The Ideal
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2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 85-107
Mark Joseph Zammit

In the past eight years, since the election of Francis as the first Latin American pontiff in history, the Church has experienced new manners of being and acting. Even though she has also been in a constant state of aggiornamento, Francis’ vision has contributed greatly to this concept of being a perfect image of the ideal Church of Christ (cf. Ecclesiam Suam 10) and a better servant of humanity. The objective of this study is to present an outline of Francis’ main ecclesiological concepts, in the awareness that this endeavour can never be completely exhaustive. For this reason, the article is divided into two main sections. In this first one, the bedrocks of his ecclesiological thoughts are studied. These include his Jesuit vocation, the CELAM conferences and vision, and the Argentine theology of the people. In the second section, his main ecclesiological themes are analysed: the people of God, a poor Church for the poor, ecumenism, reform, and an ecological Church.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Na Jiang ◽  
Jinyang An ◽  
Kuan Yang ◽  
Jinjin Liu ◽  
Conghui Guan ◽  

Osteoporosis is a systemic bone metabolism disease that often causes complications, such as fractures, and increases the risk of death. The nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like-receptor family pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is an intracellular multiprotein complex that regulates the maturation and secretion of Caspase-1 dependent proinflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-18, mediates inflammation, and induces pyroptosis. The chronic inflammatory microenvironment induced by aging or estrogen deficiency activates the NLRP3 inflammasome, promotes inflammatory factor production, and enhances the inflammatory response. We summarize the related research and demonstrate that the NLRP3 inflammasome plays a vital role in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis by affecting the differentiation of osteoblasts and osteoclasts. IL-1β and IL-18 can accelerate osteoclast differentiation by expanding inflammatory response, and can also inhibit the expression of osteogenic related proteins or transcription factors. In vivo and in vitro experiments showed that the overexpression of NLRP3 protein was closely related to aggravated bone resorption and osteogenesis deficiency. In addition, abnormal activation of NLRP3 inflammasome can not only produce inflammation, but also lead to pyroptosis and dysfunction of osteoblasts by upregulating the expression of Caspase-1 and gasdermin D (GSDMD). In conclusion, NLRP3 inflammasome overall not only accelerates bone resorption, but also inhibits bone formation, thus increasing the risk of osteoporosis. Thus, this review highlights the recent studies on the function of NLRP3 inflammasome in osteoporosis, provides information on new strategies for managing osteoporosis, and investigates the ideal therapeutic target to treat osteoporosis.

2021 ◽  
Vol 110 ◽  
pp. 25-30
Petronela Cristina Simion ◽  
Mirona Ana Maria Popescu ◽  
Iustina Cristina Costea-Marcu ◽  
Iuliana Grecu

Recruitment is one of the main pillars for the proper functioning of a healthy environment, which meets its objectives and is a process coordinated by the human resources department, together with the respective managers for each position. The recruitment process consists in promoting vacancies using the most appropriate channels, means and tools to maximize the attraction rate of the most suitable candidates, as addressability and accessibility within the target group of potential applicants to meet almost all the conditions. and the criteria set out in the profile of the ideal candidate. There is an acute need for skills in a labor market that demands competitiveness as soon as possible. The most important thing that managers and leaders do in an organization is to hire the right people for the right job. At present, the recruitment process has become very dynamic and is constantly changing. We are currently facing an impressive increase in the use of technology and automation in almost every aspect of the recruitment industry. Undoubtedly, the automation of the recruitment process and the integration of artificial intelligence and machine learning algorithms in these systems has brought a number of benefits and changed the way candidates are selected. The authors of the article aim to conduct a bibliographic research to illustrate the current state of human resources management and the methods adopted in its optimization. The latest trends in this field are researched and the main challenges that appear are exposed. There are presented the means used to maintain employees within the organizations and increase their productivity. The collected data are interpreted and a model of systematization of the recruitment process is proposed using process modeling, for an easier implementation. In conclusion, it is found that the role of recruiters will change through the adoption on a larger scale of solutions to automate the process of search and selection of candidates. Although the benefits of recruiting automation could outweigh the arguments against it, it is prudent for recruiters to combine technology with the human factor in the selection process of the right candidate. The most important strategic challenge in HR for companies is to maintain a high level of employee involvement, which is difficult to achieve only through technology.

Energies ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (19) ◽  
pp. 6148
Miao Miao ◽  
Man Zhang ◽  
Hao Kong ◽  
Tuo Zhou ◽  
Xinhua Yang ◽  

As a clean fuel combustion technology, the circulating fluidized bed (CFB) has been developed rapidly in recent years, but one of its disadvantages is high N2O emissions. With the implementation of increasingly strict pollution control standards, N2O decomposition and removal technologies have become the main focus of current research. This paper reviews the latest research on noble metals, metal oxides, the molecular sieve and other new catalysts and decomposition methods for N2O removal. The research methods and functions of catalysts are compared and the existing problems are summarized. The future directions of development in N2O decomposition and removal are considered. Noble metals and the molecular sieve show satisfactory activity at relatively low temperatures, but their catalytic efficiency is obviously hindered by O2, NO and H2O. In addition, high costs and insufficient thermal stability limit their widespread industrial application. The metal oxide catalytic technology, especially oxygen carrier-aided combustion (OCAC), is expected to be the ideal method for N2O removal in CFB boilers due to its stability and economical feasibility.

2021 ◽  
Vol 25 (3) ◽  
pp. 789-809
Lyndon C.S. Way

Internet memes are the most pervasive and malleable form of digital popular culture (Wiggins 2019: vii). They are a way a society expresses and thinks of itself (Denisova 2019: 2) used for the purpose of satire, parody, critique to posit an argument (Wiggins 2019, see also Ponton 2021, this issue). The acts of viewing, creating, sharing and commenting on memes that criticise or troll authority figures have become central to our political processes becom[ing] one of the most important forms of political participation and activism today (Merrin 2019: 201). However, memes do not communicate to us in logical arguments, but emotionally and affectively through short quips and images that entertain. Memes are part of a new politics of affectivity, identification, emotion and humour (Merrin 2019: 222). In this paper, we examine not only what politics memes communicate to us, but how this is done. We analyse memes, some in mainstream social media circulation, that praise and criticise the authoritarian tendencies of former US President Donald Trump, taken from 4Chan, a home of many alt-right ideas. Through a Multimodal Critical Discourse Studies approach, we demonstrate how images and lexical choices in memes do not communicate to us in logical, well-structured arguments, but lean on affective and emotional discourses of racism, nationalism and power. As such, though memes have the potential to emotionally engage with their intended audiences, this is done at the expense of communicating nuanced and detailed information on political players and issues. This works against the ideal of a public sphere where debate and discussion inform political decisions in a population, essential pillars of a democratic society (Habermas 1991).

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (09) ◽  
pp. 117-121
Roger Manuel Patron Cortes ◽  
Roman Alberto Quijano Garcia ◽  
M.A.D. Fernando Medina Blum ◽  
Carlos Alberto Perez Canul ◽  

This research aims to measure the degree of openness of the organizational climate of an irrigation systems company in southeastern Mexico. This study is exploratory, descriptive, and with a quantitative approach. The results indicate that the company has an average degree of openness, which means that it is in time to implement corrective improvement strategies. Therefore, it is suggested that managers contribute to creating an open climate in which they provide greater support. Likewise, it is proposed that bosses promote strategies of greater participation, because when collaborators participate actively, they are motivated and committed. Regarding authoritarianism, it is suggested to review the management style that is being applied to employees, for modify the leadership style according to the activity carried out in the company, since the ideal is that it contributes to generating an open climate conducive to business improvement and growth.

2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (1) ◽  
pp. 13-22
Yarly Queiroz de Lima ◽  
Luiz Flavio Autran Monteiro Gomes

This work aims to present the application of Multi-Criteria Decision-Making methods to the process of recruiting candidates for the position of project manager, considering aspects of the decision maker's preferences in uncertain and risk scenarios. Applied, descriptive and experimental, made up of the combined employment TODIM-FSE methods for multi-criteria classification of available candidates, and the method Behavioral TOPSIS, to choose the ideal project manager. The hybrid application of the Multi-Criteria Decision-Making methods TODIM-FSE, method based on Prospect Theory, and Behavioral TOPSIS, which considers the concept of loss aversion of Economic Behavior, is essentially innovative. When using TODIM-FSE and Behavioral TOPSIS, it was verified the explicit incorporation of the risk profile of the decision maker - aggressive, neutral, or conservative - in the context of aversion or propensity to the risks associated with the management of a project. Through the personal recruiting process from a large Brazilian organization, the possibility of adopting the hybrid model resulting from the combination of the two methods in a real situation was validated. Such validation allowed us to conclude that the candidates' classifications and choices, previously normally accepted, were at odds with the profile and risk propensity of the decision makers.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 113-136
Rene Brauer ◽  
Mirek Dymitrow ◽  
Filipe Worsdell ◽  
John Walsh

Aim. This paper elucidates how the emergent impact agenda is slowly but surely changing the normative framework of modern Western science. Method. The paper investigates conceptually the implications of the impact agenda for the research process. We outline a chronology around the evaluation regime of research impact and identify the causal mechanisms that change the disciplinary structure of the research ecosystem. We draw upon a sociological model of scientific knowledge production to contrast and discuss how impact facts mimic the process of scientific knowledge production but are geared towards a different end. Results. Our findings indicate that an explicit emphasis on societal contribution not only propositions a different purpose of research, but also changes the logic of research along its entire construction. The impact logic mimics the creation of scientific facts; nevertheless, as it is geared towards a different end, it hermetically seals itself from criticism as any form of scrutiny would otherwise undermine its own legitimacy. Conclusion. We conclude that only explicit acknowledgement of the adverse potential of the impact agenda can maintain science’s benefit to society. We argue that an emphasis on the advancement of knowledge, as opposed to impact, can maintain innovation and preempt social tension. The contribution of this paper lies in identifying the societal influence of the scientific ideal of truth, and articulating the unintended consequences of the impact agenda as the emerging impact or starve paradigm.

David korn ◽  
Beatrice Berti ◽  
Andrea Cambieri ◽  
giovanni scambia ◽  
paolo sergi ◽  

We aimed to assess feasibility, accuracy, satisfaction of an advanced-telemedicine (A-TM) platform designed for remote physical evaluation, especially focused on lung auscultation, in spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) patients. Children affected by type 1 and 2 SMA, typically present generalized weakness, scoliosis, chest deformities the leading cause of progressive respiratory insufficiency and recurrent hospitalization. Covid-19 stimulated efforts to adopt innovative digital health solutions especially when caring for people living with disabilities. Because of chest asymmetry and scoliosis, SMA patients are not always the ideal candidates for telemedicine tools that have proved to be useful in the general population. 23 children affected by SMA (15 type 1 and 8 type 2) with different degree of scoliosis and chest asymmetry. Prospective study: We localized optimal thoracic auscultatory landmarks with traditional stethoscope and lung ultrasound for each child. Carers were trained to record complete lung auscultation independently and share data with our physicians via A-TM platform. After the first remote exam, carers videorecorded their experience (satisfaction). Our physicians blindly rated the audio files shared via A-TM which were compared to traditional auscultation findings for each child. to assess. Overall feasibility and accuracy of carers-performed remote physical evaluation. Our study showed that remotely performed lung auscultation was possible in all type 1 and 2 SMA children but adaptations to find optimal landmarks were needed in cases with asymmetrical or rotated chest and trunk. A-TM tools may simplify access to care, reduce logistic/economic burden for families, improve communication, safety and disease management while limiting infection exposure.

2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Johnny Boustany ◽  
Maher Abdessater ◽  
Halim Akl ◽  
Anthony Kanbar ◽  
Joey El Khoury ◽  

Abstract Background Prostate cancer (Pca) is the second most common cause of cancer among Lebanese men. Screening is an effective method to reduce prostate cancer mortality. This study assessed the knowledge, awareness, and screening practices among Lebanese population regarding Pca. Methods A cross-sectional national study over all the Lebanese governorates on 1558 persons was undergone. Information on Pca knowledge and attitudes towards screening was obtained using a semi structured questionnaire. Bivariate and binary logistic regression were used to assess relations between Pca knowledge and socio-demographic characteristics. Results The sample consisted of 1088 (69.8%) males and 470 (30.2%) females, with a mean age of 40 Y.O. Concerning early detection methods of Pca, its frequency, the ideal screening age, symptoms and curability of Pca, a significant difference (p < 0.05) was found when studying the following variables: the educational level (university level group having the highest percentage of correct answers), the individual monthly income (more correct answers were found with higher monthly income) and the age groups (most correct answers in the younger age groups). Conclusion Our study points to the need of developing Pca prevention and education programs that should especially target older men, and people of low socioeconomic status and education in Lebanon. Such programs would increase awareness to Pca and screening, ultimately reducing the burden of advanced cancer through its early diagnosis.

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