Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences (JAIMS)
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2456-3110

Author(s):  
Kamayani Mishra ◽  
Umesh Shukla ◽  
K. C. Garg ◽  
Shraddha Sharma

In Ayurveda Vyanga is a disease which is firstly described by Acharya Sushruta under Kshudra Roga. According to Acharya Sushruta Krodha and Shoka are responsible for development of Vyanga, as these psychological factors vitiate Pitta and Vata Dosha which then travel and get localized on facial skin and leads to development of Nirujam, Tanu Shyava Varna Mandala. Ayurveda is very effective in treating skin disorders and skin is also mentioned as a route of drug administration in terms of Bahiparimarajan Chikitsa. Acharya Sharangdhara has mentioned various Lepa formulations for various skin diseases; among them he has quoted Arjuna Twak Churna and Manjishtha Churna for treatment of Vyanga. It is easy to understand about Manjishtha because it is a very well known established Varnya drug, but regarding Arjuna it was very much important to trail it clinically as it is an established drug for heart. From Dravyaguna point of view it was very important to study Arjuna, that how it would have broken the pathogenesis of Vyanga, what are the major chemicals present in Arjuna that work on hyper pigmentation. So a proper revalidation of Shastrokta quote of Acharya Sharangdhara was done by clinical trial and pharmacognostical and HPTLC analysis of Arjuna and Manjishtha.


Author(s):  
Monika . ◽  
Patil Sharmila ◽  
Mahapatra Arun Kumar ◽  
S Rajagopala

Introduction: According to Ayurveda, depletion of Rasa and Rakta Dhatu results in yellowish-white discoloration of body known as Pandu Roga. Its features resemble with IDA (Iron Deficiency Anaemia). It is very common among female adolescents. UNICEF observed that more than half of population of adolescent girls in India are anemic. Lack of knowledge is one of the most significant reason for nutritional problems like anaemia. Aim: To evaluate the level of knowledge, attitude and practices regarding Pandu Roga (Iron Deficiency Anaemia) among female adolescents. Material and Methods: In this study 200 adolescent girls aged between 10 to 16 years visiting Kaumarabhritya OPD, A.I.I.A hospital and nearby government schools were assessed on the basis of a ‘Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP) Questionnaire’ regarding Pandu Roga (IDA). Result: It was found that most of the screened adolescents had poor knowledge of Pandu Roga (IDA), its causes, prevention and management. Discussion: Pandu Roga (IDA) is a dangerous health problem globally, if not attended in time may result into grave outcomes, hence emphasis should be made on its prevention in addition to the cure. Conclusion: There is a need to focus on various health education programs for prevention of nutritional problems like IDA.


Author(s):  
Shilpa Nimbal ◽  
Umapati C. Baragi ◽  
Kashinath Hadimur ◽  
Jyothi Alias Jyostna

Background: Lavana is used as medicine as well as Ahara since ancient times. In Caraka Samhita it has been mentioned that three Dravyas viz. Pippali, Kshara (alkali) and Lavana (salt) can be used as emergency medicine, but they should not be consumed in excess (Ati Upayunjita). Hence in the present study Lavana has been evaluated in experimental animals in two different phases’ viz. Acute administration at graded doses as part of acute toxicity study and Sub-Acute administration at fixed dose level, as part of toxic Sub-Acute toxicity study, to assess the possible adverse effects. Materials andamp; Methods: Wistar strain albino rats of either sex weighing between 150 - 200g. body weights were used, The experiment was carried out in accordance with the direction of the Institutional animal ethics committee (IAEC) after obtaining its permission (Approval number IAEC – 138/k/2018). Results: Results were drawn based on histopathological reports and biochemical reports of each group of toxicity study. Acute toxicity study has been carried out in albino rats receiving the 2 dose level maximum at up to 10 times higher (855mg/kg) then the therapeutic equivalent dose (427.5mg/kg). In Sub-Chronic toxicity: dose given was five times higher than therapeutic equivalent dose and ten times the equivalent to human therapeutic dose for duration of 30 days. Discussion: Toxicity is not found in Acute study and in Sub-Acute study moderate to high toxicity is found.


Author(s):  
Vinodkumar K. Bhorale ◽  
M. R. Hungundi

Today is the era of modernization and fast life. Everybody is busy and living stressful life changing of life style of modern human being has created several disharmonie. In his biological system. Advancement of busy, professional and social life, improper sitting posture in offices, continuous work in one posture and over exertion, jerking movements during travelling and sports - all these factors create undue pressure and stress injury to the spine and play an important role in producing disease like cervical spondylosis. Agnikarma is said to be the most superior among all the Anushastra Karma. Agnikarma is superior to Ksharakarma as disease burnt with Agni will never recur. Disease that cannot be cured with medicines, Kshara and Surgery, can be cured with Agnikarma.


Author(s):  
Yamuna S. Reddy ◽  
K Savitha R. Shenoy ◽  
Sri Nagesh KA

Bhaishajya Kala is an important principle in our classics, which is to be considered while treating a disease. During treatment, success can be achieved only when there is proper combination of Desha, Kala, Pramana, Satmya, Asatmya, Pathya and Apathya. [1] Among these seven, Kala is given second position which reflects importance of Kala in Chikitsa. The relation between Aushadha and Kala is well established in classics. Acharya Charaka states that “medicine administered at appropriate Kala is more efficacious than one given in inappropriate Kala. ”[2] To highlight its role in Chikitsa, there is a necessity to analyze this concept which is the need of the hour. With the intention of practically validating this concept “Janu Sandhigatavata” has been taken up for the study. Panchatikta Guggulu Ghrita which has been taken for the study is seen to have beneficial therapeutic effects on Sandhigatavata as evidently seen in the Phalashruti. [3] As Bhaishajya Kala is not specifically mentioned for any Vatavyadhi so also for Janu Sandhigatavata, this study intends to find the appropriate Bhaishajya Kala for the same. Among all the Bhaishajya Kalas, in the present study only two Kalas were taken up which were suitable for Janu Sandhigatavata. The clinical trial was carried out on 40 patients. They were divided into two groups Group A and Group B consisting of 20 patients each. The results were analyzed based on the signs and symptoms. Statistical analysis between Group A and Group B for the parameters Sandhi Shoola, Shotha, Prasaranaakunchanyo Vedana, ROM and VAS painscale found no significant changes in the group. Individually each Group had highly significant results. But in the observation parameter of Atopa there was a difference of value between the groups, Group A was higher than Group B.


Author(s):  
Sudha H M ◽  
Shrinivas Masalekar Rao ◽  
Chandrashekar Siddapur

Kadara is a Kshudraroga which is characterized by hard thickened type swelling, largely confined to the Pada but also seen in Hastha. The disease Kadara is not a life threatening condition, but makes the life of the sufferer miserable. Aetiological factors include injury due to the thorn prick, stone, cut, friction, pressure or wearing ill-fitting and tight shoes. The disease Kadara described in Ayurveda and Corn in western medical textbooks have absolute similarity in their manifestation. The management of corn is done by application of salicylic acid, corn caps, and invasive procedures like cryotherapy, laser, chemical cauterization, electric cauterization and surgical excision. But the results by these procedures are not satisfactory and there are more chance of recurrence. Kshara is indicated in management of Kadara. Kshara Karma is unique procedure used since ancient time which best among Shastra and Anushastra due to its comprehensive multi-faceted effects. Hence the present study was undertaken for evaluation of efficacy of Arkapratisaraneeya Kshara obtained was compared with the results of Agnikarma using Panchalohashalaka which is a standard and established study.


Author(s):  
Lalita Gaonkar ◽  
Gururaja H ◽  
Jeejo Chandran O

In Ayurveda all the skin diseases are described under single heading i.e. ‘Kushta’ which are further divided into Mahakushta and Kshudrakushta. Vipadika is among the 11 types of Kshudra Kushta involving Vata Kapha mentioned in classics characterized by ‘Panipada Sphutana’ (Fissures in Palms and Soles) and ‘Tivravedana’ (Severe Pain). On basis of its signs and symptoms it can be correlated with ‘Palmoplantar Psoriasis’. Kushtachikitsa is classified into Shodhanam, Shamanam and Nidanparivarjana amongst which Shodhana Chikitsa is of greater significance in skin diseases, and Raktamokshana is considered to be a shortest and effective treatment in the management of skin diseases. Siravyadha is a type of Panchashodhana described by Acharya’s as an effective remedy in number of disease conditions. Acharya Sushruta and Vagbhata has mentioned that Siravyadha is half treatment in Shalyatantra as Basti is the half treatment in Kayachikitsa. Diseases which do not get pacified so quickly by therapeutic measures like Snehana, Swedana etc. are pacified by Siravyadha.


Author(s):  
Sonam . ◽  
Mahapatra Arun Kumar ◽  
Rajagopala Shrikrishna

Introduction - Cerebral Palsy (CP) being the leading cause of disability in children is a symptom complex, whichv has worldwide incidence of 2.1/1000 live births, and for India it is 3/1000 live births. In Ayurveda, the cerebral palsy can be correlated with various conditions due to Vata predominance. There is no satisfactory criterion in managing this condition is developed till date. The present study is planned with Abhaya Ghrita and procedure based therapy to provide possible improvement in gross motor function of children with cerebral palsy and thereby improving their quality of life. Material and Methods - A Trial was conducted at a tertiary health care setting to evaluate the clinical efficacy of Ayurvedic Intervention (Abhaya Ghrita and procedure based therapy Udvartana, Sarvanga Abhyanga, Nadi Sweda and Matra Basti). Diagnosed children of cerebral palsy, aged 1-12 years of either gender were selected. The scale gross motor function manual (GMFM) and Cerebral Palsy quality of life (CP-QOL) were used for assessment. Results - Total 20 patients were registered in the present study. 70% patients were below 8 years of age with clear male predominance comprised of 85% of the total sample size. As per the birth history of the patients 15% were preterm, home delivery was present in 20%. 45% and 10% were Low birth weight (LBW) and Very Low birth weight (VLBW) after birth respectively. History of delayed cry was present in 80% cases. 45% required Hospitalization and 65% were subjected to Resuscitation and need of incubator just after birth was present in 25% patients. Discussion - Gross Motor Function scale has shown significant improvement in motor activities like lying and rolling, sitting and total score with pandlt;0.001, on crawling and kneeling and standing with pandlt;0.01 and on walking and running with pandlt;0.02. The CP-QOL has also shown significant results on health and family and friends component. Conclusion - Thus, it may be concluded that the Ayurveda approach is effective in improving the gross motor function and quality of life of children with cerebral palsy.


Author(s):  
Shilpa Kamath ◽  
Rathi S.

Senile cataract is an important cause of age dependent visual impairment and blindness. Till date, an effective medical treatment for senile cataract has not been found out. The only treatment of choice is surgery. Considering the increased rate of incidence of senile cataract, on availability of effective medical measures, possible complications and contraindications surgery, the need arises to research for drugs that could effectively help in arresting the progression and disintegrate the opacification of lens proteins. The Symptoms such as blurriness of vision, Glare, Diplopia etc. are mentioned in senile immature cataract which can be correlated with Kaphaja Timira. Objective of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of Janaranjanakam Anjana and Vimalanjana in the management of SIMC and to compare the efficacy of Janaranjanakam Anjana and Vimalanjana in the management of SIMC. In present study 40 patients were randomly selected and divided into 2 groups, with 20 patients each. Group A patients were treated with Janaranjanakam Anjana for 60 days. Group B were treated with Vimalanjana for 60 days. After the treatment it was observed that there was statistically significant result in the main signs and symptoms i.e. blurring of vision, floaters, glare, visual acuity for distant and near vision and slit lamp bio-microscopy. Amongst 40 patients, 1 patient were getting no improvement, 12 patients were getting Mild improvement, 23 patients were getting Moderate improvement and 4 patients were getting Marked improvement.


Author(s):  
Sayeda Nikhat Inamdar ◽  
Prashanth A S ◽  
Anita H

Childlessness and infertility are rising dramatically in cities. The increase may be due to many reasons like the way of living, coping with stress, job pressure, obesity, postponing parenthood, galloping urbanization, sexually transmitted infections and many others. Hence treating infertility is the challenging job for the doctors in present era. The failure to ovulate is the major problem in approximately 40% cases of female infertility. This can be anovulation or severe oligo ovulation. In the latter case even though the ovulation does occur, its relative infrequency decreases the womanand#39;s chance of pregnancy. Hence the infertility and especially ovarian factor induced female infertility needs an immediate attention from alternative medicines. Over last decades, fertility therapy has expanded more than any other field of medicine. Hormonal therapy, In vitro Fertilization (IVF), Embryo Transfer (ET), Gamete Intra Fallopian Transfer (GIFT) etc., all these have a minimal success rate. Additionally these procedures are associated with adverse effects andamp; are not affordable to all. Ayurveda may give a promising hand to cure this condition with the various treatment modalities mentioned in the classics. For the present clinical study, an effort was made to study the efficacy of Udvartana and Nasya followed by Shamanaushadhis in reversing the pathology of this disease and giving a “Never-Ending Joy” of parenthood to the couples through the Ayurvedic treatment.


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