Barium Carbonate
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2021 ◽  
Vol 13 ◽  
Author(s):  
J.F. Huang ◽  
F.H. Tao ◽  
C.H. Yu ◽  
Y.J. Mao ◽  
Z.Y. Xue ◽  
...  

Background: Crystal violet dye is stable and difficult to be biodegraded owing to the existence of the multiple aromatic rings of the crystal violet molecules. Removing crystal violet dye from the wastewater is a major challenge. Objective: The aim of the research is to synthesize barium carbonate/tin dioxide nanoparticles and investigate the photocatalytic performance for the degradation of crystal violet. Methods: Barium carbonate/tin dioxide nanoparticles were synthesized via a facile hydrothermal route without any surfactants. The crystal structure, micro-morphology, size and optical performance of the barium carbonate/tin dioxide nanoparticles were investigated by powder X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and solid ultraviolet-visible diffuse reflectance spectrum. Results : The size of the barium carbonate/tin dioxide nanoparticles is 20 nm to 200 nm with the band gap of 3.71 eV. The photocatalytic activity of the barium carbonate/tin dioxide nanoparticles was measured by the photocatalytic degradation of crystal violet. The crystal violet degradation efficiency reaches 92.1% with the ultraviolet-visible irradiation time of 8 h using 10 mg barium carbonate/tin dioxide nanoparticles. The crystal violet degradation ratio increases to 96.1% when the dosage of the barium carbonate/tin dioxide nanoparticles increases to 20 mg/10 mL crystal violet dye solution. Active species capture photocatalytic experiments showed that the holes, hydroxyl radicals and superoxide ion radicals are the main active species. Reusability experiments displayed that the barium carbonate/tin dioxide nanoparticles are stable for the crystal violet dye degradation. Conclusion: The barium carbonate/tin dioxide nanoparticles show good photocatalytic performance toward crystal violet under ultraviolet light irradiation.


2021 ◽  
Vol 127 (12) ◽  
Author(s):  
A. Sivakumar ◽  
S. Sahaya Jude Dhas ◽  
Abdulrahman I. Almansour ◽  
Raju Suresh Kumar ◽  
Natarajan Arumugam ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 42 ◽  
pp. 42-49
Author(s):  
Iulian Ştefan ◽  
Gabriel Constantin Benga ◽  
Ionel Dănuț Savu ◽  
Sorin Vasile Savu ◽  
Bebe Adrian Olei

In the research activities on the barium monoferrite pyrosynthesis, an important place is occupied by TG and DTA analysis. The effects of different hematite (α-Fe2O3) granulations on the BaFe2O4 pyrosynthesis temperature were followed. Four types of commercial hematite powders were used, the difference between them being the fineness of the powder granules and the purity. Only one type of commercial barium carbonate (BaCO3) powder was also used as a barium additive in the BaFe2O4 pyrosynthesis. Each of the 4 types of α-Fe2O3 with BaCO3 were subjected to the homogenization process in a planetary mill for a more intimate mixing of the powders in order to obtain error-free results regarding the pyrosynthesis reaction. To determine BaFe2O4 pyrosynthesis temperature, a derivatograph device was used. All the data obtained with this thermal device were digitally processed in order to extract the two TG and DTA curves. The protective atmosphere in the furnace was nitrogen. BaFe2O4 pyrosynthesis temperatures recorded different values for the four mixtures, depending on the particle size of the α-Fe2O3 powders, protective atmosphere from furnace and the mixing conditions. The effects of Fe2O3 oxides on the BaFe2O4 pyrosynthesis temperature is observed when are used very fine hematite powders in mixtures, obtaining a reduction of pyrosynthesis temperature up to 16% compared to the mixture where the size of the hematite is coarser.


2021 ◽  
Vol 1045 ◽  
pp. 40-49
Author(s):  
Sunardi Sunardi ◽  
Rina Lusiani ◽  
Erny Listijorini ◽  
Ruddy Santoso ◽  
Iman Saefuloh

Carburizing is a method for obtaining a sturdy material surface. This hard surface is used for machine elements that intersect with other materials, so failure due to wear can be avoided. However, this increase in hardness has always been followed by decreased ductility. This condition certainly lowers the fatigue life of the material. For that, it is necessary to compromise between surface hardness and ductility. This study used AISI 1045 steel, which has a surface roughness of 0.4 and 4.7 μm with carburation media used, is a mixture of 80% coconut shell charcoal and 20% Barium carbonate. The sample was given the pack carburization treatment at 850°C and holding time for 3 hours, and then cooled in the open air. The samples were reheated at 850°C, holding time for 17 minutes, and then cooled with airflow at speeds of 10.34, 15.51, and 20.06 m/s for 30 minutes. This research shows that the surface of steel with a roughness of 0.4 μm has excellent performance with the hardness and corrosion level respectively 228.6 HV and 2.3586 mpy at cooling airflow rate of 20.06 m/s while the fatigue life of material occurs at the speed of airflow cooling 10.43 m/s.


Polymers ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (17) ◽  
pp. 2900
Author(s):  
Linyuan Wang ◽  
Yue Wei ◽  
Hongbo Deng ◽  
Ruiqi Lyu ◽  
Jiajie Zhu ◽  
...  

Recently, widespread concern has been aroused on environmentally friendly materials. In this article, barium phytate (Pa-Ba) was prepared by the reaction of phytic acid with barium carbonate in deionized water, which was used to blend with intumescent flame retardant (IFR) as a flame retardant and was added to epoxy resin (EP). Afterward, the chemical structure and thermal stability of Pa-Ba were characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), respectively. On this basis, the flammability and flame retardancy of EP composites were researched. It is shown that EP/14IFR/2Ba composite has the highest limiting oxygen index (LOI) value of 30.7%. Moreover, the peak heat release rate (PHRR) of EP/14IFR/2Ba decreases by 69.13% compared with pure EP. SEM and Raman spectra reveal the carbonization quality of EP/14IFR/2Ba is better than that of other composites. The results prove that Pa-Ba can cooperate with IFR to improve the flame retardancy of EP, reducing the addition amount of IFR in EP, thus expanding the application range of EP. In conclusion, adding Pa-Ba to IFR is a more environmentally friendly and efficient method compared with others.


2021 ◽  
Vol 44 ◽  
pp. 100485
Author(s):  
Xuejing Fan ◽  
Ligao Deng ◽  
Kai Li ◽  
Haiqin Lu ◽  
Ruifeng Wang ◽  
...  

Author(s):  
Arianna Menichetti ◽  
Alexandra Mavridi‐Printezi ◽  
Giuseppe Falini ◽  
Patricia Besirske ◽  
Juan Manuel García‐Ruiz ◽  
...  

Author(s):  
Helmut Cölfen ◽  
Arianna Menichetti ◽  
Alexandra Mavridi-Printezi ◽  
Giuseppe Falini ◽  
Patricia Besirske ◽  
...  

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