physical exercises
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2022 ◽  
Vol 28 (1) ◽  
pp. 50-52
Author(s):  
Yongcai Zheng

ABSTRACT Introduction: College students face increasing pressure in all aspects of study and life. They urgently need a way to relieve stress. Physical exercise is the best choice for college students to relieve stress. Objective: To explore the relationship between physical exercise and disease prevention in college students. Methods: The article conducts a logistic regression analysis of physical exercise in college students and analyzes the relationship between the physical exercise factors and the occurrence of physical diseases. Results: The incidence of disease in students participating in physical exercise is low. The prevalence of diabetes, obesity, and hyperlipidemia decreased with the increase of physical activity intensity. Conclusions: Diligently participation in physical exercises can help college students resist diseases. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies -investigation of treatment results.


2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 258-264
Author(s):  
Kh. Anarkulov ◽  
N. Matazimov

Research relevance: article discusses problems in evolution of rules and refereeing of sports competitions in Kyrgyz national wrestling kuresh in connection with the Kyrgyz people folk physical culture, in which the Kyrgyz richest folk art should be mentioned. Research objectives: to determine functions and problems in evolution of rules and refereeing at sports competitions in the Kyrgyz national sports wrestling kuresh. Research materials and methods: analysis of rules, circumstances and recommendations from organizations during sports competitions in national wrestling kuresh. Research results: physical exercises have become a necessary and more effective preparation of student youth for social activities (protection of territories and population from foreigners, physical labor associated with the extraction of food, preparing the younger generation for work and protection in difficult climatic and geographical conditions, change of residence, etc.). Conclusions: competitive process and objective refereeing of sports competitions opened the way to sports glory, violating objective and subjective obstacles.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (01) ◽  
pp. 285-307
Author(s):  
Emanuel Bezerra de Oliveira ◽  
◽  
Nathália de Sousa Pereira ◽  
Lia Chagas de Lima ◽  
Danielle Miranda de Oliveira Arruda Gomes ◽  
...  

This research proposes to understand the relationship between the self-exposure of physical exercise practitioners on social media communication and consumption. To this end, we sought to identify the motivations for selfexposure of physical exercise practitioners on social media; identify the types of products consumed that are related to self-exposure on social media and verify the influence between self-exposure of physical exercise practitioners on social media and consumption. Qualitative research was applied, aided by semistructured interviews and by the projective autodriving technique. Twelve men who practice physical exercises in gyms were interviewed. Three categories emerged from the results: exhibitionism, encouraging healthy living and personal fulfillment as antecedents for the self-exposure of physical activity practitioners on social media, and the consumption of food, electronic, sports clothing, applications, and software products was identified, as a way to help the best image that will be exposed. Through the development of a framework, it was found that the self-exposure of the image influences both self-consumption and the consumption of followers. In addition, the concept of conspicuous consumption was broadened by relating the exposure of the conquest of the fitness body as an acquired good that provides social status.


2022 ◽  
pp. 25-33
Author(s):  
E. V. Yakovlev ◽  
E. N. Gnevyshev ◽  
S. A. Zhivolupov ◽  
A. A. Smirnov ◽  
Yu. A. Zhivolupova ◽  
...  

Introduction. In the structure of the global burden of diseases, back pain ranks first in the world in the list of causes of disability. Neck pain is one of the most common diseases of the musculoskeletal system. An integral part of the strategy for the treatment of acute neck pain is the use of original nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) with high proven effectiveness.Objective. To conduct a comparative analysis of the therapeutic efficacy of the original drug meloxicam (Movalis) and its generic (Amelotex) in the treatment of patients with acute nonspecific musculoskeletal pain of cervical localization.Materials and methods. The article provides an assessment of the therapeutic effectiveness of the original drug meloxicam (Movalis) and its generic (Amelotex) in the treatment of patients with acute neck pain. Comparative analysis of the results of treatment of 108 patients hospitalized in the Branch of the MC JSC “Admiralteyskie Verfi” aged 18 to 60 years (58 men and 50 women) with a diagnosis of acute dorsalgia of cervical localization (M54.2 according to ICD-10). The average age of patients is 42.5 ± 11.1 years.Results. As a result of the clinical and neurological study and statistical processing of the data obtained, it was found that the use of Movalis in the treatment of patients with acute neck pain was more effective compared to the use of generic (Amelotex). In  the  Movalis group, the  level of  pain  intensity and the  index of  disability after treatment was significantly lower than in the Amelotex group at an equivalent dose of 15 mg per day (p < 0.01). The analgesic effect in the group of patients receiving Movalis was longer. There was a significant decrease in sleep disorders associated with pain syndrome in the group (Movalis) compared with patients of the second group (Amelotex). Conclusions. The absence of therapeutic bioequivalence between Movalis and Amelotex revealed in our study determines the relevance of the choice of drugs for the complex therapy of patients of this profile. A multimodal approach to the strategy of treating neck pain, individually patient-oriented, including the use of effective and safe medicines, physical exercises, manual therapy, is optimal.>< 0.01). The analgesic effect in the group of patients receiving Movalis was longer. There was a significant decrease in sleep disorders associated with pain syndrome in the group (Movalis) compared with patients of the second group (Amelotex).Conclusions. The absence of therapeutic bioequivalence between Movalis and Amelotex revealed in our study determines the relevance of the choice of drugs for the complex therapy of patients of this profile. A multimodal approach to the strategy of treating neck pain, individually patient-oriented, including the use of effective and safe medicines, physical exercises, manual therapy, is optimal.


2022 ◽  
Vol 9 (T5) ◽  
pp. 29-34
Author(s):  
Dewi Sartika ◽  
Elly Nurrachmah ◽  
Dewi Irawaty Sukirman ◽  
Muchtaruddin Mansyur ◽  
Basuki Supartono

BACKGROUND: Nurses have the risk of ergonomic hazards in providing nursing care, especially with increasingly dynamic health services such as during Coronavirus disease-19 pandemic like today. AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate activities prone to produce ergonomic risks during the implementation of nursing care in intensive care and emergency room (ER) of a hospital in Riau, Indonesia. METHODOLOGY: This study was conducted by observing the routine activities conducted by the nurses and using similar task group techniques equipped with Rapid Entire Body Assessment instrument. Those observed activities were obtained from 17 intensive care room nurses and ten ER nurses. There were six activities observed in the intensive care room: Bathing, transferring the patient, wounds dressing, taking blood samples for the AGDA examinations, as well as inserting the intravenous needle and electrocardiograms. Meanwhile, there were two activities observed in the ER: Transferring the patient and inserting the intravenous needle. RESULTS: The highest ergonomic risks activity in the intensive care room was bathing the patient with a total score of 13. At the ER, the highest risk score was transferring the patient with a total score of 12. Both activities were at level 4, indicating a high-risk condition. Thus, examinations and changes should be immediately initiated. CONCLUSION: The results are significant to be paid attention by the related parties at the hospital to facilitate some improvements immediately. In addition, the ergonomic approaches that can be suggested to the nurses are regular stretching, physical exercises, and applying ergonomic principles while working.


Author(s):  
Rostina Afrida Pohan

  The first pregnancy for a woman is one of the crisis periods in her life, peace of mind is important in facing childbirth, because it is recommended not only to do physical exercises but also psychological exercises to deal with childbirth. The type of research used in this research is descriptive with a cross sectional approach. This design was carried out on a set of objects that were studied to reduce the level of anxiety of pregnant women facing the first delivery, with a total sample of 20 pregnant women. The data collected in this study were analyzed using tabulating. Of the 20 respondents studied, 2 people (10%) experienced mild anxiety, 12 people (60%) experienced moderate anxiety, and 5 people (25%) experienced severe anxiety and only 1 person 5% of respondents did not experience anxiety. The results of this study indicate the level of anxiety of pregnant women has been described in this study. In connection with this research, it is suggested to health workers and midwives who assist in childbirth to provide regular counseling to pregnant women about pregnancy and the delivery process.


2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (2) ◽  
pp. 119
Author(s):  
Isni Hijriana ◽  
Miniharianti Miniharianti

Diabetes mellitus Type 2 (DM Type 2) is the risk factor for the incidence of vascular.  Diabetic neuropathy and/or peripheral arterial disease, are common and represent major causes of morbidity and  mortality in people with diabetes.  Physical  exercises is have been done to prevent from diabetes complication, and one of them is by foot massage and lower extremity joint movement. Measuring the value of ankle brachial index (ABI) is one of non-invasive actions to evaluate the risk for peripheral vascular in primary treatment. The objective of this research was to determine the influence of foot massage and  joint movement exercise on ABI value in DM Type 2 patients. The research used quasi experiment method with pretest-posttest group design and two intervention groups. The samples were 40 DM Type 2 patients, taken by using consecutive sampling technique. Intervention was given by conducting  foot massage and  lower extremity joint movement exercise. Wilcoxon Signed Ranks statistic test showed that there was the difference in pre and post intervention of foot massage and lower extremity joint movement from ABI value, for (p=0.00). The conclusion was that foot massage and lower extremity joint movement exercise could increase ABI value if it was done continuously. It could also increase blood flow to artery. This research could bean input for nursing care to make physical exercises such as foot massage and lower extremity joint movement as prevention from risk of longterm Complications in DM Type 2 patients.


Author(s):  
Elvipson Sinaga ◽  
Khairunnisa Batubara

Cognitive decline interferes with activities of daily living and social activities in the elderly. One of the physical exercises that can be applied in order to delay cognitive function is by means of brain exercise because it is believed to provide much-needed stimulation for dementia patients. This study aims to determine the effect of brain exercise on short-term memory (Dementia) in the elderly at the Sibolangit Health Center, Sibolangit District, Deli Serdang Regency. The design of this research is Quasi Experiment Design using One-group pretest posttest design. The sample in this study were 49 respondents using purposive sampling. Data analysis using Paired Sample T-Test. The results showed a P-value of 0.0001 (P-value <0.05) so it can be said that there were changes before and after carrying out brain exercise in the elderly at the Sibolangit Health Center, Sibolangit District, Deliserdang Regency. Brain exercise is one of the physical activity therapies that can improve the memory of the elderly or often also called dementia.


2021 ◽  
Vol 100 (12) ◽  
pp. 1404-1411
Author(s):  
Ilzira A. Minigalieva ◽  
Iuliya V. Ryabova ◽  
Marina P. Sutunkova ◽  
Vladimir B. Gurvich ◽  
Larisa I. Privalova ◽  
...  

Introduction. Exposure to lead associated with working conditions (especially in mining and metallurgical production) is usually combined with muscular work. However, the influence of this combination on the pathological process development has not been thoroughly studied. Materials and methods. During six weeks, white outbred male rats received intraperitoneal lead acetate at a dose of 11 mg / kg, corresponding to 1/20 LD50, three times a week and/or five times a week physical exercises (forced running for 10 minutes at a speed of 25 m/min). Results. As can be seen from the results, lead caused statistically significant shifts in 33.5% of the organism’s status indices, pointing to the onset of a moderate subchronic intoxication. Content of coproporphyrin in urine and percentage of reticulocytes in the peripheral blood increased, the average content of haemoglobin in the erythrocyte decreased. Under physical activity the harmful effect of lead enhanced in 23.7% of indices and weakened in 28.9% of indices. We did not find changes in 47.4% of indices. Conclusion. Lead intoxication changes ambiguously under the influence of physical exercises. The type of combined effect of lead toxicity and physical activities depends on the outcome by which this type is assessed, on this outcome’s level and the dose ratio.


2021 ◽  
Vol 50 (2) ◽  
pp. 33-37
Author(s):  
E. I. Sazykina ◽  
E. K. Ailamazyan ◽  
D. .A. Niauri ◽  
T. A. Evdokimova

Physicians, including gynecologists, who deal with sportswomen, do not always consider in their everyday practice the changes in female reproductive function caused by severe physical exercises. A t the same time, this problem is so important, that in 1992 American College of Sports Medicine introduced the term Female Athlete Triad, describing interrelationships between eating disorders, amenorrhea and osteoporosis. It is well known that menarche in athletes occur later than in sedentary women, 5-50% o f athletes are amenorrheic, anovulation takes place in 16%, luteal phase deficiency -in 4 2 % of female athletes. The high rate of ovarian insufficiency among athletes and theirprobable unfavorable sequelae require the problems in treatment andprevention of reproductive disorders in female athletes to be solved. This must be done within the modem standards of reproductive medicine.


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