islamic banking
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2022 ◽  
Vol 4 (2) ◽  
pp. 214
Fadilla Muhammad Mahdi

This study aims to identify the determinants of non-performing financing (NPF) in Islamic banks in Indonesia. The study objects are the Islamic banking industry during the first quarter of 2008 until the third quarter of 2019. The variables in this study are inflation, growth of Gross Domestic Product (PDB), and Bank Indonesia rate. The statistic method used is the Vector Error Correction Model (VECM). The result shows that inflation shock significantly affects the trend of NPF, while others do not give significant effect to NPF of Islamic Banking.  

2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 916
Evren Tok ◽  
Abdurahman Jemal Yesuf

Value-based banks strive to build a self-sustaining banking model with inclusive and transparent governance that is sustainable and resilient to external disturbances. Initiatives for value-based intermediation in Islamic finance started in Malaysia. The growth in VBIBs is accompanied by claims about its relative resilience to crisis and efficiency compared to VBBs and conventional banks. However, little empirical evidence is available to support such claims. This study aims to analyze the resilience and efficiency of VBIBs compared to the VBBs and GSIBs. It highlights the role of value-based strategy in developing a sound and resilient Islamic banking system to overcome future crises and further strengthen the impacts of Islamic banks. The study used quantitative and content analysis research methods, with data collected from the annual reports of 10 VBIBs from 2017 to 2020. The empirical results show that VBIBs have better risk-adjusted capital levels and asset quality, enabling them to be more resilient during crises. They provide more satisfactory returns compared to the VBBs and GSIBs. However, VBBs have a better asset structure and growth rate, which contributes to the real economy. The overall findings suggest that adopting value-based strategies in Islamic banking improve banks’ sustainability, resilience, and social impacts by concentrating resources on value-based activities that provide economic resiliency and enhance inclusive and sustainable economic growth. The study fills gaps in the current Islamic finance literature concerning empirical studies on value-based Islamic banking. It also helps practitioners to understand the relative efficiency, resilience, and social impact of VBIBs.

2022 ◽  
Vol 6 (2) ◽  
pp. 97
Sinta Purnama Sari

Developing Islamic finance in Indonesia is needed to strengthen a sustainable economic structure. This issue is based on the promising potential of Islamic economic and financial development. This study examines the impact of credit risk, the spread of interest rates, and liquidity on bank profitability. The population in this study is Islamic banking companies in Indonesia during the 2014-2018 period. The sample was chosen from the purposive sampling method and obtained a sample of 50 companies from several criteria. This research uses multiple linear regression analysis with the help of SPSS version 21. This research shows that credit risk and liquidity affect bank profitability. At the same time, the spread of interest rates does not affect banks' profitability.

2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (1) ◽  
pp. 24-42
Md. Kausar Alam ◽  
Oli Ahad Thakur

The main objective of this article is to describe the logical reasons why a Centralized Shariah Governance Framework (CSGF) provided by the Central Bank of Bangladesh (Bangladesh Bank) is essential for the country’s Islamic banks. In doing so, it identifies the major regulatory challenges (self-developed and disparate use of Shariah Governance (SG) practices) faced by Islamic banks in Bangladesh. It considers an analytical approach to explore the significance of a CSGF for Islamic banks in Bangladesh and examines the current diversified procedures of SG practices. This article reveals that the self-developed SG practices of Islamic banks in Bangladesh have created confusion and pessimism among the practitioners, bankers and even to the general people and regulators which is negatively affecting the overall image of Islamic banks. Such incongruent governance practices have led to inconsistencies in SG structures, implementation procedures, monitoring activities. In addition, this article reveals that these deficiencies usually exist due to weak monitoring systems of the Central Bank, ineffective functioning of individual Shariah Supervisory Boards (SSB) and the absence of comprehensive SGF. The article argues that the Central Bank of Bangladesh should initiate to reform its Islamic banking industry by introducing a CSGF aimed to identify the roles, responsibilities, powers, and functions of SSB; thereby improving governance, accountability, and overall Shariah compliance quality. This article is hoped to be beneficial for the regulators and practitioners to consider revising current practices.   Keywords: Centralization, Bangladesh Bank, Islamic banks, Shariah governance framework.   Cite as: Alam, M. K., & Thakur, O. A. (2022). Why does Bangladesh require a centralized Shariah governance framework for Islamic banks?  Journal of Nusantara Studies, 7(1), 24-42.

2022 ◽  
Vol 5 (2) ◽  
Husni Shabri ◽  
Anisa Azhari

<div class="WordSection1"><p class="abstrak"><em>This research examines the problem of profitability in </em><em>Islamic Rural Bank (BPRS)</em><em> in West Sumatra Province. The purpose of this study was to analyze </em><em>Third Party Funds </em><em>(DPK), Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR) and Non Performing Financing (NPF) as determinants that affect Return on Asset (ROA) at BPRS in West Sumatra Province through the intervening variable Financing to Deposit Ratio (FDR) for the 2015-2020 period. The research method uses descriptive quantitative approach with statistical path analysis through Sobel test. This study uses secondary data obtained from the financial statements of the BPRS. The results showed that DPK, CAR and FDR had no direct effect on the ROA of BPRS in West Sumatra Province for the 2015-2020</em><em> </em><em>period, only NPF had a direct effect on ROA. While indirectly through intervening variables, DPK and NPF have no effect on ROA, only CAR can be mediated by FDR on ROA. This research contributes to enriching knowledge about Islamic banking and can be used as consideration for entities in increasing the profitability of Islamic Rural Bank by looking at the factors that can affect profitability with FDR as the mediating variable.</em><em></em></p><p class="abstrak" align="left"> </p><p class="abstrak">Penelitian mengkaji tentang masalah profitabilitas pada BPRS di Provinsi Sumatera Barat. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis DPK CAR dan NPF sebagai determinan yang mempengaruhi ROA pada BPRS di Provinsi Sumatera Barat melalui intervening variable FDR periode 2015-2020. Metode penelitian menggunakan kuantitatif deskriptif dengan pendekatan statistik <em>path analysis</em> melalui uji sobel. Penelitian ini menggunakan data sekunder yang diperoleh dari laporan keuangan BPRS. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa DPK, CAR dan FDR secara langsung tidak memiliki pengaruh terhadap ROA BPRS di Provinsi Sumatera Barat periode 2015-2020, hanya NPF yang berpengaruh langsung terhadap ROA. Sedangkan secara tidak langsung melalui variable intervening, DPK dan NPF tidak memiliki pengaruh terhadap ROA, hanya CAR yang mampu dimediasi oleh FDR terhadap ROA. Hasil penelitian ini berkontribusi menambah khazanah ilmu pengetahun tentang perbankan syariah dan dapat digunakan sebagai bahan pertimbangan bagi entitas dalam meningkatkan profitabilitas Bank Pembiayaan Rakyat Syariah dengan memperhatikan fator-faktor yang dapat mempengaruhi profitabilitas dengan FDR sebagai variabel mediasi nya.     </p><p class="abstrak"> </p></div>

Fuadi Fuadi ◽  
Ahmad Fauzul Hakim Hasibuan ◽  
Saparuddin Saparuddin ◽  
Sugianto Sugianto

This study examined the effect of inflation, BI Rate, and exchange rate on profitability in Islamic banking in Indonesia during 2009-2019. The population and sample in this study were all Islamic banking in Indonesia obtained by purposive sampling technique. This study used quantitative secondary data sourced from financial statements accessed on the official website of Bank Indonesia and the Financial Services Authority. The data analysis method used was Vector Auto-Regressive (VAR) analysis with the help of Eviews 10. The results of the Variance Decomposition (VD) test showed that inflation could affect Return on Assets (ROA) of 0.62%. It indicated that inflation had a low or insignificant effect on the Return On Assets (ROA) of Islamic banking. BI Rate could affect the Return on Assets (ROA) of 0.13%, which indicated that inflation had a low or insignificant effect on the Return On Assets (ROA) of Islamic banking, while the exchange rate could affect the Return on Assets (ROA) of 1.89%, which indicated that the exchange rate had a significant effect on the Return On Assets (ROA) of Islamic banking. Based on the results of this study, it concluded that the exchange rate was more dominant in influencing the Return on Assets (ROA) of Islamic banking in the short and long term.

Rida Alhamdi ◽  
Sugianto Sugianto ◽  
Saparuddin Siregar

Is how to develop products and services to boost productivity and competitiveness in the economic and business industries. As for the opportunities owned by Islamic banking to develop products and services to face industry 4.0, namely, the first is qualified human resources, the second is technological sophistication, and the third is the products that society needs in facing the industrial revolution 4.0. The results of this study are that there are several opportunities and challenges faced by Islamic banks in Indonesia in facing the industrial revolution 4.0 in the scope of financial technology (fintech). the three products that society needs in facing the industrial revolution 4.0. The results of this study are that there are several opportunities and challenges faced by Islamic banks in Indonesia in facing the industrial revolution 4.0 in the scope of financial technology (fintech). the three products that society needs in facing the industrial revolution 4.0. The results of this study are that there are several opportunities and challenges faced by Islamic banks in Indonesia in facing the industrial revolution 4.0 in the scope of financial technology (fintech).

2022 ◽  
Diana Eri Syafitri ◽  
Rachmad Risqy Kurniawan

Islamic banking is banking whose operations are based on sharia principles. The implementation system is by way of profit sharing, one of which is in musharakah transactions. Musharakah is cooperation in terms of capital which aims to obtain a profit. This study discusses the application/implementation of the rules of al-ghunm bil al-ghurm in musharakah financing in islamic banking. The purpose of this study was to describe and determine the relationship/correlation of al-ghunm bi al-ghurm rules in musharakah financing or capital cooperation in islamic banking.Keywords:shariah banking, al-ghunm, al-ghurm, musharakah.

2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 701
Salah Alhammadi

The aim of the present study was first to consider the impact of COVID-19 on Kuwait’s economy. Second, it attempted to examine the role of Islamic banking and finance in achieving socioeconomic justice and attaining best practices by securing social goods. Hence, the research assessed how Islamic banking and finance can help in reconstructing the economy based on Maqasid Al-Shari’ah (higher ethical objectives) to redevelop social, economic, and environmental welfare, especially in the COVID-19 era. A theoretical approach was adopted, namely, the grounded theory method (GTM), to explore COVID-19 related solutions for achieving sustainable economic development. The findings show that Islamic banking and finance can be employed to mitigate the impact of coronavirus and can be used as an alternative financial system to support both affected people and entrepreneurs. The paper expands on previous literature discussing the role of Islamic finance in management strategies through Islamic ethical objectives, with a particular focus on Kuwait’s post-COVID-19 era. This research can help policymakers to develop mechanisms and supporting approaches for Kuwait’s economy.

2022 ◽  
Vol 18 ◽  
pp. 136-143
Hermanita Hermanita ◽  
Suci Hayati

The growth of Islamic banking in Indonesia has occurred significantly, one of which is in the Metro City area, Lampung Province, Indonesia. Many consumers have moved from conventional banks to Islamic banks, even this has happened to non-Muslim consumers. This study aims to describe the factors that influence the behavior of non-Muslim consumers in Metro City, Lampung Province, Indonesia, when choosing Islamic banking services over conventional banks. This is because the understanding of non-Muslim customer switching behavior is very important, especially for Islamic banking, where the application of religious principles is contained therein. This research was conducted using a mixed method with quantitative and qualitative approaches. Data collection was carried out by filling out questionnaires and interviewing 40 non-Muslim customers who became customers at Islamic Bank. Furthermore, the data were analyzed statistically using ANOVA test and Post Hoc Test to see the influence of the factors that gave the most significant influence. The results of this study indicate that the factors of price, reputation, service quality, promotion, product, location, profit, coercion, and recommendations from other customers have a significant effect on non-Muslim customers to switch to services to Islamic banks with a significance value of 0.000 at ANOVA test. Of the nine factors, recommendation factors from other customers (whether friends, relatives, or family), price, and profit are the most influencing factors.

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