composite adsorbents
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Author(s):  
Ahmed Shmroukh ◽  
Essam Hares ◽  
Osama Hamdy ◽  
Mostafa Abouelsoud
Keyword(s):  

Author(s):  
Le Manh Cuong ◽  
Bui Hoang Duc ◽  
Pham Van Thang ◽  
Nguyen Thi Tuyet Mai ◽  
Huynh Dang Chinh ◽  
...  

[email protected] nanoplate composite adsorbents were prepared in a simple acid precipitation method at room temperature. The [email protected] nanoplate composite adsorbents were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, micro-Raman spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectra, scanning electron microscopy and UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. The results show that the orthorhombic-phase WO3.H2O nanoplates with dimensions of [Formula: see text][Formula: see text]nm3 were successfully composited with g-C3N4. The methylene blue dye generation activity of these adsorbents was evaluated. The kinetics and absorption model of [email protected] nanoplate composite adsorbents were further studied.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2096 (1) ◽  
pp. 012022
Author(s):  
T Ripol-Saragosi ◽  
L Ripol-Saragosi

Abstract The research results presented in the article are devoted to the compressed air adsorption drying processes energy intensity reducing possibilities study. The investigation concerns the new adsorbent – composite. The material is considered as one of the most perspective at the present time. It’s ehergy efficiency is proved comparing traditional adsorbents such as silica gel, alumogel, zeolites, etc. The authors consider the bulk density as one of the factors at the adsorption process energy efficiency increase. The formulas given at the articles allow to calculate the different adsorbents bulk and apparent density, the compressor’s energy efficiency by using different adsorbents at pneumatic schemes, etc.


2021 ◽  
Vol 906 (1) ◽  
pp. 012047
Author(s):  
Lali Akhalbedashvili ◽  
Tsira Beruashvili ◽  
Sophio Jalagania ◽  
Nona Janashvili ◽  
Nino Merabashvili

Abstract The goal was to study and develop the composite adsorbents to uptake H2S from thermal water on the base of natural zeolite clinoptilolite (CL) from deposit of Georgia and activated carbon (AC). Cation-modified forms of CL have been prepared by wet-milling method. The crystalline structure and content of prepared adsorbents have been studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique, IR-and AAS methods. Adsorption experiments carried out varying the ratio zeolite: AC, composite: solution, duration of contact, granulation degree. The results obtained showed that modification of CL by ion-exchanging method with metal ions (Zn2+, Fe3+, Mn2, Cu2+) has improved the adsorption capacity. Adsorption equilibrium reached in seven-fifteen minutes, and adsorption activity grows in a row: DeCL < CL < CuDeCL < MnDeCL < FeDeCL < ZnDeCL < AC/CL. The sorption capacity ranged from 0.68 mg/g to 28.17 mg/g. pH of thermal water before sorption was 8.97 and in filtrates changed in very wide ranges – from 10.44 until 3.55 depending on type of modification. Presence of multivalent cations of metals in the zeolite confirmed to be an essential factor determined the adsorption activity in relation to H2S, adsorption occurs via both physical sorption and chemisorption. Most active was composite AC/CL with ratio AC:CL, equal 3:2. The difference for H2S between decationated and cation-exchanged forms of CL may be explained by the change of surface potential. Polarity of zeolites depends on Si/Al ratio, which by-turn depends on conditions of acid treatment.


2021 ◽  
Vol 897 (1) ◽  
pp. 012020
Author(s):  
Tanya Medina-Espinosa ◽  
Christopher Asimbaya ◽  
Salomé Galeas ◽  
Nelly M. Rosas-Laverde ◽  
Alexis Debut ◽  
...  

Abstract The removal of heavy metals from water is one of the major challenges that humanity must address to avoid negative potential impacts on the environment and human health. During the last few years, several adsorbents have been examined, in a search for highly efficient and cost-effective materials. In this work, we investigated the use of laurel, canelo and eucalyptus lignocellulosic sawdust residues (LRs) impregnated with magnetite nanoparticles (MNP), to remove Cr6+ ions. Each LR was added to an aqueous solution in which MNP were being synthesized by coprecipitation. Two composite adsorbents were obtained, with LR:MNP ratios of 1:1 and 3:1. The materials obtained were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning and transmission electron microscopy, and infrared and Raman spectroscopy. The results obtained showed that the laurel composite was the best adsorbent, reaching a maximum removal efficiency and capacity of 99.8 % and 30.5 mg/g, respectively. The optimal contact time was 30 min and the process fitted the Langmuir isotherm model, showing small effects of the fraction of sawdust residues used to support the MNP. Further studies will be performed to optimize the composition of the composites aiming to reduce the amount of costly MNP used while ensuring a high removal performance.


Author(s):  
Olexander Pasenko ◽  
Liliya Frolova ◽  
Ihnat Shunkin

Technological approaches to the use of diatomaceous earth as a raw material for the creation of composite adsorbents for wastewater treatment from phosphate ions are analysed. It is shown that the developed surface of diatomite can be used to create a granular adsorbent, and iron (III) oxides (magnetite, goethite, lepidocrocite, ferrihydrite, hematite and goethite) are environmentally safe, cheap, economically feasible modifiers. Emphasis is placed on the possibility of obtaining magnetic granules due to the formation of magnetite. The use of the deposition method for the formation of the applied granular adsorbent is proposed.  The influence of diatomite concentration on the static strength of granules was established. It is determined that the diameter of the nozzle is also an important factor. The selected technical solutions are aimed at solving the problems of granule hardening and ensuring high adsorption activity. Experimental studies of the synthesis and granulation of the composite adsorbent alginate - diatomaceous earth - magnetite have shown that an increase in the content of diatomaceous earth leads to a natural increase in the size of the granules. When increasing the diameter of the nozzle from 1.5 mm to 3.5 mm, for example, the size of the granules 1.5-4.0 (dc = 1.5 mm), 2.0-5.0 mm (dc = 3.0 mm) and 2.5-5.0 mm (dc = 3.5 mm). The diatomaceous earth content of more than 20% does not allow to carry out high-quality granulation on the experimental installation due to the increase in the viscosity of the suspension. The relationship between the size of gel granules and dried.  The process of application of the active magnetic phase of the adsorbent is investigated. The dependence of the quality of the granulation process on the solid phase content is established. The measured static strength of the adsorbent granules is in the range of 17 - 25 kPa. It is established that the composite adsorbent with the applied layer of magnetite has magnetic properties. The adsorption of PO43- anions from aqueous solutions was studied. For the adsorbent alginate - diatomite and alginate - diatomite - Fe3O4 - the adsorption capacity is 4 and 9 mg PO43- / g, respectively. The obtained composite adsorbents have a set of functional properties that are promising for use in modern water purification and purification systems.


Materials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (19) ◽  
pp. 5511
Author(s):  
Eduard Tokar ◽  
Konstantin Maslov ◽  
Ivan Tananaev ◽  
Andrei Egorin

An Se-derivative of amidoxime was synthesized for the first time as a result of the reaction of oxidative polycondensation of N’-hydroxy-1,2,5-oxadiazole-3-carboximidamide with SeO2: its elementary units are linked to each other due to the formation of strong diselenide bridges. The element composition of the material was established, and the structure of the elementary unit was suggested. The sorption-selective properties were evaluated, and it was found that the adsorbent can be used for the selective recovery of U (VI) from liquid media with a pH of 6–9. The effect of some anions and cations on the efficiency of recovery of U (VI) was estimated. Composite materials were fabricated, in which silica gel with a content of 35, 50, and 65 wt.% was used as a matrix to be applied in sorption columns. The maximum values of adsorption of U (VI) calculated using the Langmuir equation were 620–760 mg g−1 and 370 mg g−1 for the composite and non-composite adsorbents, respectively. The increase in the kinetic parameters of adsorption in comparison with those of the non-porous material was revealed, along with the increase in the specific surface area of the composite adsorbents. In particular, the maximum sorption capacity and the rate of absorption of uranium from the solution increased two-fold.


2021 ◽  
Vol 63 (3) ◽  
pp. 30-34
Author(s):  
Ngoc Xuan Dat Mai ◽  
◽  
Tan Le-Hoang Doan ◽  
Le Nguyen Bao Thu ◽  
Bach Thang Phan ◽  
...  

Agarose/MgO composite adsorbents were developed through interspersing MgO nanoparticles with agarose to create an absorbent. The elimination capacity of the composite towards iron (Fe), aluminium (Al), and arsenate (As) in acid sulfate water was evaluated by means of batch method at room temperature. The constituents of the composite were characterized by thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA). The removal efficiency was determined through inductively coupled plasma (ICP) mass spectrometry. The composite adsorbent exhibited an excellent adsorption capacity towards three types of ions and heavy metals that are found in acid sulfate water. After treating with agarose/MgO, the concentrations of Fe and Al decreased from 60.28 and 604.84 μg/l, respectively, to under 3.42 and 1.78 μg/l, respectively. These exceptional results reveal the potential uses of agarose/MgO composites as adsorbents in the treatment of acid sulfate water.


Author(s):  
Yan Zhang ◽  
Haryo Wibowo ◽  
Li Zhong ◽  
Mika Horttanainen ◽  
Zunbo Wang ◽  
...  

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