Acta medica Lituanica
Latest Publications


TOTAL DOCUMENTS

399
(FIVE YEARS 150)

H-INDEX

5
(FIVE YEARS 3)

Published By Lithuanian Academy Of Sciences

2029-4174, 1392-0138

2022 ◽  
Vol 29 (1) ◽  
pp. 1
Author(s):  
Eglė Žilėnaitė ◽  
Laura Malinauskienė ◽  
Kęstutis Černiauskas ◽  
Linas Griguola ◽  
Kotryna Linauskienė ◽  
...  

Background: Allergic reactions after messenger RNA (mRNA)-based COVID-19 vaccines have been reported but detailed descriptions and further actions are not well characterized. Objective: To describe the symptoms of possible allergic reactions after the mRNA COVID-19 vaccine and outcomes of further vaccination. Methods: We descriptively analyzed data of adult (≥18 years of age) patients, who were sent for vaccination to our outpatient center for the Diagnostics and Treatment of Allergic and Immune diseases. All patients were vaccinated with the Pfizer–BioNTech Comirnaty® vaccine.Results: From January 2021 to July 2021 twenty-two patients were vaccinated in our center. Six patients experienced a reaction after the first Comirnaty® dose in different vaccination centers. The majority of them complained of various types of rashes after the first dose, one case was consistent with anaphylaxis. The latter patient was tested with the skin prick using Pfizer–BioNTech Comirnaty® vaccine and the test was negative. Other sixteen patients were vaccinated in our center from the first dose because of past allergic reactions to other medication or due to concomitant mast cell disorder. All patients were vaccinated without any immediate adverse reactions.Conclusions: None of our patients experienced repeated cutaneous reactions after the second dose. Patients with previous anaphylaxis or mastocytosis also were safely vaccinated.


2021 ◽  
Vol 28 (2) ◽  
pp. 21
Author(s):  
Deb K. Boruah ◽  
Bidyut Bikash Gogoi ◽  
Kuntal Kanti Das ◽  
Kalyan Sarma ◽  
Pranjal Phukan ◽  
...  

Background: Prompt diagnosis and early treatment institution are important in intraventricular neurocysticercosis(IVNCC) as compared to the parenchymal or racemose form because it is associated with a poorer patient prognosis. Intraventricular neurocysticercosis is often missed on CT scan or conventional cranial magnetic resonance imaging because of similar density or signal intensity of cysticercus lesion with cerebrospinal fluid. Thestudy aims to evaluate the added value of 3D-DRIVE and SWI MRI sequences in isolated intraventricular cysticercosis with acute neurological presentation.Methods and Materials: This retrospective study was carried out on diagnosed 10patients with isolated intraventricular neurocysticercosis(IVNCC) presented to a tertiary care hospital with an acute onset of symptoms or acute neurological deficit between June 2019 to May 2021. Relevant neurological examination, CSF analysis, a serological test of neurocysticercosis and MRI scan of the brain were performed.Result: Tenpatients of isolated intraventricular neurocysticercosis (3 males and 7 females) having 3 pediatric and7 adults were included in this study sample.The common neurological complications of the isolated intraventricular neurocysticercosis in this study are observed as obstructive hydrocephalus in 8(80%) patients and ependymitis in 7(70%) patients.IVNCC with distinctly visualized scolex (visibility score 2) identified in 2(20%) patients in T2WI, 8 (80%)patients in 3D-DRIVE and 3(30%) patients in SWI sequences. The cyst wall of IVNCC was distinctly visualized (visibility score 2) in 1(10%) patient in T2WI, 8(80%) patientsin 3D-DRIVE and 6(60%) patients in SWI sequence.Conclusion: Heavily T2-weighted steady-state and SWI sequences should be added to routine MRI sequences that helps to identify IVNCC and should be used in patients with unexplained hydrocephalus, especially in endemic regions of Neurocysticercosis.


2021 ◽  
Vol 28 (2) ◽  
pp. 20
Author(s):  
Evelina Petruškevičiūtė ◽  
Diana Bužinskienė

Background. Endometriosis is defined as a chronic, inflammatory, estrogen-dependent gynaecologic disease. It affects approximately 5–10% of reproductive-age women worldwide. Ovarian endometriosis is the most frequent form of this condition. Endometriotic cysts are found in about 17–44% of women diagnosed with endometriosis. It is well known, that ovarian endometriomas can cause infertility and chronic pelvic pain. Enlarging cysts can also cause ovarian torsion. In addition, ovarian endometriosis slightly increases the risk for ovarian cancer. The rupture of endometriotic ovarian cysts is an exceptional complication. According to the literature, the prevalence is less than 3% among women with endometriosis. The rupture of an ovarian endometrioma can cause acute peritonitis, which can lead to sepsis, septic shock and can be lethal. The occurrence of abscesses within an ovarian endometrioma is an extremely rare complication. Generally, the origin of infected endometriotic ovarian cysts is related to the previous invasive procedures involving pelvic organs or the use of intrauterine devices. Also, ovarian abscesses can be caused by the hematogenous or lymphatic spread of bacteria. Although, the literature points out that infection of endometriotic ovarian cysts can develop spontaneously. In these rare cases, reservoir and route of infection remains an enigma.Case report. A 49-year-old female was brought to the emergency room with severe generalized lower abdominal pain (6/10) and three days lasting fever. Abdominal examination revealed diffuse abdominal pain with anterior abdominal wall muscle tension. Painful solid masses were felt on both sides of the uterus during the pelvic examination. Cystic masses were detected in both ovaries during transvaginal sonography. Computer tomography (CT) of the abdomen and pelvis revealed abnormal changes in both ovaries. A small amount of free fluid was found in the pelvic cavity along with thickened pelvic peritoneum. Suspecting acute peritonitis and bilateral tubo-ovarian abscesses, surgical treatment was performed. Lower midline laparotomy with bilateral adnexectomy and abdominal lavage with 4000 ml normal saline were done. The outcome of peritonitis was evaluated using the Mannheim peritonitis index (MPI=17 – low risk of morbidity and mortality). The histopathological examination revealed the diagnosis of bilateral endometriotic cysts complicated with acute inflammation, with associated acute inflammation of both fallopian tubes. Microbiological cultures from the purulent fluid were negative.Conclusions. Although the occurrence of abscesses within an ovarian endometrioma is an extremely rare finding in clinical practice, it has to be considered by gynaecologists because it might result in a surgical emergency that can be life-threatening. Being aware of the risk factors of abscesses within an endometrioma can lead to an early diagnosis of this rare condition and help to avoid serious complications.


2021 ◽  
Vol 28 (2) ◽  
pp. 19
Author(s):  
Veena Mariam Joseph ◽  
Donboklang Lynser ◽  
Iadarilang Tiewsoh ◽  
Kaustuv Dutta ◽  
Pranjal Phukan ◽  
...  

Spontaneous pneumomediastinum is a rare but potentially life-threatening condition, the incidence of which has showed an increase in patients with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia, especially when they are on positive pressure ventilation. None of the reported cases of covid related pneumomediastinum had an associated tracheal diverticulum. Also, to the best of our knowledge, tracheal diverticulum has not been reported in patients on NIV. We report 2 cases of COVID-19 pneumonia on NIV with pneumomediastinum, which also had associated tracheal diverticulum, one of which developed after NIV. Though the establishment of causality needs further research, early detection of a tracheal diverticulum, which might be a harbinger of pneumomediastinum, can be a timely alarm to prompt titration of the pressure settings and judicious use of NIV. The role of inverted grey scale CT images in mediastinal window is a simple, yet hardly utilised radiological tool to increase detection of ‘mediastinal air’, let it be free air or air within a diverticulum. Through this case report, we would like to highlight the role of conventional and inverted CT imaging of pneumomediastinum and tracheal diverticulum in general and in SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia in particular, and to call for more objective research to throw light on the plausible relationship between pneumomediastinum and tracheal diverticulum.


2021 ◽  
Vol 28 (2) ◽  
pp. 18
Author(s):  
Evelina Boreikaitė ◽  
Vytautas Bilius ◽  
Elžbieta Bumbul-Mazurek ◽  
Žana Bumbulienė

This is the first case describing vaginal papillomatosis with a fibroepithelial polyp of the vulva in a prepubertal girl and vaginal papillomatosis in her twin sister. Parents contacted pediatric urologist regarding their eight-year-old daughter (twin A), who had a growth next to the external urethral meatus. The girl was referred to a pediatric surgeon. The exophytic 3 cm long structure with necrosis on top was found. After obtaining informed consent from girl parents, pediatric surgeon removed the exophytic structure and perform cystoscopy and vaginoscopy for possible changes in the bladder and vagina. Cystoscopy findings were normal. On vaginoscopy, numerous macroscopic papillomatous structures were identified on the cervix and vaginal walls. Vaginal biopsies were performed on the areas affected by papillomatosis. Histopathologic examination showed a fibroepithelial polyp with a central fibrovascular core covered by squamous epithelium and vaginal squamous papillomatosis. The decision was made to perform vaginoscopy on her twin sister (twin B), too. On vaginoscopy, solitary small vaginal papillomas were also found. In this case manifestation of vaginal papillomatosis in twins might have been influenced by inheritance and the same bacterial and viral environment.


2021 ◽  
Vol 28 (2) ◽  
pp. 17
Author(s):  
Christos Damaskos ◽  
Nikolaos Garmpis ◽  
Anna Garmpi ◽  
Vasiliki Epameinondas Georgakopoulou ◽  
Alexandros Patsouras ◽  
...  

Pancreatic cancer is as an aggressive malignancy with low survival rates. We present the first case of an operation of acute mesenteric ischemia performed in a patient with end-stage pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Through this case, we also discuss raising concerns regarding the management of severe complications such as acute mesenteric ischemia in patients with progressed pancreatic carcinoma. How ethical is to leave patients untreated? The decisions for management of patients with advanced disease are strongly based on the expected quality of life, ethical principles, different religions and spiritualities, and the burden of healthcare cost.


2021 ◽  
Vol 28 (2) ◽  
pp. 16
Author(s):  
Marija Svetikienė ◽  
Dainius Trybė ◽  
Marius Strioga ◽  
Jevgenija Veželienė ◽  
Viktoras Isajevas ◽  
...  

Background. Cardiac surgery provokes an intense inflammatory response that can cause an immunosuppressive state and adverse postoperative outcomes. We recently showed that postoperative immunonutrition with glutamine in “fragile” low-risk cardiac surgery patients was associated with a significantly increased level of CD3+ and CD4+ T cells. In order to clarify the biological relevance and clinical importance of these findings, we investigated whether an increase in the CD4+ T cell level was caused by changes in the systemic inflammatory response (caused by surgery or infection) and if it was associated with their activation status.Methods. A randomized control study of low operative risk but “fragile” cardiac surgery patients was performed. Patients were randomized into immunonutrition (IN) and control groups (C). The IN group received normal daily meals plus special immune nutrients for 5 days postoperatively, while the C group received only normal daily meals. Laboratory parameters were investigated before surgery and on the sixth postoperative day and the groups were compared accordingly. The expression of the CD69+ marker was investigated to determine T cell activation status. Serum concentrations of cytokines (interleukin-10 (IL-10), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6)) and C-reactive protein (CRP) were determined to assess the systemic inflammatory response, while procalcitonin (PCT) levels were evaluated to confirm or deny possible bacterial infection.Results. Fifty-five patients were enrolled in the study. Twenty-seven (49.1%) were randomized in the IN group. Results show that on the sixth postoperative day, the CD4+CD69+ and CD8+CD69+ counts did not differ between the IN and C groups, accordingly 0.25 [0.16–0.50] vs 0.22 [0.13-0.41], p=0.578 and 0.13 [0.06–0.3] vs 0.09 [0.05–0.14], p=0.178. Also, statistically significant differences were not observed in the cytokine levels (IN and C groups: TNF-α 8.13 [7.32–10.31] vs 8.78 [7.65–11.2], p=0.300; IL-6 14.65 [9.28–18.95] vs 12.25 [8.55–22.50], p=0.786; IL-10 5.0 [5.0–5.0] vs 5.0 [5.0–5.0], p=0.343 respectively), which imply that an elevated T cell count is not associated with the systemic inflammatory response. Also, PCT (IN and C groups: 0.03 [0.01–0.09] vs 0.05 [0.03–0.08], p=0.352) and CRP (IN and C groups 62.7 [34.2–106.0] vs 63.7 [32.9–91.0], p=0.840) levels did not differ between the two groups. Moreover, low levels of PCT indicated that the increase in T cell count was not determined by bacterial infection.Conclusions. Our findings showed that CD4+ T cell levels were associated with neither the systemic inflammatory response nor bacterial infection. Secondly, increases in T cells are not accompanied by their activation status. These results suggest a hypothesis that a higher postoperative T cell concentration may be associated with postoperative immunonutrition in low-risk cardiac surgery patients with intact cellular vitality, i.e. “fragile”. However, immunonutrition alone did not affect T cell activation status.


2021 ◽  
Vol 28 (2) ◽  
pp. 13
Author(s):  
Birutė Gricienė ◽  
Monika Šiukšterytė

 Background. Patients, especially children, are exposed to substantially high doses of ionising radiation during computed tomography (CT) procedures. Children are several times more susceptible to ionising radiation than adults. Diagnostic reference levels (DRLs) are an important tool for monitoring and optimising patient radiation exposure from radiological procedures. The aim of this study is to estimate the ionising radiation exposure doses and set local DRLs for head CT examinations according to age and to compare local DRLs with national and European DRLs and with literature data in other countries.Materials and methods. Scan parameters of single-phase head CT examinations were collected. Patients were grouped by age in the following intervals: <1, 1−5, 5−10, 10−15 and 15−18 years. Local age-based DRLs set as the 3rd quartile of the median dose-length product (DLP) were calculated. Literature analysis was performed on PubMed search engine on inclusion criteria: publication date 2015–2020, used keywords paediatric computed tomography, paediatric CT, diagnostic reference levels (DRLs). The 23 articles discussing paediatric DRLs were further analysed.Results. Data was collected from 194 paediatric head CT examinations performed in 2019. The median DLP values for head CT were 144.3, 233.7, 246.4, 288.9, 315.5 for <1, 1−5, 5−10, 10−15 and 15−18 years old groups. Estimated local DRLs for head CT examinations are 170, 300, 310, 320, 360 mGy*cm for <1, 1−5, 5−10, 10−15 and 15−18 years age groups respectively and 130, 210, 275, 320 mGy*cm for 0−3 months, 3 months−1 year, 1−6 years and ≥ 6 years age groups respectively.Conclusions. Results of this study showed that settled new local DRLs of head CT examinations were 2–4 times lower than national DRLs and about 2 times lower than European DRLs. Moreover, the study indicated that paediatric head CT doses are significantly lower in comparison with those indicated in the majority of published data from other hospitals over the last 6 years. Patient dose assessment and local DRLs establishment plays important role in future exposure optimisation.


2021 ◽  
Vol 28 (2) ◽  
pp. 12
Author(s):  
Domas Grigoravičius ◽  
Edvardas Žurauskas ◽  
Vygantas Gruslys ◽  
Rolandas Zablockis ◽  
Edvardas Danila

Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia is a rare interstitial lung disease with different onset of symptoms, which responds rapidly to glucocorticoid treatment. We present a case of cryptogenic organizing pneumonia which manifested as a progressive 3-year dyspnea that ultimately has led to acute respiratory failure. Moreover, treatment with prednisone for this patient exhibited slow onset of the effect.


2021 ◽  
Vol 28 (2) ◽  
pp. 11
Author(s):  
Behnam Baghianimoghadam ◽  
Aidin Arabzadeh ◽  
Yousef Fallah

Introduction: Chondroectodermal dysplasia (Ellis–van Creveld syndrome (EVC)) (OMIM: #225500) is a rare skeletal dysplasia with unknown exact prevalence. EVC patients may have abnormal skeletal and extra skeletal symptoms. We report a case of EVC patient and review previous cases reported in Iran.Materials and methods: The patient was a 30 years old woman referred to our hand clinic for an extra finger in both hands. She was born to a consanguineous marriage. The patient had a history of bilateral valgus deformity of the knees, for which she underwent proximal tibial and distal femoral osteotomy. Upon examination, the patient had bilateral polydactyly and brachymetacarpia with hypotrophic fingernails. She was about 120 cm tall and had acromesomelic type dwarfism. Oral examination revealed serrated incisal margins, dental transposition, a diastema, conical teeth and, enamel hypoplasia. In the radiographic examination of upper extremity, postaxial polydactyly and polymetacarpia, enlarged distal radius, and fusion of capitate and hamate were seen. We searched online databases (Pubmed, Scopus, Google Scholar) and found 14 Iranian papers with 21 reported patients (there was no time limit). We reviewed available clinical and genetic data and the geographic origins of patients.Results: 14 articles reporting 22 EVC patients (including our patient) from Iran have been published in Persian and English (7 in Persian and 7 in English). All patients presented with characteristic EVC symptoms but were diagnosed at a relatively late age, 18 patients were born to consanguineous marriages.Conclusions: It seems that based on these studies, it is possible to identify some families with this genetic mutation. We can warn such families of the dangers of consanguineous marriage through genetic counseling before marriage. In addition, by identifying families with such problems, we can detect such anomalies in the baby earlier with more careful prenatal care.


Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document