global analysis
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2022 ◽  
Vol 219 ◽  
pp. 104316
Yunyu Tian ◽  
Nandin-Erdene Tsendbazar ◽  
Eveline van Leeuwen ◽  
Rasmus Fensholt ◽  
Martin Herold

2022 ◽  
Vol 18 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-41
Pamela Bezerra ◽  
Po-Yu Chen ◽  
Julie A. McCann ◽  
Weiren Yu

As sensor-based networks become more prevalent, scaling to unmanageable numbers or deployed in difficult to reach areas, real-time failure localisation is becoming essential for continued operation. Network tomography, a system and application-independent approach, has been successful in localising complex failures (i.e., observable by end-to-end global analysis) in traditional networks. Applying network tomography to wireless sensor networks (WSNs), however, is challenging. First, WSN topology changes due to environmental interactions (e.g., interference). Additionally, the selection of devices for running network monitoring processes (monitors) is an NP-hard problem. Monitors observe end-to-end in-network properties to identify failures, with their placement impacting the number of identifiable failures. Since monitoring consumes more in-node resources, it is essential to minimise their number while maintaining network tomography’s effectiveness. Unfortunately, state-of-the-art solutions solve this optimisation problem using time-consuming greedy heuristics. In this article, we propose two solutions for efficiently applying Network Tomography in WSNs: a graph compression scheme, enabling faster monitor placement by reducing the number of edges in the network, and an adaptive monitor placement algorithm for recovering the monitor placement given topology changes. The experiments show that our solution is at least 1,000× faster than the state-of-the-art approaches and efficiently copes with topology variations in large-scale WSNs.

2022 ◽  
pp. 1-90
David Lubo-Robles ◽  
Deepak Devegowda ◽  
Vikram Jayaram ◽  
Heather Bedle ◽  
Kurt J. Marfurt ◽  

During the past two decades, geoscientists have used machine learning to produce a more quantitative reservoir characterization and to discover hidden patterns in their data. However, as the complexity of these models increase, the sensitivity of their results to the choice of the input data becomes more challenging. Measuring how the model uses the input data to perform either a classification or regression task provides an understanding of the data-to-geology relationships which indicates how confident we are in the prediction. To provide such insight, the ML community has developed Local Interpretable Model-agnostic Explanations (LIME), and SHapley Additive exPlanations (SHAP) tools. In this study, we train a random forest architecture using a suite of seismic attributes as input to differentiate between mass transport deposits (MTDs), salt, and conformal siliciclastic sediments in a Gulf of Mexico dataset. We apply SHAP to understand how the model uses the input seismic attributes to identify target seismic facies and examine in what manner variations in the input such as adding band-limited random noise or applying a Kuwahara filter impact the models’ predictions. During our global analysis, we find that the attribute importance is dynamic, and changes based on the quality of the seismic attributes and the seismic facies analyzed. For our data volume and target facies, attributes measuring changes in dip and energy show the largest importance for all cases in our sensitivity analysis. We note that to discriminate between the seismic facies, the ML architecture learns a “set of rules” in multi-attribute space and that overlap between MTDs, salt, and conformal sediments might exist based on the seismic attribute analyzed. Finally, using SHAP at a voxel-scale, we understand why certain areas of interest were misclassified by the algorithm and perform an in-context interpretation to analyze how changes in the geology impact the model’s predictions.

2022 ◽  
Vol 53 (2) ◽  
pp. 153-164
S. R. H. RIZVI ◽  

The near surface scatterometer wind data from the European remote sensing satellite ERS-2 of European space agency(ESA) became available at NCMRWF on real time basis since February 1997. An attempt has been made to assimilate this data in the global data assimilation system(GDAS) operational at NCMRWF after proper quality control to study its impact on the analysis as well as on medium range weather forecast over the tropics. For this purpose the GDAS was run for 15 days (27 May to 10 June 1998). The impact has been examined through circulation characteristics and various objective scores. The study revealed that with proper quality control the scatterometer wind data can be assimilated in real time basis, resulting in an overall improvement in performance of the analysis-forecast system.

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 358
Francesco Latini ◽  
Markus Fahlström ◽  
Fredrik Vedung ◽  
Staffan Stensson ◽  
Elna-Marie Larsson ◽  

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) or repeated sport-related concussions (rSRC) may lead to long-term memory impairment. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is helpful to reveal global white matter damage but may underestimate focal abnormalities. We investigated the distribution of post-injury regional white matter changes after TBI and rSRC. Six patients with moderate/severe TBI, and 12 athletes with rSRC were included ≥6 months post-injury, and 10 (age-matched) healthy controls (HC) were analyzed. The Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status was performed at the time of DTI. Major white matter pathways were tracked using q-space diffeomorphic reconstruction and analyzed for global and regional changes with a controlled false discovery rate. TBI patients displayed multiple classic white matter injuries compared with HC (p < 0.01). At the regional white matter analysis, the left frontal aslant tract, anterior thalamic radiation, and the genu of the corpus callosum displayed focal changes in both groups compared with HC but with different trends. Both TBI and rSRC displayed worse memory performance compared with HC (p < 0.05). While global analysis of DTI-based parameters did not reveal common abnormalities in TBI and rSRC, abnormalities to the fronto-thalamic network were observed in both groups using regional analysis of the white matter pathways. These results may be valuable to tailor individualized rehabilitative approaches for post-injury cognitive impairment in both TBI and rSRC patients.

Epidemiologia ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 3 (1) ◽  
pp. 11-25
Osman Ulvi ◽  
Ajlina Karamehic-Muratovic ◽  
Mahdi Baghbanzadeh ◽  
Ateka Bashir ◽  
Jacob Smith ◽  

Research indicates that excessive use of social media can be related to depression and anxiety. This study conducted a systematic review of social media and mental health, focusing on Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram. Based on inclusion criteria from the systematic review, a meta-analysis was conducted to explore and summarize studies from the empirical literature on the relationship between social media and mental health. Using PRISMA guidelines on PubMed and Google Scholar, a literature search from January 2010 to June 2020 was conducted to identify studies addressing the relationship between social media sites and mental health. Of the 39 studies identified, 20 were included in the meta-analysis. Results indicate that while social media can create a sense of community for the user, excessive and increased use of social media, particularly among those who are vulnerable, is correlated with depression and other mental health disorders.

2022 ◽  
Lingjun Li ◽  
Yatao Shi ◽  
Zihui Li ◽  
Bin Wang ◽  
Xudong Shi ◽  

Abstract Citrullination and homocitrullination are key post-translational modifications (PTMs) that affect protein structures and functions. Although they have been linked to various biological processes and disease pathogenesis, the underlying mechanism remains poorly understood due to a lack of effective tools to enrich, detect, and localize these PTMs. Herein, we report the design and development of a biotin thiol tag that enables derivatization, enrichment, and confident identification of these two PTMs simultaneously via mass spectrometry. We perform global mapping of the citrullination and homocitrullination proteomes of mouse tissues. In total, we identify 691 citrullination sites and 81 homocitrullination sites from 432 and 63 proteins, respectively, representing the largest datasets to date. We discover novel distribution and functions of these two PTMs. We also perform multiplexing quantitative analysis via isotopic labeling techniques. This study depicts a landscape of protein citrullination and homocitrullination and lays the foundation for further deciphering their physiological and pathological roles.

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