Education Programs
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2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-7
Jie Wang

Background. Web-based education programs are essential in every field of learning, and in nursing coursework, they can contribute towards behavioral development. It is found that emerging approach of web-based nursing programs is overpowering the traditional education methods and provides flexibility in learning and training programs. Therefore, it is considered as a promising medium of learning which can take over the traditional methods because of its effectiveness. Objective. A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed for analysis of efficiency and effectiveness of web-based nursing education. This study is aimed at evaluating the evidences which evaluate the effectiveness of the web-based nursing education programs. Material and Methods. Studies were selected from 2008 to 2020 available from various global databases like PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, ProQuest, and Cochrane Library. Results. Five studies were selected for analysis where the results demonstrated no significant difference in the effectiveness of use of web-based nursing educational programs. Conclusion. More evidences are required for supporting the efficiency and effectiveness of use of web-based programs for nursing education. Hence, more research is required for evaluating the length of nursing education, evaluating practice-based clinical aspects like success ratio for outcomes of study, type of patients handled, and severity of cases handled for better outcomes.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (4) ◽  
pp. 465-467
I. N. Nosyreva

The main tasks of the Olympiad of diploma projects of the Federal Agency for Railway Transport are to improve the quality of training, develop the creative abilities of students, increase the interest of students and teachers in the development and improvement of the railway industry, and form highly qualified human resources. The practice of participation of branches (structural units) of secondary vocational education of the Irkutsk State Transport University shows that not all indicators can be achieved.The educational process in secondary vocational education is focused on preparing for practical activities in production. In accordance with federal state educational standards for secondary vocational education programs, a student must master general and professional competencies, acquire certain knowledge, skills and practical experience. It is proposed to make a number of changes in the system of evaluating the Olympiad of diploma projects in terms of criteria. The assessment system of the Olympiad must be adapted taking into account the possibilities of secondary vocational education to stimulate the participation of structural units in their conduct.

Franziska Zellweger ◽  
Mirjam Kocher

How did students experience distance learning in different teacher education programs and how engaged did they learn in this exceptional time? Based on a survey in two Swiss Universities of Teacher Education, we focus on the influence of the heterogeneous student characteristics on the experience of distance learning as well as on the behavioural, cognitive and emotional student engagement. Surprisingly, structural aspects such as age, gender, employment and children can hardly explain the heterogeneous experience. In contrast, the communication of faculty, active learning as well as feedback and assessment are clearly related to student engagement. A deeper understanding of the emotional dimension seems particularly relevant. Self-efficacy, learning-related emotions, well-being and the sense of belonging are starting points for a deeper understanding of the heterogeneous experience of this extraordinary study period.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (4) ◽  
pp. 472-475
S. V. Domnin ◽  
D. A. Yurieva

One of the most important problems of modern education is the use of information and communication technologies in educational activities and the educational process for all types and at all levels of education. Special requirements are currently imposed on the electronic information and educational environment of an educational institution. The Krasnoyarsk Institute of Railway Transport has created an electronic educational resource for secondary vocational education programs, operating on the basis of LMS Moodle. This electronic educational resource is based on general didactic principles: scientific nature, accessibility, visibility, systematicity and consistency of training, strength of knowledge assimilation, intellectual potential. It was accepted that each electronic course within the resource should have the following qualities: a developed hypertext structure in the conceptual part, as well as in a logical structure of presentation, a user-friendly navigation system, the ability to use multimedia technologies, accessibility, links to literary sources, electronic libraries and sources of information on the Internet, effective feedback.The organizational measures for building the structure of an electronic educational resource and the stages of its implementation in the educational process for secondary vocational education programs are considered: sequential training of the teaching staff in the development of courses in the Moodle system, the development and adoption of the structure of an electronic educational resource, the development of requirements for electronic courses placed in the resource.

2021 ◽  
pp. 004208592110584
Lisette Enumah

Drawing from the narrated experiences of teacher educators (TEs) at different institutions, this paper analyzes TEs’ perceptions of support related to their work in teaching about race and racism. TEs varied in the extent to which they viewed their institution as supportive, and they identified factors that signaled that their institution supported teacher learning about race and racism. TEs also described how their racial identities and positional privilege related to tenure status informed engagement with peers both for providing and seeking support. Implications for teacher education programs in providing support for TEs who teach about race and racism are discussed.

2021 ◽  
Vol 59 (6) ◽  
pp. 487-501
Stephanie Spruit ◽  
Erik W. Carter

Abstract The formation of friendships is central to the college experience. Yet little is known about the relationships young adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities form through their inclusive postsecondary education programs or maintain after graduation. We interviewed 12 current students and alumni about their social networks and their views regarding friendships. Participants shared their perspectives on the multiple meaning of friendship, the size and composition of their social networks, and the areas in which college has positively impacted their social lives. We offer recommendations for research and practice aimed at understanding and enhancing friendship formation within the inclusive higher education movement.

2021 ◽  
Alfred Laengler ◽  
Thomas Ostermann ◽  
Virgile Kenmoue

Abstract Background The childhood vaccination program (EPI) is claimed by the World Health Organization (WHO) to be the most cost-effective intervention to reduce child mortality. Therefore, in low-income countries governments and health authorities invest in vaccination programs to reach herd immunity. However, despite the resources allocated to the EPI, epidemics preventable through vaccines are still reported in these countries. In Cameroon, the Foumbot district in the West region has witnessed measles epidemics since 2010 and in 2013 a polio outbreak was reported. Methods The design of this study is a cross-sectional survey. A total of 160 mothers of children between the ages of 12 to 23 months were selected by simple random sampling technique. Pre-tested structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Data was analyzed using SPSS statistical software. Results The outcome of this survey shows that 60% of the children studied were completely vaccinated, 37.75% were partially vaccinated, and 1.25% had not received any vaccine. The logistic regression analysis shows that a poor knowledge of infectious diseases (OR=0.3) was a significant predictor of partial and no vaccination status in children. Conclusion Parents’ decision-making for EPI was based on the information and experiences available in the community. Therefore, parents who are poorly educated on VPDs and living in a community with missing information and misinformation about vaccination will probably not complete the EPI. Public health authorities should invest in health education programs with the goal of developing skills for health- seeking behavior in individuals and communities.

BMC Nursing ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 20 (1) ◽  
Ingunn Aase ◽  
Ingrid Tjoflåt ◽  
Kristin Hjorthaug Urstad

Abstract Background Interprofessional teamwork is crucial for fostering healthcare performance and for minimizing adverse events. The daily huddle is an important arena for interprofessional interaction and communication between nurses and physicians in hospitals. Although prevalence strongly rooted in clinical practice, the huddle does not seem to be a prioritized area in nursing education programs. Taking part in a huddle is traditionally something nursing students learn in their clinical studies. Therefore, there is need for learning tools that can provide nursing students with quality assured training that can improve their preparation for interprofessional teamwork and strengthen the link between the educational institution and the field of practice. In this study, we have developed and tested a podcast to increase nursing students’ competence in interprofessional teamwork when participating in huddles. The aim of the pilot study was to explore nursing students’ experiences with utilizing a huddle-focused podcast as a learning tool during their clinical practice studies in the hospital. Method This qualitative and exploratory pilot study used focus group interviews. Eleven third-year nursing students who had listened to the podcast during their practical studies at a medical hospital ward were included. The interviews were subjected to content analysis. Result The analysis identified four categories that resonated across all participants in the focus group interviews: 1. understanding one’s own role in the huddle; 2. being encouraged to speak up; 3. using the huddle as a flexible learning tool; and 4. being authentic but not always realistic. Conclusion Findings indicate that the huddle-focused podcast seems to be valuable for nursing students learning about interprofessional teamwork. The podcast seemed especially useful in helping the students to understand their own role and to speak up in the huddle meetings. The positive experiences with the flexibility of the podcast learning tool are promising for use in other educational settings.

Sotiria Pappa

The novel exigencies of the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic caused a shift towards online learning environments and teleconference platforms, which have also affected teaching practicums. The impact of this approach on teacher preparation is yet unknown and may render pre-service teachers (PSTs) more vulnerable to the challenges of early professional learning through practice, especially when implementing a methodology they have been insufficiently introduced to. Following three students of primary teacher education who opted for a practicum in a CLIL class at a Finnish teacher training school, this case study examines how the online practicum affected these PSTs’ emotions and understanding of CLIL. The case study is based on the analytical categories of teacher identity and emotion and draws on essay, diary, and interview data. The thematic analysis of the data suggests that the online practicum met participants’ expectations for building confidence and was perceived as an overall instructive experience, which was improved by the quality of mentorship and peer support they received. However, feelings of frustration or dissatisfaction accompanied moments of conflict with incoming expectations, principally related to using English in CLIL. The analysis further suggests that the online practicum strengthened participants’ earlier conception of CLIL as a language-oriented teaching tool. Regardless of whether online CLIL practicums remain a future option, acquiring disciplinary and language knowledge alike are important aspects in teacher preparation for CLIL, which could be an optional part of teacher education programs for PSTs who are aware of or sensitive to language as a tool for learning.

Refuge ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 37 (2) ◽  
pp. 124-140
Olivier Arvisais ◽  
Patrick Charland ◽  
François Audet ◽  
Yannick Skelling-Desmeules

The academic community has highlighted the lack of research into accelerated education programs (AEPs) in refugee camps. Furthermore, AEPs take different forms in different countries. Generally speaking, however, several AEPs in different parts of the world are known for their low attendance rates. Accordingly, this article presents the key barriers causing absenteeism or preventing students from continuing their education within the program in Dadaab Refugee Camp. Our study shows that humanitarian action itself plays a significant role in pupil academic persistence. Also, flexible schedules are not a solution to absenteeism in AEP.

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