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Audit plays an important role in maintaining and issuing high-quality financial statements. This article investigates the factors that can affect auditor choice in developing countries. The authors utilize STATA to test Binary Logistic on a sample of Vietnamese listed firms data during the period between 2014 and 2017. These studies have examined the characteristics of the firm itself or the client's characteristics, prompting the process of selecting an auditor in the same regulatory environment. The results present that there is a positive relationship between firm size, firm growth, and auditor choice. While financial leverage has a negative relationship with the selection of audit firms.

YMER Digital ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 21 (01) ◽  
pp. 261-266
Dr. Nabha Kamble ◽  

India is one of the emerging economies in the world. For economic development, foreign direct investment (FDI) is needed, to facilitate the investment climate. There is a need to integrate its financial reporting with rest of the economies of the globe so that investors from outside will appreciate the financial results and financial positions of the companies. This will provide uniformity and comparability of financial statements with the financial statements prepared in other countries. At present, Indian companies are preparing their financial statements as per Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP). These Principles are based on IFRS issued by International Accounting Standard Board (IASB). However, these principles were modified substantially as per Indian laws and practices.

2022 ◽  
Vol 4 (3) ◽  
pp. 663-682
Khoirunnisa Nur Hasanah ◽  
Teguh Erawati

This study aims to prove the effect of capital structure, liquidity, profitability and firm age on earnings quality. The type of research used is quantitative research and secondary data. The sample of this research is mining companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX) in 2017-2020 using purposive sampling. This study shows that capital structure has no significant effect on earnings quality, liquidity has no significant effect on earnings quality, profitability has no significant effect on earnings quality and firm age has no significant effect on earnings quality. The implications of this research are related to earnings quality. Investors and other users of financial statement information, need to consider the liquidity factor because this factor has a significant impact on the quality of earnings in the company. This shows that users of financial statements, especially investors, need to consider the liquidity factor when making investment decisions in affiliated companies. Keywords: Capital Structure, Liquidity, Profitability, Company Age, Earnings Quality

2022 ◽  
Vol 07 (01) ◽  
Zulhelmy M. Hatta ◽  

This study aims to analyze how the application of financial accounting in Islamic boarding schools in Riau Province. The research method is descriptive qualitative that is comparing theory and practice carried out by Islamic boarding schools. Sources and research data obtained from primary and secondary data The number of informants obtained amounted to 9 boarding school administrators. The object of the research is a boarding school in the province of Riau. The result of the research is that all Islamic boarding schools in terms of their accounting application have not followed or applied the accounting standards that have been set by the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles. The accounting applied is still very simple, that is, it still uses a general cash book and there is no journalizing. The financial statements made are only limited to general financial accountability. For this reason, it is necessary to socialize Accounting Standards for Islamic Boarding Schools, because according to the management they have never received accounting training in their Islamic boarding schools.

2022 ◽  
Vol 4 (3) ◽  
pp. 943-961
Anugrah Sepnu Utama ◽  
Risal Rinofah ◽  
Pristin Prima Sari

This study aims to determine whether there is an effect of Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR), Non Performing Loan (NPL) on Profitability (ROA) with Efficiency (BOPO) as an Intervening Variable, in conventional commercial banks in Indonesia listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange period (2016). -2020). Sampling using the purposive sampling method with the criteria that the bank has a complete published report in 2016-2020, and the bank has a non-negative ROA. This study uses data obtained from the bank's Annual Financial Statements issued by the bank in the Financial Services Authority (OJK) Bank Published Financial Statements. The analytical technique used is a statistical test through the Ttest, Ftest, R2, Multiple Regression Test, and Sobel Test using the Sobel Test Calculator for the Significance of Mediation. The results of the analysis on the t test show that CAR has a negative and insignificant effect on ROA, NPL has a negative and insignificant effect on ROA, BOPO has a negative and significant effect on ROA. CAR has a negative and significant effect on BOPO, NPL has no significant effect on BOPO. And the results of the Sobel test showed that BOPO was able to mediate the CAR variable on ROA but was unable to mediate the effect of NPL on ROA. Keywords: CAR; NPL; ROA; BOPO

2022 ◽  
Vol 3 (2) ◽  
pp. 243-254
Rina Hartanti ◽  
Ratna Darasih ◽  
Koramen Haulian Sirait

Abstract Abstract :The importance of education in improving the quality of life of a nation and state is well recognized by the Bina Amanah Cordova Entrepreneurship School as an Entrepreneurial Human Resource educational institution that provides free education to high school graduates who have economic constraints in continuing their education to a higher level of education and  allow  a definitive answers regarding the existing economic constraints. The School of Entrepreneurship Bina Amanah Cordova is in dire need of  Lecture  who can provide knowledge and skills in accounting through financial recording training  for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (UMKM). Therefore, the Faculty of Economics and Business - Trisakti University in order to help meet the needs of these teaching staff, in collaboration with the Bina Amanah Cordova Entrepreneurship School carry out Community Service (PKM) by providing practical training on recording MSME financial transactions in accordance with SAK-ETAP Accounting standards. , begins with an explanation of the understanding and accounting process starting from recording financial transactions in journals to the posting process to the general ledger and financial statements, practicing accounting questions, and discussing financial recording problems that Cordova students still face. The results after the PKM implementation were in line with expectations, where participants were very enthusiastic about asking about SAK-ETAP accounting and answering the accounting exercises given.

Neraca ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (2) ◽  
pp. 14-37
Muhamad Yusuf ◽  
U Usamah ◽  
Uswatun Khasanah

The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of Auditor Opinion, Profitability, Liquidity, Company Size, Age of the company to Audit Delay on real estate and property companies listed on the BEI both simultaneously and partially. The population of this study is a real estate and property company listed on the Stock Exchange in 2015 until 2017.             The sample method used is Purposive Sampling with the number of companies as many as 12and 61 samples used in this study. The data used is secondary data, namely date and financial statements of real estate and property companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in 2015 until 2017. Analysis technique used in this study is multiple linier regression analysis.             Based on the result of test which is tested with t test of variable profitability and company size have a significant effect to variable of Audit Delay. The variables of Auditor Opinion, Liquidity, Age of the company have no effect on audit delay. While based on simultaneous test (F test) of Auditor Opinion, Profitability, Liquidity, Company Size, and Age of the company have influence to Audit Delay. The amount of  R2 in real estate and property in Indonesia amounted to 0.977 this shows the effect of independent variables ie auditor opinion, profitability, liquidity, company size, and age of the company to variable Audit Delay can be explained by this equation model of 97.7% while the remaining 2.3% influenced by other factors outside the study.   Keyword: Audit Delay, Auditor Opinion, Profitability, Liquidity, Company Size, Age of the company

2022 ◽  
Vol 5 (2) ◽  
Husni Shabri ◽  
Anisa Azhari

<div class="WordSection1"><p class="abstrak"><em>This research examines the problem of profitability in </em><em>Islamic Rural Bank (BPRS)</em><em> in West Sumatra Province. The purpose of this study was to analyze </em><em>Third Party Funds </em><em>(DPK), Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR) and Non Performing Financing (NPF) as determinants that affect Return on Asset (ROA) at BPRS in West Sumatra Province through the intervening variable Financing to Deposit Ratio (FDR) for the 2015-2020 period. The research method uses descriptive quantitative approach with statistical path analysis through Sobel test. This study uses secondary data obtained from the financial statements of the BPRS. The results showed that DPK, CAR and FDR had no direct effect on the ROA of BPRS in West Sumatra Province for the 2015-2020</em><em> </em><em>period, only NPF had a direct effect on ROA. While indirectly through intervening variables, DPK and NPF have no effect on ROA, only CAR can be mediated by FDR on ROA. This research contributes to enriching knowledge about Islamic banking and can be used as consideration for entities in increasing the profitability of Islamic Rural Bank by looking at the factors that can affect profitability with FDR as the mediating variable.</em><em></em></p><p class="abstrak" align="left"> </p><p class="abstrak">Penelitian mengkaji tentang masalah profitabilitas pada BPRS di Provinsi Sumatera Barat. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis DPK CAR dan NPF sebagai determinan yang mempengaruhi ROA pada BPRS di Provinsi Sumatera Barat melalui intervening variable FDR periode 2015-2020. Metode penelitian menggunakan kuantitatif deskriptif dengan pendekatan statistik <em>path analysis</em> melalui uji sobel. Penelitian ini menggunakan data sekunder yang diperoleh dari laporan keuangan BPRS. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa DPK, CAR dan FDR secara langsung tidak memiliki pengaruh terhadap ROA BPRS di Provinsi Sumatera Barat periode 2015-2020, hanya NPF yang berpengaruh langsung terhadap ROA. Sedangkan secara tidak langsung melalui variable intervening, DPK dan NPF tidak memiliki pengaruh terhadap ROA, hanya CAR yang mampu dimediasi oleh FDR terhadap ROA. Hasil penelitian ini berkontribusi menambah khazanah ilmu pengetahun tentang perbankan syariah dan dapat digunakan sebagai bahan pertimbangan bagi entitas dalam meningkatkan profitabilitas Bank Pembiayaan Rakyat Syariah dengan memperhatikan fator-faktor yang dapat mempengaruhi profitabilitas dengan FDR sebagai variabel mediasi nya.     </p><p class="abstrak"> </p></div>

Neraca ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (2) ◽  
pp. 1-13
Tutut Dwi Andayani ◽  
Lilik Nur Indah ◽  
Sobrotul Imtikhanah

This study aims to test the effectiveness of internal control, information asymmetry, suitability of compensation and compliance of accounting rules against tendencies of accounting fraud. This study used quantitative methods with primary data obtained directly from respondents’s answer to questionnaries. The population in this study is all the authorities and responsible for the use of budgeted fubds, accounting implementes and people whose duties are related to the preparation of financial statements and accountability reports ini OPD Kendal Regency. This study used purposive sampling method with 66 respondents as the sample. The data analysis method used in this study was multiple linear regression analysis with IBM SPSS Statistics 21. The results of this research showed that (1) The effectiveness of internal control has a significant effect on the tendency of accounting fraud, (2) Information asymmetry has a significant effect on the tendency of accounting fraud, (3) The suitability of compensation has no significant effect on the tendency of accounting fraud, (4) Compliance of accounting rules has no significant effect on the tendency of accounting fraud, (5) Effectiveness of internal control, information asymmetry, the suitability of compensation and the observance of accounting rules simultaneously have a significant  effect on the tendency of accounting fraud.  

2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 770
Bojana Vuković ◽  
Kristina Peštović ◽  
Vera Mirović ◽  
Dejan Jakšić ◽  
Sunčica Milutinović

The primary aim of this paper is to determine the indicators that have an influence on the company growth in the field of agriculture, forestry, and fisheries during the six-year period (2014–2019). This sector is very important for sustainable development, bearing in mind the need to preserve natural resources, i.e., land, water, plant, and animal resources. Sustainable development of this sector is of satisfactory technical-technological development, economically sustainable, and socially acceptable. The sample consists of 1333 observations of active companies on the European market. Multiple regression analysis was used in order to thoroughly analyze the variables of growth. The obtained results showed that company size has a negative impact on growth, while return on assets and leverage have a positive impact on growth. The impact of these variables was statistically significant. Along with the influence of observed determinants based on data from financial statements, the future growth and development of companies in this sector will certainly depend on the volume of investments, pricing policy, credit and natural conditions, agricultural policy measures, and adequate institutional support through the provision of financial support and encouragement of exports of products. Institutional incentives for more intensive integration of the agriculture, forestry, and fisheries sector are aimed at achieving the concept of integrated sustainable development.

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