global mapping
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2022 ◽  
Vol 27 (3) ◽  
pp. 512-525
Zhikai Wang ◽  
Wenfei Hu ◽  
Sen Yin ◽  
Ruitao Wang ◽  
Jian Zhang ◽  

2022 ◽  
Lingjun Li ◽  
Yatao Shi ◽  
Zihui Li ◽  
Bin Wang ◽  
Xudong Shi ◽  

Abstract Citrullination and homocitrullination are key post-translational modifications (PTMs) that affect protein structures and functions. Although they have been linked to various biological processes and disease pathogenesis, the underlying mechanism remains poorly understood due to a lack of effective tools to enrich, detect, and localize these PTMs. Herein, we report the design and development of a biotin thiol tag that enables derivatization, enrichment, and confident identification of these two PTMs simultaneously via mass spectrometry. We perform global mapping of the citrullination and homocitrullination proteomes of mouse tissues. In total, we identify 691 citrullination sites and 81 homocitrullination sites from 432 and 63 proteins, respectively, representing the largest datasets to date. We discover novel distribution and functions of these two PTMs. We also perform multiplexing quantitative analysis via isotopic labeling techniques. This study depicts a landscape of protein citrullination and homocitrullination and lays the foundation for further deciphering their physiological and pathological roles.

Sensors ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
pp. 210
Rodrigo Munguia ◽  
Juan-Carlos Trujillo ◽  
Edmundo Guerra ◽  
Antoni Grau

This work presents a hybrid visual-based SLAM architecture that aims to take advantage of the strengths of each of the two main methodologies currently available for implementing visual-based SLAM systems, while at the same time minimizing some of their drawbacks. The main idea is to implement a local SLAM process using a filter-based technique, and enable the tasks of building and maintaining a consistent global map of the environment, including the loop closure problem, to use the processes implemented using optimization-based techniques. Different variants of visual-based SLAM systems can be implemented using the proposed architecture. This work also presents the implementation case of a full monocular-based SLAM system for unmanned aerial vehicles that integrates additional sensory inputs. Experiments using real data obtained from the sensors of a quadrotor are presented to validate the feasibility of the proposed approach.

2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (22) ◽  
pp. 4536
Martin Bachmann ◽  
Kevin Alonso ◽  
Emiliano Carmona ◽  
Birgit Gerasch ◽  
Martin Habermeyer ◽  

Today, the ground segments of the Landsat and Sentinel missions provide a wealth of well-calibrated, characterized datasets which are already orthorectified and corrected for atmospheric effects. Initiatives such as the CEOS Analysis Ready Data (ARD) propose and ensure guidelines and requirements so that such datasets can readily be used, and interoperability within and between missions is a given. With the increasing availability of data from operational and research-oriented spaceborne hyperspectral sensors such as EnMAP, DESIS and PRISMA, and in preparation for the upcoming global mapping missions CHIME and SBG, the provision of analysis ready hyperspectral data will also be of increasing interest. Within this article, the design of the EnMAP Level 2A Land product is illustrated, highlighting the necessary processing steps for CEOS Analysis Ready Data for Land (CARD4L) compliant data products. This includes an overview of the design of the metadata, quality layers and archiving workflows, the necessary processing chain (system correction, orthorectification and atmospheric correction), as well as the resulting challenges of this procedure. Thanks to this operational approach, the end user will be provided with ARD products including rich metadata and quality information, which can readily be integrated in analysis workflows, and combined with data from other sensors.

Nature Food ◽  
2021 ◽  
Xiaoqing Cui ◽  
Feng Zhou ◽  
Philippe Ciais ◽  
Eric A. Davidson ◽  
Francesco N. Tubiello ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (20) ◽  
pp. 4187
Wenhui Kuang ◽  
Yali Hou ◽  
Yinyin Dou ◽  
Dengsheng Lu ◽  
Shiqi Yang

Urban impervious surfaces area (ISA) and green space (GS), two primary components of urban environment, are pivotal in detecting urban environmental quality and addressing global environmental change issues. However, the current global mapping of ISA and GS is not effective enough to accurately delineate in urban areas due to the mosaicked and complex structure. To address the issue, the hierarchical architecture principle and subpixel metric method were applied to map 30 m global urban ISA and GS fractions for the years 2015 and circa 2020. We use random forest algorithms for retrieval of the Normalized Settlement Density Index and Normalized Green Space Index from Landsat images using Google Earth Engine. The correlation coefficients of global urban ISA and GS fractions were all higher than 0.9 for 2015 and circa 2020. Our results show global urban ISA and GS areas in circa 2020 were 31.19 × 104 km2 and 17.16 × 104 km2, respectively. The novel ISA and GS fractions product can show potential applications in assessing the effects of urbanization on climate, ecology, and urban sustainability.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Wen-Ping Tsai ◽  
Dapeng Feng ◽  
Ming Pan ◽  
Hylke Beck ◽  
Kathryn Lawson ◽  

AbstractThe behaviors and skills of models in many geosciences (e.g., hydrology and ecosystem sciences) strongly depend on spatially-varying parameters that need calibration. A well-calibrated model can reasonably propagate information from observations to unobserved variables via model physics, but traditional calibration is highly inefficient and results in non-unique solutions. Here we propose a novel differentiable parameter learning (dPL) framework that efficiently learns a global mapping between inputs (and optionally responses) and parameters. Crucially, dPL exhibits beneficial scaling curves not previously demonstrated to geoscientists: as training data increases, dPL achieves better performance, more physical coherence, and better generalizability (across space and uncalibrated variables), all with orders-of-magnitude lower computational cost. We demonstrate examples that learned from soil moisture and streamflow, where dPL drastically outperformed existing evolutionary and regionalization methods, or required only ~12.5% of the training data to achieve similar performance. The generic scheme promotes the integration of deep learning and process-based models, without mandating reimplementation.

2021 ◽  
Vol 22 (18) ◽  
pp. 9959
Antonella De Palma ◽  
Anna Maria Agresta ◽  
Simona Viglio ◽  
Rossana Rossi ◽  
Maura D’Amato ◽  

Nasu-Hakola Disease (NHD) is a recessively inherited systemic leukodystrophy disorder characterized by a combination of frontotemporal presenile dementia and lytic bone lesions. NHD is known to be genetically related to a structural defect of TREM2 and DAP12, two genes that encode for different subunits of the membrane receptor signaling complex expressed by microglia and osteoclast cells. Because of its rarity, molecular or proteomic studies on this disorder are absent or scarce, only case reports based on neuropsychological and genetic tests being reported. In light of this, the aim of this paper is to provide evidence on the potential of a label-free proteomic platform based on the Multidimensional Protein Identification Technology (MudPIT), combined with in-house software and on-line bioinformatics tools, to characterize the protein expression trends and the most involved pathways in NHD. The application of this approach on the Lymphoblastoid cells from a family composed of individuals affected by NHD, healthy carriers and control subjects allowed for the identification of about 3000 distinct proteins within the three analyzed groups, among which proteins anomalous to each category were identified. Of note, several differentially expressed proteins were associated with neurodegenerative processes. Moreover, the protein networks highlighted some molecular pathways that may be involved in the onset or progression of this rare frontotemporal disorder. Therefore, this fully automated MudPIT platform which allowed, for the first time, the generation of the whole protein profile of Lymphoblastoid cells from Nasu-Hakola subjects, could be a valid approach for the investigation of similar neurodegenerative diseases.

2021 ◽  
Jennifer Ann Geel ◽  
Julia Challinor ◽  
Neil Ranasinghe ◽  
Khumo Hope Myezo ◽  
Katherine Claire Eyal ◽  

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