hermeneutic circle
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2022 ◽  
Vol 2 (1) ◽  
pp. 41-48
Yevhen Karpenko

The purpose of this article is to present a psychological hermeneutic triangulation model of emotional intelligence in the course of individual’s life fulfillment. In this context, the methodological framework and psychotechnical tools of positive psychotherapy contribute to the explication of the axiological potential of the emotional intelligence in three modes of realization: internal, external and integrative through the bodily sensation and emotional competence and understanding, interpretation and hermeneutic circle mechanisms. Application of positive psychotherapy at the empirical stage of the study has resulted in a training program for the development of emotional intelligence in the areas of individual’s life fulfillment relevant for the participants, as well as through individual consultations. The article presents evidence of the effectiveness of a prolonged formative experiment on the development of emotional intelligence by means of positive psychotherapy, which helped verify the author’s theoretical model. Keywords: emotional intelligence, positive psychotherapy, training, bodily sensation, emotional competence, mode of individual’s life fulfillment

Al-Ulum ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (2) ◽  
Yakobus Ndona ◽  
Liber Siagian ◽  
Pulumun Peterus Ginting

The writing aims to reveal the wealth of values in the philosophy of habonaron do bona and find inspiration for anti-corruption education in Indonesia. In order to approach this problem, the research uses Max Scheler's axiological thinking as the primary reference. The study took data through interviews with Simalungun community leaders in the Seribu Dolok area, Simalungun Regency. The collected data were analyzed using philosophical hermeneutics: vertehen, translation, and interpretation. The interpretation movement uses Paul Recouer's hermeneutic circle pattern. The results of data analysis show that habonaron do bona has primary values that are structured like the structure of Max Scheler's values. Habonaron do Bona, both related to primary values and values education patterns, can be implemented for anti-corruption education in Indonesia.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
pp. 21
Virna Ribeiro Feitosa Cestari ◽  
Lorena C. De Souza ◽  
Raquel S. Florêncio ◽  
Maria G.V. Sobral ◽  
Vera L.M.P. Pessoa ◽  

Objective: To understand the expectations of the professionals about the construction and use of an educational and follow-up application to care.Methods: Phenomenological and qualitative study. Convenience and purposive sampling were carried out and in-depth individual interviews with 35 professionals from the multidisciplinary team, between September and October 2020 in Brazil. All interviews were audio-recorded and data analyzed using the hermeneutic circle. The COREQ checklist was employed to report on the current study.Results: Two main units of meaning emerged: (a) The care of the person who lives with heart failure; and (b) The care of the person with heart failure intermediated by an application. Care for the person with the disease brings together elements related to the identification of demands and understanding of their surroundings, with guidance and use of technologies.Conclusions: The professionals were favorable to the development of an application and considered it beneficial. The use of it, would allow the approximation between patients and their family and the multidisciplinary team; respect the patient’s needs and overcome the precariousness of the health system.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 240-269
Housamedden Darwish

This article aims to clarify the meaning of “renovation of religious discourse”, specifically by defining the disciplines of this renovation and their importance in determining its meaning. The disciplines play a pivotal role in determining the nature, meaning, and possibilities of renovating religious discourse. To demonstrate this thesis, the article will first make some conceptual distinctions between ‘discourse of religion’ and ‘religious discourse’, between ‘religion’ and ‘religiosity’, between ‘renovation in religious discourse’ and ‘renovation of religious discourse’. Secondly, it will make a distinction between internal and external disciplines. Internal disciplines lie within the religious text itself and in the hermeneutic circle between understanding parts of the text and understanding it as a whole, between understanding and pre-understanding, between the inside and the outside. In doing so, the paper focuses mainly on the role of the ruling political and economic powers and authorities. The paper concludes that renovating religious discourse is a political and institutional issue rather than a purely religious one related to individuals and that it is conditional on the state and its political system, the extent of its actual adoption of the concepts of ‘the state of citizenship and law’, democracy, and the extent to which it protects freedoms, differences, and pluralism.

2021 ◽  
Vol 23 (7) ◽  
pp. 11-40
E. E. Neupokoeva ◽  
N. K. Chapaev

Introduction. The digitalisation of the education system has increased the importance of acquiring digital competencies. At the same time, soft-competencies changed their structure and acquired a specific digital component. Didactic communications, based on the acquisition of all three groups of competencies - soft, hard and digital, have been changed, especially in the field of information technology. Those cognitive and communicative difficulties, which were previously easily solved with direct contact, now require special soft-competencies of the teacher. The processes of the search for solutions to problems and the formulation of such problems become more acute. There is an urgent need to find ways to solve the problem of raising the effectiveness of cognitive interactions. Therefore, one such way could be the method for analysing the leading type of cognitive interactions in training through a hermeneutic approach.The aims of the present research are the following: to reveal scientific and methodological aspects of application of the hermeneutic approach in didactic communications training for vocational teachers; to demonstrate the example of a graphical representation of the model of the hermeneutic circle concerning cognitive processes for studying regulatory texts; to form the main provisions for the theory of preparation for effective professional communications as a tool for acquiring workplace flexibility skills.Methodology and research methods. The theoretical and methodological component of the research is based on hermeneutic, system-activity and integrative approaches. The main research findings are drawn upon the cognitive theory (theory of cognitive processes). Empirical research data were obtained through the included observation method, as well as through testing among the trainees.Results. A hermeneutic circle model was demonstrated. Such a model is the basis of the authors’ methodology for teaching didactic communications in the field of information technologies. The basics of the theory of preparation for effective professional communications were developed. A fundamental tool was described showing the effectiveness of the application of the hermeneutic approach. The publication discloses a mechanism for understanding and interpreting a user algorithm. For the first time, the hermeneutic circle model is presented for understanding and interpreting user instructions by people of socionomic professions. The obtained theoretical and practical results can be interpolated into any scientific sphere, which is studied in the framework of primary vocational education in university or college degree programmes.Scientific novelty. The publication considers the hermeneutic circle model as a visual image that illustrates the specifics of cognitive processes when studying user algorithms as the basis for information exchange in the field of IT. The model demonstrates the reasons for the appearance of “weaknesses” when providing training for teachers in didactic communications in the field of IT.Practical significance. Since the issue of teaching workplace flexibility skills remains open at the level of theoretical and practical tools, there are some prerequisites for its development. The publication can be recommended to educators involved in the development of integrative disciplines aimed at improving communication skills. The main theoretical provisions are considered through the example of didactic communications in the field of IT.

D.V. Popov ◽  
N.B. Polyakova ◽  
A.A. Shadrin ◽  
A.V. Yarkeev

The work of the 7th round table «Philosophy: Hermeneutics of Concepts» is devoted to bio- and chronopolitics. Biopolitics as a powerful organization of the population’s life in the forms of medicalization, normalization and regulation has a direct impact on the biological life of the human. However, this does not mean that bio-power solves the problem of «nature versus nurture» exclusively in favor of human nature. Bio-power also seeks to design the human environment. Biopolitical tools of influence on social time can be designated by the concept of chronopolitics. Chronopolitics, being an integral part of the whole biopolitical impact on a person, appears in the forms of permanent intensification of time; metaphysical interpretation of time, which has political and legal consequences; interpretation of history, in the hermeneutic circle of which the rewriting of the past implies the goal of forming an affective post-memory, which allows us to reconstruct the present and to form trends corresponding to the image of the future bio-power. Chronopolitics accelerates social time and, by contributing to the formation of mega-machine structures that meet the teleology of bio-power, carries increasing risks for human civilization.

2021 ◽  
Shelly Anthea Kenny ◽  

This study investigated and sought to understand the extent and role of user-centred interior design of South African Police Service (SAPS) stations in Durban. The assumption of this study was that the design of a SAPS station that considers the most vulnerable would benefit the other users of the SAPS station. Therefore, the persona of User Centred Design would be the client who had reported a crime. This study aimed to understand the clients’ perspective on the SAPS police station, as the proposed outcome would be to make User Centred Design decisions based on the clients’ perspectives and experiences, because the client persona of the SAPS station would be traumatised. The objective of this study was to review literature on User Centred Design, Sensory Processing, Post Traumatic Stress, Acute Stress Disorder and literature on South African police stations. As well as conduct field work by interviewing clients that have reported crimes to the SAPS station and to also to conduct interviews with South African Police Service officers. Hermeneutic phenomenology was utilised to understand the perspective and experience of the SAPS client. The notion of the double hermeneutic was the main tool and basis of understanding. The first half of the double hermeneutic was the context of the SAPS station. The context of the SAPS station was understood by the hermeneutic circle, in which the whole of the context was understood by its parts, which gave a greater understanding of the whole. The parts of the context were SAPS literature, six interviews of SAPS officers and observing three Durban SAPS stations. The second half of the double hermeneutic was understanding the client persona. This was done again with the use of the hermeneutic circle, where the parts of the client persona were the nine interviews of participants who had been to report crimes to the SAPS station, the literature on trauma and a brief background description of the participant. The two halves of the double hermeneutic were reflexively brought together using User Centred Design themes. These themes informed the User Centred Design needs of the SAPS client. It was found that the current SAPS stations do not meet the User Centred Design needs of the client; that this resulted in the client projecting their trauma onto the station and allowed for the client to judge the SAPS officer negatively before the client engaged with the officer. The main needs of the client are to feel safe and secure, to have privacy, to have a welcoming and friendly SAPS station atmosphere and to have clear directions. A disconnect between SAPS officer and SAPS client, which reinforced the notion of unmet expectations, was the result of these unmet basic needs. Therefore, the recommendation of this study is that the interior of SAPS stations should be considered in terms of user centred design in order to fully grapple with the needs of the SAPS client

2021 ◽  
Vol V (1) ◽  
pp. 107-125
Mikhail Bogatov

This article is devoted to the main methods of thought that Vladimir Bibikhin uses to form the subject field of his lecture courses. The focus is on four such techniques: the combination of the meanings of everyday language (Aristotelian approach), the clash of extreme positions (dialectics without synthesis), the hermeneutic circle, as well as the boundaries of text collection (Bibikhin's moments of silence). At the very beginning of the article, the author analyzes the most “traditional” lecture courses of Vladimir Bibikhin (such as “Philosophy of Law” and “History of Modern Philosophy”), demonstrating their non-standard composition and thematization. The techniques revealed are the result of the practice of “slow reading” of Bibikhin's lectures. There are four main methods: combining the meanings of everyday language (1), the collision of extreme positions (2), the circular, hermeneutic structure of the lecture (3), the composition of the main blocks of thought in abrupt transitions, in silence (4). Bibikhin seeks to suspend the viewer's desire to “define”, to recognize the familiar in the unfamiliar. At the same time, Bibikhin carefully leads his reader and listener between, on the one hand, the businesslike vanity of thinking and, on the other hand, complete indifference and disinterest. As the main principle for avoiding these extremes, Heidegger's “a priori perfect” is put forward, according to which everything “always has already happened”, and therefore the thought is forced to deal with being late to the event of the world.

Evgeny Stelnik

Introduction. In ancient mythology, the image of Hercules is one of the most popular, and his heroic cult is one of the most common. Having emerged from the “conglomerate of folk tales”, the image of Hercules was actively assimilated by the Greek and then Roman literary tradition. Hercules was a very popular hero among Greek tragic and especially comic poets. In Roman times, the final systematization of the image took place. The key role in this process was played by the works of Apollodorus “The Mythological Library” (2nd century BC), “Pictures” by Philostratus the Younger (2nd century BC) and “Description of Hellas” by Pausanias (2nd century BC). Within the framework of the classical tradition, the image of Hercules in Roman times was finally formed and unambiguous. Hercules is a hero, a demigod, the son of Zeus and Alcmene, who possessed amazing strength, who killed his children (and the children of his brother Iphicles) in an act of madness. He performed 12 labours at the request of Eurystheus. Hercules lived with the Lydian queen Omphale dressing in a woman’s dress. He was poisoned by his wife Deianira, burned at the stake on Mount Eta and ascended to Olympus, where he became the spouse of Hebe. Methods. The hermeneutic methodology, which ensured the correct understanding and interpretation of the text of the Suda dictionary and the ancient texts, on which this “antique” dictionary was based, is used in the article. The toolkit of the hermeneutic circle (pre-understanding and understanding of the text, interpretation of the whole based on knowledge of its parts) made it possible to highlight key elements (plots, signs and symbols) of the philosophical image of Hercules in the entries of the dictionary. Results. We can see a kind of “muscular Christianity”, when the strength of the body still corresponds to moral perfection and the withdrawal from the world does not contradict the active entry into the still polis institutions of urban life in Byzantine cities, among which the most important was the hippodrome and sports competitions. Christian authors actively used traditional sports metaphors and images of wrestling, but filled them with new Christian content. In the dictionary of the Suda, there is a kind of replacement of images that embody the samples of virtue. Hercules always loses to Job. It is indicative that the Christian rhetoric, relying on the philosophical symbolism of the apotheosis of Hercules, using the “sports” terminology of struggle, ignores the developed philosophical symbolism of Hercules, and fights against the mythological “fables” about Hercules. Using cynical and stoic terminology, Christian rhetoric opposes the comedic and dramatic image of Hercules, as Herodore of Heracles did in the 5th century BC. That is, the enemy is borrowed from Christian rhetoric along with philosophical symbols and terminology describing a difficult life full of trials as a virtue.

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