high school graduates
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2022 ◽  
Vol 3 (2) ◽  
pp. 243-254
Rina Hartanti ◽  
Ratna Darasih ◽  
Koramen Haulian Sirait

Abstract Abstract :The importance of education in improving the quality of life of a nation and state is well recognized by the Bina Amanah Cordova Entrepreneurship School as an Entrepreneurial Human Resource educational institution that provides free education to high school graduates who have economic constraints in continuing their education to a higher level of education and  allow  a definitive answers regarding the existing economic constraints. The School of Entrepreneurship Bina Amanah Cordova is in dire need of  Lecture  who can provide knowledge and skills in accounting through financial recording training  for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (UMKM). Therefore, the Faculty of Economics and Business - Trisakti University in order to help meet the needs of these teaching staff, in collaboration with the Bina Amanah Cordova Entrepreneurship School carry out Community Service (PKM) by providing practical training on recording MSME financial transactions in accordance with SAK-ETAP Accounting standards. , begins with an explanation of the understanding and accounting process starting from recording financial transactions in journals to the posting process to the general ledger and financial statements, practicing accounting questions, and discussing financial recording problems that Cordova students still face. The results after the PKM implementation were in line with expectations, where participants were very enthusiastic about asking about SAK-ETAP accounting and answering the accounting exercises given.

2022 ◽  
Vol 3 (1) ◽  
pp. 202-208
Balqis Dwiyanti Haedar ◽  
Rauly Ramadhani ◽  
Andi Sitti Rahma

Exclusive breastfeeding is a condition in which infants are only given breast milk without the addition of other fluids and foods. until the baby reaches 6 months old. Breast milk strengthen the immune system in infants so they can avoid various diseases including diarrhea. This study aims to determine the relationship between exclusive breastfeeding and the incidence of diarrhea in infants aged 0-6 months in the Sudiang Community Health Center. This research is an analytical survey research with a cross-sectional design. This research was conducted at the Sudiang Health Center, Makassar City in the period November 1st to December 31st, 2019. The total respondents were 89 mothers with babies aged 0-6 months. The results showed that most of the respondents were mothers with male babies (61%), most of the mothers' education was high school graduates (46%), housewives (75%) with low economic background (56%). Exclusive breastfeeding related to the incidence of diarrhea in children aged 0-6 months in the Sudiang Community Health Center with a value of p <0.05 (p = 0.001). In addition, no significant relationship on maternal nipple hygiene to diarrhea in children aged 0-6 months p <0.05 (p = 0.075). In conclusion, this study showed there is a relationship between exclusive breastfeeding and the incidence of diarrhea in children aged 0-6 months in Sudiang Health Center. There is a relationship between hand hygiene and the incidence of diarrhea in children aged 0-6 months in Sudiang Health Center, Makassar.

2022 ◽  
pp. 0192513X2110598
Kate H. Choi ◽  
Brandon G. Wagner

The General Educational Development (GED) degree is designed to be a credential equivalent to the high school diploma. However, growing evidence indicates that GED recipients have worse outcomes than high school graduates. Such findings raise the question: is the GED socially equivalent to the high school diploma? Although educational assortative mating patterns have long been used as a barometer of the social distance across educational groups, there has not been a study that has addressed this question by examining the marital sorting patterns of GED recipients. Using log-linear models, our study shows that the odds of intermarriage between GED recipients and high school graduates resemble those between GED recipients and those without a secondary degree. Racial/ethnic minorities had greater difficulty crossing the GED/high school graduate boundary when they married. Our findings detract from the purported view that the GED degree is equivalent to a traditional high school diploma.

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (3) ◽  
pp. 328-339
Aslı Günay ◽  
Ömer Açıkgöz ◽  
Zafer Çelik ◽  
Murat Öztürk

This current study aims to identify the problem areas of the post-secondary vocational schools and develop some possible actions that could be taken to improve them. In order to obtain information about the current status of these schools, a questionnaire was prepared and distributed to post-secondary vocational school employees and 167 industrial sector representatives. The answers of these respondents were analyzed by using factor analysis, and some indexes were generated. The results of this study suggest that the main problems of the post-secondary vocational schools are stated as the limited collaboration between the post-secondary vocational schools and the private sector firms, selection of inappropriate locations to open post-secondary vocational schools, limited social facilities, and the lack of job opportunities for some graduates of associate degree programs. Some institutional and educational recommendations are suggested by the participants for solving these problems. For example, to improve the institutional status of the post-secondary vocational schools, the duration of workplace training should be increased, machinery and equipment used in these schools should be enhanced, and employment demand projections should be taken into consideration while determining the student admission quotas. In terms of education and training, they propose that the education period should be extended for the students to gain professional skills and competences, and a preparatory class should be placed to improve the basic professional skills of the general high school graduates who enrolled in these schools.

2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (Supplement_1) ◽  
pp. 638-638
Ginny Natale ◽  
Yun Zhang ◽  
Douglas Hanes ◽  
Sean Clouston

Abstract Objective: The goal of the current study was to estimate the hazards of conversion from unimpaired to mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to probable dementia and death for underweight, normal, overweight and obese older adults in an aging cohort where the timing of examinations may be associated with the severity of dementia. Methods: We analyzed six waves of the National Health and Aging Trends Study (NHATS); a longitudinal aging cohort. Participants were classified into mutually exclusive cognitive statuses: cognitively unimpaired, MCI, probable dementia and death. Time-to-event ratios and cognitive transitions were examined with multistate survival models accounting for misclassification. BMI was computed from height and weight measurements and expressed in kg/m2 and categorized into underweight, normal, overweight and obese. Results: Participants (n=6,078) were 77 years old, on average, and the majority were white, females and high school graduates. About one third (32.68%) of the sample has normal BMI, one third is overweight (35.59%), the rests are obese (26.41%) or underweight (5.33%). After adjusting for the effects of diabetes, CVD, vigorous physical activity, age and race/ethnicity, the protective effect of obesity in late-life against developing dementia (HR=0.44; 95%CI[0.29-0.67]) and dying from dementia (HR=0.63; 95%CI[0.42-0.95). Discussion: Prior research shows the risk of dementia associated with obesity at older ages is either attenuated or reversed. Our findings support a protective factor of obesity in late-life against conversion to dementia and death.

2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (Supplement_1) ◽  
pp. 919-919
Erika Meza ◽  
Yea-Hung Chen ◽  
Isabel Allen ◽  
Hector Gonzalez ◽  
M Maria Glymour ◽  

Abstract Latinos face a growing burden of Alzheimer’s Disease and related dementia (ADRD). Although education has been established as a strong predictor of ADRD, evidence to date is primarily for non-Latino cohorts. Few studies have assessed the relationship between intergenerational education and one’s cognitive decline. Using the US Health and Retirement Study (N=20,860) we evaluated the joint effect of parental and own educational attainment on immediate and delayed verbal memory scores (range 0-10) from 1998 to 2016. The exposure was a 4-category variable based on parents’ (highest of mother’s or father’s) and participant’s own high school attainment: first-generation (parents’ education &lt;12; own ≥12); multi-generation (both ≥12: REF); neither graduated high school (both &lt;12) and parent(s) graduated high school but not respondent (parents ≥12; own &lt;12). Linear mixed effects models with subject-specific random intercepts and random slopes were stratified by race/ethnicity and tested for a 3-way interaction term (exposure x Latino x time). Models controlled for age, sex, place of birth and retest effects. Baseline verbal memory scores did not differ for first-generation compared to multi-generation high school graduates. Verbal memory decline was faster for first- compared to multi-generation high school graduates among non-Hispanic whites (e.g., β=-0.04; 95% CI: -0.05, -0.03, delayed verbal recall); among Latinos, first and multi-generation high school graduates had similar rates of decline (e.g. β=0.00; 95% CI: -0.03, 0.04, delayed verbal recall; p&lt;0.001 for three-way interaction). Our findings suggest social and economic policies that facilitate educational achievement, particularly for important population subgroups, may reduce ADRD risk.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Rebecca Erschens ◽  
Teresa Loda ◽  
Felicitas Stuber ◽  
Anne Herrmann-Werner ◽  
Christoph Nikendei ◽  

Background: Psychological distress, its associated stressors and resilience factors, and the implications derived for the education and training of medical students and physicians have long been the subject of international studies. The study presented here investigated affective symptoms in association with coping styles in the earliest phase of University medical education: high school graduates aiming to study medicine.Materials and Methods: We conducted a self-report survey at a medical school in Germany among high school graduates who indicated being interested in studying medicine at the university's on-campus recruitment day. The questionnaire included validated instruments for the self-assessment of symptoms of depression (i.e., Patient Health Questionnaire; PHQ-9) and anxiety (i.e., Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7 (GAD-7), and participants were also asked to rate functional and dysfunctional behavior-based coping styles for symptoms of depression and anxiety. Additional variables addressed were gender, motivation, interest in studying medicine, and parental employment in medicine.Results: Of 400 high school graduates, 346 (87%) completed the survey. More than 40 (12.5%) and nearly 30 (8.4%) reported relevant symptoms of depression (PHQ-9 sum score ≥10) and anxiety (GAD-7 sum score ≥10), respectively. Among the graduates, young women had higher values for symptoms of depression than young men, and one's interested exclusively in studying human medicine tended to have marginally higher levels of symptoms of depression than ones who were also interested in other subjects. Relevant functional coping styles included seeking social support, relaxing, engaging in sports, listening to or making music, and reading books, whereas relevant dysfunctional coping styles included consuming alcohol, abusing drugs, restrictive eating, watching TV, surfing the Internet, and withdrawing and ruminating.Conclusion: The results clarify the burden and associated resilience factors of premedical high school graduates at the earliest phase of their University education. As such, they reveal ways to address educational and supportive services and support the need for further investigation into factors of success in studying human medicine.

2021 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
pp. 316-321

This research explores innovative learning models to ensure that Indonesian vocational high school graduates still have an excellent competency after being hit by the Covid-19 pandemic. This research adopted the qualitative method by conducting content analysis. Based on the analysis, this study has discovered three innovative learning methods, namely [1] research-based learning; to enhance data literacy, [2] interactive multimedia-based learning; for increasing technological literacy, and [3] project-based learning; conducted to empower human literacy. The students’ capabilities to compete in the corporate world are better if they apply these three learning models. It would also reduce the risk of unemployment due to technological disruption during the pandemic and the increased population by acquiring these literacy skills. It is hoped that vocational high school graduates will be hired fast and able to take part in the corporate world and have the three new literacy skills as the principal capital in taking part in the corporate world. Keywords: Competence of vocational high school graduates; Covid-19 pandemic; Innovative learning models

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (11) ◽  
pp. 272-281
Yusi Srihartini ◽  
Iim Wasliman ◽  
Yosal Iriantara

The level of education of PAUD teachers in Bogor Regency is still a lot of only junior high school or high school graduates, not meeting the National Education Standards, PAUD learning is still focused on learning to read and write arithmetic (calistung), assistance to institutions provided by the local government still does not meet the needs of the number of institutions existing PAUD. This study aims to determine the policy of the Bogor Regency Education Office in Improving the Quality of PAUD Education. This research approach with qualitative methods and data collection through observation, interviews, and documentation studies. The policy of the Bogor Regency Education Office in improving the quality of PAUD has been carried out to the maximum in the competence of its teachers by providing education and training as well as providing incentive assistance to honorary teachers although it is carried out in stages. The implementation of PAUD policies always synergizes and partners with organizations/institutions whose members are managers and educators. Obstacles in implementing policies in Bogor Regency are still constrained in human resources, namely the number of inspectors as PAUD supervisors is not balanced with existing PAUD institutions. The results of policy implementation in improving quality with the spread of Holistic Integrative PAUD in Bogor Regency. Keywords: Policy, Quality, PAUD Education.

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