purge flow
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2022 ◽  
Vol 0 (0) ◽  
He Zhenpeng ◽  
Zhou Jiaxing ◽  
Xin Jia ◽  
Yang Chengquan ◽  
Li Baichun

Abstract The present work reports the influence of the 1.5-stage turbine flow field by the front and aft rim seal flow. The interaction between the front and aft purge flow and the mainstream of a 1.5-stage turbine was numerically simulated, and the influence of the front and aft purge flow on the downstream vane was analyzed separately. The results show that the front purge flow is distributed at the higher radius of second vane inlet, which changes the position of the blade hub secondary flows, and the aft purge flow is distributed at the low radius. The purge flow at different locations in the aft cavity exit forms shear induced vortex, pressure and suction side legs of the egress, which converges with the suction and pressure side legs of the horse vortex to form vane hub passage vortex. The increased purge flow rate in both the front and aft cavities significantly increases the sealing effectiveness of the rim seal, but also causes a reduction in turbine efficiency. The combined effect of the front and aft purge flow reduces the turbine efficiency of the end-wall structure by 0.3619, 0.9062, 1.5004, 2.0188 and 2.509% at IR = 0, IR = 0.5%, IR = 0.9%, IR = 1.3% and IR = 1.7%.

Zhao Lianpeng ◽  
Ma Hongwei

Demand for high reliability and long life of modern turbine requires that turbine components should be cooled adequately. The cooling flow purged into the rotor-stator disk cavity will inevitably interact with the mainstream. The current paper mainly focuses on the aerodynamic influence of cooling flow on the secondary flows in the mainstream. Both particle image velocimetry and blade wall pressure measurement were utilized to study the flow field within the turbine blade passage under different mainstream incidence angles and purge flow rates. The purge flow was found to promote the development of the passage vortex by inducing vortices which can enhance the vorticity of the passage vortex. In addition, the mainstream incidence angle also has an impact on the development of the passage vortex through affecting the blade loading and the horseshoe vortex. Furthermore, the transient results demonstrate that the time-averaged vortex is the superposition of large number of transient vortices, and the purge flow causes more transient vortices with large size and high strength.

2021 ◽  
pp. 1-26
Patrick René Jagerhofer ◽  
Marios Patinios ◽  
Tobias Glasenapp ◽  
Emil Goettlich ◽  
Federica Farisco

Abstract The imperative improvement in the efficiency of turbofan engines is commonly facilitated by increasing the turbine inlet temperature. This development has reached a point where also components downstream of the high-pressure turbine have to be adequately cooled. Such a component is the turbine center frame (TCF), known for a complex aerodynamic flow highly influenced by purge-mainstream interactions. The purge air, being injected through the wheelspace cavities of the upstream high-pressure turbine, bears a significant cooling potential for the TCF. Despite this, fundamental knowledge of the influencing parameters on heat transfer and film cooling in the TCF is still missing. This paper examines the influence of purge-to-mainstream blowing ratio, density ratio and purge swirl angle on heat transfer and film cooling in the TCF. The experiments are conducted in a sector-cascade test rig specifically designed for such heat transfer studies using infrared thermography and tailor-made flexible heating foils with constant heat flux. Three purge-to-mainstream blowing ratios and an additional no purge case are investigated. The purge flow is injected without swirl and also with engine-similar swirl angles. The purge swirl and blowing ratio significantly impact the magnitude and the spread of film cooling in the TCF. Increasing blowing ratios lead to an intensification of heat transfer. By cooling the purge flow, a moderate variation in purge-to-mainstream density ratio is investigated, and the influence is found to be negligible.

2021 ◽  
pp. 1-40
Eric DeShong ◽  
Benjamin Peters ◽  
Reid A. Berdanier ◽  
Karen A. Thole ◽  
Kamran Paynabar ◽  

Abstract Purge flow is bled from the upstream compressor and supplied to the under-platform region to prevent hot main gas path ingress that damages vulnerable under-platform hardware components. A majority of turbine rim seal research has sought to identify methods of improving sealing technologies and understanding the physical mechanisms that drive ingress. While these studies directly support the design and analysis of advanced rim seal geometries and purge flow systems, the studies are limited in their applicability to real-time monitoring required for condition-based operation and maintenance. As operational hours increase for in-service engines, this lack of rim seal performance feedback results in progressive degradation of sealing effectiveness, thereby leading to reduced hardware life. To address this need for rim seal performance monitoring, the present study utilizes measurements from a one-stage turbine research facility operating with true-scale engine hardware at engine-relevant conditions. Time-resolved pressure measurements collected from the rim seal region are regressed with sealing effectiveness through the use of common machine learning techniques to provide real-time feedback of sealing effectiveness. Two modelling approaches are presented that use a single sensor to predict sealing effectiveness accurately over a range of two turbine operating conditions. Results show that an initial purely data-driven model can be further improved using domain knowledge of relevant turbine operations, which yields sealing effectiveness predictions within three percent of measured values.

2021 ◽  
pp. 1-22
Alex Mesny ◽  
Mark Glozier ◽  
Oliver J Pountney ◽  
James Scobie ◽  
Yansheng Li ◽  

Abstract The use of purge flow in gas turbines allows for high turbine entry temperatures, which are essential to produce high cycle efficiency. Purge air is bled from the compressor and reintroduced in the turbine to cool vulnerable components. Wheel-spaces are formed between adjacent rotating and stationary discs, with purge air supplied at low radius before exiting into the mainstream gas-path through a rim-seal at the disc periphery. An aerodynamic penalty is incurred as the purge flow egress interacts with the mainstream. This study presents unparalleled three-dimensional velocity data from a single-stage turbine test rig, specifically designed to investigate egressmainstream interaction using optical measurement techniques. Volumetric Velocimetry is applied to the rotating environment with phase-locked measurements used to identify and track the vortical secondary flow features through the blade passage. A baseline case without purge flow is compared to experiments with a 1.7% purge mass fraction; the latter was chosen to ensure a fully sealed wheel-space. A non-localised vortex tracking function is applied to the data to identify the position of the core centroids. The strength of the secondary-flow vortices was determined by using a circulation criterion on rotated planes aligned to the vortex filaments........[abridged]

2021 ◽  
Vol 5 ◽  
pp. 111-125
Arijit Roy ◽  
Jens Fridh ◽  
James Scobie ◽  
Carl Sangan ◽  
Gary Lock

This paper investigates flow instabilities inside the cavity formed between the stator and rotor disks of a high-speed turbine rig. The cavity rim seal is of chute seal design. The influence of flow coefficient on the sealing effectiveness at constant purge flow rate through the wheel-space is determined. The effectiveness at different radial positions over a range of purge flow conditions and flow coefficients is also studied. Unsteady pressure measurements have identified the frequency of instabilities that form within the rim seal, phenomena which have been observed in other studies. Frequencies of these disturbances, and their correlation in the circumferential direction have determined the strength and speed of rotation of the instabilities within the cavity. Large scale unsteady rotational structures have been identified, which show similarity to previous studies. These disturbances have been found to be weakly dependent on the purge flow and flow coefficients, although an increased purge reduced both the intensity and speed of rotation of the instabilities. Additionally, certain uncorrelated disturbances have been found to be inconsistent (discontinuous) with pitchwise variation.

Shijie Jiang ◽  
Zhigang Li ◽  
Jun Li

The first stage of GE-E3 turbine is employed to investigate effect of casing purge flow upstream rotor blade tip. Three-dimensional Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations and standard k-ω model are solved to obtain tip heat transfer simulations. The results reveal that: heat transfer coefficient of blade tip surface can be significantly reduced when casing purge flow is set. Tip averaged heat transfer coefficient of cases with and without swirly velocity casing purge flow decrease 3.5% and 3.4% compared with the case without casing purge flow. Compared with case which blowing ratio equals to 0.5, it can be found that averaged tip heat transfer coefficient of cases which blowing ratio equals to 1.0 and 1.5 decrease 2.3% and 1.8%, respectively. Setting blowing ratio as 1.0 can best cool tip surface without wasting cold air resources. Increasing rotating speed can induce cold air entering tip trailing region and improve local cooling effect. Flow structure inside the tip clearance are also revealed and discussed.

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