incident angle
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Zezhao Nan ◽  
Mingzhou Gu ◽  
Yaru Li ◽  
Keyuan Zhang ◽  
Naihua Wang

2022 ◽  
Vol 148 ◽  
pp. 107768
Yang Lu ◽  
Jianxin Deng ◽  
Ran Wang ◽  
Jiaxing Wu ◽  
Ying Meng

Materials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 640
Yi Lu ◽  
Juan Chen ◽  
Jianxing Li ◽  
Wenjing Xu

In high-power microwave applications, the electromagnetic-thermal effect of frequency selective surface (FSS) cannot be ignored. In this paper, the electromagnetic-thermal coupling effects of cross-slot FSS were studied. We used an equivalent circuit method and CST software to analyze the electromagnetic characteristics of cross-slot FSS. Then, we used multi-field simulation software COMSOL Multiphysics to study the thermal effect of the FSSs. To verify the simulation results, we used a horn antenna with a power of 20 W to radiate the FSSs and obtain the stable temperature distribution of the FSSs. By using simulations and experiments, it is found that the maximum temperature of the cross-slot FSS appears in the middle of the cross slot. It is also found that the FSS with a narrow slot has severer thermal effect than that with a wide slot. In addition, the effects of different incident angles on the temperature variation of FSS under TE and TM polarization were also studied. It is found that in TE polarization, with the increase in incident angle, the maximum stable temperature of FSS increases gradually. In TM polarization, with the increase in incident angle, the maximum stable temperature of FSS decreases gradually.

2022 ◽  
Nitish Kumar Gupta ◽  
Gaganpreet Singh ◽  
Harshawardhan Wanare ◽  
S Anantha Ramakrishna ◽  
Kumar Vaibhav Srivastava ◽  

Abstract This work pertains to the design, numerical investigation, and experimental demonstration of an optically transparent, lightweight, and conformable metastructure that exhibits multispectral signature management capabilities despite its extremely low-profile configuration. In comparison to the existing hierarchical approaches of designing multispectral stealth solutions, attention has been paid to accommodate the conflicting requirements of radar and infrared stealth using a single metasurface layer configuration, which required a few constraints to be incorporated during the design stage to ensure compatibility. This methodlogy promulgates the desired multispectral response with minimal manufacturing footprint and facilitates an efficient integration with the other existing countermeasure platforms. The resulting design exhibits a polarization-insensitive and incident angle stable broadband microwave absorption with at least 90% absorption ranging from 8.2 to 18.4 GHz. Concomitantly it also exhibits an averaged infrared emissivity of 0.46 in the 8-14µm long-wave infrared regime, along with high optical transparency (71% transmission at 632.8nm). Notably, the total thickness of the metastructure stands at 0.10λ_L (λ_L corresponds to the wavelength at lowest frequency). The metastructure has been fabricated with ITO coated PET sheets, on which the frequency selective pattern is machined using Excimer laser micromachining, and the performances are verified experimentally. Furthermore, a hybrid theoretical model has been developed that not only provides crucial insights into the operation of metastructure but also presents a methodical semi-analytical approach to design.

Nanophotonics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 0 (0) ◽  
Min Huang ◽  
Bin Zheng ◽  
Tong Cai ◽  
Xiaofeng Li ◽  
Jian Liu ◽  

Abstract Metasurfaces, interacted with artificial intelligence, have now been motivating many contemporary research studies to revisit established fields, e.g., direction of arrival (DOA) estimation. Conventional DOA estimation techniques typically necessitate bulky-sized beam-scanning equipment for signal acquisition or complicated reconstruction algorithms for data postprocessing, making them ineffective for in-situ detection. In this article, we propose a machine-learning-enabled metasurface for DOA estimation. For certain incident signals, a tunable metasurface is controlled in sequence, generating a series of field intensities at the single receiving probe. The perceived data are subsequently processed by a pretrained random forest model to access the incident angle. As an illustrative example, we experimentally demonstrate a high-accuracy intelligent DOA estimation approach for a wide range of incident angles and achieve more than 95% accuracy with an error of less than 0.5 ° $0.5{\degree}$ . The reported strategy opens a feasible route for intelligent DOA detection in full space and wide band. Moreover, it will provide breakthrough inspiration for traditional applications incorporating time-saving and equipment-simplified majorization.

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
P. K. Singh ◽  
F.-Y. Li ◽  
C.-K. Huang ◽  
A. Moreau ◽  
R. Hollinger ◽  

AbstractIntense lasers can accelerate electrons to very high energy over a short distance. Such compact accelerators have several potential applications including fast ignition, high energy physics, and radiography. Among the various schemes of laser-based electron acceleration, vacuum laser acceleration has the merits of super-high acceleration gradient and great simplicity. Yet its realization has been difficult because injecting free electrons into the fast-oscillating laser field is not trivial. Here we demonstrate free-electron injection and subsequent vacuum laser acceleration of electrons up to 20 MeV using the relativistic transparency effect. When a high-contrast intense laser drives a thin solid foil, electrons from the dense opaque plasma are first accelerated to near-light speed by the standing laser wave in front of the solid foil and subsequently injected into the transmitted laser field as the opaque plasma becomes relativistically transparent. It is possible to further optimize the electron injection/acceleration by manipulating the laser polarization, incident angle, and temporal pulse shaping. Our result also sheds light on the fundamental relativistic transparency process, crucial for producing secondary particle and light sources.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 601
Chae-Won Kim ◽  
Gwang-Yeol Park ◽  
Jae-Cheol Shin ◽  
Hyo-Jin Kim

In order to improve efficiency of flexible III-V semiconductor multi-junction solar cells, it is important to enhance the current density for efficiency improvement and to attain an even efficiency of solar cells on a curved surface. In this study, the nanotextured InAlP window layer of a GaAs single-junction solar cell was employed to suppress reflectance in broad range. The nanotextured surface affects the reflectance suppression with the broad spectrum of wavelength, which causes it to increase the current density and efficiency of the GaAs single-junction solar cell and alleviate the efficiency drop at the high incident angle of the light source. Those results show the potential of the effectively suppressed reflectance of multi-junction solar cells and even performance of solar cells attached on a curved surface.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-14
Qihui Peng ◽  
Wen-ming Cheng ◽  
Peng Guo ◽  
Hongyu Jia

Assessing the seismic performance of the gantry crane is significant since the structure is more vulnerable to earthquakes with the increase in size and lifting weight capacity. This paper aims to investigate the seismic response of the gantry crane incorporating near-field ground motions using incremental dynamic and endurance time analysis (IDA and ETA) methods. To model the structure accurately, a nonlinear finite element model of the gantry crane considering the viscoelastic effect is developed in the OpenSees platform. Then, the IDA method is also carried out for a comparison with the ETA method. The results of the two methods are consistent with a correlation of 93.9% while the computational demand of the ETA method is much less than those of the IDA method. To study further, both the seismic incident angle and the application of viscous dampers using the Maxwell model are analyzed and discussed in detail. The results show that seismic incident angle has a distinct influence on the maximum seismic displacement and viscous dampers can significantly reduce the seismic demand of the gantry crane. These findings support the seismic design of gantry cranes and evaluate the structural seismic performance efficiently.

Geophysics ◽  
2022 ◽  
pp. 1-45
Lu Liu ◽  
Yue Ma ◽  
Yang Zhao ◽  
Yi Luo

Diffraction images can directly indicate local heterogeneities such as faults, fracture zones, and erosional surfaces that are of high interest in seismic interpretation and unconventional reservoir development. We propose a new tool called pseudo dip-angle gather (PDAG) for imaging diffractors using the wave equation. PDAG has significantly lower computational cost compared with the classical dip-angle gather (DAG) due to using plane-wave gathers, a fast local Radon transform algorithm, and one-side decomposition assumption. Pseudo dip angle is measured from the vertical axis to the bisector of the plane-wave surface incident angle and scattered wave-propagation angle. PDAG is generated by choosing the zero lag of the correlation of the plane-wave source wavefields and the decomposed receiver wavefields. It reveals similar diffraction and reflection patterns to DAG, i.e. diffractions spreading as a flat event and reflections focused at a spectacular angle, while they may have dissimilar coverage for diffraction and different focused locations for reflection compared with that of DAG. A windowed median filter is then applied to each PDAG for extracting the diffraction energy and suppressing the focused reflection energy. Besides, the stacked PDAG can be used to evaluate the migration accuracy by measuring the flatness of the image gathers. Numerical tests on both synthetic and field data sets demonstrate that our method can efficiently produce accurate results for diffraction images.

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