resonance frequency
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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Dongwan Kim ◽  
Mark Harfouche ◽  
Huolei Wang ◽  
Christos T. Santis ◽  
Yaakov Vilenchik ◽  

AbstractWe have recently introduced a new semiconductor laser design which is based on an extreme, 99%, reduction of the laser mode absorption losses. In previous reports, we showed that this was achieved by a laser mode design which confines the great majority of the modal energy (> 99%) in a low-loss Silicon guiding layer rather than in highly-doped, thus lossy, III–V p$${}^+$$ + and n$${}^+$$ + layers, which is the case with traditional III–V lasers. The resulting reduced electron-field interaction was shown to lead to a commensurate reduction of the spontaneous emission rate by the excited conduction band electrons into the laser mode and thus to a reduction of the frequency noise spectral density of the laser field often characterized by the Schawlow–Townes linewidth. In this paper, we demonstrate theoretically and present experimental evidence of yet another major beneficial consequence of the new laser design: a near total elimination of the contribution of amplitude-phase coupling (the Henry $$\alpha $$ α parameter) to the frequency noise at “high” frequencies. This is due to an order of magnitude lowering of the relaxation resonance frequency of the laser. Here, we show that the practical elimination of this coupling enables yet another order of magnitude reduction of the frequency noise at high frequencies, resulting in a quantum-limited frequency noise spectral density of 130 Hz$$^2$$ 2 /Hz (linewidth of 0.4 kHz) for frequencies beyond the relaxation resonance frequency 680 MHz. This development is of key importance in the development of semiconductor lasers with higher coherence, particularly in the context of integrated photonics with a small laser footprint without requiring any sort of external cavity.

Electronics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 194
Jungwoo Lee ◽  
Jinhyuk Kim

In our prior study, a systematic approach was used to devise Langevin transducers for high-power applications where the energy efficiency was not considered in the design criteria. In this paper, the impedance matching methods are thus proposed to evaluate what matching topology is appropriate for their use. Both the series inductor scheme and low pass filter composed of a series inductor and shunt capacitor are examined as matching circuits. According to MATLAB simulation, the resonance frequency is seen at 36.79 kHz due to a series L circuit, and its associated impedance is reduced by 70.45% from that of its non-matching condition. The measured resonance frequency is 36.77 kHz and the corresponding impedance is decreased by 59.52%. Furthermore, the acoustic pressure is measured to determine the effect of the matching circuit on the transducer’s actual behavior. The transducer with a series L circuit shows more efficient matching results, 2.28 kPa of positive acoustic pressure is emitted without matching and 3.35 kPa is emitted with a series L element, respectively. As a result, this study demonstrates how to evaluate the influence of matching circuits by using our customized approach rather than commercial SPICE programs, as well as how to experimentally verify the acoustic behavior of high-power Langevin transducers.

Machines ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 48
Woo-Hyeon Kim ◽  
Chang-Woo Kim ◽  
Hyo-Seob Shin ◽  
Kyung-Hun Shin ◽  
Jang-Young Choi

Linear oscillating machines are electric devices that reciprocate at a specific frequency and at a specific stroke. Because of their linear motion, they are used in special applications, such as refrigerators for home appliances and medical devices. In this paper, the structure and electromagnetic characteristics of these linear oscillating machines are investigated, and the stroke is calculated according to voltage and motion equations. In addition, static and transient behavior analysis is performed, considering mechanical systems such as springs, damping systems, and mover mass. Furthermore, in this study, the magnetic force is analyzed, experiments are conducted according to the input power, and the current magnitude and stroke characteristics are analyzed according to the input frequency. Finally, the study confirmed that the most efficient operation is possible when the electrical resonance frequency matches the resonance frequency of the linear oscillating machines.

Micromachines ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 87
Tiancheng Luo ◽  
Yan Liu ◽  
Yang Zou ◽  
Jie Zhou ◽  
Wenjuan Liu ◽  

Radio frequency (RF) filters with multiple passbands can meet the needs of miniaturization and integration for 5G communications. This paper reports a dual-mode Lamb wave resonator (DLWR) and a dual-passband filter based on DLWRs. The DLWR consists of a piezoelectric film and two interdigital electrode (IDT) arrays with different thicknesses, which leads to the coexistence of two main modes in the resonator. The resonance frequencies of the two modes can be adjusted separately by changing the thicknesses of the IDTs, which greatly satisfies the requirements of the dual-passband filter. Four DLWRs with different electrode configurations are designed, and the influences of the periodic length and thicknesses of the IDTs on the performance of the DLWR are studied. When the thickness of the piezoelectric layer is 0.75 μm and the two thicknesses of the IDTs are 0.1 μm and 0.3 μm, the resonance frequency of the second main mode is 1.27 GHz higher than the resonance frequency of the first main mode in the DLWR. Furthermore, a dual-passband filter based on the proposed DLWRs is demonstrated with an insertion loss less than 1 dB and a band rejection of about 15 dB. Moreover, two passbands at 2.45 GHz and 3.88 GHz with bandwidths of 66 MHz and 112 MHz, respectively, are achieved. The presented DLWR shows a potential application that can be used to obtain RF filters with adjustable dual passbands.

2022 ◽  
Vol 93 (1) ◽  
pp. 013701
Masahiro Shimizu ◽  
Chihiro Okamoto ◽  
Kenichi Umeda ◽  
Shinji Watanabe ◽  
Toshio Ando ◽  

2022 ◽  
pp. 100329
Yufei Ma ◽  
Yinqiu Hu ◽  
Shunda Qiao ◽  
Ziting Lang ◽  
Xiaonan Liu ◽  

Yue Liu ◽  
Bingxue Yu ◽  
Hongli Wang ◽  
Kaiyang Zeng

The contact mode voltage modulated scanning probe microscopy (SPM) techniques, such as switching spectroscopy piezoresponse force microscope (SS-PFM), are powerful tools for detecting local electromechanical behaviors. However, interpreting their signals,...

Vinicius Lacerda ◽  
Renato Machado Monaro ◽  
Rafael Pena Alzola ◽  
David Campos-Gaona ◽  
Denis Vinicius Coury

CrystEngComm ◽  
2022 ◽  
guoliang wang ◽  
Linfang Xie ◽  
Chao Jiang ◽  
Xueliang Liu ◽  
Yanlu Li ◽  

Lithium niobate (LiNbO3, LN) is a kind of multifunctional crystal material. In this study, an optimum piezoelectric crystal cut (XZt/28°) with central resonance frequency of 150 kHz and stable electro-elastic...

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