Zinc Nitrate
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Materials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 570
Sujittra Kaenphakdee ◽  
Pimpaka Putthithanas ◽  
Supan Yodyingyong ◽  
Jeerapond Leelawattanachai ◽  
Wannapong Triampo ◽  

The synthesis of ZnO comprising different ratios of zinc acetate (ZA) and zinc nitrate (ZN) from the respective zinc precursor solutions was successfully completed via a simple precipitation method. Zinc oxide powders with different mole ratios of ZA/ZN were produced—80/1, 40/1, and 20/1. The crystallinity, microstructure, and optical properties of all produced ZnO powders were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and UV-Vis-NIR spectrophotometry. The average agglomerated particle sizes of ZnO-80/1, ZnO-40/1, and ZnO-20/1 were measured at 655, 640, and 620 nm, respectively, using dynamic light scattering (DLS). The optical properties of ZnO were significantly affected by the extreme ratio differences in the zinc precursors. ZnO-80/1 was found to have a unique coral-sheet structure morphology, which resulted in its superior ability to reflect near-infrared (NIR) radiation compared to ZnO-40/1 and ZnO-20/1. The NIR-shielding performances of ZnO were assessed using a thermal insulation test, where coating with ZnO-80/1 could lower the inner temperature by 5.2 °C compared with the neat glass substrate. Due to the synergistic effects on morphology, ZnO-80/1 exhibited the property of enhanced NIR shielding in curtailing the internal building temperature, which allows for its utilization as an NIR-reflective pigment coating in the construction of building envelopes.

2022 ◽  
Monika Patel ◽  
Sunita Mishra ◽  
Ruchi Verma ◽  
Deep Shikha

Abstract Nanotechnology is a completely unique branch of technology that offers with substances in a very small size between (1-100 nm) with various crystal shapes which include spherical nanoparticles, flower shaped, Nano rods, Nano ribbons, and Nano platelets. Metals have ability to produce large number of oxides. These metal oxides play an major role in many areas of chemistry, physics, material science and food science. In this research, Zinc Oxide (ZnO) and Copper (II) oxide nanoparticles were synthesized via sol-gel process using zinc nitrate and copper (II) nitrate as precursor respectively. The characterization of CuO and ZnO nanoparticles was done by using various techniques. X-ray Diffraction (XRD) indicates the crystallinity and crystal size of CuO and ZnO nanoparticle. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) was used to get the infrared spectrum of the sample indicating composition of the sample which contains various functional groups. XRD result shows the particle size of CuO at highest peak 29.40140 was 61.25 nm and the particle size of ZnO at highest peak 36.24760 was 21.82 nm. FT-IR spectra peak at 594.56 cm-1 indicated characteristic absorption bands of ZnO nanoparticles and the broad band peak at 3506.9 cm-1 can be attributed to the characteristic absorption of O-H group. The analysis of FT-IR spectrum of CuO shows peaks at 602.09, 678.39, and 730.19cm−1 which refer to the formation of CuO. A broad absorption peak noticed at 3308.2 cm−1 attributed to O–H stretching of the moisture content.

Rogerio Miranda Morais ◽  
Douglas Henrique Vieira ◽  
Maiza da Silva Ozorio ◽  
Luis Pereira ◽  
Rodrigo Martins ◽  

2021 ◽  
Shrok Allami

ZnO nanowires (or nanorods) have been widely studied due to their unique material properties and remarkable performance in electronics, optics, and photonics. This chapter presents a review of the current research of ZnO nanowires (or nanorods) synthesized by hydrothermal method. We discussed the mechanism of its nucleation and growth taking the effect of different parameters on its growth direction and their final morphology into account. A mixture of zinc nitrate and hexamine as precursor is the most popular. We reported the effect of precursor type and concentration, pH of the growth solution, bath temperature, substrate type and seeded layer, and duration time.

Crystals ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 11
Selma Erat ◽  
Artur Braun ◽  
Samed Çetinkaya ◽  
Saadet Yildirimcan ◽  
Ahmet Emre Kasapoğlu ◽  

Intrinsic and dandelion-like microflower nano-rod structures of boron-doped ZnO thin films were synthesized with an ecofriendly and cost-effective chemical bath deposition technique from an aqueous solution of zinc nitrate hexahdyrate [Zn(NO3)2.6H2O] as a precursor solution and boric acid as a doping solution. The boron concentrations were 0.1, 0.3, 0.5, 1.0, 3.0, 5.0, and 7.0 by volume. Scanning electron micrographs showed that doping with boron appears to hinder the vertical alignment of crystallites. Additionally, independent hexagonal nano-rod structures were observed to coalesce together to form dandelion-like structures on the film’s surface. The atomic ratio of the elements was determined via the X-ray photoemission spectrum technique. There were no substantial changes in the vibration structure of the film upon doping in terms of the Raman spectra. The optical band gap of ZnO (3.28 eV) decreased with B doping. The band gap of the ZnO:B film varied between 3.18 and 3.22 eV. The activation energy of the ZnO was calculated as 0.051 eV, whereas that of the ZnO:B film containing 1.0% B was calculated as 0.013 eV at low temperatures (273–348 K), versus 0.072 eV and 0.183 eV at high temperatures (348–523 K), respectively. Consequently, it can be interpreted that the 1% B-doped ZnO, which has the lowest activation energy at both low and high temperatures, may find some application areas such as in sensors for gases and in solar cells.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2114 (1) ◽  
pp. 012081
Ali Abdullah Fayyadh ◽  
Muneer H. Jaduaa Alzubaidy

Abstract In this study, biosynthesis zinc and silver oxide nanocomposite (Bs-ZANc) were prepared using an eco-friendly biological synthesis method using silver nitrate, zinc nitrate hexahydrate, and Lawsonia inermis (Henna) plant extract with four different concentrations; (0.1, 0.2, 0.3, and 0.4) molar. The detailed characterization of Bs-ZANc was performed using Grazing X-ray diffraction technique (G-XRD), Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FE-SEM), X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDX), Zeta Potential (Z.P.), and Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS). In addition to studying the spectroscopic properties using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The result showed good inhibitory efficiency of Bs-ZANc against some types of fungal such as; Penicillium spp., Aspergillus spp., and Candida Albicans. Further, a comparison was made between Bs-ZANc and Lawsonia inermis (Henna) plant extract only regarding antfungal efficacy.

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 79-83
Luy Nguyen Thi ◽  
Vu Dang Cong ◽  
Thu Nguyen Thi Anh ◽  
Lien Tuong Kieu ◽  
Duc Hoang Van

In this paper, ZIF-11 material was synthesized from benzimidazole and different zinc salt sources at room temperature. The obtained samples were characterized using XRD, SEM, FTIR and TGA measurements. The results showed that the synthesized materials had nano-size, and uniformity with the sharp dodecahedrons structure of ZIF-11. Zinc sources had an influence on the size and nature of the ZIF-11 crystal. The average crystalline size of the nanoparticles calculated by Scherrer equation were 85.5 nm for sample of zinc nitrate, 91.9 nm for sample of zinc chloride and 111.5 nm for sample of zinc acetate. The obtained samples had high thermal stability ( 460 °C). The adsorption capacity of the synthesized materials for iodine from aqueous solution was very high (236 mg/g).

2021 ◽  
Vol 924 (1) ◽  
pp. 012088
R N Sari ◽  
E Sinurat ◽  
D L Ayudiarti ◽  
D A Oktavia

Abstract The potential of green seaweed Caulerpa sp. as a reducing agent, stabilizer, and capping agent and the benefits of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles in the food and non-food is exciting to be developed. The research was aimed to understand the potential of green seaweed (Caulerpa sp.) to become ZnO nanoparticles capping agent with ten mM zinc nitrate as a precursor and pH variations of 8-12. The analysis included function groups, particle size distribution, and % mass O and Zn composition. The result found that spectra at wave number 574 cm−1 were Zn-O stretching vibration from solution pH synthesis of 11. Size distribution was homogeneous, but it still had not met the size of nano. The average particle size ranged from 992.37-1369.36 nm, and the smallest particle size was obtained at a ZnO synthesized at a pH of 8. The composition from ZnO synthesis at solution pH of 9 was 7.68% O and 92.32% Zn. Caulerpa sp. extract could produce a synthesis of ZnO with ten mM zinc nitrate as a precursor and solution pH variations. Although the biosynthesis had not produced a ZnO with nanoparticles size yet, the particle size distribution had been homogeneous. The biosynthesis at pH 9, %mass Zn and O for ZnO produced had been similar to the ZnO standard.

Materials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (21) ◽  
pp. 6441
P. J. Navarro-Gázquez ◽  
M. J. Muñoz-Portero ◽  
E. Blasco-Tamarit ◽  
R. Sánchez-Tovar ◽  
R. M. Fernández-Domene ◽  

In the present work, TiO2/ZnO hybrid nanosponges have been synthesized for the first time. First, TiO2 nanosponges were obtained by anodization under hydrodynamic conditions in a glycerol/water/NH4F electrolyte. Next, in order to achieve the anatase phase of TiO2 and improve its photocatalytic behaviour, the samples were annealed at 450 °C for 1 h. Once the TiO2 nanosponges were synthesized, TiO2/ZnO hybrid nanosponges were obtained by electrodeposition of ZnO on TiO2 nanosponges using different temperatures, times, and concentrations of zinc nitrate (Zn(NO3)2). TiO2/ZnO hybrid nanosponges were used as photoanodes in photoelectrochemical water splitting tests. The results indicate that the photoelectrochemical response improves, in the studied range, by increasing the temperature and the Zn(NO3)2 concentration during the electrodeposition process, obtaining an increase in the photoelectrochemical response of 141% for the TiO2/ZnO hybrid nanosponges electrodeposited at 75 °C with 10 mM Zn(NO3)2 for 15 min. Furthermore, morphological, chemical, and structural characterization was performed by Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FE-SEM) with Energy Dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), Raman Confocal Laser Spectroscopy, X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), and Grazing Incidence X-ray Diffraction (GIXRD).

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (4) ◽  
pp. 84-87
Maya Sari ◽  
Yolanda Rati ◽  
Tetty Marta Linda ◽  
Yanuar Hamzah ◽  
Ari Sulistyo Rini

 Abstrak. Dalam rangka mengurangi pemakaian bahan kimia berbahaya, kini telah mulai dikembangkan penggunaan bahan alami pada proses pembentukan nanopartikel. Pada penelitian ini, biosintesis nanopartikel ZnO dilakukan menggunakan ekstrak kulit Ananas comosus sebagai agen capping sekaligus agen pereduksi. Seng nitrat digunakan sebagai prekursor dari ion seng, sedangkan kulit nanas dibuat menjadi ekstrak untuk dimanfaatkan kandungan antioksidannya. Sampel ZnO dipelajari sifat fisisnya dari hasil karakterisasi X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) dan spektroskopi UV-Vis. Berdasarkan pola XRD, nanopartikel ZnO memberikan fasa kristal heksagonal wurtzite dengan ukuran kristal 14 nm. Morfologi SEM masing-masing sampel didapatkan berbentuk bunga atau micro-nanoflower dengan ukuran diameter rata-rata 510 nm dan 560 nm untuk sampel 0,01 M dan 0,025 M. Hasil spektrum absorbansi UV-Vis menunjukkan peningkatan puncak penyerapan cahaya dengan penambahan konsentrasi seng nitrat. Berdasarkan informasi sifat fisis ini, sampel ZnO berpotensi diaplikasikan sebagai material fotokatalis.Abstract. In order to reduce the use of hazardous chemicals, the use of natural ingredients has now been developed in the process of forming nanoparticles. In this study, biosynthesis of ZnO nanoparticles was carried out using Ananas comosus peel extract as capping agent and reducing agent. Zinc nitrate was used as a precursor to zinc ion. The physical properties of ZnO samples were studied from the characterization result of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), UV-Vis spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The SEM morphology of each different sample was obtained in the form of micro-nanoflower with an average diameter  of 510 nm and 560 nm for 0.01 M and 0.025 M samples, respectively. The UV-Vis absorbance spectrum results showed an increase in the light absorption peak as  zinc nitrate concentration increased. According to the XRD pattern, the ZnO nanoparticles possessed an hexagonal wurtzite crystal phase with a crystal size of 14 nm. Based on this information on physical properties, the ZnO sample has the potential to be applied as a photocatalyst material.

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