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Author(s):  
Huitzilihuitl Ovando-Flores ◽  
Humberto Thomé-Ortiz ◽  
Esteban Barragán-López ◽  
Rogelia Torres-Villa

Objective: To identify the functional elements which impact the processes of patrimonial activation to obtain the Region of Origin Cotija Cheese Collective Brand, through collective social action as the basis of territorial development in the Sierra of the states of Jalisco and Michoacán. Design/Methodology/Approach: A qualitative study was conducted, based on the tradition of rural sociology, where the categories of analysis of the Localized Agrifood Systems approach were used. For this purpose, semi-structured interviews with different social actors were applied where there was an inquiry about the technical, organizational, economic and political aspects that have an impact in obtaining seals of quality, destined to the protection and differentiation of emblematic foods. Results: After an attempt to obtain the Denomination of Origin, given the particularities of the Localized Agrifood System involved in the production of Cotija cheese, the decision was to obtain a Collective Brand whose prerequisites adjusted better to the characteristics of their productive systems. Obtaining the seal was an important achievement in terms of the horizon that this signal generated for producers and for the territory. However, this is only the beginning in a process of constant valuation that must be redefined throughout time. Study Limitations/Implications: It is an exploratory study that only addresses the internal dimension of the productive system of Cotija cheese; a deeper analysis ought to broaden the study of the social networks implied in the processes of valuation, including actors outside the territory. Findings/Conclusions: Mexico’s agrifood heritage is a strategic resource that must be protected for cultural, economic, food security and health reasons. This should be assumed as an obligation of the State in co-responsibility with academia, producers and consumers. Obtaining a collective brand is only one step within an unfinished valuation process that must be maintained through collective action and market stimulus.


Author(s):  
Angele L Christin ◽  
Christopher Persaud ◽  
David Hesmondhalgh ◽  
Michael Siciliano ◽  
Nancy Baym ◽  
...  

In recent years, a variety of cultural industries have been transformed by platformization – a process in which technology companies serve as intermediaries connecting different parties (most importantly cultural producers and audiences) through websites and applications. From music to book publishing, movie production, and the visual arts, cultural production has undergone massive changes due to platforms such as Spotify, Apple Music, Amazon, Goodreads, YouTube, Facebook, Instagram, TikTok, Etsy, etc. In most cultural sectors, creators now have to grapple with the platforms that make their work visible to online audiences. This often means paying close attention to the quantitative infrastructure of platforms, namely their algorithms and analytics, which drive visibility and commercial success. This panel examines what these economic and technological changes imply for the independence of cultural production. Classical studies of culture often emphasized the role that the values of independence and autonomy play in shaping artists’ worldviews and practices. From Bourdieu’s analysis of “fields of cultural production” as “the economic world reversed” to Becker’s theory of “art worlds” where internal dynamics redefine external constraints, or the Frankfurt School’s critical take on the demise of aura through mechanical reproduction, sociological approaches have paid close attention to the threats to independence emerging under modern capitalism. In fact, most classical sociology saw cultural producers in the mass cultural industries as having little independence, often assuming (sometimes without empirical research) that the massification of culture would destroy original and critical art works. Here we revisit the question of independence in the context of platformed creation – a term that embraces all forms of cultural production that are mediated, in part or completely, through digital platforms. By bringing together scholars studying different aspects of platformed creation and reflecting on the concept of independence through diverse disciplinary lenses, we ask: what does independence look like in the context of platformed creation? What are some of the theoretical and methodological tools available to scholars for making sense of cultural, economic, and technological independence in the case of platformed creation? And how do these evolving forms of independence affect the kinds of art works and cultural tropes that circulate online? These different studies aim to put the concept of independence in dialogue with the question of interdependence (among cultural producers, audiences, and platforms) in a mediated digital world.


Author(s):  
Chen Guo ◽  
Crystal Abidin

With Chinese rural village videos and their followers proliferating exponentially on YouTube, these influencers have been empowered by digital technologies. Hence, it is important to scope the genre of Chinese rural YouTubers and analyze rural Chinese videos because the genre has aroused cultural, economic, and societal influence. At present, the most popular and globally prolific Chinese rural influencer on YouTube is Liziqi (李子柒). The Chinese government has sought various collaborations to leverage on the global scale of her internet celebrity. This article aims to map out the emergent genre of Chinese rural influencers on YouTube and consider how they empower themselves with internet technologies and use the internet to gain independence on YouTube. While independence is frequently assumed to be about progressive politics, in the context of China, it can also reveal an attachment to individualization. This study relied on YouTube’s algorithmic recommendation of videos to understand how the platform ‘categorizes’ and ‘promotes’ related content to viewers.We manually amassed a corpus of 3480 video links from 205 channels in February 2021.Guided by grounded theory (Glaser & Strauss 2017), we closely surveyed various elements of 5 videos from the top 5 subscribed channels. We present three preliminary findings in this abstract. First, the genre of Chinese rural YouTube videos is constituted by some necessary elements in the video content.Second, we found these YouTubers engaged with themes of rurality, nostalgia, orientalism, exoticism, and commodification in the videos.Third, we found that Chinese rural YouTubers use digital technologies to empower themselves.


Author(s):  
Evandro Antonio Corrêa ◽  
Deivide Telles de Lima

ResumoEste ensaio visa refletir as relações entre a formação em Educação Física, o corpo em movimento e as tecnologias na educação escolar. Compreendemos que a Educação Física precisa compreender esse corpo e suas diferentes nuances face as tecnologias, as quais podem contribuir como ferramentas auxiliadoras no processo de emancipação dos seres humanos no sentido de se tornarem mais reflexivos, críticos e criativos. Com os avanços das tecnologias observamos mudanças rápidas na sociedade, e o mesmo com o corpo. Torna-se necessário o debate sobre as inter-relações que ocorrem na sociedade entre a tecnologia, corpo e educação como um processo histórico e contínuo de transformações que envolvem questões culturais, econômicas, políticas, sociais que tem (re)configurado a atuação do professor de Educação Física com “novos” saberes e competências no âmbito escolar.Palavras-chave: Educação Física. Corpo. Tecnologia. Educação. Technology, body and physical education: between training and teaching practiceAbstractThis essay aims to reflect the relationship between training in Physical Education, the body in movement and technologies in school education. We understand that Physical Education needs to understand this body and its different nuances in the face of technologies, which can contribute as auxiliary tools in the emancipation process of human beings in order to become more reflective, critical and creative. With advances in technologies, we observe rapid changes in society, and the same with the body. It is necessary to debate the interrelationships that occur in society between technology, body and education as a historical and continuous process of transformations involving cultural, economic, political, social issues that have (re)configured the role of the Physical Education teacher with “new” knowledge and skills in the school environment.Keywords: Physical Education. Body. Technology. Education. Tecnología, cuerpo y educación física: entre la formación y la práctica docenteResumenEste ensayo tiene como objetivo reflejar las relaciones entre la formación en Educación Física, el móvil y las tecnologías en la educación escolar. Entendemos que la Educación Física necesita comprender este cuerpo y sus diferentes matices de cara a las tecnologías, que pueden contribuir como herramientas auxiliares en el proceso de emancipación del ser humano para volverse más reflexivo, crítico y creativo. Con los avances de la tecnología observamos cambios rápidos en la sociedad, y lo mismo ocurre con el cuerpo. Es necesario debatir las interrelaciones que se dan en la sociedad entre tecnología, cuerpo y educación como un proceso histórico y continuo de transformaciones que involucran cuestiones culturales, económicas, políticas, sociales que han (re) configurado el rol del docente de Educación Física con “nuevos” saberes, competencias en el entorno escolar.Palabras clave: Educación Física. Cuerpo. Tecnología. Educación.


2022 ◽  
Vol 52 (3) ◽  
Author(s):  
Tayanna Bernardo Oliveira Nunes Messias ◽  
Emmanuella de Oliveira Moura Araújo ◽  
Amanda Marília da Silva Sant’Ana ◽  
Jorge Eduardo Cavalcante Lucena ◽  
Maria Teresa Bertoldo Pacheco ◽  
...  

ABSTRACT: Known as an animal of multiple functions, the Equus asinus has always been used for various purposes, such as entertainment, horseback riding, means of transport, agricultural traction and dairy farming. Although, donkeys are associated with a vast heritage of social, cultural, economic and ecological importance, they have lost their importance in the activities of rural properties, both in the developed economies of European countries and in the Northeast region of Brazil. Specific studies of production systems aimed rational exploitation of the donkey species in Brazil do not exist. New perspectives for the use of donkey in the Brazilian semiarid region through the dairy industry has aroused scientific interest and the interest of investors. The donkey, allied to the low production costs and rusticity of the species, has the capacity to contribute to the economy with products of high biological value and therapeutic characteristics. Thus, this review provided a broad view of the donkey bred in the Northeast of Brazil, observing its characteristics and relevance for the region. The benefits of donkey milk and the need to promote the production and marketing of this milk in the dairy production chain will also be discussed.


2021 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Author(s):  
Juliano Schwartz ◽  
Paul Oh ◽  
Maira B. Perotto ◽  
Ryan E. Rhodes ◽  
Wanda Firth ◽  
...  

In light of new evidence on the prevention of chronic diseases and the elevated rates of overweight and obesity in Brazil and Canada, this critical review aims to interpret and synthesize current aspects regarding dietary and physical activity initiatives in both countries and make future recommendations. The pioneering work presented in the last Brazilian dietary guidelines has been called a model that can be applied globally, given its conceptualization of healthy eating that translates easily to practical guidance. The new Canadian Food Guide has incorporated similar aspects, also putting the country as a leader in dietary guidance. With these new recommendations, citizens in both Brazil and Canada have access to impactful evidence-informed nutritional guidelines. Both documents propose eating patterns that focus not only on health benefits, such as chronic disease prevention, but also incorporate well-being concerning cultural, economic, sociodemographic, biological, and ecological dimensions. A similar approach is required for physical activity to allow individuals to have attainable health and life goals and thereby fully enjoy their lives, regardless of geographical location, health status, and socioeconomic condition, a concept recently described as physical activity security. The wholistic dietary guidelines from both countries represent a change in paradigm in public health. Likewise, national evidence-based policies are warranted to reduce disparities in physical activity, allowing healthier and more active lifestyles for everyone.


2021 ◽  
Vol 7 (2) ◽  
pp. 38-45
Author(s):  
Makinde, Christiana Omone Bose

The Nigerian Society is purely Patriarchy in Nature, and since this patriarchal nature is evident in traditionally social, cultural, economic, and religious realms or settings, there is a need for Women's Empowerment that directly influences these sectors. This Study assessed Women's Empowerment programs in Ekiti State, Nigeria. A descriptive Survey design was adopted. Sample size of 500 respondents were selected from 10 local government areas in the State. The Analysis was conducted using Statistical package for social science (SPSS) version 23. The set null hypotheses were tested at a 0.05 level of significance. The set null hypotheses for Psychological Empowerment (B = 0.399, t = 22.853; P< 0.05), Social Empowerment (B = 0.318, t = 15.160, P<0.05), Economic Empowerment (B = 0.305, t=`11.955 P<0.05) and Political Empowerment (B=0.732, t= 21.221, P<0.05). The findings revealed that Social, Economical, Political, and psychological empowerment has significant contributions to Women's Empowerment programs in Ekiti State. The study recommended that Social Empowerment, Economic Empowerment, Psychological Empowerment, and Political Empowerment are key contributors to Women's Empowerment.


2021 ◽  
Vol 41 (5) ◽  
pp. 397-404
Author(s):  
Ramkrushna Rajaram Kamble ◽  
Pradip Himmatrao Barad

This article focused a selective review of literature on the role of libraries on educational; social & cultural; economical and political development under the title ‘A selective Review of Literature on Social Contribution of Libraries’. Libraries are changing their nature in the modern age and they offer their services to the user from various requirements of them and play a very important role in society. The library is considered as the heart of an educational institution as well as plays a role as the backbone of an educational institution. And also by offering various services, these libraries added value to education, social & cultural, economic, and political development. In this paper, the literature published on the social contribution of libraries is studied, analysed and, explained. The social contribution of libraries is crucial in the educational, social & cultural, economic and, political development of the nation. From this article scholars and researchers can understand how libraries play the important role in society and also aware of the literature available in this area.


2021 ◽  
Vol 4 (1) ◽  
pp. 42-52
Author(s):  
Violet Nasambu Barasa

This paper examines how Maasai traditional cultural practices and beliefs in Ole Kulet‘s novel Blossoms of the Savannah hinder socio-economic development. The cultural practices that incumber socio-economic progress has implication on both the immediate Maasai community (as illustrated through Nasila village) and the society at large. In most societies in Africa, traditional and cultural practices inform and influence the daily experiences and behavior of its people. Early marriages and female genital mutilation are practiced in a number of communities across the African continent in countries such as Kenya, Tanzania, Ethiopia, Guinea among others. One of this communities is the Maasai community in Kenya which is the physical setting of Blossoms of the savannah. Some traditional practices among the Maasai are detrimental as is evident in the long-term impact on the psychological, physical and the general wellbeing of its members. This paper focuses on the intertwinement of early marriages, female genital mutilation (FGM), and patriarchy and how they impact the socio-economic development in the society. Early marriages and female genital mutilation practices are socio-economically retrogressive in a 21st century society. These traditional practices and customs have roots in the social, cultural, economic, historical and political discourse encapsulated within the patriarchal structures and realized through gender inequality. This paper therefore focuses on how the traditional practices impede the realization of development in the Maasai community as advanced in Blossoms of the Savannah.


Author(s):  
Ismini Pells

AbstractThe seventeenth-century British Civil Wars had a scale and impact to rival modern conflicts and its effects extended to children as well as adults. What might be today termed “child soldiers” were found in the armies in combat and supporting roles. Many more were witnesses to the conflict or had their lives changed by its consequences. This article is an historical case study of socio-cultural constructions of children, childhood and warfare. It aims to highlight the diverse nature of both historic and modern child experiences of warfare, and the plethora of ways that these experiences were and are understood and represented by adults. It argues that the evidence from the Civil Wars supports the scholarship of child psychologists such as Derek Summerfield that children in conflict should not always be regarded as victims but could display agency, whilst also acknowledging social, cultural, economic and political pressures. Although children in the Civil Wars may have experienced trauma, the evidence is insufficient to prove this and evidence for a contemporary concept of the psychologically damaged child as a result of conflict is ambiguous. However, what the evidence does uncover is the ways in which adults used representations of children to express their own anxieties about the Civil Wars.


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