magnetic exchange
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2022 ◽  
Michał Magott ◽  
Maria Brzozowska ◽  
Stanisław Baran ◽  
Veacheslav Vieru ◽  
Dawid Pinkowicz

The best performing molecular nanomagnets are currently designed by carefully arranging p-element donor atoms (usually carbon, nitrogen and/or oxygen) around the central magnetic ion. Inspired by the structure of the hardest intermetallic magnet SmCo5, we have demonstrated a nanomagnetic molecule where the central lanthanide (Ln) ion Er is coordinated solely by three transition metal (TM) ions in a perfectly trigonal planar fashion. The molecule [Er(ReCp2)3] (ErRe3) constitutes the first example of a molecular nanomagnet (MNM; or single molecule magnet SMM) with unsupported Ln-TM bonds and paves the way towards molecular intermetallics with strong direct magnetic exchange interactions. Such interactions are believed to be crucial for quenching the quantum tunneling of magnetization which limits the application of Ln-SMMs as sub-nanometer magnetic memory units.

Muhammad Nauman ◽  
Tayyaba Hussain ◽  
Joonyoung Choi ◽  
Nara Lee ◽  
Young Jai Choi ◽  

Abstract Magnetic anisotropy in strontium iridate (Sr2IrO4) is essential because of its strong spin–orbit coupling and crystal field effect. In this paper, we present a detailed mapping of the out-of-plane (OOP) magnetic anisotropy in Sr2IrO4 for different sample orientations using torque magnetometry measurements in the low-magnetic-field region before the isospins are completely ordered. Dominant in-plane anisotropy was identified at low fields, confirming the b axis as an easy magnetization axis. Based on the fitting analysis of the strong uniaxial magnetic anisotropy, we observed that the main anisotropic effect arises from a spin–orbit-coupled magnetic exchange interaction affecting the OOP interaction. The effect of interlayer exchange interaction results in additional anisotropic terms owing to the tilting of the isospins. The results are relevant for understanding OOP magnetic anisotropy and provide a new way to analyze the effects of spin–orbit-coupling and interlayer magnetic exchange interactions. This study provides insight into the understanding of bulk magnetic, magnetotransport, and spintronic behavior on Sr2IrO4 for future studies.

2022 ◽  
Vol 71 (1) ◽  
pp. 017105-017105
Zhao Hong-Yan ◽  
Jiang Ling-Zi ◽  
Zhu Yan ◽  
Pan Yan-Fei ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 104 (21) ◽  
S. P. M. Curley ◽  
B. M. Huddart ◽  
D. Kamenskyi ◽  
M. J. Coak ◽  
R. C. Williams ◽  

2021 ◽  
pp. 139-152
Shangyi Lou ◽  
Jin He ◽  
Hongwen Li ◽  
Qingjie Wang ◽  
Caiyun Lu ◽  

Aiming at solving problems that the variation of tillage depth between rows and within rows caused by the surface undulation was great, the lateral stability of tillage depth obtained by the method of adjusting at the three-point suspension was poor, and lack of subsoilers with the function of accurate detection and adjustment of single row tillage depth, a method of independent control of single row tillage depth based on ultrasonic sensor detection and hydraulic adjustment was proposed. And the tillage depth monitoring and control subsoiling assembly and the subsoiler equipped with subsoiling assemblies were designed. The key structural parameters of the hydraulic cylinder and the model of the three-position four-way magnetic exchange valve were determined. The subsoiling quality and performance comparison tests were conducted, and the results showed that the mean value of the variable coefficient of soil hardness, looseness of soil and coefficient of soil disturbance were 52.23%, 32.55% and 62.15%, respectively, and the stability coefficient of tillage depth was 92.43%, which all met the subsoiling operation requirements. The standard deviation of tillage depth belonged to the method of independent adjustment of single row and unified adjustment of each row were 38.315mm and 51.521mm, respectively. The subsoiler equipped with tillage depth monitoring and control subsoiling assemblies designed in this paper was capable of significantly improving the stability of tillage depth between rows and within rows.

Ilya A. Nechaev ◽  
Eugene Krasovskii

Abstract A theoretical study is presented of the effect of an in-plane magnetic exchange field on the band structure of centrosymmetric films of noble metals and topological insulators. Based on an ab initio relativistic k·p theory, a minimal effective model is developed that describes two coupled copies of a Rashba or Dirac electronic system residing at the opposite surfaces of the film. The coupling leads to a structural gap at Γ and causes an exotic redistribution of the spin density in the film when the exchange field is introduced. We apply the model to a nineteen-layer Au(111) film and to a five-quintuple-layer Sb2Te3 film. We demonstrate that at each film surface the exchange field induces spectrum distortions similar to those known for Rashba or Dirac surface states with an important difference due to the coupling: At some energies, one branch of the state loses its counterpart with the oppositely directed group velocity. This suggests that a large-angle electron scattering between the film surfaces through the interior of the film is dominant or even the only possible for such energies. The spin-density redistribution accompanying the loss of the counterpart favors this scattering channel.

Nanomaterials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 23
Stefan Wurster ◽  
Martin Stückler ◽  
Lukas Weissitsch ◽  
Heinz Krenn ◽  
Anton Hohenwarter ◽  

The paper describes the capability of magnetic softening of a coarse-grained bulk material by a severe deformation technique. Connecting the microstructure with magnetic properties, the coercive field decreases dramatically for grains smaller than the magnetic exchange length. This makes the investigation of soft magnetic properties of severely drawn pearlitic wires very interesting. With the help of the starting two-phase microstructure, it is possible to substantially refine the material, which allows the investigation of magnetic properties for nanocrystalline bulk material. Compared to the coarse-grained initial, pearlitic state, the coercivities of the highly deformed wires decrease while the saturation magnetization values increase—even beyond the value expectable from the individual constituents. The lowest coercivity in the drawn state is found to be 520 A m−1 for a wire of 24-µm thickness and an annealing treatment has a further positive effect on it. The decreasing coercivity is discussed in the framework of two opposing models: grain refinement on the one hand and dissolution of cementite on the other hand. Auxiliary measurements give a clear indication for the latter model, delivering a sufficient description of the observed evolution of magnetic properties.

2D Materials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Shaojie Hu ◽  
Xiaomin Cui ◽  
Zengji Yue ◽  
Pangpang Wang ◽  
Lei Guo ◽  

Abstract The magnetic exchange bias effect is one of the representative interlayer magnetic coupling phenomena and is widely utilized in numerous technological applications. However, its mechanism is still elusive even in a simple magnetic bilayered system because of the complex interface magnetic orders. Van der Waals layered magnetic materials may provide an essential platform for deeply understanding the detailed mechanism of the exchange bias owing to its ideal interface structure. Here we first observed the positive exchange-biased anomalous Hall effect (AHE) with a hopping switching behavior in the FeGeTe Van der Waals nano-flakes. After systemically studying the cooling field dependence properties of the exchange bias effect, we propose that the coexistence of stable and frustrated surface magnetization of the antiferromagnetic phase will modify the total interface coupling energy density between the ferromagnetic (FM) and antiferromagnetic (AFM) phases. This model could provide a consistent description for such unusual exchange bias effect based on microspin simulation.

Materials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (24) ◽  
pp. 7501
Djoko Triyono ◽  
Y Yunida ◽  
Rifqi Almusawi Rafsanjani

In this study, the effect of heat treatment on the structural, magnetic and electrical properties of La2FeMnO6 prepared via the sol–gel and sintering method were investigated. The heat-treatment conditions, i.e., the calcination temperature (1023 K and 1173 K), sintering temperature and time (1273 K for 1 and 3 h) were carried out. X-ray diffraction (XRD) revealed orthorhombic pnma (62) symmetry without any impurity phase for all samples. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy confirmed the presence of Fe2+–Fe3+–Fe4+ and Mn3+–Mn4+ mixed states, and lanthanum and oxygen vacancies resulting in various magnetic exchange interactions. Furthermore, the magnetisation hysteresis showed enhanced hysteresis loops accompanied by an increase in magnetisation parameters with calcination temperature. The Raman phonon parameters induced a redshift in the phonon modes, alongside an increase in the intensity and compression of the linewidth, reflecting a decrease in lattice distortion, which was confirmed by XRD. The temperature-dependent conductivity showed that the conduction mechanism is dominated by p-type polaron hopping, and the lowest activation energy was approximately 0.237 ± 0.003 eV for the minimum heat-treatment conditions. These results show that varying heat-treatment conditions can significantly affect the structural, magnetic and electrical properties of the La2FeMnO6 system.

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