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Author(s):  
Tanmayee Tushar Parbat

Abstract: Health issues are also concealed by a lack of health precautions on a daily basis. These issues frequently constitute a serious threat to public safety, which is frequently overlooked until it is too late. As a result, we have developed a set of principles to address and, to some extent, solve the issues outlined above. We continuously monitor the vital organs in our system; communicate data to cloud-based doctors, and alert patients to potential dangers. We designed an IoT system that connects several sensors to a microcomputer and sends collected data to a cloud server for Modified Stochastic Gradient Descent(SGD) Algorithm with a combination of deep learning. If the doctor suspects a health problem, he or she may issue a warning via our device after the examination is completed. Our proposed approach work Health Monitoring in IoT System Keywords: machine Learning, Health Monitoring, IoT System, Deep Learning


2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 037-042
Author(s):  
Emmanuel TonbraEgoro ◽  
Ikhide Godwin Ilegbedion ◽  
Prudence NkemdinimOkara

This study was aimed on the biochemical and histomorphological study of abuse in the consumption of alabukun powder in Rattus norvegicus rats. Five milliliter of blood specimen was collected into lithium heparin bottles from seven rats weighing 240±2g respectively with each of them administered with 0.2mg/kg alabukun powder daily for a period of two weeks (experimental group) while another seven rats weighing 240±2g each were not administered with alabukun powder (control group). Thereafter alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, urea, creatinine and C-reactive protein were measured quantitatively in both groups of rats. The mean values of all the measured biochemical parameters in Rattus norvegicus rats in the experimental group were statistically significant (p<0.05) as compared to that in the control group. This established biochemical finding was in conformity with the histomorphological examination of the kidney and liver organs. In conclusion, this study has established that administration of 0.2mg/kg of alabukun powder on daily basis for a period of two weeks on Rattus norvegicus rats may induce hepato-renal and inflammatory disorders. It is thus recommended that consumption of alabukun powder by humans should strictly be in compliance with its prescription. However, kidney, liver and inflammatory biomarkers should be quantitatively measured in humans that have abused its consumption with a view to ascertain their health status and prevent any deleterious risks.


2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 225-229
Author(s):  
Ozlem Balcioglu ◽  
Ulvan Ozad ◽  
Umit Kahraman

Heart transplantation is a major lifesaving surgery practiced globally on daily basis. The scarcity of donors has led to long waiting lists for the surgery. Both physiology and psychology of patients are affected severely during this period. The nutritional status is known to be correlated with postoperative outcomes. The aim of this study was to investigate the significance of the weight loss of patients by comparing their weights and ideal body weights. The data of 259 patients were used in this study and unpaired t-test was applied to the patient groups. The weight difference of the patient population was found as extremely significant (p<0.0001). The results demonstrated that the weight difference of female patient group was very significant (p=0.0012) and the male patient group was extremely significant (p<0.0001). The weight difference of young patients (18-34 years) was not significant (0.7309), middle aged patients (35-64 years) was extremely significant (p<0.0001) and elderly patients (65 years and above) was not significant (p=0.3540). Therefore, weight change is prominent in most of the patients who are on heart transplantation waiting list. Employment of a dietitian or nutrition specialist to transplant multidisciplinary teams is advised, to minimize patient cachexia.


2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
L. A. Erozenci ◽  
T. V. Pham ◽  
S. R. Piersma ◽  
N. F. J. Dits ◽  
G. W. Jenster ◽  
...  

AbstractUrinary extracellular vesicles (EVs) have gained increased interest as a biomarker source. Clinical implementation on a daily basis requires protocols that inevitably includes short-term storage of the clinical samples, especially when collected at home. However, little is known about the effect of delayed processing on the urinary EVs concentration and proteome. We evaluated two storage protocols. First, urine stored at 4 °C. Secondly a protocol compatible with at-home collection, in which urine was stored with the preservative EDTA at room temperature (RT). EVs were isolated using the ME-kit (VN96-peptide). For both conditions we explored the effect of storage duration (0, 2, 4 and 8 days) on EV concentration and proteome using EVQuant and data-independent acquisition mass spectrometry, respectively. The urinary EV concentration and proteome was highly stable using both protocols, in terms of protein number and quantitative changes. Furthermore, EDTA does not affect the urinary EV concentration or global proteome. In conclusion, urine can be stored either at 4 °C or with EDTA at RT for up to 8 days without any significant decay in EV concentration or a notable effect on the EV-proteome. These findings open up biomarker studies in urine collected via self-sampling at home.


2023 ◽  
Vol 83 ◽  
Author(s):  
M. A. F. Khan ◽  
M. Sohaib ◽  
S. Iqbal ◽  
M. S. Haider ◽  
M. Chaudhry

Abstract The present study was carried out to determine incidence of overweight and obesity in Pakistani servicemen with reference to their area of duty, feeding habits and also to identify risk factors. Accordingly, 2,501 servicemen selected from all over Pakistan using multiple stage stratified sampling protocol. Nutrition assessment performed using body mass index (BMI), waist to hip ratio (WHR) and dietary assessment using food frequency questionnaire. Collected data was analyzed using the SPSS version 25. Regression was used to find risk factors of obesity and WHR. Results indicated that about 1/4th of servicemen were smokers. Approximately, 1/5th of them were overweight and about one quarter were eating fruits and vegetables for <3 days/ week and <4 days/week, respectively. Only 1/3rd of them were physically active for at least <40 minutes per day. Age and fruits intake were significantly predicting BMI with a direct relation and vegetable intake was negatively correlated to BMI of the servicemen. Age and rank were significant predictors of WHR while, physical activity was negatively correlated to WHR. It is concluded and suggested from our study that there is a need to modify eating patterns and habits as well as improving physical activity on daily basis for healthy and long life of the servicemen.


Author(s):  
Siyu Zhao ◽  
Jiaying Zhang ◽  
Yi Deng ◽  
Na Wang

Abstract The past four decades have seen an increase of terrestrial hot extremes during summer in the northern extratropics, accompanied by the Northern Hemisphere (NH) sea surface temperature (SST) warming (mainly over 10°–70°N, 0°–360°) and CO2 concentration rising. This study aims to understand possible causes for the increasing hot extremes, which are defined on a daily basis. We conduct a series of numerical experiments using the Community Atmosphere Model version 5 model for two periods, 1979–1995 and 2002–2018. The experiment by changing the CO2 concentration only with the climatological SST shows less increase of hot extremes days than that observed, whereas that by changing the NH SST (over 10°–70°N, 0°–360°) with constant CO2 concentration strengthens the hot extremes change over mid-latitudes. The experiment with both SST and CO2 concentration changes shows hot extremes change closer to the observation compared to the single-change experiments, as well as more similar simulations of atmospheric circulations and feedbacks from cloud and radiative processes. Also discussed are roles of natural variability (e.g., Pacific Decadal Oscillation and Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation) and other factors (e.g., Arctic sea ice and tropical SST).


Author(s):  
Arpit Verma

Abstract: In modern context the connectivity of transport system is very important and necessary in an urban and smart city. Due to more population and more vehicles in an urban city, it is not very easy to travel from one location to another location in smooth manner. Availability of different kind of transport mediums like metro, buses, auto, ola, uber etc. helps in travelling within the city by covering different locations. Metro is considered as the primarily best and easy medium for travelling with least congestion and stoppage points. After metro, bus and auto are the secondary public transport medium having frequently used by public on daily basis. Other private transit modes are also available like Ola, Uber and Rapido, who charge according to the travel length, journey time and availability of their service in that area. But if we compare all of them in terms of availability, reliability, speed and smoothness, metro is taken as best and safe way to travel without any hesitation. The connectivity of Lucknow city which is the capital of Uttar Pradesh, India, is having good connectivity in terms of metro and bus medium. But beside metro, due to lack of infrastructure and good management it is sometimes difficult to move from one part of the city to another part by other public transport system. This study will assess the different parameters of public transport system and it will provide the correlation between them. Keywords: Connectivity, Reliability, Infrastructure, Smart City, Smoothness, Transport System.


Author(s):  
Ratna Sari ◽  
◽  
Harjanto Prabowo ◽  
Ford Lumban Gaol ◽  
Fithra Faisal Hastiadi ◽  
...  

The fast advancement of technology on a daily basis encourages the tourist industry to evolve and convert into a digital idea. The tourist hamlet as a tourism destination is the subject of this study, as is its culture and distinctiveness. The Indonesian country has 1734 tourist villages, but only a few are controlled and well maintained. While the tourist villages were expected to provide economic growth for the village community, the reality was that they provided only a few benefits and did not spread to all regions of the village. This study will concentrate on developing a tourist model using a digital economy strategy in order to demonstrate the idea of digital transformation. This model will assist the government in monitoring, controlling, and financing tourism activities, as well as in promoting and distributing products/services without the involvement of third parties, so that the government's enthusiasm for developing tourist villages from village communities to rural communities can be realized


Sensors ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (20) ◽  
pp. 6820
Author(s):  
Bushra Alsunaidi ◽  
Murad Althobaiti ◽  
Mahbubunnabi Tamal ◽  
Waleed Albaker ◽  
Ibraheem Al-Naib

The prevalence of diabetes is increasing globally. More than 690 million cases of diabetes are expected worldwide by 2045. Continuous blood glucose monitoring is essential to control the disease and avoid long-term complications. Diabetics suffer on a daily basis with the traditional glucose monitors currently in use, which are invasive, painful, and cost-intensive. Therefore, the demand for non-invasive, painless, economical, and reliable approaches to monitor glucose levels is increasing. Since the last decades, many glucose sensing technologies have been developed. Researchers and scientists have been working on the enhancement of these technologies to achieve better results. This paper provides an updated review of some of the pioneering non-invasive optical techniques for monitoring blood glucose levels that have been proposed in the last six years, including a summary of state-of-the-art error analysis and validation techniques.


2021 ◽  
Vol 22 (20) ◽  
pp. 11064
Author(s):  
Beáta Bódi ◽  
Patrick M. Pilz ◽  
Lilla Mártha ◽  
Miriam Lang ◽  
Ouafa Hamza ◽  
...  

Post-ischemic left ventricular (LV) remodeling and its hypothetical prevention by repeated remote ischemic conditioning (rRIC) in male Sprague–Dawley rats were studied. Myocardial infarction (MI) was evoked by permanent ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD), and myocardial characteristics were tested in the infarcted anterior and non-infarcted inferior LV regions four and/or six weeks later. rRIC was induced by three cycles of five-minute-long unilateral hind limb ischemia and five minutes of reperfusion on a daily basis for a period of two weeks starting four weeks after LAD occlusion. Sham operated animals served as controls. Echocardiographic examinations and invasive hemodynamic measurements revealed distinct changes in LV systolic function between four and six weeks after MI induction in the absence of rRIC (i.e., LV ejection fraction (LVEF) decreased from 52.8 ± 2.1% to 50 ± 1.6%, mean ± SEM, p < 0.05) and in the presence of rRIC (i.e., LVEF increased from 48.2 ± 4.8% to 55.2 ± 4.1%, p < 0.05). Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity was about five times higher in the anterior LV wall at six weeks than that in sham animals. Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) activity roughly doubled in post-ischemic LVs. These increases in ACE and ACE2 activities were effectively mitigated by rRIC. Ca2+-sensitivities of force production (pCa50) of LV permeabilized cardiomyocytes were increased at six weeks after MI induction together with hypophosphorylation of 1) cardiac troponin I (cTnI) in both LV regions, and 2) cardiac myosin-binding protein C (cMyBP-C) in the anterior wall. rRIC normalized pCa50, cTnI and cMyBP-C phosphorylations. Taken together, post-ischemic LV remodeling involves region-specific alterations in ACE and ACE2 activities together with changes in cardiomyocyte myofilament protein phosphorylation and function. rRIC has the potential to prevent these alterations and to improve LV performance following MI.


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