resonant cavity
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Nanomaterials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 241
Alexey Kuznetsov ◽  
Prithu Roy ◽  
Valeriy M. Kondratev ◽  
Vladimir V. Fedorov ◽  
Konstantin P. Kotlyar ◽  

Tailorable synthesis of axially heterostructured epitaxial nanowires (NWs) with a proper choice of materials allows for the fabrication of novel photonic devices, such as a nanoemitter in the resonant cavity. An example of the structure is a GaP nanowire with ternary GaPAs insertions in the form of nano-sized discs studied in this work. With the use of the micro-photoluminescence technique and numerical calculations, we experimentally and theoretically study photoluminescence emission in individual heterostructured NWs. Due to the high refractive index and near-zero absorption through the emission band, the photoluminescence signal tends to couple into the nanowire cavity acting as a Fabry–Perot resonator, while weak radiation propagating perpendicular to the nanowire axis is registered in the vicinity of each nano-sized disc. Thus, within the heterostructured nanowire, both amplitude and spectrally anisotropic photoluminescent signals can be achieved. Numerical modeling of the nanowire with insertions emitting in infrared demonstrates a decay in the emission directivity and simultaneous rise of the emitters coupling with an increase in the wavelength. The emergence of modulated and non-modulated radiation is discussed, and possible nanophotonic applications are considered.

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
Kaylee D. Hakkel ◽  
Maurangelo Petruzzella ◽  
Fang Ou ◽  
Anne van Klinken ◽  
Francesco Pagliano ◽  

AbstractSpectral sensing is increasingly used in applications ranging from industrial process monitoring to agriculture. Sensing is usually performed by measuring reflected or transmitted light with a spectrometer and processing the resulting spectra. However, realizing compact and mass-manufacturable spectrometers is a major challenge, particularly in the infrared spectral region where chemical information is most prominent. Here we propose a different approach to spectral sensing which dramatically simplifies the requirements on the hardware and allows the monolithic integration of the sensors. We use an array of resonant-cavity-enhanced photodetectors, each featuring a distinct spectral response in the 850-1700 nm wavelength range. We show that prediction models can be built directly using the responses of the photodetectors, despite the presence of multiple broad peaks, releasing the need for spectral reconstruction. The large etendue and responsivity allow us to demonstrate the application of an integrated near-infrared spectral sensor in relevant problems, namely milk and plastic sensing. Our results open the way to spectral sensors with minimal size, cost and complexity for industrial and consumer applications.

2022 ◽  
Haowen Chen ◽  
Yunping Qi ◽  
Jinghui Ding ◽  
Yujiao Yuan ◽  
Zhenting Tian ◽  

Abstract A plasmonic resonator system consisting of a metal-insulator-metal waveguide and a Q-shaped resonant cavity is proposed in this paper. The transmission properties of surface plasmon polaritons in this structure are investigated using the finite difference in time domain (FDTD) method, and the simulation results contain two resonant dips. And the physical mechanism is studied by the multimode interference coupled mode theory (MICMT), the theoretical results are in highly consistent with the simulation results. Furthermore, the parameters of the Q-shaped cavity can be controlled to adjust two dips respectively. The refractive index sensor with a sensitivity of 1578nm/RIU and figure of merit (FOM) of 175, performs better than most of the similar structures. Therefore, the results of the study are instructive for the design and application of high sensitivity nanoscale refractive index sensors.

Materials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
pp. 352
Abedin Nematpour ◽  
Maria Luisa Grilli ◽  
Laura Lancellotti ◽  
Nicola Lisi

Graphene is emerging as a promising material for the integration in the most common Si platform, capable to convey some of its unique properties to fabricate novel photonic and optoelectronic devices. For many real functions and devices however, graphene absorption is too low and must be enhanced. Among strategies, the use of an optical resonant cavity was recently proposed, and graphene absorption enhancement was demonstrated, both, by theoretical and experimental studies. This paper summarizes our recent progress in graphene absorption enhancement by means of Si/SiO2-based Fabry–Perot filters fabricated by radiofrequency sputtering. Simulations and experimental achievements carried out during more than two years of investigations are reported here, detailing the technical expedients that were necessary to increase the single layer CVD graphene absorption first to 39% and then up to 84%. Graphene absorption increased when an asymmetric Fabry–Perot filter was applied rather than a symmetric one, and a further absorption increase was obtained when graphene was embedded in a reflective rather than a transmissive Fabry–Perot filter. Moreover, the effect of the incident angle of the electromagnetic radiation and of the polarization of the light was investigated in the case of the optimized reflective Fabry–Perot filter. Experimental challenges and precautions to avoid evaporation or sputtering induced damage on the graphene layers are described as well, disclosing some experimental procedures that may help other researchers to embed graphene inside PVD grown materials with minimal alterations.

Nanomaterials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 134
Wen Chen ◽  
Meixin Feng ◽  
Yongjun Tang ◽  
Jian Wang ◽  
Jianxun Liu ◽  

GaN-on-Si resonant-cavity light-emitting diodes (RCLEDs) have been successfully fabricated through wafer bonding and Si substrate removal. By combining the chemical mechanical polishing technique, we obtained a roughness of about 0.24 nm for a scan area of 5 μm × 5 μm. The double-sided dielectric distributed Bragg reflectors could form a high-quality optical resonant cavity, and the cavity modes exhibited a linewidth of 1 nm at the peak wavelength of around 405 nm, corresponding to a quality factor of 405. High data transmission in free space with an opening in the eye diagram was exhibited at 150 Mbps, which is limited by the detection system. These results showed that GaN-based RCLEDs grown on Si are promising as a low-cost emitter for visible light communications in future.

2021 ◽  
Vol 413 ◽  
pp. 209-216
Ridha Boumagouda ◽  
Fadhéla Otmane ◽  
Zineb Hamlati ◽  
Samir Bellal ◽  
Sabrina Zeghdoud ◽  

Microwave absorbing materials are applied in stealth, communications and information processing technologies. This kind of material dissipates an electromagnetic wave by converting it into thermal energy. The nanostructuration of materials became a reliable route over the years to enhance the dielectric and magnetic properties, which induce the required interaction. Nanostructured Fe-Co alloys are soft magnetic materials that make them promising candidates for microwave absorption when combined with other materials. The aim of our study was therefore to investigate the microwave absorption properties of based nanocomposites. The nanocomposites were obtained by the solution dispersion method. Nanocrystalline alloys elaborated by mechanical alloying (MA) in a high-energy planetary ball mill (RETSCH PM400) were dispersed into commercial epoxy resin matrix to form thin polymer nanocomposites. The grain size refinement and structural properties changes during milling process were characterized using powder’s X-ray Diffraction (XPERT PRO MPD diffractometer) at different milling durations. XRD spectra analysis show that a grain size refinement of 4.54 nm was reached after 60h milling accompanied with 1.2 % microdeformations. Obtained powders were shaped in small discs for which resonant cavity measurements were undertaken. The based nanocomposites have been subject to an experiment of two-port S parameters measurement in a rectangular waveguide (R120). The microwave experiments involved a Network Analyzer (VNA). Obtained results in terms of reflection losses show a good absorbing characteristic over the [8-15] GHz microwaves band.

B. Mahamout Mahamat ◽  
O. B. Arafat ◽  
B. Sauviac ◽  
M. F. Blanc-Mignon ◽  
S. Neveu ◽  

Materials with specific electromagnetic properties are increasingly used for the realization of passive components. Therefore, electromagnetic characterization is a priority to know these materials properties. This study focuses on the electromagnetic characterization of 10 nm maghemite ferrofluid doped sol-gel using a resonant cavity method. We deposited the sol-gel by dipping/removal on an alumina substrate in order to make measurements on the cavity to determine the complex permittivity and permeability. Two studies were carried out; the first consisted in varying the doped sol-gel thickness of layers of the same concentration in the realization of samples; and the second consisted in varying the volume concentration of ferrofluid according to the matrix dimensions. The first study showed that the dielectric constants do not vary with the thickness of the magnetic sol-gel layers. In the second study, measurements also showed that the gyromagnetic resonance is the same for all samples regardless of the ferrofluid volume concentration.

2021 ◽  
Andrew Bainbridge ◽  
Laura Hanks ◽  
Adam Craig ◽  
Andrew Marshall

2021 ◽  
Vol 4 (12) ◽  
pp. 2170029
Xiaopeng Zhang ◽  
Zhiyuan Jia ◽  
Yangjun Luo ◽  
Yaguang Wang ◽  
Pai Liu ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 2119 (1) ◽  
pp. 012123
M Y Hrebtov ◽  
M S Bobrov

Abstract The paper presents a simplified numerical model of the hydrogen plasma generation process in a microwave resonant cavity. The model assumes electroneutrality and the prescribed electron temperature of the plasma, thus significantly reducing the computational cost. This allows for the parametric study in a wide range of operating pressures end electric field magnitudes (at a frequency of 2.45GHz). The prescribed model allows finding the effective range of operating pressures for the plasma generation. At low pressures, the collision rate is too low to effectively absorb all the emitted energy while at high pressures the electron conductivity drops which also reduces the absorption efficiency.

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