Comparison between the British and American Methods in Designing Concrete using Local Aggregate in the City of Mosul Preparation

Mohammed Taher Abdul Rahman Al-Haidari

This research included an applied study for the design of concrete mixtures by following the method of the American Concrete Institute (ACl) and the method of the Building Research Center in England (British method) to restriction which of these two methods is more suitable for use and application in the design of concrete mixtures when using local aggregate (gravel and sand taken from the area Badush and Aski Mosul), where job mixes were made using the mixing ratios obtained from these two methods, and a comparative study was made for the properties concrete resulting in the soft state (workability )and the hardened state (compressive resistance), and the results proved the following: A- In general, when discussing the results according to mixing ratios and workability levels, the method of the Building Research Center in England (the British method) gave higher results than the results obtained by the American Concrete Institute method (the American method) when using the above local aggregate whereas results shown increase in (workability) and Compressive strength. This increase amounts to the percentages shown in the table below: Compressive strength (%) Slump test (%) workability 10.48 14.40 Precipitation = 10-8 cm 12.10 21.40 Precipitation = 18-15 cm Table (1-1) B- It is possible to make another comparison, when fixing the proportion of water/cement, it turns out that the method of the Building Research Center in England (the British method) gives higher workability than the method of the American Concrete Institute (the American method) and for the same proportion of cement/ water, the American method gives Higher compressive strength than the British method. C- The building research center method is a more practical and applicable method more than the American Concrete Institute method because it takes the type of cement, the type of aggregate and other properties of the aggregate (especially particle shape) into consideration

2015 ◽  
Vol 1129 ◽  
pp. 477-483 ◽  
C. Junco ◽  
A. Rodríguez ◽  
J. Gadea ◽  
V. Calderón

An experimental analysis is performed on the fatigue behaviour of composite specimens made with Portland cement, sand, water, and polyurethane foam wastes. Different mixtures were firstly prepared through the substitution of different amounts of sand by equivalent volumes of polyurethane. The test pieces underwent cyclic compression tests, to study the deformability of different strengths of mortars under fatigue. A total of 2,000 cycles of loading and unloading, estimated at between 55% and 65% of the breakage load were applied to each specimen. The experimental results indicate that the elastic properties of the polyurethane mortars remained practically constant in comparison with the standard mortar samples. In addition, a comparative study of the mechanical properties of these mortars was conducted before and after each fatigue test. Their compressive strength showed no reduction in ultimate compressive resistance, indicating good resistance to fatigue.

2020 ◽  
Vol 322 ◽  
pp. 01039
Lais Alves ◽  
Nordine Leklou ◽  
Silvio de Barros

Concrete is a major construction material that produces high levels of carbon dioxide in its manufacturing process. Hence the construction sector is responsible for relevant environmental impacts. This justifies the need to find materials as green and ecological alternatives to common Portland cement. Geopolymers represent the most promising alternative due to its proven durability, mechanical and thermal properties. This study investigates the effects of solid-to-liquid and alkali activator ratios on the synthesis of slag-based pure geopolymer and their relation to the geopolymerization process. Two activating solutions were used: a) a mixture of sodium hydroxide, sodium silicate, and water; and b) a mixture of potassium hydroxide solution, potassium silicate, and water. As precursor material, ground blast furnace slag was used. Precursors and activators were mixed with solid-to-liquid ratios in range of 1.5 to 2.2. In the first stage of the study, the mechanical properties were evaluated for each activating solution. In the following stage, different formulations, with variations in the water percentage and solid-to-liquid ratio were tested for mechanical properties and SEM observations. Test results indicate that the resulting geopolymer has the potential for high compressive strength and is directly affected by the composition of the activating solution. It can also be observed that compressive strength was affected by solid-to-liquid ratio and % of water added to the mixture, and strength increased with ageing day.

2019 ◽  
Vol 289 ◽  
pp. 09003
Kosmas K. Sideris ◽  
A. Chatzopoulos ◽  
Ch. Tassos ◽  
P. Manita

The objective of this work was to study the influence of crystalline admixtures on the durability of concrete. Four concrete mixtures – two reference concretes and two alternative mixtures-were produced during the first phase of the research. Influence of curing on the activation of the crystals was investigated on concrete slab specimens. The properties measured were the compressive strength and different durability indicators. The results revealed that crystalline admixtures enhanced the strength and the durability of the alternative mixtures.

2005 ◽  
Vol 19 (4) ◽  
pp. 272-277 ◽  
Letícia Brandão ◽  
Gelson Luis Adabo ◽  
Luís Geraldo Vaz ◽  
José Roberto Cury Saad

The purpose of this study was to compare the compressive strengths and compressive fatigue limits of three posterior composite resins (Filtek P-60, Surefil and Prodigy Condensable) and a universal restorative composite (Z-100). Cylindrical specimens (8 mm in length x 4 mm in diameter) were used. The dynamic test was performed using the staircase method, and the ratio between compressive fatigue limit and compressive resistance was also calculated (n = 15). The compressive strength and compressive fatigue limit data were analyzed by Anova and Tukey’s test. The Z-100 composite demonstrated higher compression strength (307.20 MPa) than Surefil (266.93 MPa) and Prodigy Condensable (222.08 MPa). The resistance of Filtek P-60 (270.44 MPa) was similar to the resistances of Z-100 and Surefil, while Prodigy Condensable presented the lowest compressive strength. In the compressive fatigue limit tests, Filtek P-60 demonstrated a higher value (184.20 MPa) than Prodigy Condensable (155.50 MPa). Surefil (165.74 MPa) and Z-100 (161.22 MPa) presented limits similar to those of Filtek P-60 and Prodigy Condensable. The compressive fatigue limit/compressive strength ratio was 70.01% for Prodigy Condensable, 68.11% for Filtek P-60, 62.09% for Surefil and 52.48% for Z-100. It was concluded that the Z-100 universal composite was more sensitive to the dynamic test than the high viscosity materials.

2012 ◽  
Vol 5 (6) ◽  
pp. 798-811
A. B. Rohden ◽  
D. C. C. Dal Molin ◽  
G. L. Vieira

The Brazilian standard NBR 7212 states that the time of transporting the concrete between the start of mixing should be less than 90 minutes so that by the end of the discharge is a maximum of 150 minutes. Yet often, in construction, concrete is used after this period. In order to investigate the behavior of concrete after setting time of cement was cast six concrete mixtures with two types of cement. The mixtures were produced and kept fresh for six hours, adopting a procedure for maintenance of abatement by superplasticizer and agitation. The results show that of the test piece molded over six hours of maintained or increased the compressive strength average.

2015 ◽  
Vol 4 (4) ◽  
pp. 520 ◽  
Mohammad Al-Rawashdeh ◽  
Ashraf Shaqadan

The purpose of this research is to investigate the feasibility of using basalt aggregates and plasticizers in concrete mixes. An elaborate experimental program that included a variation of plasticizer and basalt in concrete mixes. The laboratory investigation included measurements of sieve analysis, compressive strength, and slump test. The compressive test was evaluated at 7, 14, 28 days of curing time. The results show significant improvement in concrete strength up to 2% of additive plasticizer after that concrete strength was reduced.

2018 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. 73 ◽  
Hanbing Liu ◽  
Guobao Luo ◽  
Longhui Wang ◽  
Wensheng Wang ◽  
Wenjun Li ◽  

Pervious concretes, such as sustainable pavement materials, have great advantages in solving urban flooding, promoting urban ecological balance, and alleviating urban heat island effect, due to its special porous structure. However, pervious concrete typically has high porosity and low strength. The insufficient strength and poor freeze-thaw durability are important factors that restrict its wide application, especially in seasonal frozen areas. Improving the strength and freeze-thaw resistance of pervious concrete will expand its application. Silica fumes, as an industrial by-product waste and supplementary cementitious material, play an important role in improving concrete performance. The objective of this paper was to study the effects of silica fumes on properties of sustainable pervious concrete. Silica fumes were used to replace cement with the equivalent volume method at different levels (3%, 6%, 9%, and 12%). The control pervious concrete and silica fume-modified pervious concrete mixtures were prepared in the lab. The porosity, permeability, compressive strength, flexural strength, and freeze-thaw resistance properties of all mixtures were tested. The results indicated that the addition of silica fumes significantly improved the strength and freeze-thaw resistance of pervious concrete. The porosity and permeability of all pervious concrete mixtures changed little with the content of silica fumes due to the adoption of the equal volume replacement method.

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