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Author(s):  
Olena Torlo ◽  
Maryna Chervonoshapka ◽  
Oksana Chychkan ◽  
Mykola Kostovskyi ◽  
Mykola Kmytsiak ◽  
...  

The activities of law enforcement officers are characterized by significant psycho-emotional and physical stress. Therefore, a high level of psychophysiological characteristics is an important component in the structure of preparedness of cadets in higher education institutions with specific training conditions that train police officers. Experts note that the indicators of sensorimotor reactions are one of the most accessible and, at the same time, quite accurate neurophysiological indicators that reflect the dynamics of nervous processes, motor coordination, overall performance and activity of the central nervous system in various fields. Research aimed at the finding of the effective ways to improve them is relevant. We conducted a study of psychophysiological characteristics in 2 groups of cadets during the first academic year. The first group of cadets trained in the course of the discipline "Special Physical Training". The cadets of the second group were engaged in "Special physical training", and also during the academic year trained in sections of game sports (football and volleyball). The results show that the traditional curriculum of the discipline "Special Physical Training" in higher education institutions with specific training conditions that train police officers is not effective enough to improve the performance of sensorimotor reactions of cadets. In the group of cadets, who did not train in sports sections, we did not find a significant improvement of the psychophysiological characteristics. The results indicate the feasibility of using sectional classes of game sports (football, volleyball) as a means of improving the efficiency of the process of training.


Author(s):  
Ann Corsellis

There is a pressing need to provide a worthwhile academic underpinning to public service or community interpreting and its professional context. This paper considers the strategies that could benefit both pure and applied research in this area by discussing a number of majorfactors. First, the approaches used by interpreting as well as related scientific re- search in the public service field to engage with the relevant range of professional practitioners in identifying the topic, gathering adequate and reliable information, seeking ways forward, developing interdisciplinary understanding and implementing improvedpractice, are considered.Second, it is argued that there is a crucial needfor interpreting and language specialists to demonstrate and apply standards of valid research methodologies equivalent to those used in other disciplines in this context (such as medicine), in order to affirm their academic responsibility and interdisciplinary credibility. Finally, the dissemination of the results of research, not only to fellow academics in the language world but also to academics in other related disciplines as well as to the practitioners - interpreters, translators, doctors, lawyers, police officers, social workers etc., is considered. Research results must be accessible in order to improve practice and to enable the research results to be brought into the mainstream informed debate.


2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (14) ◽  
pp. e61101421142
Author(s):  
Diego Ribeiro de Souza ◽  
Erivan Nobre da Silva ◽  
Leandro Porto dos Santos ◽  
Laiane Cristina dos Santos de Oliveira ◽  
Daliana Toledo Augusto ◽  
...  

We determined the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) among military police officers (MPOs) from the radio patrol program of the Military Police of Sao Paulo State (PMESP). Towards this goal, we analyzed the following characteristics: shift duty (daytime or nighttime patrol), service length in the PMESP, education level attained, weekly alcohol consumption, smoking, and physical activity of 93 MPOs. The MPO groups were created based on work shift [daytime (n=48) or nighttime (n=45)], and years of MPO experience [≤3 years (n=48) or ≥10 years (n=45)]. The overall prevalence of MetS among the 93 MPOs was 43%. There was a higher prevalence of MetS in the group with ≥ten years (53.3%) than that with ≤three years (33.3%); so, 1,6 times higher. The more prevalent MetS indicators (n=93) included waist circumference (76.3%), hypertension (55.9%), reduced plasma HDL-cholesterol levels (44%), hypertriglyceridemia (32.2%), and hyperglycemia (20.4%). Greater waist circumference, hypertension, hypertriglyceridemia, higher glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels, and MetS itself were associated with the service length (i.e., ≥ten years). The work shift was not associated with any MetS indicator. Those who were overweight or obese were 2.2. times more likely to develop MetS. Hypertriglyceridemia, the best indicator of the MetS, increased the chance of developing MetS by 16 times. Conclusion: MPOs exhibit a high prevalence of MetS, associated with the years of service and age.  


2021 ◽  
pp. 001112872110524
Author(s):  
Jacinta M. Gau ◽  
Eugene A. Paoline ◽  
Krystle L. Roman

The percentage of police officers identifying as Hispanic or Latinx is steadily rising nationwide, yet relatively little research has examined this group’s occupational attitudes. Police culture research has identified officers’ perceptions of danger and cynicism toward the public as core concepts. No research to date has examined whether or how Hispanic and Latinx officers might differ from their White colleagues on these occupational attitudes. The present study uses data from a survey of police officers in a large, municipal department. Hispanic and Latinx officers are compared to White peers on perceived danger and cynicism. Results show that Hispanic and Latinx officers feel higher levels of danger but are less cynical. Implications for research and police policy are discussed.


2021 ◽  
Vol 69 (4. ksz.) ◽  
pp. 21-30
Author(s):  
Tünde Pesti

The author would like to present the measures taken by the Hungarian Police against prejudice in the context of this article. For the analysis, she has chosen the police and cop culture approach. Her aim is to present the organisational framework and the human being itself separately. In the author’s opinion, training and education fall between the two cultures. The author proposes further research and education on cop culture, and suggests the introduction of intercultural education to prevent prejudicial behaviour and improve cooperation. The author considers that, by teaching both subjects, police officers will have a better understanding of both prejudices and the dangers of the police profession.


2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Author(s):  
Ron Hoffman ◽  
Jeffrey Harman ◽  
Heidi Kinsell ◽  
Gregory Brown

Background: The police response to calls for service identified as being related to mental health continues to be highly controversial. Strategies to improve the police response include Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) training and various forms of co-response models neither of which have been subjected to comprehensive evaluations, particularly as to cost-efficiency. A new approach is the use of the interRAI Brief Mental Health Screener to enhance police officer ability to identify persons with serious mental disorders. The purpose of the current study is to evaluate the costs and cost efficiency of the police response to mental health calls using the interRAI Brief Mental Health Screener.Method: Secondary data was analyzed from the use of the screener from 2018 to 2020 by police officers in a mid-sized Canadian city. Changes were measured in the overall number of interactions police officers had with persons with mental health disorders, the number of incidents where police officers referred the person to hospital, and the time officers remained in the emergency department.Results: A total of 6,727 assessments were completed with involuntary referrals decreasing by 30%, and voluntary referrals by 34%. The overall time police officers were involved in involuntary referrals decreased from 123 min in 2018 to 113 min in 2020. The average emergency department wait time for voluntary referrals dropped from 41 min in 2018 to 27 min in 2020, while involuntary referrals decreased from 61 min in 2018 to 42 min in 2020. Each averted involuntary referral to the emergency department resulted in a savings of $81, on average during the study period.Conclusion: An analysis of the costs and costs savings associated with the use of the screener demonstrate that it is a worthwhile investment for police services. An additional benefit is its ability to collect mental health statistics that may be useful to police leaders to justify budgets. Future studies should attempt to devise some method of collecting pre-implementation data that would reveal the true costs and cost-efficiency of using the BMHS, which have been shown to be significant in the current study however, undoubtedly are under-estimated.


2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (10) ◽  
pp. 399
Author(s):  
Victor Le Le Franc ◽  
Alexis Spire

Drawing on quantitative and qualitative data, this article points out the effects that instances of contact with the police can produce on the relationship with this public institution. The quantitative analysis highlights that trust in the police depends on social variables, such as political orientation, level of resources, age, and religion, but also on the frequency of direct contact with this institution. Being summoned to a police station is significantly associated with distrust in the police, and self-initiated contacts also promote distrust toward the police. Our qualitative data, collected through participant observation and interviews, provide a further insight into these results. The interaction between the police and governed people has two dimensions that may explain the production of distrust. On the one hand, the interaction involves a relationship of domination by the police, which is manifested by a demand on the part of the police for docility from the complainants. On the other hand, it involves a relationship of service, which gives rise to an expectation of recognition on the part of governed people, an expectation that is rarely satisfied. These everyday interactions do not necessarily translate into judgments about the fairness of police officers. Such feelings of frustration and dispossession should be taken into consideration in understanding how trust is affected by these voluntary contacts.


Author(s):  
Rafael Alcadipani ◽  
Gabriela Lotta ◽  
Cintia Rodrigues

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