cultural environment
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2022 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
pp. 20-27
Shan Huang ◽  
Tingyu Liu ◽  
Jinni Bai

From the perspective of communication science, the communication of architectural images in the new media age has an obvious beautifying trend. Due to the differences in politics, economics, and cultural environment between China and western countries, the beautification of architectural images in China is a unique phenomenon. This study classifies the beautification of Chinese architectural images into different types in terms of image communication: audience orientation, time orientation, space orientation, and cultural orientation. By investigating and analyzing relevant cases, this study explores the beautification of Chinese architectural images in the new media age and puts forward thoughts and evaluation, aiming to better comprehend the relationship between beautification and architectural communication.

Maria Clara de Moraes Prata Gaspar ◽  
Cristina Larrea-Killinger

Professional socialization is a complex process that leads to the professional identity. While several studies have focused on the professional identity of physicians and nurses, few studies analyzed this aspect among dieticians. Furthermore, those studies did not consider the influence of sociocultural norms. The aim of this study was to analyze the construction of the professional identity of Brazilian, French and Spanish dieticians. A qualitative methodology based on semi-structured interviews was set up. The construction of the professional identity of Brazilian, French and Spanish dieticians is characterized by the incorporation of skills, knowledge and roles. This process was marked by transformations, mainly related to food and body. Dieticians from the three nationalities shared similar professional values grounded in a medical-nutritional rationale. However, their professional identity also resulted from a continuous process of interaction with patients, peers and the socio-cultural environment.

2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-14
Ömer K. ÖRÜCÜ ◽  
Atila GÜL

Eğirdir districts is rich in natural and historical environmental values and cultural traits are the important places of tourism and recreational activities. Tourism and recreational activities, which are developed in regards with the atractiveness of such places, are made of those natural and cultural environment. When events of tourism all over the world are examined, it could be observed that such activities usually take place during summer months. However, since developing residences and facilities tend to use sources more than before, they affect natural, historical and the cultural values negatively and thus corruption starts. Inspite of the fact that the district is gradually getting more intensive in terms of tourism and recreation during the four seasons, there haven’t been any serious problems yet. In the areas of these natural and cultural resources, the problems related with the use of those resources where tourism and recreational activities are concentrated can not be ignored and the purpose of this study is what can be done to prevent the spread of such problems of the district. In this study, natural and cultural traits to be developped in the district of Eğirdir have been investigated and analized in order to detect the tourism and the recreational potentials in the region.

2021 ◽  
Vol 18 (4) ◽  
pp. 801-824
Irina A. Novikova ◽  
Alexey A. Novikov ◽  
Dmitriy A. Shlyakhta

The topic on diagnosing intercultural adaptation and psychological acculturation to a new socio-cultural environment is relevant in connection with the processes of globalization and, in particular, with the growth of academic mobility in education. Research on this problem are especially relevant for Russian science due to the lack of acculturation scales, which are widely represented in Western and international psychology. In 2019, a research team led by Professor A. Ardila developed the Russian-language Acculturation Scale for Russia (ASR), which was validated on a sample of international university students from 71 countries of the world. The aim of the present study was to adapt the ASR for the Chinese students studying in Russian universities. Chinese students are the largest group of international students from far abroad studying at Russian universities, while many of them experience significant difficulties in adapting to a new socio-cultural environment, as well as in learning the Russian language. In total, the study involved 213 Chinese students (59% - female) studying at Russian universities, of which 93 students (58% - female) completed the Russian-language version of the ASR, and 118 students (61% - female) completed the Chinese version of the ASR, which was designed using the back translation. Both ASR versions were psychometrically tested using Cronbachs and MacDonalds coefficients, as well as bifactorial analysis. The methods of descriptive statistics and the Wilcoxon W-test were used to compare the Russian-language and Chinese versions of the ASR. The normalization was carried out by means of non-linear percentile normalization (stanines). As a result, a high consistency of the Russian-language and Chinese versions of the ASR and their equivalence with each other were shown. Both versions can be used to assess the level of acculturation of Chinese students to Russia, while the Chinese version is recommended for the Chinese students who have been living in Russia for less than 1-1.5 years and/or have a poor Russian proficiency.

Е.Ф. Командышко ◽  
Ю.С. Жукова

Актуальность статьи обусловлена проблемой организации воспитывающей культурно-просветительской среды, что имеет дело с реализацией коммуникативной функции искусства, а также содержанием учебного процесса, технологическими особенностями, формированием, трансформацией и взаимодействием художественных и культурных ценностей в современной образовательной среде. В статье выделены основные направления, в которых раскрываются аспекты коммуникативной функции искусства, включая подготовку музыкально-познавательных программ, активизацию эмоционально-эстетических процессов, а также интерес к освоению и расширению культурологических познаний, в целом. Авторы выделяют эффективные методы создания ситуаций эмоциональных переживаний, учебных дискуссий, мотивации познавательного интереса. Содержание статьи выстроено в опоре на научно-педагогические исследования влияния среды на развитие человека при освоении новой художественной информации, в частности, арабской музыкальной культуры. В статье показано, что организация воспитывающей культурно-просветительской среды и подготовка музыкально-познавательных программ способствуют общекультурному развитию детей и положительно влияют на развитие их художественной коммуникации, что на современном этапе обретает особую значимость в воспитании современных школьников. The relevance of the article is due to the problem of organizing an educational and cultural environment, which deals with the implementation of the art communicative function, as well as the content of the educational process, technological features, the formation, transformation and interaction of artistic and cultural values in the modern educational environment. The article highlights the main directions in which aspects of the art communicative function are revealed, including the preparation of musical and educational programs, the activation of emotional and aesthetic processes, as well as interest in the development and expansion of cultural knowledge, in general. The authors highlight effective methods for creating situations of emotional experiences, educational discussions, motivation of cognitive interest. The content of the article is built on the basis of scientific and pedagogical studies of the influence of the environment on human development in the development of new artistic information, in particular, Arab musical culture. The article shows that the organization of the educational and cultural environment and the preparation of musical and educational programs contribute to the general cultural development of children and have a positive effect on the development of their artistic communication, which at the present stage is of particular importance in the upbringing of modern students.

2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (3) ◽  
pp. 194
Nataliia Kochkina ◽  
Marina Riccardi

<em><span>The need to incorporate cultural aspects into business practice is long-standing. The cultural environment in Ukraine and Italy was reshaped, especially during the Covid-19 pandemic. Social networks reflected such transformation both at the personal level and in the business activities of national companies on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and other media. Facebook pages were analyzed as the most popular social platform in Ukraine and Italy to reveal these changes. Content analysis of countries' leaders in retail, e-commerce, and service was carried out, namely </span><span>EVA, Rozetka, and Nova Noshta for Ukraine; and Conad, Bottega Verde, and Italo Treno for Italy. T</span><span>wo-phase desk research was conducted with ten research questions for each cultural dimension encoded in a binary system. The research has shown that Ukrainian business still manifests collaborative problem solving, compliance with social standards, and the value of human life. It demonstrates a low level of power distance and uncertainty avoidance. Ukraine is gradually changing its paradigm of thinking to a more hedonic and individualistic similar to Western Europe. In contrast, Italy shows less respect for power in all its manifestations and a greater willingness to take risks than before. The country has become less goal-oriented, restrained, and masculine but more collectivistic.</span></em>

2021 ◽  
Vol XII (2) ◽  
pp. 181-199
Johnny Samuele Baldi ◽  

The phase and the ceramic materials that, in Southern Mesopotamia, go under the label of “Uruk” (after the toponym of the site in southern Iraq) have traditionally been considered the origin for the development of the potter’s wheel in the Near East, according to a perspective that associated the emergence of the potter’s wheel, the “mass” production of the so-called bevelled-rim bowls and first urbanization. According to recent excavations and ceramic studies it is now clear that this was a narrative based on a priori convictions. However, even if under very different socio-technical conditions, it is true that the potter’s wheel made an early appearance in Southern Mesopotamia within the Uruk cultural sphere, and then developed in a widespread and discontinuous way in the Uruk network. Based on recent ongoing fieldwork data from Syria (Tell Feres) and Iraqi Kurdistan (Logardan and Girdi Qala), ceramic analyses have taken into account new criteria to identify the use of the potter’s wheel. This paper outlines the chronological and socio-technical scenario behind the adoption of the potter’s wheel in the Uruk world, picturing the peculiarities of this cultural environment, as well as the parallels with the emergence conditions of the potter’s wheel in northern Mesopotamia and other areas of the Near East.

Khrystyna Pletsan

The article analyzes the theoretical foundations and features of emotional competence formation; the concept of emotional intelligence and emotional competence in retrospect of scientific research is understood and revealed; the structure, components, elements, factors and functional role of emotional competence of specialists are characterized; the methodological approach to the formation of emotional competence of socio-cultural professionals in Ukraine and the specifics of development at the present stage are highlighted. It is proved that the emotional competence of socio-cultural professionals involves the possession of four types of skills, in particular: managing their emotions, managing other people’s emotions, awareness of other people’s emotions, awareness of their emotions; presented and argued technologies for the formation and development of emotional competence of managers of socio-cultural environment in Ukraine in accordance with the challenges of the time.

2021 ◽  
pp. 48-58
Sofiya Varetska

The literary debut, the novel “Maybe Esther” by Katja Petrowskaja, was published in 2014 in the Berlin publishing house “Suhrkamp” in German and immediately fell into the bestseller category. The work caused a considerable resonance in the German-speaking cultural environment. Even before the appearance of a full-fledged novel, the author received one of the most prestigious literary awards – the Ingeborg Bachmann Prize for reading of a fragment from a future book, which would later appear in a work called “Babi Yar”. However, the laureate wasn’t an ethnic German woman, but an immigrant – Ukrainian by origin, born in Kyiv. The young author tells the story of his multicultural family (Ukrainian / Polish / Jewish / Russian) going deeper up to the 19th century. Through specific events of a small family such significant phenomena as revolution, war, ghetto, concentration camp, Holocaust, Babi Yar, occupation, various kinds of persecution etc. are seen. Therefore, a mosaic of small self-sufficient stories emerges, which create a large historical panel. The author is the bearer of a multifaceted and complex genetic memory.

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