thyroid cancer cell
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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (5) ◽  
pp. 996-1001
Neng Jiang ◽  
Shunfu Zhu ◽  
Jianjun Zhu

Objective: Suppressors of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3) negatively regulates JAK-STAT signaling. Bioinformatics analysis showed a targeted relationship between miR-221 and SOCS3 mRNA 3′-UTR. This study investigated whether miR-221 regulates SOCS3 expression and affects thyroid cancer cells. Methods: Dual-luciferase reporter gene experiments verified the relationship between miR-221 and SOCS3. The tumor tissues and adjacent tissues of patients with thyroid cancer were collected to detect miR-221 and SOCS3 level. Thyroid cancer cell line KTC-1 cells were assigned into miR-NC group and miR-221 inhibitor group followed by analysis of SOCS3, p-JAK2, and p-STAT3 level by Real-time PCR, cell apoptosis and cell proliferation by flow cytometry and cell invasion by Transwell assay. Results: Compared with adjacent tissues, miR-221 level in tumor tissues was increased, and SCOS3 mRNA level was decreased. There was a targeted relationship between miR-221 and SOCS3 mRNA. MiR-221 level in KTC-1 and TPC-1 cells was increased, while SOCS3 mRNA level was decreased. MiR-221 inhibitor can significantly upregulate SOCS3 mRNA and protein in KTC-1 cells, reduce the expression of p-JAK2, p-STAT3 protein, increase cell apoptosis, and reduce cell proliferation and invasion. Conclusion: The increased miR-221 and decreased SOCS3 expression are related to thyroid cancer pathogenesis. MiR-221 can inhibit the expression of SOCS3, affect JAK-STAT signaling activity, and regulate the proliferation and apoptosis of thyroid cancer cells.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-10
Heming Zhang ◽  
Mingtao Tan ◽  
Jing Zhang ◽  
Xiao Han ◽  
Yue Ma

Objective. This study explores the effect and mechanism of propofol for thyroid tumor. Methods. Culture human normal thyroid cells Nthy-ori 3-1 and thyroid cancer cell line TPC-1. TPC-1 cells were divided into the propofol group (treated with propofol), miR-141-3p group (transfected with the miR-141-3p mimic), negative control group (transfected with miR-NC), miR-141-3p + pcDNA-BRD4 group (transfected with the miR-141-3p mimic and pcDNA-BRD4), miR-141-3p + pcDNA group (transfected with the miR-141-3p mimic and pcDNA), siBRD4 group (transfected with siBRD4), and si-control group (transfected with si-control). The detection of miR-141-3p and BRD4 expression in cells was done by RT-qPCR, and the dual-luciferase reporter gene method and western blotting were used to verify the targeting relationship between miR-141-3p and BRD4. MTT method was used to test cell proliferation, transwell method was used to test cell migration and invasion, and western blotting was used to test SHH, GLI1, p-PI3K, and p-AKT protein expression. Results. Compared with Nthy-ori 3-1 cells, the expression of miR-141-3p in TPC-1 cells was markedly decreased. Propofol treatment and excessive expression of miR-141-3p could influence the phenotype of TPC-1 cells. BRD4 is one of the target genes of miR-141-3p, and its expression is negatively regulated by miR-141-3p. Overexpression of BRD4 can partially reverse the restraining effect of miR-141-3p on the TPC-1 cell phenotype. Both miR-141-3p and BRD4 can regulate the activity of SHH and PI3K/AKT signaling pathways. Conclusion. Propofol can inhibit the activity of SHH and PI3K/AKT pathways by targeting downregulating BRD4 through miR-141-3p, thereby inhibiting the phenotype of TPC-1 cells.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-11
Yunchao Xin ◽  
Xiaoling Shang ◽  
Xiaoran Sun ◽  
Yachao Liu ◽  
Guogang Xu ◽  

Objectives. Abnormal expression of trefoil factor 3 (TFF3) in breast, stomach, and colon tumors may be related to the occurrence of tumors, suggesting its role in angiogenesis. In this study, the aim was to explore the role of TFF3 in thyroid cancer. Methods. TFF3 expression analysis was performed via GEPIA and RT-PCR. To explore the effects of TFF3 on thyroid cancer cell motility, cell function assays were performed. Furthermore, GSEA pathway analysis and western blot were used to explore the mechanism by which TFF3 represses the progression of thyroid cancer cells. Results. Here, we showed that low expression level of TFF3 in thyroid cancer is related to thyroid cancer nodal metastasis. The patients with low TFF3 expression showed worse disease-free survival than those with high level of TFF3. Underexpressed TFF3 increased cell motility and inhibited cell apoptosis. We found that the levels of IL-6, p-JAK2/JAK2, and pSTAT3/STAT3 were inhibited in the pcDNA-TFF3 group compared to the pcDNA-NC group and these factors were upregulated in the si-TFF3 group compared to the si-NC group in BCPAP and TPC-1 cells. Conclusion. TFF3 inhibits thyroid cancer cell progression related to IL-6/JAK/STAT3 signaling pathway.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-12
Zhongqin Gong ◽  
Lingbin Xue ◽  
Minghui Wei ◽  
Zhimin Liu ◽  
Alexander C. Vlantis ◽  

Papillary thyroid cancer can dedifferentiate into a much more aggressive form of thyroid cancer, namely into anaplastic thyroid cancer. Nrf2 is commonly activated in papillary thyroid cancer, whereas its role in anaplastic thyroid cancer has not been fully explored. In this study, we used two cell lines and an animal model to examine the function of Nrf2 in anaplastic thyroid cancer. The role of Nrf2 in anaplastic thyroid cancer was investigated by a series of functional studies in two anaplastic thyroid cancer cell lines, FRO and KAT-18, and further confirmed with an in vivo study. The impact of Nrf2 on the sensitivity of anaplastic thyroid cancer cells to lenvatinib was also investigated to evaluate its potential clinical implication. We found that the expression of Nrf2 was significantly higher in anaplastic thyroid cancer cell line cells than in papillary thyroid cancer cells or normal control cells. Knockdown of Nrf2 in anaplastic thyroid cancer cells inhibited their viability and clonogenicity, reduced their migration and invasion ability in vitro, and suppressed their tumorigenicity in vivo. Mechanistically, knockdown of Nrf2 decreased the expression of Notch1. Lastly, knockdown of Nrf2 increased the sensitivity of anaplastic thyroid cancer cells to lenvatinib. As knockdown of Nrf2 reduced the metastatic and invasive ability of anaplastic thyroid cancer cells by inhibiting the Notch 1 signaling pathway and increased the cancer cell sensitivity to lenvatinib, Nrf2 could be a promising therapeutic target for patients with anaplastic thyroid cancer.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Chunmei Hu ◽  
Zhichen Kang ◽  
Lixin Guo ◽  
Fuling Qu ◽  
Rongfeng Qu

Thyroid cancer is a commonly diagnosed endocrine malignancy with increasing incidence worldwide. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are known to function in the invasion and metastasis of thyroid cancer. According to the GSE66783 microarray dataset, long intergenic nonprotein coding RNA 284 (LINC00284) is aberrantly upregulated in thyroid cancer tissues. However, information regarding the specific role of LINC00284 in thyroid cancer remains elusive. Therefore, the current study set out to determine the role of LINC00284 in the development of thyroid cancer, along with an investigation of the underlying molecular mechanism. In parallel with the microarray data from GSE66783, LINC00284 was observed to be expressed at high levels in thyroid cancer cell lines. Moreover, loss-of-function experiments revealed that the downregulation of LINC00284 reduced aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity and thyroid cancer cell proliferation, colony formation, and invasiveness, which promoted cell apoptosis. Mechanistically, using dual-luciferase reporter, RNA pull-down, and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assays, LINC00284 was identified to competitively bind to microRNA-30d-5p (miR-30d-5p), which was observed to be expressed at low levels in thyroid cancer tissues and cells and directly targets the oncogene a disintegrin and metalloproteinase 12 (ADAM12). Overexpression of miR-30d-5p exerted tumor-suppressive effects on the malignant activity of thyroid cancer cells, changes that were reversed by LINC00284 overexpression or ADAM12 overexpression. Furthermore, LINC00284 activated the Notch signaling pathway by competitively binding to miR-30d-5p and increasing the expression of ADAM12. Finally, by performing in vivo experiments, we found that LINC00284 silencing or miR-30d-5p overexpression suppressed the tumorigenic ability of thyroid cancer cells and that overexpression of miR-30d-5p inhibited the LINC00284-induced tumorigenesis of thyroid cancer cells. Collectively, our findings indicate that LINC00284 competitively binds to miR-30d-5p and activates the ADAM12-dependent Notch signaling pathway, thereby promoting the development of thyroid cancer.

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