines how the preservation of the traditional practice of dancing is important to the survival of the language and how meaning is created. In this chapter, meaning is specifically gleaned from the body and the spaces from which the traditional Yapese dances emerge. Furthermore, this chapter illustrates how instances of failure to appropriately use meaning in association with dance has resulted in lost meaning.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (1) ◽  
Insa Nolte ◽  
Olukoya Ogen

This article provides an introduction to the Special Issue entitled, “Views from the Shoreline: Community, trade and religion in coastal Yorubaland and the Western Niger Delta.” Introducing the 19 articles in this Special Issue, which cover the coastal stretch from Ikorodu (near Lagos) to Ore-Isi (Urhoboland) and Benin, the article maps out how the coast’s lack of centralization, its complex settlement histories, and its underrepresentation in government and mainstream mission archives may be addressed by using multi-methods approaches and in-depth fieldwork. It emphasizes both the high mobility and heterogeneity of coastal communities and illustrates the diverse ways in which local leaders have mobilized a range of resources – including Islam, traditional practice, and especially Christianity – to ensure individual wellbeing and to affirm or re-shape local boundaries and hierarchies. This article argues that the study of the coast, like that of other borderlands, affirms that both mixing and the assertion of difference are constitutive of the political economy of the area.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (1) ◽  
Charles K. Omotayo

The history of the Yoruba is replete with individuals who through their activities changed the face of local tradition. In Ijede town, a suburb of Ikorodu in Ijede Local Council Development Area of Lagos State, exists the Iji Nla Association, an ancient traditional group that rose to local power through the agency of Prince Ajanaku during the first half of the twentieth century. Over time, it increasingly functioned as an institution providing traditional social control mechanisms and security. This article focuses on the origin, structure, and diversity of the Iji Nla Association as a traditional social mechanism and its continued relevance in Ijede. The methodology of this research is descriptive and analytical. It relies essentially on information from in-depth interviews and secondary sources such as books and journals.

2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (4) ◽  
pp. 1941-9
Belinda M Malinga ◽  
Deshini Naidoo ◽  
Thavanesi Gurayah ◽  
Pragashnie Govender

Background: In piloting a shift from traditional practice-based placements to decentralised clinical training (DCT), there was a need to explore the factors that influenced the placement as part of monitoring and evaluation. DCT involves placementto clinical sites away from the higher education institution necessitating changes to supervision strategies utilised.Objective: This study explored the experiences of clinical educators supervising occupational therapy students within this new model during a pilot phase of the DCT programme at one institution in South Africa.Method: The study was located in KwaZulu-Natal province and followed an explorative qualitative design with semi-structured interviews and focus groups with purposively sampled clinical educators (n=11). Data were audio-recorded and thematically analysed.Findings: Two central themes emerged and included the clinical educators’ expectations (organisation factors, role and scope of partners in decentralised training and communication) and experiences (perspectives and value of decentralised training).Conclusion: Decentralised training has considerable potential to contribute to authentic student learning. Improved communication between all stakeholders would assist in enhancing the quality of the learning experiences on such platforms. Students need to be more prepared prior to commencing DCT, and there is a need for more rural placements with a primary health care focus. Keywords: Decentralised training; clinical educators; service learning.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-10
Elizabeth J. Panakkal ◽  
Prapakorn Tantayotai ◽  
Adeolu Adesoji Adediran ◽  
Theerawut Phusantisampan ◽  
Malinee Sriariyanun

The steamed herbal compress is one of the well-known traditional medicines used to relieve pain and stress and to promote emotional and physical well-being. Although it has several therapeutic benefits due to its chemical compounds, there are insufficient reports on the effect of steaming of the herbal compress to promote the release of active compounds and its shelf life. Hence, this study aims at analysing the effect of various steaming processes and storage conditions on the chemical composition of most commonly used herbs such as kaffir lime, lemongrass, plai, soap pod, tamarind, and turmeric. The herbs were extracted with solid-liquid and Soxhlet-mediated extraction using 95% ethanol, hexane, and water as solvents. The analysis of chemical profiles of herbs indicated that Soxhlet extraction is the best extraction procedure based on the extraction yield and abundance of eluted compounds. The herbs were then steam-processed according to the traditional practice of using herbal compress with water alone, and water in combination with 5% ethanol or 5% coconut oil to analyse the effect of steaming. The results indicated that a steaming process can promote the release of bioactive compounds from herbs. The effect of storage was also investigated by storing herbs for 1 day and 7 days at 4°C. The finding suggested that storage has resulted in changes in the bioactive composition of herbs pointing to the necessity of modifying storage conditions to eliminate the loss of beneficial compounds. Thus, this study can be helpful for product development to improve the quality of products by modifying their steaming or storage conditions.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (12) ◽  
pp. 56-68
Judith Helene Bratten ◽  
Jolanta Kilanowska

Teaching physical education is intended to stimulate lifelong joy of movement for students and help them to master life. The core elements of this subject and the interdisciplinary topic of health and life skills, introduced in the new core curriculum (i.e., Fagfornyelsen 2020), enable a broader understanding of students’ holistic development. This article aims to highlight how using movement activities such as yoga, qigong, massage, expressive dance, and visualisation and relaxation techniques, collectively referred to as activities with low pulse and little exertion, can contribute to achieving the aforementioned goals. In 2017, one of the authors conducted an autoethnographic study at the secondary school in Norway where she worked (Bratten, 2017). She studied which feelings and experiences stood out as meaningful ones for students and teachers in activities with low pulse and low exertion, hereinafter referred to as LpLe-activities. The results were divided into the following categories: different, bodily experiences, and usefulness. The phenomenological approach and Shusterman’s theory of somaesthetics were used to clarify the findings. This discussion demonstrates that the aforementioned activities can create inner security and give students faith in themselves and contribute to goal achievement in physical education. This happens through good and deep sensory experiences and inner experiences that students get in the classes. Such an approach to physical education teaching, focussing on what occurs in the body, has been untraditional and requires knowledge and teachers’ desire to enrich the traditional practice of the subject.

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