economic importance
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2023 ◽  
Vol 83 ◽  
W. Khan ◽  
S. M. H. M. Naqvi ◽  
H. Ul Hassan ◽  
S. Khan ◽  
U. Ullah ◽  

Abstract Seven hundred and twenty four fish specimens were captured from March to September 2016. The materials used in the current study were cast nets, hand nets. Eight cyprinid fish species were studied for their length-weight relationships. Parameter b in the LWR was 3.03, 3.06, 3.02, 2.29, 2.82, 3.43, 2.73 and 2.47 for Schizothorax plagiostomus, Schizothorax esocinus, Racoma labiata, Tor putitora, Barilius vagra, Garra gotyla, Puntius ticto and Arassius auratus respectively. Current study is the first attempt on the LWRs of cyprinid species, provide a baseline approach for conservation and /management of local fish fauna of economic importance.

2022 ◽  
Vol 18 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-13
Ramanathan Sowdhamini ◽  

Saffron (Crocus sativus L.) is the low yielding plant of medicinal and economic importance. Therefore, it is of interest to report the draft genome sequence of C. sativus. The draft genome of C. sativus has been assembled using Illumina sequencing and is 3.01 Gb long covering 84.24% of genome. C. sativus genome annotation identified 53,546 functional genes (including 5726 transcription factors), 862,275 repeats and 964,231 SSR markers. The genes involved in the apocarotenoids biosynthesis pathway (crocin, crocetin, picrocrocin, and safranal) were found in the draft genome analysis.

2022 ◽  
Vol 4 (1) ◽  
pp. 001-012
Carlos Henrique Marchiori

Simuliidae belong to the order Diptera, suborder Nematocera, Infraorder Culicomorpha, Superfamily Chironomoidea, and Family Simuliidae. They are known as “borrachudo” or “pium” in Brazil and as “black flies” in English-speaking countries. This study objective to report the characteristics of the Family Simuliidae. The research was carried out in studies related to quantitative aspects of the Family, Subfamily and Species (taxonomic groups) and conceptual aspects such as: biology, geographical distribution, species, life cycle, damage, economic importance, medicinal importance, biological aspects, and reproduction. A literature search was carried out containing articles published from 1950 to 2021. The mini-review was prepared in Goiânia, Goiás, from September to October 2021, through the Portal of Scientific Journals in Health Sciences, Pubmed, Online Scientific Library (Scielo), internet, ResearchGate,, Frontiers, Biological Abstract, Publons, Qeios, Dialnet, World, Wide Science, Springer, RefSeek, Microsoft Academic, Science, ERIC, Science, SEEK education, Periodicals CAPES, Google Academic, Bioline International and VADLO.

2022 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
pp. 251261
Marcela De Oliveira e Silva Loureiro ◽  
Natália Araujo Pacheco ◽  
Janaína Carla Kovalski

Objective: To identify and compare the most relevant attributes for consumers when deciding to buy olive oil in Brazil and Portugal.Method: In the first study, 10 olive oil consumers were interviewed to understand and identify the attributes that influence the decision process. In the second study, a survey was conducted with 338 consumers to compare the importance of the attributes.Findings: Taste, type of olive oil, acidity and price were among the five most important attributes for both nationalities, along with brand (only for Brazilians) and country of origin (only for Portuguese). Among the most important attributes, price was the least important and was used as a tie-breaker between similar products.Originality: Despite the economic importance of this market (€856 million in 2019), little is known about the attributes that are most relevant to consumers. This research provides current information on these attributes.

Ebrahim Osdaghi ◽  
Geraldine Taghouti ◽  
Cecile Dutrieux ◽  
S. Mohsen Taghavi ◽  
Amal Fazliarab ◽  

Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens complex species in the family Microbacteriaceae encompasses a group of plant pathogenic actinobacterial strains affecting annual crops and ornamental plants. The species includes five pathovars namely C. flaccumfaciens pv. betae, C. flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens, C. flaccumfaciens pv. ilicis, C. flaccumfaciens pv. oortii, and C. flaccumfaciens pv. poinsettiae. Despite the economic importance of C. flaccumfaciens, its members have rarely been investigated for their phylogenetic relationships, molecular characteristics and virulence repertories due in part to the lack of whole genome resources. Here we present the whole genome sequence of 17 C. flaccumfaciens strains representing members of four pathovars isolated from different plant species in a diverse geographical and temporal span. The genomic data presented in this study will pave the way of research on the comparative genomics, phylogenomics and taxonomy of C. flaccumfaciens, and extend our understanding of the virulence features of the species.

Water ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 198
Kathryn Gazal ◽  
Ross Andrew ◽  
Robert Burns

Understanding the economic value of marine sanctuaries such as the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary (FKNMS) is important to justify public and private investments and to provide information to support management activities and understand their role in the nation’s blue economy. Very few studies have employed economic contribution analysis in examining economic value, even though it is more useful in influencing the behaviors of decision makers. This study therefore employs such a methodology to determine the economic importance of tourism and visitor spending in the sanctuary to Monroe County, Florida’s economy. Visitors who came to the area for ocean recreation and tourism spent a total of USD 1.7 billion, which translates to a contribution of 19,688 total jobs, USD 752 million in total labor income, USD 1.2 billion in total value added, and USD 2 billion in total output to the region. With regard to the spending of snorkelers and divers only, total spending is about USD 1.07 billion, contributing about 12,441 total jobs, USD 466 million in total labor income, USD 767 million in total value added, and USD 1.2 billion in total output. Ocean recreation is therefore an important economic driver in the region and efforts should be directed at protecting the diverse and sensitive ecosystem of the sanctuary.

Forests ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 94
Xin Yao ◽  
Fan Zhang ◽  
Richard T. Corlett

The hollies (Ilex L., Aquifoliaceae) form a large (>669 spp.) genus of forest trees and shrubs, which is almost cosmopolitan in mesic environments but most diverse in subtropical China and montane South America. Throughout the range of the genus, Ilex species have been utilized as beverages, medicines, ornamentals, honey plants, timber, and for various other minor uses. Recent studies on the genomics, evolution, and biogeography of Ilex now make it possible to take a systematic approach to understanding and expanding the economic importance of the genus, but information on existing uses is scattered among numerous published and unpublished sources. We therefore review the existing literature on utilization of Ilex species, supplementing this with information from the grey literature and product websites. We show that, despite the number and diversity of known uses, most Ilex species are not known to be utilized at present, suggesting considerable unrealized potential. We highlight gaps in our knowledge and opportunities for expanded usage. Finally, we discuss how the availability of a new phylogeny and whole genome can assist screening of additional wild species for economic potential and facilitate breeding programs for species already under cultivation.

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