adequate nutrition
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2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 197-202
Author(s):  
Intan Permata Sari ◽  
Fauziah Adhima ◽  
Ghivari Zuhal Fahmi ◽  
Ramidha Syaharani ◽  
Widati Fatmaningrum

Introduction: As of 31st December 2021, there have been 4,262,540 confirmed cases of COVID-19, including 144,088 death cases in Indonesia. COVID-19 pandemic has affected the nutrition aspect, as an increasing number of undernutrition children also increases risk of obesity. Our group conducts webinars with the purpose of increasing public knowledge and awareness regarding general well-being: importance of adequate nutrition to increase immunity in the COVID-19 pandemic. The purpose of the study is to examine webinar participants' knowledge before and after webinar. Method: The webinar conducted through a zoom meeting for 2 hours consists of 1 hour education and 1 hour question and answer session. The participants asked to fill a pretest before the webinar session and posttest after the webinar session. The results were statistically examined to determine the difference between pretest and posttest score. Results: The webinar participant’s demographic characteristics were dominated by 17-45 years old age group, high school graduates, and female participants. There is a significant difference (p<0.05) between pre and post-test score evaluated using Wilcoxon signed-rank test. After the webinar, there is a decreased number of participants with low-level nutritional knowledge from 31 to 23 participants. Conclusion: There is an increase in knowledge about the importance of adequate nutrition to increase immunity in the COVID-19 pandemic from pre and post-test data. Thus, this webinar contributes to providing knowledge to participants in supporting the strengthening of socialization of adequate nutrition during COVID-19 pandemic.


2021 ◽  
Vol 26 (11) ◽  
pp. 237-242
Author(s):  
Susanna Clark

In 2019 and 2020, and especially during the COVID-19 pandemic, the number of households owning dogs increased considerably, and many of these pets were new puppies acquired during the lockdowns in the UK. With such a rise in puppy ownership, it has never been more important to ensure that these puppies receive adequate nutrition throughout their weaning and growth periods, and beyond. In this article, the nutritional considerations of growing puppies will be discussed, along with current pet food trends and how to ensure puppies are receiving a complete and balanced diet.


2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (12) ◽  
pp. e247696
Author(s):  
Timothy Manzie ◽  
Philip Chia ◽  
Sivakumar Gananadha ◽  
Alexander Bobinskas

Adequate nutrition is necessary in head and neck surgery. Enteral feeding via a nasogastric tube is often required due to the altered anatomy and to allow sufficient intraoral healing. Insertion of a nasogastric tube is commonly performed without complication and confirmation of its position by a number of different methods. Incorrect positioning can cause significant morbidity with associated mortality. This case report describes the inadvertent placement of a nasogastric tube in a patient with a mandibular squamous cell carcinoma, into the abdominal cavity following a failed traumatic nasal tube intubation. Chest radiography and auscultation failed to identify the abnormal position with subsequent commencement of feeds for a number of days. Following a laporotomy and insertion of abdominal drains, the patient recovered and was discharged from hospital. To prevent recurrence, it is suggested that direct laryngoscopy or direct visualisation of the upper aspect be performed.


2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (Supplement_1) ◽  
pp. 822-822
Author(s):  
Carolina Freiria ◽  
Graziele Silva ◽  
Larissa Hara ◽  
Tábatta Brito ◽  
Flávia Arbex Silva Borim ◽  
...  

Abstract The adequate nutrition has an important role in the prevent and treatment of frailty, however, there are only few studies showing the relationship between macronutrients intake and this geriatric syndrome, especially in Latin countries. The aim of this study was to analyze the association between macronutrients intake and frailty among older adults in Brazil. This study included 521 community-dwelling individuals aged 60 years old or older. Frailty was assessed using a self-reported instrument and individuals were categorized in two groups: frail and non-frail (robust + pre frail). Food consumption was evaluated using the 24-hour recall and the software NDSR®. Differences between groups was assessed using the Mann Whitney test. The prevalence of frailty was 42.0%. Older adults considered frails presented lower intake of calories (1510.9 kcal vs 1639.3 kcal; p = 0.016), carbohydrates (196.8 g vs 213.3 g; p = 0.011), proteins (60.7 g vs 68.5 g; p = 0.016) and fiber (15.1 g vs 17.5 g; p= 0.002). They also had lower intake of protein per kilograms of weight (0.88 g/kg vs 0.99 g/kg; p= 0.010). The findings demonstrate high prevalence of frail in our sample, and that intake of most macronutrients was significantly lower among older adults with frail, indicating the importance of the screening of frail as well the evaluation of macronutrients intake among community-based older adults, to prevent malnutrition, sarcopenia and frailty in this population.


Author(s):  
Vikram Kudumula ◽  
Krishna Prasad Maram ◽  
Bavana Nukala ◽  
Venkata Rama Rao Paturi

Background: Adequate nutrition during pregnancy and lactation is pivotal for wellbeing of newborn infants. However, presence of traditional beliefs and taboos associated with food intake during pregnancy and lactation could interfere with nutritional needs of growing infants resulting in a variety of nutritional disorders. Our objective was to study the prevalence of dietary restrictions and food taboos practiced by lactating women from five costal districts of the state of Andhra Pradesh, India.Methods:It was a descriptive and observational study, conducted between November 2020 to January 2021 at the Children’s Heart Institute, Andhra Hospitals, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh. The study was conducted on mothers attending the out-patient clinic of pediatric cardiology department using convenient sampling technique. A pretested questionnaire was used to collect the data.Results: A total of 161 mothers have participated in the survey and, almost all of them (99.3%) have restricted one or more food item during lactation. Age of the mother, level of education and socio-economic status have no bearing on the prevalence of food restrictions and food taboos. Most commonly restricted food items include sweets, fruits, leafy vegetables, yogurt, some pulses, eggs and nuts. The concept of hot and cold food items is highly prevalent in the study population and lactating mothers have no knowledge of the nutritive value of the foods avoided/restricted.Conclusions:Food restrictions and taboos associated with food intake during post-partum period are widespread in our study population. Improving girl child education and campaigning through print and digital media are important tools in fighting against harmful traditional practices interfering with adequate nutrition during pregnancy and lactation. 


BMC Nutrition ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 7 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Nihal Natour ◽  
Mariam AL-Tell ◽  
Osama Ikhdour

Abstract Introduction Palestinian society is going through health transition that is associated with increase in chronic diseases due to poor dietary habits so adequate integration of nutrition information is important. Aims The aim of this study is to find the association between nutrition literacy and diet behavior among a group of Palestinian participants. Methods A sample of 101 Palestinian participants were recruited to participate in the study. An online survey was used to collect study data. Newest Vital Sign quiz was used to collect information on nutrition literacy and Short Format of the Diet Health and Knowledge Survey (SFDHKS) was used to collect information on diet behavior and USDA food security questionnaire was used to collect data on food security. Data was analyzed utilizing SPSS 21. Results This study included 101 participants, mean age 22.7 y ± 8.7 y, mainly females (females were 83.2% and males were 16.8%). 5.7% of the study participants were obese, 13.8% overweight and 10.3% were underweight. The prevalence of adequate nutrition literacy was 29%. There was minimal association between diet behavior and nutrition literacy, food security and BMI categories, but significant association with income and living in city relative to village (p < 0.05). Only 11 participants had some form of food insecurity. Conclusion There is low prevalence of adequate nutrition literacy. Nutrition literacy depends on social and economic aspects but further research is need to understand its relationship to diet behavior.


2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (5) ◽  
pp. 115-117
Author(s):  
Raju Kumar ◽  
Vijay Shankar Pandey

Ahara is the foremost factor among all which sustain the life and maintain the normal physiological functioning of the human body and comprises the basic most cause of life. Provide longevity, complexion, satisfaction, strength, nourishment, growth and development also imparts mental as well as spiritual well-being. That is why in Ayurveda it is considered that healthy nutrition nourishes the body, mind and soul, through which a person can afford to perform all the activities which lead to happiness, heaven and salvation. But without knowing the proper dietary guidelines one cannot gain adequate nutrition and hence optimum benefits from the food. That is why it is important to awake people about the importance of dietary discipline. Otherwise from the beginning, it has to be seen that the dietary unconcern comprises the susceptibility to several diseases. Hence in Ayurveda, there are many guidelines related to diet and its contents are given which govern the adequate nutritional profile for a healthy life. Such diet line provisions are more precisely prescribed in Charka Samhita Vimana Sthana called the Ahara Vidhi Vidhana.


2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (1SP) ◽  
pp. 27
Author(s):  
Bernie Endyarni Medise

ABSTRACT Background: Indonesia comes in the fifth for the greatest number of preterm births. Preterm infants may inflict various complication as the result of underdeveloped immunity, affecting their growth and development in the long run until they reach adult phase. Such complications could be prevented through adequate nutrition fulfillment. Purpose: This article aimed to elaborate the characteristics of growth and development of premature babies, long term effect on the development and the impact of immunity and gut health of preterm infants in supporting their growth and development. Methods: References cited in this article were obtained from the latest primary literature within the last 10 years. Discussion: The rate and ability of infants to perform catch-up growth depends on the birth weight and gestation age, at which the lower birth weight and lower gestational age had slower rate. Brain structures that of preterm infants differ compared to the term, and these changes give rise to various clinical outcomes, including long term emotional, behavioral changes, cognitive and executive functioning. Immature immune system in preterm infants reduces the protective ability by innate and adaptive immunity in overcoming pathogens compared to term infants, including gut microbiota prematurity which affects nutrition absorption and growth and development catch up ability. Appropriate and adequate nutrition supplementation has shown beneficial effects in promoting the growth of normal gut flora, which allow better absorption of nutrition and therefore enhancing growth rate and supporting the development of preterm infants. Conclusions: Optimal growth and development of preterm infants are supported by sufficient nutrition supplementation to support the growth of gut microbiota, facilitating the catch-up growth and development of premature infants and immune system maturity.


2021 ◽  
pp. 89-93
Author(s):  
N. V. Balashova ◽  
L. D. Gulia ◽  
R. M. Beniya ◽  
S. V. Orlova ◽  
E. A. Nikitina

Despite advances in the diagnosis and treatment of various forms of cardiac arrhythmias, atrial fibrillation (AF) remains a serious problem in the internal medicine clinic, especially acute in gerontology. Prevention of the development of cardiac arrhythmias is an important medical and social task. Adequate nutrition plays an important role in the cardiovascular diseases prophylaxis. At the same time, a deficiency of vitamins and minerals, including vitamin D, can create a pathogenetic basis for the development of arrhythmias. Experimental and clinical studies have demonstrated the effect of vitamin D on the mechanisms underlying the formation of AF. Screening for vitamin D deficiency in cardiac patients should become routine. Correcting vitamin D deficiencies must be personalized. Further clinical trials are needed to investigate the clinical endpoints (morbidity and mortality) of vitamin D supplementation in arrhythmology.


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