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2022 ◽  
Jesse E. D. Miller ◽  
Stella Copeland ◽  
Kendi Davies ◽  
Brian Anacker ◽  
Hugh Safford ◽  

Soils derived from ultramafic parent materials (hereafter serpentine) provide habitat for unique plant communities containing species with adaptations to the low nutrient levels, high magnesium: calcium ratios, and high metal content (Ni, Zn) that characterize serpentine. Plants on serpentine have long been studied in evolution and ecology, and plants adapted to serpentine contribute disproportionately to plant diversity in many parts of the world. In 2000-2003, serpentine plant communities were sampled at 107 locations representing the full range of occurrence of serpentine in California, USA, spanning large gradients in climate. In 2009-2010, plant communities were similarly sampled at 97 locations on nonserpentine soil, near to and paired with 97 of the serpentine sampling locations. (Some serpentine locations were revisited in 2009-2010 to assess the degree of change since 2000-2003, which was minimal.) At each serpentine or nonserpentine location, a north- and a south-facing 50 m x10 m plot were sampled. This design produced 97 “sites” each consisting of four “plots” (north-south exposure, serpentine-nonserpentine soil). All plots were initially visited >3 times over 2 years to record plant diversity and cover, and a subset were revisited in 2014 to examine community change after a drought. The original question guiding the study was how plant diversity is shaped by the spatially patchy nature of the serpentine habitat. Subsequently, we investigated how climate drives plant diversity at multiple scales (within locations, between locations on the same and different soil types, and across entire regions) and at different levels of organization (taxonomic, functional, and phylogenetic).

2021 ◽  
pp. 136346152110643
Bethlehem Tekola ◽  
Rosie Mayston ◽  
Tigist Eshetu ◽  
Rahel Birhane ◽  
Barkot Milkias ◽  

Available evidence in Africa suggests that the prevalence of depression in primary care settings is high but it often goes unrecognized. In this study, we explored how depression is conceptualized and communicated among community members and primary care attendees diagnosed with depression in rural Ethiopia with the view to informing the development of interventions to improve detection. We conducted individual interviews with purposively selected primary care attendees with depression (n = 28; 16 females and 12 males) and focus group discussions (FGDs) with males, females, and priests (n = 21) selected based on their knowledge of their community. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis. None of the community members identified depression as a mental illness. They considered depressive symptoms presented in a vignette as part of a normal reaction to the stresses of life. They considered medical intervention only when the woman's condition in the vignette deteriorated and “affected her mind.” In contrast, participants with depression talked about their condition as illness. Symptoms spontaneously reported by these participants only partially matched symptoms listed in the current diagnostic criteria for depressive disorders. In all participants’ accounts, spiritual explanations and traditional healing were prominent. The severity of symptoms mediates the decision to seek medical help. Improved detection may require an understanding of local conceptualizations in order to negotiate an intervention that is acceptable to affected people.

2021 ◽  
Dylan O'Ryan ◽  
Robert Crystal-Ornelas ◽  
Deb Agarwal ◽  
Kristin Boye ◽  
Shreyas Cholia ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (3) ◽  
pp. 160
Suharsono Bantun ◽  
Jayanti Yusmah Sari ◽  
Noorhasanah Z ◽  
Syahrul Syahrul ◽  
Arief Budiman

One of the basic functions of government is to provide public services. Even during the Covid-19 pandemic, these needs must still be met and optimally adjusted by service providers. The Palewai Village Office, is one of the local government agencies that does not escape its obligation to improve public service standards during this pandemic. However, based on observations, it was found that the performance of public services in the office was not optimal because population data processing was still manual and data storage media still used physical documents. Therefore, an online information system is needed that can provide clear and up-to-date information, as well as make it easier for people to fill out forms from anywhere so that there is no crowd in the service room. This study aims to develop a Website- Based Village Information System at the Palewai Village Office which will handle population data, services for making cover letters and distributing population data and current information for the community. The results of this study are a website-based village information system that can manage community data effectively and efficiently and can be accessed quickly and easily to provide information related to services at the Palewai Village office.

2021 ◽  
Vol 31 (12) ◽  
pp. 3301
Moh Syamsul Rijal ◽  
Lilik Handajani ◽  
Dwi Putra Buana Sakti

This study aims to analyze the effect of Accountability, Transparency and Community Participation on the management of Village Fund Allocation (ADD) to improve Good Village Governance (GVG) in West Lombok. The sample of respondents was determined by non-probability sampling, namely purposive sampling. The number of respondents was 108 people who served as Village Head, Village Secretary, Village Treasurer, and Community. Data collection is done by questionnaire. The analysis technique is done by using multiple linear regression analysis model. The results of the accountability research have a positive and significant effect on the management of village fund allocations, as well as transparency has a positive and significant effect on the management of village fund allocations. In contrast, the results of community participation have a positive and insignificant effect on the management of village fund allocations. Practical implications of the research results for village government officials and village heads in West Lombok Regency for the creation of a healthy village fund allocation management. In addition, the formation of an independent village by increasing the village's original income, budget transparency, accountability and transparency. Keywords : Accountability, Transparency, Community Participation, Management Of Village Fund Allocation.

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (2) ◽  
pp. 169-180
Agus Supriyanto ◽  
Mulawarman Mulawarman ◽  
Soesanto Soesanto ◽  
Dwi Puji Yuwono Sugiharto ◽  
Sri Hartini

The Covid-19 (C-19) pandemic has had a significant impact on the mental health of individuals around the world. Society needs an end to the C-19 pandemic through the state of its herd immunity (HI). Significant roles counsellors in developing herd immunity and then mental health with a blended counselling strategy. This paper aims to design a counselling mix to create mental health and an understanding of herd immunity in the community. The results of the community data are fear, anxiety, anger, insomnia, and prolonged stress as a form of mental health of the community because it is socially and economically constrained. The length of time for the formation of herd immunity to prevent the C-19 pandemic is because people are worried and doubtful about vaccinations so that vaccines appear or do not trust. Significant roles counsellors in the formation of mental health through integrated counselling The implementation of face-to-face and online counselling allows the community to be more flexible and intensive according to conditions in the construction of mental health C-19 pandemic condition and post-C-19 preparations. Blended counselling as an intervention for the community in understanding herd immunity as a form supported the end of the C-19 pandemic. Integrated counselling requires the joint efforts of various relevant organizations for the science and practice of psychotherapy, psychiatry, and counsellor.

Al-Qalam ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 27 (2) ◽  
pp. 347
Abd Karim ◽  
Wardiah Hamid ◽  
Muhammad Nur ◽  
Abu Muslim

<p><em>This article examines religious literacy in the veil Community. Religious literacy is seen as a forum for maintaining religious moderation and even strengthening religious moderation in the Veil Community, Takalar. The stigma of the veil is often a measure of how extreme a person is in religion. However, unlike the veiled village community in Galesong, they are very moderate and essential in overseeing religious moderation. They are very inclusive by building good relations with the local community, building educational institutions, prospering mosques, and building radio stations as a forum for preaching. In addition, this article also examines the long journey of forming a veiled village community. They were finally able to mingle with the local community with various approaches, although there were several rejections during the initial period of their arrival. The data found came from direct interviews with the local community and community. Data tracking and data processing are operated using qualitative research methods. </em></p>

2021 ◽  
Jamie M. Kass ◽  
Nao Takashina ◽  
Nicholas Friedman ◽  
Buntarou Kusumoto ◽  
Mary E. Blair

Accurate and up-to-date biodiversity forecasts enable robust planning for environmental management and conservation of landscapes under a wide range of uses. Future predictions of the species composition of ecological communities complement more frequently reported species richness estimates to better characterize the different dimensions of biodiversity. The models that make community composition forecasts are calibrated with data on species’ geographic patterns for the present, which may not be good proxies for future patterns. The future establishment of novel communities represents data on species interactions unaccounted for by these models. However, detecting them in a systematic way presents challenges due to the lack of monitoring data for landscapes with high environmental turnover, where such communities are likely to establish. Here, we propose lightweight monitoring over both ecological and anthropogenic disturbance gradients using passive sensors (i.e., those that operate continuously without much human input) to detect novel communities with the aim of updating models that make community composition forecasts. Monitoring over these two gradients should maximize detection of novel communities and improve understanding of relationships between community composition and environmental change. Further, barriers regarding cost and effort are reduced by using relatively few sensors requiring minimal upkeep. Ongoing updates to community composition forecasts based on novel community data and better understanding of the associated uncertainty should improve future decision-making for both resource management and conservation efforts.

e-CliniC ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (2) ◽  
pp. 532
Mario L. Mewengkang ◽  
Gustaaf A. E. Ratag ◽  
Jimmy Posangi

Abstract: Hospitals as the health referral facilities play an important role in decreasing the maternal mortality rate (MMR) since they also belong to the personal health service as a whole including mother child health care. This study was aimed to analyze the implementation opportunities and challenges of developing ‘hospital without walls’ program in obstetrics and gynaecology services at RSUD (Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah) Noongan. This was a qualitative study. Informants in this study were taken from three places, as follows: the hospital, namely the Director of the Hospital and obstetrician-gynaecologist doctors; puskesmas (primary health center), namely the heads of puskesmas; and the community. Data were collected through in-depth interviews and direct observation. The results indicated that ‘hospital without walls’ in obstetrics and gynaecology services at RSUD Noongan had the opportunity to be implemented because this program had been partly applied by the hospital and it had a good impact on the hospital, health center, and the community as well as PONED-PONEK collaboration. The challenges of imple-menting this program at RSUD Noongan were the existence of cold cases caused by gatekeeper failure, lack of health facilities and human resources at the puskesmas, and insubstantial collaboration between PONED-PONEK. In conclusion, ‘hospital without walls’ program in obste-trics and gynaecology services can be implemented at RSUD Noongan with awareness to the possible challenges in its development.Keywords: opportunity and challenge; hospital without walls; obstetrics and gynecology services Abstrak: Rumah sakit sebagai fasilitas kesehatan rujukan paripurna berperan penting dalam menurunkan angka kematian ibu (AKI) termasuk pelayanan kesehatan ibu dan anak (KIA). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis peluang pelaksanaan dan tantangan pengembangan program hospital without walls pada pelayanan kebidanan dan kandungan di RSUD Noongan. Jenis penelitian ialah kualitatif. Informan penelitian diambil dari tiga tempat yaitu: RSUD Noongan (Direktur Rumah Sakit dan dokter spesialis obstetri dan ginekologi); puskesmas (kepala puskesmas); dan masyarakat. Data dikumpulkan melalui wawancara mendalam dan observasi langsung. Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan bahwa hospital without walls pada pelayanan kebi-danan dan kandungan di RSUD Noongan berpeluang untuk dilaksanakan karena sebagian pro-gram ini telah diterapkan oleh rumah sakit dan juga berdampak baik bagi rumah sakit, puskesmas dan masyarakat, serta kolaborasi PONED-PONEK. Tantangan pelaksanaan program ini di RSUD Noongan yaitu adanya cold case yang merupakan kegagalan gatekeeper, fasilitas kesehatan dan sumber daya manusia (SDM) yang masih kurang di puskesmas, serta kolaborasi PONED-PONEK belum optimal. Simpulan penelitian ini ialah program hospital without walls pada pelayanan kebidanan dan kandungan berpeluang untuk dilaksanakan di RSUD Noongan dengan memperhatikan tantangan pengembangan.Kata kunci: peluang dan tantangan; hospital without walls; pelayanan kebidanan dan kandungan

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