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2022 ◽  
Vol 54 (8) ◽  
pp. 1-32
Jianguo Chen ◽  
Kenli Li ◽  
Zhaolei Zhang ◽  
Keqin Li ◽  
Philip S. Yu

The COVID-19 pandemic caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus has spread rapidly worldwide, leading to a global outbreak. Most governments, enterprises, and scientific research institutions are participating in the COVID-19 struggle to curb the spread of the pandemic. As a powerful tool against COVID-19, artificial intelligence (AI) technologies are widely used in combating this pandemic. In this survey, we investigate the main scope and contributions of AI in combating COVID-19 from the aspects of disease detection and diagnosis, virology and pathogenesis, drug and vaccine development, and epidemic and transmission prediction. In addition, we summarize the available data and resources that can be used for AI-based COVID-19 research. Finally, the main challenges and potential directions of AI in fighting against COVID-19 are discussed. Currently, AI mainly focuses on medical image inspection, genomics, drug development, and transmission prediction, and thus AI still has great potential in this field. This survey presents medical and AI researchers with a comprehensive view of the existing and potential applications of AI technology in combating COVID-19 with the goal of inspiring researchers to continue to maximize the advantages of AI and big data to fight COVID-19.

2022 ◽  
Daniele Musumeci ◽  
Arnaldo Angelo De Benedetti ◽  
Stefano Branca ◽  
Luigi Ingaliso

ABSTRACT We present an interdisciplinary study between philosophy and science that uses a historical case to show some aspects of scientific research. The case in question is that of Alfred F. Rittmann (1893–1980), known as one of the central figures of twentieth-century volcanology. After outlining Rittmann’s scientific background and hypotheses, we briefly examine the set of his theories using Thomas Kuhn’s model of the development of science. We highlight the methodology of multiple working hypotheses and how they contributed to defining his geoscientific paradigm, namely, magmatological tectonics. Rittmann worked on his paradigm throughout his life, even making little-known criticisms on plate tectonics. We present some of them, contextualizing them in twentieth-century as well as current research. His use of multiple working hypotheses, along with his drive to search for synthetic visions between different models, could be a stimulating and pluralistic approach to unsolved geoscientific questions.

А.С. Кызласов

Статья посвящена исследователю современного хакасского языка Д. Ф. Патачаковой, являющейся одной из основоположников хакасского языкознания. В ней рассматриваются главные этапы ее биографии и творческой деятельности. Дается краткое содержание основных научных трудов Д. Ф. Патачаковой, представлены воспоминания автора о ней. Она предстает перед читателем как настоящий ученый, посвятивший всю свою жизнь хакасской науке и образованию, умевший плодотворно реализовать результаты своих научных исследований в жизни. Стоит отметить, что ее деятельность на ниве становления и развития народного образования огромна: она автор более тридцати учебников и учебных пособий по хакасскому языку для школ, а также двух учебников для Абаканского государственного педагогического училища. The article is devoted to the researcher of the modern Khakass language D. F. Patachakova, who is one of the founders of Khakass linguistics. It examines the main stages of her biography and creative activity. A summery of D. F. Patachakova's main scientific works is given; the author's memoirs of her are presented. She appears to a reader as a real scientist, who devoted her entire life to Khakass science and education, who was able to put fruitfully the results of her scientific research into action. It is worth noting that her work in the field of formation and development of public education is huge: she is the author of more than thirty textbooks and textbooks about the Khakass language for schools, as well as two textbooks for the Abakan State Pedagogical School.

2022 ◽  
Leonid Basovskiy ◽  
Elena Basovskaya

The textbook outlines the concepts and methods of conducting scientific research and presenting their results. The fundamentals of scientific thinking and methodological foundations of scientific research are considered. The process of scientific research, methods of obtaining and analyzing data, collecting and summarizing scientific information, the sequence of the process of scientific research are described. The approaches, methods, rules and norms of preparation of reports on the results of scientific research, scientific articles and dissertations are described. The organization, financing of scientific research and training of scientific personnel in the Russian Federation, the organization of research work of students, the principles of scientific ethics are characterized. Recommendations for the preparation of final qualifying papers and dissertations are given. The textbook includes topics and questions, the study of which is necessary to master the competencies provided for by the federal state educational standards of higher education of the latest generation. It is intended for undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate students of the enlarged group of training areas 38.00.00 "Economics and Management".

2022 ◽  
pp. 28-35
А.С. Сабитов ◽  
Г.Т. Жумашова ◽  
З.Б. Сакипова ◽  
Л. Воронова ◽  
А.О. Тулегенова ◽  

В статье приведен анализ современного состояния научных исследований видов рода шиповник (Rosa L.) (сем. Розоцветные - Rosaceae) и показаны перспективы всестороннего изучения их в качестве источников возобновляемого растительного сырья для получения отечественных препаратов. Отмечено, что изыскание новых видов лекарственного растительного сырья является весьма актуальной задачей для отечественной фармацевтической промышленности. The article provides an analysis of the current state of scientific research of the rosehip (Rosa L.) (Rosaceae family) and illustrates the prospects for their comprehensive study as sources of renewable plant raw materials for the production of domestic medicines. It is noted that the search for new types of medicinal plant raw materials is a very relevant task for the domestic pharmaceutical industry.

2022 ◽  
Vol 56 (1) ◽  
pp. 17-23
Syed Mohammed Basheeruddin Asdaq ◽  
Mohammed Kanan Alshammari ◽  
Bassam Mohammed Alanazi ◽  
Ahmed Naif Alshammari ◽  
Mishal Abdulrahman Alrumaih ◽  

Energies ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 523
Ryszard Palka ◽  
Marcin Wardach

Design and Application of Electrical Machines is a Special Issue of Energies. In this Special Issue, authors from various research centers present the results of their scientific research on electrical machines. In eighteen papers, they presented simulation studies, design works, and experimental tests on built prototypes.

2022 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
pp. 27-34
Wenqiang Dang

In September 2017, the Ministry of Education, Ministry of Finance, and the National Development and Reform Commission jointly announced the first batch of “double first-class” construction universities, aiming to improve China’s education level and strengthen the country’s core competitiveness. In addition to first-class teaching and first-class scientific research, first-class universities should also have first-class campuses. The campus of a first-class university should have a complete range of infrastructure, scale, and function to meet the requirements of school-running and scientific research; it should also advocate sustainable development, which includes the concept of energy-saving, smart, and green. The traditional production methods and management models of the construction industry are far from being able to meet the needs of the construction and development of first-class campuses. Digital, intelligent, and informatized construction models are the only way for current campus construction.

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