knowledge and skills
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2022 ◽  
Vol 111 ◽  
pp. 103607
Cynthia A. Conn ◽  
Kathy J. Bohan ◽  
Nicole J. Bies-Hernandez ◽  
Pamela J. Powell ◽  
Shannon P. Sweeny ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 3 (1) ◽  
pp. 46-54
Paweł Turek ◽  

Designing an anatomical structure for a surgical procedure is not a simple task. It is especially true of the craniofacial area, which consists of bone tissues with very complex geometry. CAD modelers need appropriate knowledge and skills in medicine and technical sciences to fully use the currently available tools in related processes with the reconstruction of the craniofacial areas. The presented preliminary studies are based on four patients treated at the Department of Maxillofacial Surgery. The segmentation process of the mandible model was performed in the ITK SNAP software. The process of generating surface body models was performed in the Auto Surfacing module in Geomagic software using two different methods: organic and mechanical. Then compare both methods for the accuracy of generating a CAD model of the mandible based on a triangle mesh structure in the Focus Inspection and the GOM Inspect software.

2022 ◽  
Vol 3 (2) ◽  
pp. 295-302
Ni Wayan Suardiati Putri ◽  
Kadek Suryati ◽  
Ketut Sepdyana Kartini ◽  
Ni Wayan Eka Wijayanti ◽  
I Wayan Gede Wardika ◽  

From the results of discussions conducted with the Principal of the Kindergarten School. Kartika, it was agreed that the problems that were resolved in this activity were: 1) So that Partners had fun gardening media; 2) So that Partners have knowledge and skills in managing hydroponic gardens. The agreed solutions to solve the problems faced by Partners are as follows: 1) Procurement of hydroponic gardening equipment, so that gardening becomes cleaner and more attractive; 2) Training on hydroponic gardening procedures for teachers. The results of the activity showed that there was an increase in teachers' understanding of hydroponic farming by 90%. Besides that, there is also an increase in teacher skills in hydroponic farming as shown by good plant growth during the harvest period.

2022 ◽  
Nurlela Mufida ◽  
Moses Glorino Rumambo Pandin

ABSTRACT Background: Hand washing is an alternative, effective and inexpensive method that can be used to prevent infectious diseases. Washing hands with soap can improve children's health. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of hand hygiene intervention on the level of knowledge and skills of elementary school students. The method used to conduct this research is a critical review, namely by reviewing articles from databases such as Google Scholar, Pubmed, Direct, Medline. The search keywords used were: quantitative studies on delivery, intervention, hand hygiene, skills, children, and primary school. The selected articles are articles that meet the standard writing criteria, which were published between 2017-2021, both in English and Indonesian. Based on these evaluation criteria, 20 (twenty) studies were obtained. From the results of a literature search, several studies on the use of intervention strategies to provide hand hygiene health education found that although there were other intervention strategies to improve hand hygiene, there were significant differences in both knowledge and skills after being given the intervention. Keywords: hand hygiene intervention, knowledge, skills

2022 ◽  
Vol 32 (1) ◽  
Katelyn R. Smalley ◽  
Lisa Aufegger ◽  
Kelsey Flott ◽  
Erik K. Mayer ◽  
Ara Darzi

AbstractBronchiectasis is an increasingly common chronic respiratory disease which requires a high level of patient engagement in self-management. Whilst the need for self-management has been recognised, the knowledge and skills needed to do so— and the extent to which patients possess these—has not been well-specified. On one hand, understanding the gaps in people’s knowledge and skills can enable better targeting of self-management supports. On the other, clarity about what they do know can increase patients’ confidence to self-manage. This study aims to develop an assessment of patients’ ability to self-manage effectively, through a consensus-building process with patients, clinicians and policymakers. The study employs a modified, online three-round Delphi to solicit the opinions of patients, clinicians, and policymakers (N = 30) with experience of bronchiectasis. The first round seeks consensus on the content domains for an assessment of bronchiectasis self-management ability. Subsequent rounds propose and refine multiple-choice assessment items to address the agreed domains. A group of ten clinicians, ten patients and ten policymakers provide both qualitative and quantitative feedback. Consensus is determined using content validity ratios. Qualitative feedback is analysed using the summative content analysis method. Overarching domains are General Health Knowledge, Bronchiectasis-Specific Knowledge, Symptom Management, Communication, and Addressing Deterioration, each with two sub-domains. A final assessment tool of 20 items contains two items addressing each sub-domain. This study establishes that there is broad consensus about the knowledge and skills required to self-manage bronchiectasis effectively, across stakeholder groups. The output of the study is an assessment tool that can be used by patients and their healthcare providers to guide the provision of self-management education, opportunities, and support.

2022 ◽  
Vol 1 (1) ◽  
pp. 35-39
Sri Susilawati ◽  
Winda Windiyani ◽  
Dewi Nurdianti ◽  
Ade Kurniawati

Limited knowledge of students about adolescent reproductive health is a problem that is often found in Islamic boarding school. The behavior of teenagers who often wear clothes or towels alternating with friends will be very influential for the reproductive health of adolescents, and it is feared that it could become a medium of spread of covid-19. Therefore, it is necessary to establish youth counselors and training through the provision of information as well as counseling practices on Youth Care Health Services (PKPR) and Socialization of New Habit Adaptation (AKB) after covid-19 in Al-Ittihaad Islamic Boarding School Purbaratu. The purpose of this PKM activity is to train and provide information on the importance of maintaining health by paying attention to adolescent reproductive health behaviors in Islamic boarding school with the implementation of health protocols / adaptation of new habits (AKB), which in the end participants are able to relay the information that has been obtained during the training process to others. The method in this activity is the establishment of youth counselors from santri sons and daughters. Providing training by directly training participants conduct counseling practices to their peers in the post-covid-19 PKPR and AKB. Conduct health protocols to prevent the spread of covid-19 virus in Islamic boarding school. The result of this activity is the increasing knowledge and skills of peer counsellors about PKPR and AKB post-covid-19 in Islamic boarding school.Conclusion is that participants can know and better understand and apply directly the material about PKPR and AKB post-covid-19 in Islamic boarding school.

2022 ◽  
Vol 1 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-5
Melsa Sagita Imaniar ◽  
Rissa Nuryuniarti ◽  
Sri Wahyuni Sundari ◽  
Wiatanti Wiatanti ◽  
Hikmatunnisa Hikmatunnisa

Bungursari Health Center in 2018 had stunting toddlers as many as 219 out of 1140 toddlers (19%). In 2018 there were 28 stunted toddlers with chronic malnutrition conditions, as well as pregnant women who experienced KEK as many as 23 people, as many as 56% of mothers who breastfeed exclusively and mothers as much as 74% have provided complementary breast milk since the age of 4 months and many mothers provide breast milk companion food with a menu that does not meet the STANDARD 4 quadrant WHO. This community service aims to carry out 1000 HPK mentoring training for cadres so that there is an increase in the knowledge and skills of cadres in escorting 1000 HPK so as to prevent stunting. Community Service training of 1000 HPK followed by 30 cadres for 2 days involving expert sources in their fields, namely the Head of Health Center, Midwife Coordinator, Nutritionist and Promkes and Midwife with the expertise of breastfeeding counselors, training is carried out face-to-face question and answer discussion methods and practicums. The results of the activities obtained are in the improvement of the knowledge and skills of cadres in controlling 1000 HPK.

2022 ◽  
Ninel' Oselko

In the textbook, the author shows the future specialist what opportunities knowledge and skills give for practical activity, how wide is the field of architecture, where each student can find what he will eventually do. It provides theoretical training and is designed to broaden the horizons of a young architect, to show the necessary tools for self-improvement in the profession. For students, postgraduates and teachers of architectural and construction universities, as well as anyone interested in architecture and construction.

Sarwahita ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 19 (01) ◽  
pp. 193-208
Yogiana Mulyani ◽  
Saiful Ghozi ◽  
Henry Winnarko

Abstract   Mentawir Tourism Village is a tourism village located in Penajam Paser Utara, East Kalimantan. This Tourism Village has “Pokdarwis” (Tourism Awarness Group) which has been formally confirmed by the head Department of Culture and Tourism in Penajam Paser Utara on August 7, 2019. However, the development of the Mentawir Tourism Village has not been maximized so it is necessary to empower more of the Pokdarwis Tiram Tambun to strengthen the management and promotion of the Mentawir Tourism Village. Several problems occurred in the Mentawir Tourism Village such as the lack of ability to manage the Pokdarwis Tiram Tambun institutions that were ineffective, inefficient and intransparent. They are also incapable to promote through various media and product of breakfast menu in their own homestay. The approachment methods used in this activities including socialization, training and mentoring. The results of these activities including the knowledge and skills of the management and members of the Pokdarwis Tiram Tambun to increase or to improve in terms of effective, efficient and transparent management through improving the administration or organizational bookkeeping, the development of potential tourism in the Mentawir village can be mapped through tourism products in the form of tour packages that will be offered to the tourists, as well as increasing the promotion of the Mentawir itself through various social media in order to increase the number of tourists visiting there and improvement skill from homestay owners in producing breakfast dishes   Abstrak   Kelurahan  Mentawir merupakan  Kawasan berpotensi wisata yang terletak di Kecamatan Sepaku, Kabupaten Penajam Paser Utara, Kalimantan Timur. Potensi wisata didaerah ini dikelola oleh Kelompok Sadar Wisata (Pokdarwis) Tiram Tambun yang telah mendapatkan pengukuhan secara resmi oleh Kepala Dinas Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata Kabupaten Panajam Paser Utara pada tanggal 7 Agustus 2019. Namun dalam pengembangan Wisata Mentawir belum maksimal sehingga perlu dilakukan pemberdayaan Pokdarwis untuk memperkuat pengelolaan dan promosi Desa Wisata Mentawir. Beberapa permasalahan di Wisata Mentawir antara lain kurangnya kemampuan dalam mengelola kelembagaan Pokdarwis yang efektif, efisien dan transparan, kurangnya kemampuan dalam melakukan promosi melalui berbagai media, serta kurangnya ketrampilan dalam pengolahan menu makan pagi di homestay. Metode pendekatan yang dilakukan dalam kegiatan ini antara lain sosialisasi, pelatihan dan pendampingan. Hasil dari kegiatan memberikan dampak bertambahnya pengetahuan dan keterampilan pengurus dan anggota Pokdarwir Tiram Tambun yang efektif, efesien dan transparan.  Kegiatan pendampingan ini juga menghasilkan pemetaan paket-paket wisata yang akan ditawarkan kepada wisatawan. Selain itu, hasil yang dicapai dibidang pemasaran digital adalah meningkatnya atau bertambahnya promosi desa wisata Mentawir melalui berbagai media sosial dalam rangka mensosialisasikan potensi Mentawir kepada wisatawan, serta bertambahnya ketrampilan dari pengelolaan dan pelayanan di homestay.

2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 640
Rotimi Abidoye ◽  
Benson Teck Heng Lim ◽  
Yu-Cheng Lin ◽  
Junge Ma

Bridging the gaps between property graduates’ attributes and industry expectations has been touted to be the key driver of sustainable development for the next generation of the workforce. This study investigated property-related knowledge and skills from the perspective of property employers and graduates in Australia in the digital age by (1) identifying the most and least important knowledge and skillsets in the property sector; (2) examining the strategies used to develop the required knowledge and skillsets; and (3) ascertaining if there are differences in the knowledge and skillsets perceived to be necessary between employers and graduates. A questionnaire survey was undertaken across property employers affiliated with the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS) and graduates of an Australian university. The results showed that problem solving and time management are the most important knowledge and skills for property employers and graduates, respectively. Notably, there were statistically significant differences in the perceived importance of course directors maintaining close communication with employers, real-life case study-based school assessment, the use of various course delivery methods, inviting guest speakers, and internship training while studying between employers and graduates. This finding implies that Australian property professionals are yet to fully embrace technology in the digital age.

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