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Author(s):  
Yi Wang ◽  
◽  
Kam Cheng

Construction manager competencies in today's construction industry are the key factors of project success. Compared to traditional roles, they are faced with a situation showing a gradual shift in their roles and functions especially projects nowadays are encountering more and more complicated issues during construction phase and the increasing complexity of projects poses huge demand for construction managers possessing competencies capable to adapt to this changing industry environment by their knowledge and skills gained through training especially during their early years of construction management education received in polytechnics or universities. Such kind of training builds the foundations for construction managers enabling to develop further a way to adapt to the escalating expectations of the clients and more important related to the development of leadership, management and problem-solving skills construction organisations are looking for. This paper aim to evaluate the expected competencies of construction management graduates in China focusing on the development of construction manager during their early training and how the education institutes can make sure their curriculums capable to prepare learners for the changing needs of construction industry in China. The result of this study is to provide a theoretical basis for the excellent construction management curriculum design, thus encouraging education institutes to adopt industry-oriented approach to deal with ever-changing construction industry.


2021 ◽  
Vol 39 (11) ◽  
Author(s):  
Mohammed Al Robaaiy ◽  
Safa Raji ◽  
Atheer Abdulkadhim

The research aims to apply modern technologies, including the smart Autonomation system Jidoka  (Autonomation Jidoka) because of its effective role in the industrial work environment, including the Ur General Company for Electrical Industries, by applying its modern concepts, and to keep pace with the conditions and developments in the contemporary competitive business environment. Hence, the research problem arose out of not applying these systems, including the smart automation system, Autonomation Jidoka, which negatively affects the cost structure, increased waste, loss, misuse of available resources and customer dissatisfaction. The most important conclusions reached by the research were the failure to keep pace with the technological and economic changes by the company that took place in the work environment, and not to follow many systems, approaches, concepts, philosophies and methods to fit and fit with this environment, which is characterized by economic, administrative and technological variables of modern concepts and methods, including the Jidoka system, The research also reached many recommendations, the most important of which is that the Iraqi industry environment, including the company, which needs to adopt the application of these methods, principles, methods and modern concepts, including the smart automation system, which is a holistic approach, which included all other modern concepts related to the topic of the research referred to.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-11
Author(s):  
Huan Dong ◽  
Zhiguo Liu ◽  
Kai Kong ◽  
Tong Li ◽  
Qianli Ma

This article takes the macro-environmental sports industry as the research object. Firstly, based on the development and characteristics of the sports industry, the article uses the principle of data envelopment analysis to analyze its input and output efficiency and finds out its current problems. In addition, the SWOT analysis method is used to conduct a comprehensive analysis of the external and internal environment influencing the efficiency of the sports industry and propose corresponding development countermeasures. Through the comparison of efficiency evaluation methods, the data envelopment analysis method is proposed to evaluate SWOT efficiency. Secondly, on the basis of pointing out the guiding ideology and basic principles of the evaluation system, four input indicators and four output indicators are specifically selected to form the SWOT input-output indicator system. Thirdly, we introduce the PEST model, focusing on its extended BCC model and use it to make empirical analysis of the SWOT efficiency of regions and provinces. The analysis results show that the efficiency of regional SWOT is not optimal and that there are problems such as input redundancy and insufficient output. Through further analysis, it is concluded that the main reason for the inefficiency of regional SWOT is the unreasonable SWOT input structure and insufficient output value of high-tech industries. We use the analytical framework of this method to clarify the current macro-competitive environment of the sports industry, and use the constructed index system to determine whether the sports industry environment in a region is good or bad. In the selection of indicators, we must carefully analyze their connotations, so that the evaluation index system can accurately evaluate the region’s sports industry environment.


Author(s):  
Norarbaiyah Yaacob ◽  
Dayana Farzeeha Ali ◽  
Abdul Halim Abdullah ◽  
Norasykin Mohd Zaid ◽  
Mahani Mokhtar ◽  
...  

Various research has been conducted to enhance the employees’ visualization skills in different areas and the importance and the role of visualization skills towards the employee’s achievement, especially in the industry such as manufacturing, medical, oil and gas field, and many more. To improve visualization skills, the use of effective training methods and tools should be applied to facilitate and enhance the understanding and performance in general, in a way to help them solve problems at the workplace. Thus, the aim of this paper focuses to the attention on the practical use of augmented reality (AR) with the ability of digital mobile application in the crude oil refinery process within the oil and gas industry environment, describing the potential and the effectiveness of the technology to enhance the visualization skill among the technical employees. This study used Basic refinery courseware that can be accessed via digital network to give an interactive training experience that can enhance technical employees' visualization skills. This courseware shows the positive effect and impact on technical employees’ visualization skills and performance based on the results. The results have also shown an increased motivation, making them more cooperative and developing visualization skills more quickly. Considering these results, it can be concluded that Basic Refinery training courseware based on augmented reality application is an effective and beneficial tool to be applied in training programs among the workplace's technical employees.


Catalysts ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (12) ◽  
pp. 1455
Author(s):  
Yulin Hu ◽  
Quan He ◽  
Chunbao Xu

In recent decades, the use of biomass as alternative resources to produce renewable and sustainable biofuels such as biodiesel has gained attention given the situation of the progressive exhaustion of easily accessible fossil fuels, increasing environmental concerns, and a dramatically growing global population. The conventional transesterification of edible, nonedible, or waste cooking oils to produce biodiesel is always accompanied by the formation of glycerol as the by-product. Undeniably, it is essential to economically use this by-product to produce a range of valuable fuels and chemicals to ensure the sustainability of the transesterification process. Therefore, recently, glycerol has been used as a feedstock for the production of value-added H2 and chemicals. In this review, the recent advances in the catalytic conversion of glycerol to H2 and high-value chemicals are thoroughly discussed. Specifically, the activity, stability, and recyclability of the catalysts used in the steam reforming of glycerol for H2 production are covered. In addition, the behavior and performance of heterogeneous catalysts in terms of the roles of active metal and support toward the formation of acrolein, lactic acid, 1,3-propanediol, and 1,2-propanediol from glycerol are reviewed. Recommendations for future research and main conclusions are provided. Overall, this review offers guidance and directions for the sufficient and economical utilization of glycerol to generate fuels and high value chemicals, which will ultimately benefit industry, environment, and economy.


2021 ◽  
Vol 14 ◽  
pp. 39-52
Author(s):  
Xiaoyu Zhang

Affected by COVID-19, Adidas' global net sales in 2020 decreased by 3.756 billion euros compared to 2019. Adidas's net sales worldwide decreased by 3756 million euros in 2020 compared to 2019. This article will analyze the changes in Adidas's operation situation and competitiveness under the impact of COVID-19. At the same time, combined with the 2016-2020 financial statement data publicly disclosed by Adidas, this article will analyze the specific impact of COVID-19 on Adidas' financial status and provide a more in-depth interpretation of the financial statements. The goal of this article is to analyze Adidas' future development strategy and make recommendations by analysing the impact of COVID-19 so that it can better meet the needs of external interests and internal management. Many scholars' relevant research is mostly on the development strategy research at the macro level. However, there is a lack of strategic research on the micro-enterprise level after being affected by COVID-19. This article first reviews the literature and expands new research directions based on existing research. Then, this article will use the PEST method to analyze the changes in Adidas's external macro environment under the influence of COVID-19 and apply the theory and methods of financial statement analysis to specific applications. Then this article will combine Potter's five forces model analysis method to further analyze Adidas' external environment and industry environment under the influence of COVID-19. Finally, this article will conclude and put forward development strategy recommendations.


Molecules ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 26 (23) ◽  
pp. 7096
Author(s):  
Michał Konieczny ◽  
Peter Rhein ◽  
Katarzyna Czaczyk ◽  
Wojciech Białas ◽  
Wojciech Juzwa

The aim of the research was to design an advanced analytical tool for the precise characterization of microbial aggregates from biofilms formed on food-processing surfaces. The approach combined imaging flow cytometry with a machine learning-based interpretation protocol. Biofilm samples were collected from three diagnostic points of the food-processing lines at two independent time points. The samples were investigated for the complexity of microbial aggregates and cellular metabolic activity. Thus, aggregates and singlets of biofilm-associated microbes were simultaneously examined for the percentages of active, mid-active, and nonactive (dead) cells to evaluate the physiology of the microbial cells forming the biofilm structures. The tested diagnostic points demonstrated significant differences in the complexity of microbial aggregates. The significant percentages of the bacterial aggregates were associated with the dominance of active microbial cells, e.g., 75.3% revealed for a mushroom crate. This confirmed the protective role of cellular aggregates for the survival of active microbial cells. Moreover, the approach enabled discriminating small and large aggregates of microbial cells. The developed tool provided more detailed characteristics of bacterial aggregates within a biofilm structure combined with high-throughput screening potential. The designed methodology showed the prospect of facilitating the detection of invasive biofilm forms in the food industry environment.


2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Ce Guo ◽  
Xiao-ling Lv ◽  
Yan Zhang ◽  
Ming-lu Zhang

AbstractIn the electronics industry environment, rapid recognition of objects to be grasped from digital images is essential for visual guidance of intelligent robots. However, electronic components have a small size, are difficult to distinguish, and are in motion on a conveyor belt, making target detection more difficult. For this reason, the YOLOv4-tiny method is used to detect electronic components and is improved. Then, different network structures are built for the adaptive integration of middle- and high-level features to address the phenomenon in which the original algorithm integrates all feature information indiscriminately. The method is deployed on an electronic component dataset for validation. Experimental results show that the accuracy of the original algorithm is improved from 93.74 to 98.6%. Compared with other current mainstream algorithms, such as Faster RCNN, SSD, RefineDet, EfficientDet, and YOLOv4, the method can maintain high detection accuracy at the fastest speed. The method can provide a technical reference for the development of manufacturing robots in the electronics industry.


2021 ◽  
pp. 12-19
Author(s):  
Sarah Hwa In Lee ◽  
Marina Resende Pimenta Portinari ◽  
Carlos Humberto Corassin ◽  
Carlos Augusto Fernandes Oliveira

The ability of some pathogenic bacterial species to form biofilms on surfaces of equipment and utensils is of great concern to the food industry since they represent a continuous source of contamination in food processing environments. In this review, the factors involved in the formation of microbial biofilms are highlighted, along with a discussion on the preventive disinfection procedures recommended to avoid the attachment of microbial cells on surfaces of equipment and utensils in food processing areas. Relevant articles published in the last 10 years (2012-present) were selected in PubMed, Science Direct, and Google Scholar. Methods for assessing the adhesion and biofilm formation ability of strains isolated from surfaces in the food industry environment are also presented.


Author(s):  
Yulia Yukhnovska

The article considers the topical issue of the impact of the tourism industry on the environment. The main goal is to analyze the current state of the environment and the impact on it of the tourism industry of Ukraine. Informative-analytical methods, comparison methods, etc. were used during the research. The quality of the environment, both natural and artificial, is important for the tourism industry. However, the relationship of the tourism industry in Ukraine with the environment is complex. The tourism industry involves many activities that can have a negative impact on the environment. Many of these impacts are related to the construction of general infrastructure objects such as roads and airports, tourist facilities, including resorts, hotels, restaurants, shops, marinas and more. The negative consequences of the development of the tourism industry can gradually destroy the environment, the resources on which it depends. On the other hand, the tourism industry has the potential to create a beneficial impact on the environment, contributes to the protection and preservation of the environment. It is a way to raise awareness of environmental values, and it can serve as a tool to finance the protection of natural areas and increase economic value. The paper examines the impact of the tourism industry on natural resources, environmental pollution and the physical environment. In addition, the impact of the tourism industry on the environment on a global scale is analyzed. The main positive and negative external effects of the development of the tourism industry of Ukraine are analyzed in the article; the essence of environmental problems of the development of the tourism industry; capital investments for environmental protection by types of environmental measures in Ukraine are analyzed; current costs for environmental protection by types of environmental measures in Ukraine and proposed ways to minimize the negative consequences of the processes “tourism industry ‒ environment”.


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