Cell Migration And Invasion
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2021 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Author(s):  
Yue-chu Dai ◽  
Yin Pan ◽  
Ming-ming Quan ◽  
Qi Chen ◽  
Yue Pan ◽  
...  

MicroRNA (miR)-1246 is abnormally expressed and has pro-oncogenic functions in multiple types of cancer. In the present study, its functions in breast cancer and the underlying mechanisms were further elucidated. The clinical relevance of miR-1246 was analyzed and its expression in clinical specimens and cell lines was examined by reverse transcription-quantitat000000ive PCR analysis. FACS was used to detect cell apoptosis and mitochondrial transmembrane potential. A Transwell system was used to detect cell migration and invasion. Luciferase assay was used to confirm the target gene of miR-1246. Xenograft and metastasis mouse models were constructed to determine the function of miR-1246 in vivo. miR-1246 was found to be negatively associated with overall survival in breast cancer. miR-1246 inhibitor could effectively increase the cytotoxicity of docetaxel (Doc) by inducing apoptosis, and impair cell migration and invasion by suppressing epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition. Nuclear factor (erythroid 2)-like factor 3 (NFE2L3) was confirmed as a new target gene of miR-1246, and its overexpression was shown to reduce drug resistance and migration of MDA-MB-231 cells. More importantly, NFE2L3-silencing attenuated the effect of miR-1246 inhibitor. Finally, the inhibition of miR-1246 effectively enhanced the cytotoxicity of Doc in xenografts and impaired breast cancer metastasis. Therefore, miR-1246 may promote drug resistance and metastasis in breast cancer by targeting NFE2L3.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Cheng Zhang ◽  
Chun-Dong Zhang ◽  
Jun-Peng Pei ◽  
Yong-Zhi Li ◽  
Maimaititusun Yusupu ◽  
...  

Abstract Background LncRNAs are known to play a crucial role in the initiation and progression of human diseases, especially cancers. Our previous study demonstrated that dysregulation of LINC02532 facilitated the malignant phenotype of gastric cancer (GC). However, the potential molecular mechanisms regarding the upstream and downstream regulation of LINC02532 in GC progression remain unclear. Methods RNA-Seq and clinical data from public databases were used for gene expression and clinical analyses. The subcellular location of LINC02532 was predicted by the bioinformatics tools and further validated by the RNA-Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) assay. The effect of FOXF2/LINC02532/SOX7 axis in GC cell migration and invasion was evaluated using in vitro and in vivo assays. The transcriptional regulation role of FOXF2 and the mRNA stability of SOX7 were explored by dual-luciferase reporter assay and Actinomycin-D drug assay. Results We found that high LINC02532 expression was associated with poor prognosis of GC. Furthermore, a Cox regression model indicated that LINC02532 was an independent prognostic factor for GC patients. Using in vitro and in vivo assays, we found that LINC02532 promoted GC cell migration and invasion, as well as tumour growth and metastasis in nude mice. Mechanistically, LINC02532 decreased SOX7 mRNA stability by binding to its 3’UTR, resulting in reduced SOX7 expression. In addition, FOXF2 was identified as a transcriptional factor of LINC02532 and was shown to repress LINC02532 expression by negative transcriptional regulation. Conclusions Together, these findings show that LINC02532 promotes GC progression through epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT). Cross-talk between the FOXF2/LINC02532/SOX7 axis may provide a novel target for the treatment and prognostic prediction of GC.


2021 ◽  
Vol 22 (23) ◽  
pp. 12684
Author(s):  
Ikuko Kase-Kato ◽  
Shunichi Asai ◽  
Chikashi Minemura ◽  
Kenta Tsuneizumi ◽  
Sachi Oshima ◽  
...  

In humans, the coronin family is composed of seven proteins containing WD-repeat domains that regulate actin-based cellular processes. Some members of the coronin family are closely associated with cancer cell migration and invasion. The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) analysis revealed that CORO1C, CORO2A, and CORO7 were significantly upregulated in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) tissues (p < 0.05). Moreover, the high expression of CORO2A was significantly predictive of the 5-year survival rate of patients with OSCC (p = 0.0203). Overexpression of CORO2A was detected in OSCC clinical specimens by immunostaining. siRNA-mediated knockdown of CORO2A suppressed cancer cell migration and invasion abilities. Furthermore, we investigated the involvement of microRNAs (miRNAs) in the molecular mechanism underlying CORO2A overexpression in OSCC cells. TCGA analysis confirmed that tumor-suppressive miR-125b-5p and miR-140-5p were significantly downregulated in OSCC tissues. Notably, these miRNAs bound directly to the 3′-UTR of CORO2A and controlled CORO2A expression in OSCC cells. In summary, we found that aberrant expression of CORO2A facilitates the malignant transformation of OSCC cells, and that downregulation of tumor-suppressive miRNAs is involved in CORO2A overexpression. Elucidation of the interaction between genes and miRNAs will help reveal the molecular pathogenesis of OSCC.


BMC Cancer ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Peng Zhang ◽  
Jian Xu ◽  
Hua Zhang ◽  
Xiao-Yu Liu

Abstract Background Emerging evidence has indicated the critical role of TRPV4 in diverse human cancers. However, the underlying molecular mechanism of TRPV4 in colon cancer invasiveness is still unknown. Methods Immunohistochemistry staining was used to analyze the expression of TRPV4 and ZEB1 in clinical tissues; Wound healing and transwell assays were applied to determine the cell invasiveness; Western blot was used to explore the relation between TRPV4 and ZEB1. Results Colon cancer cells were transfected with siRNA against TRPV4 or HC067047 (a selective TRPV4 antagonist), TRPV4 full-length plasmid or siRNA against ZEB1, or both, in order to measure cell migration and invasion. And we found that TRPV4 silencing or inhibition exhibited an inhibitory role in colon cancer cell migration and invasion, coupled with compromised EMT process, and suppressed AKT activity. TRPV4 stimulated expression of ZEB1 and consequently contributed to EMT process and invasiveness. It was also revealed that overexpression of TRPV4 and ZEB1 in clinical patients with local metastasis, and positive correlation between TRPV4 and ZEB1. Conclusions Our results uncovered the role of TRPV4 in tumor metastasis and highlighted the potential mechanism of TRPV4-ZEB1 axis in indicating EMT.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-15
Author(s):  
Ruichuang Yang ◽  
Jianxia Wen ◽  
Tao Yang ◽  
Chunmei Dai ◽  
Yanling Zhao

Aims. In this study, the pharmacological effects and potential molecular mechanisms of evodiamine in treating gastric cancer (GC) were investigated. Methods. GC cells lines of AGS and BGC-823 were treated with evodiamine at various concentrations for different times (24, 48, and 72 h). Inhibition of the proliferation of AGS and BGC-823 cells was assessed using a CCK-8 assay. The morphology of gastric cancer cells was detected by high-content screening (HCS). The apoptosis-inducing effect of evodiamine on AGS and BGC-823 cells was detected by flow cytometric analysis. Cell migration and invasion were detected by Transwell assay. The relative mRNA and protein expression levels of PTEN-mediated EGF/PI3K signaling pathways were investigated via RT-qPCR or western blotting, respectively. Results. Evodiamine substantially inhibited AGS and BGC-823 cells proliferation in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that evodiamine could induce apoptosis of AGS and BGC-823 cells in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, evodiamine inhibited AGS and BGC-823 cell migration and invasion. Mechanistically, the results demonstrated that evodiamine promoted the relative mRNA and protein expression of PTEN and decreased expression of EGF, EGFR, PI3K, AKT, p-AKT, and mTOR. Most importantly, evodiamine could effectively increase the mRNA and protein expression of PTEN and decrease the protein expression of EGF/PI3K pathway, indicating that evodiamine downregulated EGF/PI3K through the activation of PTEN pathway. Conclusion. Evodiamine inhibited the directional migration and invasion of GC cells by inhibiting PTEN-mediated EGF/PI3K signaling pathway. These findings revealed that evodiamine might serve as a potential candidate for the treatment or prevention of GC.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-12
Author(s):  
Jingrong Huang ◽  
Li Zhao ◽  
Chengxian Gong ◽  
Yi Wang ◽  
Yinzong Qu ◽  
...  

The aim of this study was to investigate the anticancer effects of shikonin on esophageal cancer (EC) cells and explore the underlying molecular mechanism by identifying dysregulation in shikonin-induced tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated protein 1 (TRAP1) expression. The 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-Yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay and EDU assay were performed for cell viability determination. The reactive oxygen species level and mitochondrial membrane potential were evaluated using flow cytometry. The protein expression was detected using Western blot. In addition, cell migration and invasion were estimated. These results demonstrated that shikonin inhibited EC cell growth in a concentration-dependent manner and induced apoptosis through activation of the intracellular apoptotic signaling pathway. Moreover, TRAP1 downregulation promoted shikonin-induced reactive oxygen species release, whereas TRAP1 upregulation blocked it. Meanwhile, shikonin significantly promoted mitochondrial depolarization, accompanied by a large release of cytochrome C. Conversely, shikonin significantly decreased adenosine 5′-triphosphate release, demonstrating a significant intervention in the process of the glucose metabolism. In addition, not only shikonin but also short hairpin RNA (shRNA)-TRAP1 inhibited EC cell migration and invasion. shRNA-TRAP1 enhanced the inhibitory effect of shikonin on matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)2 and MMP9 expression. More interestingly, we demonstrated that shRNA-TRAP1 played a synergistic role in shikonin-mediated regulation of protein kinase B (AKT)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling. Collectively, shikonin promoted apoptosis and attenuated migration and invasion of EC cells by inhibiting TRAP1 expression and AKT/mTOR signaling, indicating that shikonin may be a new drug for treating EC.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-8
Author(s):  
Zhonghe Zhao ◽  
Yan Jiang ◽  
Zhongguo Liu ◽  
Qingyan Li ◽  
Tiantian Gao ◽  
...  

Background. Previous studies have shown that Ampelopsin has an inhibitory effect on human tumors. However, the effect of Ampelopsin on renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is rarely reported. Therefore, this study aims to explain the role of Ampelopsin in RCC. Methods. Different concentrations of Ampelopsin (0, 10, 25, 50, and 100 μM) were used to treat 786-O cells. Cell viability was detected by MTT assay, colony formation assay, and flow cytometry assay. Transwell assay and Wound healing assay were used to detect cell migration and invasion. Western blot analysis was applied to detect protein expression. Results. Ampelopsin inhibited cell proliferation and induced apoptosis in RCC. And Ampelopsin can inhibit cell migration and invasion in RCC. All these results changed in a dose-dependent manner. Ampelopsin (100 uM) had the strongest inhibitory effect on cell viability and metastasis. In addition, Ampelopsin negatively regulated the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway in RCC cells. Moreover, Ampelopsin was only cytotoxic to RCC cells. Conclusion. Ampelopsin inhibits cell viability and metastasis in RCC by negatively regulating the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway.


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