Physical Activities
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2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Author(s):  
Markus Buser ◽  
Herbert Woratschek ◽  
B. David Ridpath

PurposeIn this paper, Fantasy Sports (Hereafter FS) is conceptually classified as a concept of gamification for professional sport leagues. From a sporting perspective, FS is often criticized because such online activities may be at the expense of physical activities. Otherwise, gamification can ultimately lead to economic advantages for sport leagues. To further empirically analyse this supposed juxtaposition, an empirical study is presented.Design/methodology/approachIn the empirical study, participation and non-participation in a sport league-related FS league are analysed and the study uses a divided sample (N = 319) for a one-factor Welch-ANOVA. FS effects on sport practice (engaging in doing sport) and usage (engaging with sport) of FS players as well as on gaining and retaining fans are investigated.FindingsResults demonstrate that participating in gamified FS experiences increases sport usage while not harming general sport practice. Furthermore, FS participation increases consumption capital as well as sport fans' loyalty and word of mouth (WOM) towards the league brand. Building on the results, league brands should foster gamified FS applications to retain their fan base and acquire new fans.Originality/valueThe authors’ theoretical contribution indicates the importance of FS as a gamified application and essential marketing tool for professional sport leagues. By introducing the terms sport practice and usage, the authors bridge the traditional logic of sport consumption with innovative approaches around engagement in and with sports. The results refute the prejudice that FS leads to less physical activity due to time substitution or displacement.


2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Paulina S. Melby ◽  
Peter Elsborg ◽  
Glen Nielsen ◽  
Rodrigo A. Lima ◽  
Peter Bentsen ◽  
...  

Abstract Background Research indicates that childhood motor competence (MC) can predict physical activity (PA) levels later in life and it has been argued that frequently engaging in a wide diversity of physical activities will eventually improve children’s MC. However, no longitudinal or experimental studies have confirmed this theoretical rationale. The aims of this study are to explore the longitudinal associations between diversified physical activities at age six and later MC and PA (time spent in moderate-to-vigorous PA) (age nine and 13). Furthermore, we explore to what extent the longitudinal association between diversified physical activity and PA is mediated by MC. Methods Longitudinal data from the Copenhagen School Intervention Study were used for this analysis, where 704 participated (69% response rate). Diversified physical activity (self-reported), MC (The Körperkoordinationstest für Kinder battery of postural stability and locomotor skills) and PA (accelerometer) were assessed in the children at age six, age nine and age 13. A total of 654 participated in at least two of the measures and, therefore, were included in the analysis. Two structural equation models were constructed, with diversified physical activity at age six and MC and PA at age nine as predictors of PA and MC at age 13. Results The data from both models demonstrated good model fit. Diversified physical activity at 6 years of age was significantly associated with physical activity and MC at age 13, when adjusting for sex, age, intervention, weight, height, and previous levels of PA and MC. Diversified physical activity at age six was also positively associated with PA and MC at age nine, which were, in turn, positively related to PA at age 13 but to a lesser degree than diversified PA at age six. The association between diversified physical activity at age six and PA at age 13 was not mediated by MC at age nine. Conclusions The results of this study indicate that diversified physical activity at age six is important for the development of MC and PA in adolescence. Increasing the diversity of children’s daily physical activities, not only the amount and intensity, seems important for future PA behavior and thereby health promotion in a life course perspective.


2021 ◽  
Vol 13 ◽  
Author(s):  
Shuichi Yanai ◽  
Shogo Endo

Aging is characterized generally by progressive and overall physiological decline of functions and is observed in all animals. A long line of evidence has established the laboratory mouse as the prime model of human aging. However, relatively little is known about the detailed behavioral and functional changes that occur across their lifespan, and how this maps onto the phenotype of human aging. To better understand age-related changes across the life-span, we characterized functional aging in male C57BL/6J mice of five different ages (3, 6, 12, 18, and 22 months of age) using a multi-domain behavioral test battery. Spatial memory and physical activities, including locomotor activity, gait velocity, and grip strength progressively declined with increasing age, although at different rates; anxiety-like behaviors increased with aging. Estimated age-related patterns showed that these functional alterations across ages are non-linear, and the patterns are unique for each behavioral trait. Physical function progressively declines, starting as early as 6 months of age in mice, while cognitive function begins to decline later, with considerable impairment present at 22 months of age. Importantly, functional aging of male C57BL/6J mouse starts at younger relative ages compared to when it starts in humans. Our study suggests that human-equivalent ages of mouse might be better determined on the basis of its functional capabilities.


2021 ◽  
Vol 31 (Supplement_2) ◽  
Author(s):  
Jmp Melo ◽  
Icsc Rosendo ◽  
Lmms Santiago ◽  
Ja Simões ◽  
Paap Santos

Abstract Background The macrovascular complications are the main cause of death of diabetic patients. Health literacy is the capacity one can have in order to acquire, interpret, understand and communicate the information related to health, necessary for the diabetes control and, consequently, for the cardiovascular prevention. The main goal of this project is to understand the relationship between health literacy and the occurrence of cardiovascular events in a person with type 2 diabetes mellitus, as well as its relationship with adherence, enablement and quality of life. Methods Cross-sectional national pilot study of a prospective cohort, carried out in persons with DM2 selected by convenience in aleatory health regions. The Medical Term Recognition Test, the Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities, the Diabetes Empowerment Scale–short version-and the European Quality of Life–Visual analogue scale-were used. The Spearman correlation and the U of Mann Whitney test were used for statistical analysis. Results No significative relation was found between health literacy and the occurrence of cardiovascular events. However, people with previous isquemic coronary disease had an inferior evaluation in the literacy scale. People with more literacy were more predisposed to adhere to a specific diet, but not so much to physical activities. There was a significative relation between health literacy and the values of LDL (P = 0.046), age (P ≤ 0.001), education (P ≤ 0.001) and the Socio Economic Deprivation Index (P ≤ 0.001). Conclusions It is essential to continue to amplify the sample so that the longitudinal research can be achieved.


Children ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (8) ◽  
pp. 669
Author(s):  
Alina Drozdowska ◽  
Michael Falkenstein ◽  
Gernot Jendrusch ◽  
Petra Platen ◽  
Thomas Lücke ◽  
...  

This study investigated the relationship between different levels of physical fitness and cognitive functions in boys and girls. Schoolchildren from a comprehensive school in Germany (n = 211, 39% girls, 5th and 6th grade) attended regular or sport-focused classes with different numbers of physical education (PE) classes per week (3 vs. 5–6 h). Performance of physical fitness was tested according to endurance, strength, speed, coordination and flexibility. Four computerized instruments (switch task, 2-back task, Corsi block-tapping task and flanker task) were used to test cognitive functions. Additional predictors, sex, age, PE class, Body Mass Index and physical activity, were included in analyses. The results showed that physical fitness was associated with improved attention and memory functions in children, although the associations were mostly small. After Bonferroni correction, mainly coordination was related to improved cognition. Physical activity, i.e., step counts, PE class and sex were associated with specific cognitive outcomes. These findings may be important for effective health promotion, and supporting children’s education in the school environment. Sex-specific physical activities in school could potentially lead to greater cognitive benefits in children. Randomized trials are needed to replicate these results.


2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (8) ◽  
pp. 1024
Author(s):  
Durmuş Koç ◽  
Ahmet Çağdaş Seçkin ◽  
Zümrüt Ecevit Satı

The risk of accidents while operating a drone is quite high. The most important solution is training for drone pilots. Drone pilot training can be done in both physical and virtual environments, but the probability of an accident is higher for pilot trainees, so the first method is to train in a virtual environment. The purpose of this study is to develop a new system to collect data on students' educational development performance of students during the use of Gamified Drone Training Simulator and objectively analyze students' development. A multimodal recording system that can collect simulator, keystroke, and brain activity data has been developed to analyze the cognitive and physical activities of participants trained in the gamified drone simulator. It was found that as the number of trials increased, participants became accustomed to the cognitive load of visual/auditory tasks and therefore the power in the alpha and beta bands decreased. It was observed that participants' meditation and attention scores increased with the number of repetitions of the educational game. It can be concluded that the number of repetitions lowers stress and anxiety levels, increases attention, and thus enhances game performance.


2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (1) ◽  
pp. 37-42
Author(s):  
Snehita Prasad ◽  
Mritunjay Kumar Mishra ◽  
Tapeshwar Yadav

Introduction: India has undergone a remarkable demographic transition over the period time. Socioeconomic status indicators including education, income, and occupation are associated with coronary heart disease risk factors, morbidity, and mortality. Objective: To assess the socioeconomic status and diet restriction in patients with coronary artery diseases. Methods: The present study was a type of observational study conducted on total 200 subjects in Dhiraj Hospital, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth from August-2019 to July-2020 after ethical approval. Out of which 100 were coronary artery diseases and 100 were healthy controls. Patients with other than coronary artery diseases were excluded from the study, data were collected with the help of a pre-val­idated questionnaire and analyzed by SPSS-16 software. Results: Eighty-nine subjects with coronary artery diseases and seventy-five healthy controls were physically inactive. Eighty-five subjects with coronary artery diseases do not have any diet restriction, however, fifty-nine subjects had exposure to only primary education. Conclusion: Majority of the subjects were from a rural area, there were high illiteracy levels so there was low awareness. Patients could come to know the importance of physical activities and how to maintain a normal weight by following a dietary regimen to minimize the risks of disease.


Author(s):  
I-Hua Chu ◽  
Yu-Ling Chen ◽  
Pei-Tzu Wu ◽  
Wen-Lan Wu ◽  
Lan-Yuen Guo

Self-determined motivation (SDT) and self-efficacy theory have been widely used for understanding individuals’ physical activity motivation and self-efficacy. However, there is a gap of evidence on the relations between SDT and multidimensional self-efficacy with device-measured physical activity in healthy adults. Questionnaires including the behavior regulation in exercise questionnaire version 2 (BREQ-2) and the multidimensional self-efficacy for exercise scale (MSES) were completed by the participants at baseline. All participants wore an accelerometer for seven days to record their physical activities at baseline and eight-week follow up. In total, thirty healthy adults completed the study (12 men, 18 women). The results showed that intrinsic motivation and scheduling self-efficacy had significantly positive associations with moderate-to-vigorous physical activity energy expenditure and duration. Multiple regression analysis showed that the relative autonomy index, task and scheduling efficacy could predict physical activity at baseline, but no SDT or self-efficacy variable could predict physical activity behavior after eight weeks. These results showed that the associations between motivation and self-efficacy with physical activity might change within a short period of time, which suggests that the regular assessment of motivation and self-efficacy might be needed in interventional programs to promote continued physical activity participation in healthy adults.


2021 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-15
Author(s):  
M’hamed Bilal Abidine ◽  
Belkacem Fergani

Mobile phone based activity recognition uses data obtained from embedded sensors to infer user’s physical activities. The traditional approach for activity recognition employs machine learning algorithms to learn from collected labeled data and induce a model. To enhance the accuracy and hence to improve the overall efficiency of the system, the good classifiers can be combined together. Fusion can be done at the feature level and also at the decision level. In this work, we propose a new hybrid classification model Weighted SVM-KNN to perform automatic recognition of activities that combines a Weighted Support Vector Machines (WSVM) to learn a model with a Weighted K-Nearest Neighbors (WKNN), to classify and identify the ongoing activity. The sensory inputs to the classifier are reduced with the Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA). We demonstrate how to train the hybrid approach in this setting, introduce an adaptive regularization parameter for WSVM approach, and illustrate how our method outperforms the state-of-the-art on a large benchmark datasets.


Nutrients ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (8) ◽  
pp. 2605
Author(s):  
Yufei Qi ◽  
Sareena Hanim Hamzah ◽  
Erya Gu ◽  
Haonan Wang ◽  
Yue Xi ◽  
...  

School gardening activities (SGA) combined with physical activities (PA) may improve childhood dietary intake and prevent overweight and obesity. This study aims to evaluate the effect of SGA combined with PA on children’s dietary intake and anthropometric outcomes. We searched studies containing randomized controlled trials up to January 2021 in Web of Science, PubMed, Cochrane Library, and the EBSCO database on this topic for children aged 7 to 12 years. Fourteen studies met the requirements for meta-analysis (n = 9187). We found that SGA has no obvious effect on improving children’s BMI (WMD = −0.49; p = 0.085; I2 = 86.3%), BMI z-score (WMD = −0.12; p = 0.235; I2 = 63.0%), and WC (WMD = −0.98; p = 0.05; I2 = 72.9%). SGA can effectively improve children’s FVs (WMD = 0.59, p = 0.003, I2 = 95.3%). SGA combined with PA can significantly increase children’s FVs but cannot greatly improve weight status. Although more studies on this topic are needed to prove the effectiveness of this method, the results of our review show that both SGA and SGA combined with PA has a modest but positive impact of reducing BMI and WC outcomes but can significantly increase children’s FVs.


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