intraepithelial lesion
Recently Published Documents





2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Lina Zhang ◽  
Xinyi Shi ◽  
Qing Zhang ◽  
Zhilei Mao ◽  
Xiaoyu Shi ◽  

High-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the cause of almost all cervical cancers. HPV16 is one of the main risk subtypes. Although screening programs have greatly reduced the prevalence of cervical cancer in developed countries, current diagnostic tests cannot predict if mild lesions may progress into invasive lesions or not. In the current cross-sectional and longitudinal clinical study, we found that the HPV16 E7-specific T cell response in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of HPV16-infected patients is related to HPV16 clearance. It contributes to protecting the squamous interaepithelial lesion (SIL) from further malignant development. Of the HPV16 infected women enrolled (n = 131), 42 had neither intraepithelial lesion nor malignancy (NILM), 33 had low-grade SIL, 39 had high-grade SIL, and 17 had cervical cancer. Only one of 17 (5.9%) cancer patients had a positive HPV16 E7-specific T cell response, dramatically lower than the groups of precancer patients. After one year of follow-up, most women (28/33, 84.8%) with persistent HPV infection did not exhibit a HPV16 E7-specific T cell response. Furthermore, 3 malignantly progressed women, one progressed to high-grade SIL and two progressed to low-grade SIL, were negative to the HPV16 E7-specific T cell response. None of the patients with a positive HPV16 E7-specific T cell response progressed to further deterioration. Our observation suggests that HPV16 E7-specific T cell immunity is significant in viral clearance and contributes in protection against progression to malignancy.

Kun Fu ◽  
Ming Lei ◽  
Li-Sha Wu ◽  
Jing-Cheng Shi ◽  
Si-Yu Yang ◽  

Abstract Background The colposcopy-conization inconsistency is common in women with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3 (CIN3). No adequate method has been reported to identify the final pathology of conization. In this study, we explored the ability of PAX1 and ZNF582 methylation to predict the pathological outcome of conization in advance. Methods This was a multicenter study and included 277 histologically confirmed CIN3 women who underwent cold knife conization (CKC) from January 2019 to December 2020. The methylation levels of PAX1 (PAX1m) and ZNF582 (ZNF582 m) were determined by quantitative methylation specific PCR (qMSP) and expressed in ΔCp. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to evaluate predictive accuracy. Results The final pathological results in 48 (17.33%) patients were inflammation or low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL), 190 (68.59%) were high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) and 39 (14.08%) were squamous cervical cancer (SCC). PAX1 m and ZNF582 m increased as lesions progressed from inflammation/LSIL, HSIL to SCC. PAX1 and ZNF582 methylation yielded better prediction performance compared to common screening strategies, whether individually or combined. ΔCpZNF582 ≥19.18). A 6.53-fold increase in SCC risk was observed in patients with elevated ZNF582 methylation (ΔCpZNF582 < 7.09). Conclusion DNA Methylation would be an alternative screening method to triage and predict the final outcome of conization of the CIN3 cases.

2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Anying Bai ◽  
Jiaxu Wang ◽  
Qing Li ◽  
Samuel Seery ◽  
Peng Xue ◽  

Abstract Background Inappropriate management of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL) may be the result of an inaccurate colposcopic diagnosis. The aim of this study was to assess colposcopic performance in identifying HSIL+ cases and to analyze the associated clinical factors. Methods Records from 1130 patients admitted to Shenzhen Maternal and Child Healthcare Hospital from 12th January, 2018 up until 30th December, 2018 were retrospectively collected, and included demographics, cytological results, HPV status, transformation zone type, number of cervical biopsy sites, colposcopists’ competencies, colposcopic impressions, as well as histopathological results. Colposcopy was carried out using 2011 colposcopic terminology from the International Federation of Cervical Pathology and Colposcopy. Logistic regression modelling was implemented for uni- and multivariate analyses. A forward stepwise approach was adopted in order to identify variables associated with colposcopic accuracy. Histopathologic results were taken as the comparative gold standard. Results Data from 1130 patient records were collated and analyzed. Colposcopy was 69.7% accurate in identifying HSIL+ cases. Positive predictive value, negative predictive value, sensitivity and specificity of detecting HSIL or more (HSIL+) were 35.53%, 64.47%, 42.35% and 77.60%, respectively. Multivariate analysis highlighted the number of biopsies, cytology, and transformation zone type as independent factors. Age and HPV subtype did not appear to statistically correlate with high-grade lesion/carcinoma. Conclusion Evidence presented here suggests that colposcopy is only 69.7% accurate at diagnosing HSIL. Even though not all HSIL will progress into cancer it is considered pre-cancerous and therefore early identification will save lives. The number of biopsies, cytology and transformation zone type appear to be predictors of misdiagnosis and therefore should be considered during clinical consultations and by way of further research.

2021 ◽  
Vol 50 (1) ◽  
pp. 34-36
I. B. Manukhin ◽  
G. .N. Minkina

As a criterion for precancerous changes in the stratified squamous epithelium of the cervix, its proliferative activity, studied using monoclonal antibodies PC-10 to the antigen of proliferating cell nuclei (PCNA), is considered. The results of the studies showed that patients with a low degree of squamous intraepithelial lesion are characterized by weak proliferative activity, and for patients with a high degree of lesion it is moderate and pronounced. An increase in proliferative activity is a prognostic factor that determines long-term persistence and the likely progression of the lesion.

Diagnostics ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (12) ◽  
pp. 2402
Johanna Pulkkinen ◽  
Saara Kares ◽  
Heini Huhtala ◽  
Ivana Kholová

Most endocervical adenocarcinomas (EAC) are associated with high-risk HPV (hrHPV) infection, with HPV genotypes 16, 18 and 45 accounting for >90% of the cases. Among endocervical glandular lesions, screening with hrHPV test has previously shown to predict the outcome better than cytology, although around one-fifth of the EAC remain negative both in hrHPV testing and cytology. The study consists of two consecutive HPV-primary screening rounds, conducted in 2012–2015 and 2017–2020. Of the 87 women aged 35 to 60 years of age diagnosed with Atypical endocervical cells, NOS or Atypical endocervical cells, favor neoplastic cytology during the first screening round, 63 (72.4%) were hrHPV positive and 24 (27.6%) were hrHPV negative. Among hrHPV positive patients, three EAC, two adenocarcinomas in situ (AIS), one AIS + high-grade intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) and 13 HSIL were found. Of the histologically verified lesions, 68.4% (13/19) were purely of squamous origin. All the EAC and AIS were HPV16 or HPV 18 positive. No high-grade histological lesions were found among the hrHPV negative patients with cytological glandular atypia. A later database search revealed one HPV-negative, gastric-type mucinous EAC that was missed by the HPV primary screening.

2021 ◽  
Fei Chen ◽  
Zoltán Novák ◽  
Christian Dannecker ◽  
Long Sui ◽  
Youzhong Zhang ◽  

AbstractIntroductionHigh-risk human papilloma virus (HPV)-associated cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women worldwide. Current treatments of high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) of the cervix are based on invasive surgical interventions, compromising cervical competence and functionality.ObjectiveAPRICITY is a multicentre, prospective, double-blind, randomised controlled Phase 3 study further evaluating the efficacy and safety of Cevira®, an integrated drug- and light-delivery device for hexaminolevulinate photodynamic therapy, which shows promise as a novel, non-invasive therapy for women with HSIL.Methods and analysisPatients with biopsy-confirmed HSIL histology are invited to participate in the study currently being conducted at 47 sites in China and 25 sites in Ukraine, Russia and European Union. The aim is to include at least 384 patients which will be randomised to either Cevira® or placebo group (2:1). All patients will be assessed 3 months after first treatment and a second treatment will be administered in patients who are HPV positive or have at least low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL). Primary endpoint is the proportion of the responders at 6 months after first treatment. Secondary efficacy endpoints and safety endpoints will be assessed at 6 months, and data for secondary performance endpoints for Cevira® device will be collected at 3 months and 6 months, in case second treatment was administered. All patients in the Cevira® group will be enrolled in an open, long-term extension study following patients for further 6 months to collect additional efficacy and safety data (study extension endpoints).ConclusionDue to its non-invasiveness and convenient application, Cevira® may be a favourable alternative to surgical methods in treatment of patients with HSIL.Ethics and disseminationThe study was approved by the ethics committee of the Peking Union Medical College Hospital and Hannover Medical University, Germany. Findings will be disseminated through peer review publications and conference presentations.Trial registration numberclinicaltrials.govNCT04484415

2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Renata Pereira Teodoro ◽  
Danielle Scherer ◽  
Maria José de Camargo ◽  
Ana Carolina Carioca da Costa ◽  
Cecília Vianna de Andrade ◽  

Abstract Background According to the Brazilian Guidelines on Cervical Cancer Screening, women with cytopathologic diagnosis of high-grade intraepithelial lesion, abnormal colposcopic findings, fully visible squamocolumnar junction and age 25 years or older should be treated at the first visit (“see and treat—S&T”). The main limitation to this approach is the risk of overtreatment, identified by histology without preinvasive lesion. The objectives of this study were to identify the overtreatment rate in women undergoing S&T in cervical cancer prevention at a referral center with extensive experience with the method and to detect possible factors associated with this rate. Methods This was a cross-sectional study that analyzed records from a database with 616 women submitted to S&T from 1996 to 2017. Negative histology was defined as the following histopathologic results: human papillomavirus without cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), inflammatory, low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion, and CIN 1. Results Of the 616 women, there were 52 (8.44%, 95%CI 6.25–10.64%) with a histopathologic report without preinvasive cervical lesion. No statistical association was found between this outcome and age or a significant downward trend over time. Conclusion The overtreatment rate in this study can be considered low and consistent with the acceptable rates reported in the literature, reinforcing the prevailing Brazilian guideline, in which the benefits of immediate treatment outweigh the risk of losses following biopsy.

2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Ruizhe Chen ◽  
Yunfeng Fu ◽  
Bingbing You ◽  
Ying Li ◽  
Yeli Yao ◽  

Abstract Background Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the main cause of cervical cancer. Characteristics of HPV infections, including the HPV genotype and duration of infection, determine a patient’s risk of high-grade lesions. Risk quantification of cervical lesions caused by different HPV genotypes is an important component of evaluation of cervical lesion. Data and evidence are necessary to gain a deeper understanding of the pathogenicity of different HPV genotypes. The present study investigated the clinical characteristics of patients infected with single human papillomavirus (HPV) 53. Methods This retrospective study analyzed the clinical data of patients who underwent cervical colposcopy guided biopsy between October 2015 and January 2021. The clinical outcomes and the follow-up results of the patients with single HPV53 infection were described. Results 82.3% of the initial histological results of all 419 patients with single HPV53 infection showed negative (Neg). The number of patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)1, CIN2, CIN3, vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia (VaIN)1, CIN1 + VaIN1, CIN1 + VaIN2, and CIN2 + VaIN2 was 45, 10, 2, 9, 6, 1, and 1, respectively. Cancer was not detected in any patient. When the cytology was negative for intraepithelial lesion or malignancy (NILM), atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASC-US) or low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL), we observed a significant difference in the distribution of histological results (P < 0.05). 95 patients underwent follow-up with cytology according to the exclusion criteria. No progression of high-grade lesions was observed during the follow-up period of 3–34 months. Conclusions The lesion caused by HPV53 infection progressed slowly. The pathogenicity of a single HPV53 infection was low.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document