silver ions
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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 887
Ana Flavia Burlec ◽  
Monica Hăncianu ◽  
Irina Macovei ◽  
Cornelia Mircea ◽  
Adrian Fifere ◽  

The present study reports an eco-friendly synthesis method of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using two different extracts (aqueous and ethanolic) of Tagetes erecta flowers. When exposed to different biocompounds found in the plant, silver ions are reduced, thus, resulting in the green synthesis of nanoparticles. After performing the optimization of synthesis, the obtained AgNPs were characterized using various techniques. The UV–Vis spectrum of the synthesized nanoparticles showed maximum peaks at 410 and 420 nm. TEM analysis revealed that the particles were spherical with a size ranging from 10 to 15 nm, and EDX analysis confirmed the presence of silver metal. The average diameter value obtained through DLS analysis for the two types of AgNPs (obtained using aqueous and ethanolic extracts) was 104 and 123 nm. The Zeta potentials of the samples were −27.74 mV and −26.46 mV, respectively, which indicates the stability of the colloidal solution. The antioxidant and antimicrobial activities assays showed that nanoparticles obtained using the aqueous extract presented enhanced antioxidant activity compared to the corresponding extract, with both types of AgNPs exhibiting improved antifungal properties compared to the initial extracts.

Ewelina Matras ◽  
Anna Gorczyca ◽  
Ewa Pociecha ◽  
Sebastian Wojciech Przemieniecki ◽  
Magdalena Oćwieja

AbstractThe aim of the research was to evaluate the effect of three types of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) with different physicochemical properties and silver ions delivered in the form of silver nitrate (AgNO3) at the concentration of 50 mg L−1 on germination and initial growth of monocots (common wheat, sorghum) and dicots (garden cress, white mustard). The AgNPs were prepared using trisodium citrate (TCSB-AgNPs), tannic acid (TA-AgNPs), and cysteamine hydrochloride (CHSB-AgNPs). They exhibited comparable shape, size distribution, and an average size equal to 15 ± 3 nm which was confirmed with the use of transmission electron microscopy. The electrokinetic characteristics revealed that CHSB-AgNPs have positive, whereas TCSB-AgNPs and TA-AgNPs negative surface charge. First, toxicity of the silver compounds was assessed using the Phytotestkit test. Next, after transferring seedlings to pots, shoot length, leaf surface, shoot dry mass, electrolyte leakage measurement, and photosystem II (PSII) efficiency were determined. AgNPs and silver ions delivered in the form of AgNO3 reduced root and shoots length of common wheat, sorghum, and garden cress; leaves surface of garden cress and white mustard; and shoots dry mass of white mustard. The positively charged CHSB-AgNPs and silver ions delivered in the form of AgNO3 showed the greatest inhibition effect. Moreover, silver ions and positively charged CHSB-AgNPs were more toxic to PSII of model plants than negatively charged TCSB-AgNPs and TA-AgNPs. AgNPs impact differed in the case of monocots and dicots, but the size of the changes was not significant, so it concerned individual parameters. The results revealed the interaction strength, which was generally similar in all tested plants, i.e., increasing negative effect in sequence TCSB-AgNPs < TA-AgNPs < silver ions delivered in the form of AgNO3 < CHSB-AgNPs.

Bo Li ◽  
Hong Li ◽  
Haocheng Yang ◽  
Yue Shu ◽  
Kejiang Li ◽  

Abstract Pure gelatin hydrogels lack antibacterial function and have poor mechanical properties, which restrict their application in wound dressings. In this study, nanosized silver bromide-doped mesoporous silica (AgBr@SiO2) microspheres with hollow structures were prepared by a modified Stober method. The novel microspheres can not only release silver ions to treat bacteria but also release drugs to treat skin wound. Furthermore, AgBr@SiO2 microspheres were modified with propyl methacrylate, incorporated into methacrylated gelatin (GelMA), and crosslinked by UV light to prepare AgBr@SiO2/GelMA dressings consisting of composite hydrogels. The results showed that the AgBr@SiO2 microspheres could enhance the mechanical properties of the hydrogels. With the increase in the AgBr@SiO2 concentration from 0.5 to 1 mg/mL, the dressings demonstrated effective antimicrobial activity against both Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. Furthermore, full-thickness skin wounds in vivo wound healing studies with Sprague–Dawley rats were evaluated. When treated with AgBr@SiO2/GelMA containing 1 mg/mL AgBr@SiO2, only 15% of the wound area left on day 10. Histology results also showed the epidermal and dermal layers were better organized. These results suggest that AgBr@SiO2/GelMA-based dressing materials could be promising candidates for wound dressings.

2022 ◽  
Stephen Oloninefa ◽  
Abalaka Moses Enemaduku ◽  
Daniyan Safiya Yahaya ◽  
Mann Abdullahi

The menace of drug resistance, bioavailability and drug delivery to the target sites has motivated researchers to search for new antimicrobial agents from medicinal plants and subsequently use them for the biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles for effective killing of bacteria challenging to kill using crude extracts. The biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles was done using aqueous extract (AQE) of E<i>uphorbia heterophylla</i>, while characterization and the killing rate of conjugated silver nanoparticles (CA<sub>g</sub>NP<sub>s</sub>) were carried out using standard methods. The maximum wavelength obtained for CA<sub>g</sub>NP<sub>s</sub> was 410.33 nm, while the size distribution was 237.8 d.nm. The Fourier Transform Infra-Red result showed O-H (3308.94 cm<sup>-1</sup>), which is responsible for stabilising and reducing silver ions, while the Transmission Electron Microscopy revealed the presence of monodispersed spherical shapes CA<sub>g</sub>NP<sub>s</sub>. The Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy confirmed the presence of silver. There were reductions in the clinical bacterial isolates exposed to CA<sub>g</sub>NP<sub>s</sub> as the exposure time increased. <i>Escherichia coli</i> was killed between 6-7 h while<i> Salmonella typhimurium</i> was killed at the seven has the value of 0.00 log<sub>10</sub> CFU/ml was recorded respectively. However, there were increments in the populations of clinical bacterial isolates in control as the time of exposure increased. Therefore, the study suggests that the CA<sub>g</sub>NP<sub>s</sub> exhibit intense antimicrobial activity and the potential to be developed as an alternative agent to treat bacterial infections, curb multidrug-resistant bacterial infection, and promote speedy drug delivery to the target sites.

2022 ◽  
Shanker Kalakotla ◽  
Geetha P ◽  
Ahmadi Banu ◽  
Shamshe Shaik

Abstract Diabetes is among the most common debilitating and non-transferable diseases on the planet. The idea of using nanoparticles as a drug to treat diabetes mellitus seems intriguing. The Ag nanoparticles (Ag NPs) were effectively produced utilizing Moringa olifera (family: Moringaceae) plant extract employing a simple, cheaper, faster, and environmentally friendly green synthesis process. The antidiabetic effect of the produced Ag NPs was also tested in vivo. In the presence of plant extract, silver nitrate was converted to silver ions (Ag). XRD, FTIR, UV, XPS, and HRTEM studies characterize the formed Ag NPs. Ag NPs that have been biosynthesized, crystal nature was confirmed through XRD analysis and confirmed by UV-visible spectroscopy. FT-IR spectra were used to verify the presence of various functional groups in the biomolecules, forming and stabilizing the nanoparticles. The size of the NPS was in the range of 20-40 nm determined by HRTEM. The induction of diabetes using STZ showed increased blood glucose, cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL, VLDL, massive loss in body weight. These changes were reversed following the treatment of diabetic rats for 28 days and showed significant inhibition (p < 0.001) at a dose range of 0.2 mg/kg leaf extract and 0.2 mg/kg Ag NPs compared with the extract-treated group. These obtained results suggested that plant-mediated Ag NPs have shown promising antidiabetic and anti-hyperlipidemic activity compared to the crude extract.

2022 ◽  
Vol 3 (33) ◽  
pp. 05-20
Mahmoud A. Rabah ◽  
Nabil Nassif Girgis ◽  

This study shows a silver electrodeposition model (EDM) on a graphite ‎substrate. The electrolyte was a 0.01 M solution of pure silver and chromium nitrate using an ‎electrolyzing cell. EDC with current density up to 20 mA/cm2 and 15 mV and pulse current were studied. Results revealed that silver deposited at a ‎rate of 0.515 mg/cm2/min with 12 mA /cm2 that decreases to 0.21 and 0.16 mg/cm2.min ‎with the decrease of current density to 6 and 5 mA/cm2 respectively. The model postulates that ‎silver ions (a) were first hydrated before diffusing (b) from the solution bulk to ‎the cathode vicinity, the next step (c) involved the chemical adsorption of these ions on certain ‎accessible sites of the graphite substrate (anode), the discharged entities (d) adhere to the graphite ‎surface by Van der Vales force. Silver ions are deposited because the ‎discharge potential of silver is low (0.38 mV) as compared to other metal ions like chromium (0.82 mV). Pulse ‎current controls silver deposition due to flexibility in controlling steps (a) - (c) of the ‎deposition mechanisms.

2022 ◽  
Vol 804 ◽  
pp. 150228
Bowen Xiao ◽  
Rongyan Yang ◽  
Pengyu Chen ◽  
Jing Yang ◽  
Binbin Sun ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
pp. 326-343
A. M. Eremenko ◽  
I. S. Petryk ◽  
Y. P. Mukha ◽  
N. V. Vityuk ◽  

The aim of this work is a comparative analysis of the biocidal efficiency of Ag nanoparticles (NPs) in the colloidal state, in the structure of films and dispersions of SiO2 and in the composition of textile fabrics, dependent on the method of synthesis, based on literature data and on own researches. Chemical reduction of silver (with borohydrides, hydrogen, hydrazine, etc.) allows one to adjust and control the size and shape of NPs. The shape of the NPs is mostly spherical, what is confirmed by the presence of a band of surface plasmon resonance in absorption spectra and by electron microscopy measurements. To prevent aggregation of NPs obtained by the method of chemical reduction in solution, the optimal ratio of two stabilizers based on surfactants and polymer at their minimum concentration was found, namely NaBH4 as a reductant and polyvinylpyrrolidone + sodium dodecyl sulfate as binary stabilizer of Ag NPs, with bactericidal activity of 99 % and stability for more than 3 years. Chemical reduction of silver ions was carried out also by the amino acid tryptophan (Trp) which has a dual function – a biocompatible reducing agent and stabilizer of silver NPs while maintaining their shape, size and stability for long-term use. Effective methods of photochemical synthesis of Ag NPs have been developed in different ways: by UV irradiation of Ag+ ions in solution in the presence of solid-state photosensitizer SiO2 with adsorbed benzophenone (SiO2/BPh); by UV irradiation of Ag+ ions in solution in the presence of the amino acid tryptophan (Trp); on silica surface when Ag/SiO2 sol-gel films production via irradiation of adsorbed Ag+ ions on SiO2 film (Ag+/SiO2) in the BPh solution. It is shown that when Ag NPs are adsorbed on the surface of highly dispersed SiO2, the logarithm of the reduction of microorganisms reduces and the time of their deactivation increases. A cheap and convenient way to modify of cotton textiles with Ag NPs by soft heat treatment of Ag+/cotton samples with high (90–95 %) efficiency of destruction of bacteria E. coli, K. pneumoniae, E. aerogenes, P. vulgaris, S. aureus, C. albicans, etc., with saving of biocidal activity after 5 cycles of washing has been developed. The dynamics of silver ions release from the surface of NPs in the structure of textile upon their contact with water for 72 hours and the number of irreversibly bound particles have been studied. The electrical resistance of the tissue is proportional to the quantity of NPs. That is NPs in the structure are in different degrees of binding, a certain part of them is retained (adsorbed) irreversibly, saving bactericidal properties after repeated contacts with water. On the basis of literature analysis it is shown that ecologically safe “green synthesis” is a promising way to silver NPs produce with pronounced bactericidal efficiency, which is becoming more common due to the large resource of cheap plant raw materials.

2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (4) ◽  
pp. 94
Karol Czajkowski

This paper presents the results of research on the luminescent properties of antimony-borate glass rods doped with europium and silver ions. The reduction of silver ions to the form of nanoparticles was carried out and the occurrence of localized plasmon resonance was demonstrated, which caused changes in the Eu3+ luminescence signal at a wavelength of 613 nm. The effect of the concentration of silver ions dopant at a constant content of europium ions on the luminescence and absorption characteristics of the produced samples was investigated. In the examined doping range, no large dependencies of spectral changes as a function of the concentration of silver ions were found. A clear quenching of the luminescence was observed due to the heating time of the doped glass matrices for the energy transition (5D0 → 7F2). Full Text: PDF ReferencesS. Kuzman, J. Perisa, V. Dordevic, I. Zekovic, I. Vukoje, Z. Antic and M. D. Dramicanin, "Surface Plasmon Enhancement of Eu3+ Emission Intensity in LaPO4/Ag Nanoparticles", Materials 13, 3071 (2020). CrossRef V.P. Prakashan, M.S. Sajna, G. Gejo, M.S. Sanu, A.C. Saritha, P.R. Biju, J. Cyriac and N.V. Unnikrishan, "Surface Plasmon Assisted Luminescence Enhancement of Ag NP/NWs-Doped SiO2-TiO2-ZrO2:Eu3+ Ternary System", Plasmonics 14, 673 (2019). CrossRef O. Malta, P. Santa-Cruz, G. Sa and F. Auzel, "Fluorescence enhancement induced by the presence of small silver particles in Eu3+ doped materials", J. Lumin., 33, 261 (1985). CrossRef O. Malta, P. Santa-Cruz, G. Sa and F. Auzel, "Time evolution of the decay of the 5Do level of Eu3+ in glass materials doped with small silver particles", Chem. Phys. Lett, 116, 396 (1985). CrossRef J. Zmojda, M. Kochanowicz, P. Miluski et al., "The influence of Ag content and annealing time on structural and optical properties of SGS antimony-germanate glass doped with Er3+ ions", Journal of Molecular Structure 1160, 428 (2018). CrossRef Ki Young Kim, Plasmonics: Principles and Applications (Croatia, InTechOpen 2012) CrossRef M.R. Dousti, M.R. Sahar, S.K. Ghoshal et al., "Up-conversion enhancement in Er3 +-Ag co-doped zinc tellurite glass: Effect of heat treatment", Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids 358, 2939 (2012). CrossRef I. Soltani, S. Hraiech, K. Horchani-Naifer et al., "Effect of silver nanoparticles on spectroscopic properties of Er3+ doped phosphate glass", Optical Materials 46, 454 (2015). CrossRef R. Schneider, E.A. de Campos, J.B.S. Mendes, J.F. Felix, P.A. Santa-Cruz, "Lead–germanate glasses: an easy growth process for silver nanoparticles and their promising applications in photonics and catalysis", RSC Advances 7 (66), 41479 (2017). CrossRef

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