interlayer coupling
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2022 ◽  
Vol 203 ◽  
pp. 111140
Jimeng Jin ◽  
Tian Huang ◽  
Shilei Ji ◽  
Hong Wu ◽  
Feng Li ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Md. Sherajul Islam ◽  
Imon Mia ◽  
A. S. M. Jannatul Islam ◽  
Catherine Stampfl ◽  
Jeongwon Park

AbstractGraphene based two-dimensional (2D) van der Waals (vdW) materials have attracted enormous attention because of their extraordinary physical properties. In this study, we explore the temperature and interlayer coupling induced thermal transport across the graphene/2D-SiC vdW interface using non-equilibrium molecular dynamics and transient pump probe methods. We find that the in-plane thermal conductivity κ deviates slightly from the 1/T law at high temperatures. A tunable κ is found with the variation of the interlayer coupling strength χ. The interlayer thermal resistance R across graphene/2D-SiC interface reaches 2.71 $$\times$$ × 10–7$${\text{Km}}^{2} /{\text{W}}$$ Km 2 / W at room temperature and χ = 1, and it reduces steadily with the elevation of system temperature and χ, demonstrating around 41% and 56% reduction with increasing temperature to 700 K and a χ of 25, respectively. We also elucidate the heat transport mechanism by estimating the in-plane and out-of-plane phonon modes. Higher phonon propagation possibility and Umklapp scattering across the interface at high temperatures and increased χ lead to the significant reduction of R. This work unveils the mechanism of heat transfer and interface thermal conductance engineering across the graphene/2D-SiC vdW heterostructure.

2022 ◽  
Vol 105 (4) ◽  
Cuong Q. Nguyen ◽  
Yee Sin Ang ◽  
Son-Tung Nguyen ◽  
Nguyen V. Hoang ◽  
Nguyen Manh Hung ◽  

Yishu Wang ◽  
Xiaokun Zhai ◽  
Liefeng Feng ◽  
Tingge Gao

Abstract The neutral and interlayer exciton originates from intralayer and interlayer coupling, respectively. Unlike neutral exciton, the interlayer excitons at room temperature are hard to observe and manipulate due to instability. In this work, we show the photoluminescence of WS$_2$ and MoS$_2$ neutral exciton can be improved by oleic acid passivation, allowing trion peaks to be observed at room temperature. More importantly, a 3-fold increase in peak intensity of interlayer excitons is achieved, and the energy peak is blue-shifted 107 meV. Our work paves the way to investigate excitons in two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides monolayers and heterostructures at room temperature.

Symmetry ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 84
Dasol Kim ◽  
Yeon Lee ◽  
Alexis Chacón ◽  
Dong-Eon Kim

High-order harmonic generation (HHG) is a fundamental process which can be simplified as the production of high energetic photons from a material subjected to a strong driving laser field. This highly nonlinear optical process contains rich information concerning the electron structure and dynamics of matter, for instance, gases, solids and liquids. Moreover, the HHG from solids has recently attracted the attention of both attosecond science and condensed matter physicists, since the HHG spectra can carry information of electron-hole dynamics in bands and inter- and intra-band current dynamics. In this paper, we study the effect of interlayer coupling and symmetry in two-dimensional (2D) material by analyzing high-order harmonic generation from monolayer and two differently stacked bilayer hexagonal boron nitrides (hBNs). These simulations reveal that high-order harmonic emission patterns strongly depend on crystal inversion symmetry (IS), rotation symmetry and interlayer coupling.

2022 ◽  
S. Y. Wang ◽  
Yijun Yu ◽  
Jinxiang Hao ◽  
Yang Feng ◽  
Jinjiang Zhu ◽  

Abstract Monolayers of a prototypical cuprate high transition-temperature (TC) superconductor Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ (Bi2212) was recently found to show TC and other electronic properties similar to those of the bulk. The robustness of superconductivity in an ideal two-dimensional (2D) system was an intriguing fact that defied the Mermin-Wagner theorem. Here, we took advantage of the high sensitivity of scanning SQUID susceptometry to image the phase stiffness throughout the phase transition of Bi2212 in the 2D limit. We found susceptibility oscillated with flux between diamagnetism and paramagnetism in a Fraunhofer-like pattern up till TC. The temperature and sample size-dependence of the modulation period agreed well with our Coulomb gas analogy of a finite 2D system based on Berezinskii–Kosterlitz–Thouless (BKT) transition. In the multilayers, the susceptibility oscillation differed in a small temperature regime below TC in consistent with a dimensional-crossover led by interlayer coupling. Serving as strong evidence of BKT transition in the bulk, there appeared a sharp superfluid density jump at zero-field and paramagnetism at small fields just below TC. These results unified the phase transitions from the monolayer Bi2212 to the bulk as BKT transition with finite interlayer coupling. This elucidating picture favored the pre-formed pairs scenario for the underdoped cuprates regardless of lattice dimensionality.

RSC Advances ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 998-1004
Peng Lin ◽  
Nengshen Xu ◽  
Xiaolin Tan ◽  
Xuhui Yang ◽  
Rui Xiong ◽  

g-C3N4/WTe2 heterostructure with tunable vdW gap shows a favorable solar energy conversion performance.

2D Materials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Yaoyao Chen ◽  
Liwei Liu ◽  
Xuan Song ◽  
Han Yang ◽  
zeping Huang ◽  

Abstract The twistronics of the atomic-thick two-dimensional (2D) van der Waals materials has opened a new venue to investigate the interlayer coupling. Till now, most studies focus on the twist of atomic lattices and the resulted moiré superstructures, while the reports about the twist of charge density waves (CDW), the superstructures of which are from individual layers are limited. Here, using molecular beam epitaxy, we construct bilayer (BL) 1T-NbSe2 vertical structures. With high resolution scanning tunneling microscopy observations, we identify two cases of CDW twisted stacking with atomic precision. The typical twist angles are 0o and 60o between the 1st and the 2nd layer, although the top Se atomic lattices of these two layers are parallel. Compared to the single layer case, the dI/dV at BL shows an insulator-to-metal transition, with the Hubbard bands shrinking towards the Fermi level (EF ). More intriguingly, interlayer coupling states rise near EF , which are dependent on the CDW twist angles. These findings give fresh insight into the engineering of 2D materials by CDW twisting and are potentially applicable for future nanoelectronic devices.

2021 ◽  
Vol 15 ◽  
Umesh Kumar Verma ◽  
G. Ambika

We present a study on the emergence of a variety of spatio temporal patterns among neurons that are connected in a multiplex framework, with neurons on two layers with different functional couplings. With the Hindmarsh-Rose model for the dynamics of single neurons, we analyze the possible patterns of dynamics in each layer separately and report emergent patterns of activity like in-phase synchronized oscillations and amplitude death (AD) for excitatory coupling and anti-phase mixed-mode oscillations (MMO) in multi-clusters with phase regularities when the connections are inhibitory. When they are multiplexed, with neurons of one layer coupled with excitatory synaptic coupling and neurons of the other layer coupled with inhibitory synaptic coupling, we observe the transfer or selection of interesting patterns of collective behavior between the layers. While the revival of oscillations occurs in the layer with excitatory coupling, the transition from anti-phase to in-phase and vice versa is observed in the other layer with inhibitory synaptic coupling. We also discuss how the selection of these spatio temporal patterns can be controlled by tuning the intralayer or interlayer coupling strengths or increasing the range of non-local coupling. With one layer having electrical coupling while the other synaptic coupling of excitatory(inhibitory)type, we find in-phase(anti-phase) synchronized patterns of activity among neurons in both layers.

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