sulfuric acid
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2022 ◽  
Vol 429 ◽  
pp. 132452
Libertus Darus ◽  
Susana Susana ◽  
Halasan Sihombing ◽  
Amaliyah Rohsari Indah Utami ◽  
Maizirwan Mel

Nargiza Bekbutaeva ◽  

results of studies of the forms of finding and methods of extracting molybdenum from acidic solutions with a high concentration of sulfuric acid are presented. Ion-exchange resins of various modifications were tested to determine the most effective for molybdenum during its sorption from a sulfuric acid solution.

Catalysts ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 91
Jan Drönner ◽  
Peter Hausoul ◽  
Regina Palkovits ◽  
Matthias Eisenacher

The oxidation of cumene and following cleavage of cumene hydroperoxide (CHP) with sulfuric acid (Hock rearrangement) is still, by far, the dominant synthetic route to produce phenol. In 2020, the global phenol market reached a value of 23.3 billion US$ with a projected compound annual growth rate of 3.4% for 2020–2025. From ecological and economical viewpoints, the key step of this process is the cleavage of CHP. One sought-after way to likewise reduce energy consumption and waste production of the process is to substitute sulfuric acid with heterogeneous catalysts. Different types of zeolites, silicon-based clays, heteropoly acids, and ion exchange resins have been investigated and tested in various studies. For every type of these solid acid catalysts, several materials were found that show high yield and selectivity to phenol. In this mini-review, first a brief introduction and overview on the Hock process is given. Next, the mechanism, kinetics, and safety aspects are summarized and discussed. Following, the different types of heterogeneous catalysts and their performance as catalyst in the Hock process are illustrated. Finally, the different approaches to substitute sulfuric acid in the synthetic route to produce phenol are briefly concluded and a short outlook is given.

2022 ◽  
Vol 1 (15) ◽  
pp. 100-103
Dmitriy Shurupov ◽  
Nina Sosnovskaya ◽  
Nikolay Korchevin ◽  
Aleksey Bal'chugov

The article presents the results of a study of the process of obtaining a shiny nickel coating on steel from sulfuric acid electrolyte in the presence of an organic brightening additive - a de-rivative of rubeanhydric acid - under different modes of electrolysis. The expediency of using a nickel coating for corrosion protection of the housing of a high-pressure centrifugal pump has been substantiated

Gels ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 53
Rayed Alyousef ◽  
Ahmed Abdel Khalek Ebid ◽  
Ghasan Fahim Huseien ◽  
Hossein Mohammadhosseini ◽  
Hisham Alabduljabbar ◽  

Various geopolymer mortars (GPMs) as concrete repairing materials have become effective owing to their eco-friendly properties. Geopolymer binders designed from agricultural and industrial wastes display interesting and useful mechanical performance. Based on this fact, this research (experimental) focuses on the feasibility of achieving a new GPM with improved mechanical properties and enhanced durability performance against the aggressive sulfuric acid and sulfate attacks. This new ternary blend of GPMs can be achieved by combining waste ceramic tiles (WCT), fly ash (FA) and ground blast furnace slag (GBFS) with appropriate proportions. These GPMs were designed from a high volume of WCT, FA, and GBFS to repair the damaged concretes existing in the construction sectors. Flexural strength, slant shear bond strength, and compatibility of the obtained GPMs were compared with the base or normal concrete (NC) before and after exposure to the aggressive environments. Tests including flexural four-point loading and thermal expansion coefficient were performed. These GPMs were prepared using a low concentration of alkaline activator solution with increasing levels of GBFS and FA replaced by WCT. The results showed that substitution of GBFS and FA by WCT in the GPMs could enhance their bond strength, mechanical characteristics, and durability performance when exposed to aggressive environments. In addition, with the increase in WCT contents from 50 to 70%, the bond strength performance of the GPMs was considerably enhanced under sulfuric acid and sulfate attack. The achieved GPMs were shown to be highly compatible with the concrete substrate and excellent binders for various civil engineering construction applications. It is affirmed that the proposed GPMs can efficiently be used as high-performance materials to repair damaged concrete surfaces.

Vinícius Mateus Silveira Martins ◽  
Luis Guilherme Giannina Sante ◽  
Renata Mello Giona ◽  
Gustavo Rafael Collere Possetti ◽  
Alesandro Bail

2022 ◽  
Vol 30 (1) ◽  
pp. 547-563
Shiyi Li ◽  
Shafreeza Sobri

Polymerised aluminium ferric sulphate (PAFS) was prepared from aluminium dross as a coagulant in wastewater treatment. The effects of leaching time, leaching temperature, and sulfuric acid concentrations on the turbidity removal of the wastewater were investigated, and the optimum conditions were determined using response surface methodology. The results showed that the optimum PAFS preparation conditions were at a leaching time of 60 minutes, a leaching temperature of 65°C, and a sulfuric acid concentration of 1 mol/L. Furthermore, experiments were performed to investigate the effect of coagulant dosages using the PAFS prepared under the optimum leaching conditions, settling time and initial pH of the wastewater on the turbidity removal efficiency. As a result, it was found that the optimum coagulation conditions for PAFS coagulants were at a settling time of 15 minutes, coagulant dosage of 0.5g, and raw water pH 8. Under these optimum conditions, the turbidity removal efficiency of the wastewater was 91.45%. The purpose of this study was to investigate the possibility of aluminium dross utilisation as a coagulant agent for wastewater treatment. Therefore, it can be concluded that PAFS prepared by leaching metal oxides from aluminium dross is an effective wastewater coagulant.

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