molecular characteristics
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2022 ◽  
Vol 806 ◽  
pp. 150190
Shijia Li ◽  
Chengbin Xu ◽  
Shuai Qin ◽  
Xin Guo ◽  
Yingchen Bai ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
pp. 89-97
Harris Sultan ◽  
Prabakar Kumar Rao ◽  
Kisha Deslee Piggott ◽  
Michael A Paley ◽  

AIM: To evaluate differences in microparticle profiles in vitreous samples between diabetic and non-diabetic eyes undergoing vitrectomy. METHODS: Un-masked cross-sectional series of 34 eyes undergoing vitrectomy. Vitreous specimens were collected and processed to evaluate for membrane integrity (DAPI), apoptosis (Annexin-V), and endothelial-cell origin (V-Cadherin). A BD LSR II flow cytometer was used for analysis and standardized sub-micron-sized beads were used for size comparison. RESULTS: Thirty-four specimens underwent analysis. Greater levels of Annexin-V were found on microparticles from specimens in which blood had entered the vitreous (n=12) compared to those without blood (n=22; 52.3%±30.7% vs 19.6%±27.2%, P=0.002). Patients with diabetes having surgery with hemorrhage (n=7) had greater expression of Annexin-V than those without hemorrhage (n=8; 62.1%±31.7% vs 18.9%±20.9%, P=0.009). However, in patients with non-diabetic vitreous hemorrhage, the level of Annexin-V expression was not significantly different compared to other disease processes (38.6%±25.7%, n=5 vs 20.0%±30.9%, n=14, P=0.087). CONCLUSION: Increased expression of the apoptotic marker, Annexin-V is detected on vitreous microparticles in diabetes-related vitreous hemorrhage. When evaluating vitreous hemorrhage in patients without diabetes, the apoptotic signal is not significantly different. Vitrectomy in patients with diabetes, and improvement in visual outcomes, may be related to the removal of a serum-derived, pro-apoptotic vitreous. Further investigation is warranted in order to identify the molecular characteristics of microparticles that regulate disease.

Electronics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 276
Yuri Ardesi ◽  
Giuliana Beretta ◽  
Marco Vacca ◽  
Gianluca Piccinini ◽  
Mariagrazia Graziano

The molecular Field-Coupled Nanocomputing (FCN) is a promising implementation of the Quantum-dot Cellular Automata (QCA) paradigm for future low-power digital electronics. However, most of the literature assumes all the QCA devices as possible molecular FCN devices, ignoring the molecular physics. Indeed, the electrostatic molecular characteristics play a relevant role in the interaction and consequently influence the functioning of the circuits. In this work, by considering three reference molecular species, namely neutral, oxidized, and zwitterionic, we analyze the fundamental devices, aiming to clarify how molecule physics impacts architectural behavior. We thus examine through energy analysis the fundamental cell-to-cell interactions involved in the layouts. Additionally, we simulate a set of circuits using two available simulators: SCERPA and QCADesigner. In fact, ignoring the molecular characteristics and assuming the molecules copying the QCA behavior lead to controversial molecular circuit proposals. This work demonstrates the importance of considering the molecular type during the design process, thus declaring the simulators working scope and facilitating the assessment of molecular FCN as a possible candidate for future digital electronics.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-13
Pei Lin ◽  
Zheng-Fei Yan ◽  
MooChang Kook ◽  
Chang-Tian Li ◽  
Tae-Hoo Yi

The genus Pleurotus is one of the most widely cultivated and edible mushrooms with various cultivators. Three molecular characteristics were used to evaluate the genetic diversity of 132 tested samples. Phylogenetic analysis showed five clades for tested samples of the genus Pleurotus by the combined ITS and LSU sequences with strong bootstraps and Bayesian posterior probability supports. A total of 94 polymorphic fragments ranging from 10 to 100 bp were observed by using an intersimple sequence repeat (ISSR) marker. The DNA fragment pattern showed that P. ostreatus cultivator (strain P9) was clearly distinguished from wild strain based on their clear banding profiles produced. DNA GC content of the genus Pleurotus varied from 55.6 mol% to 43.3 mol%. Their chemical composition was also determined, including sugar, amino acid, polar lipid, mycolic acid, quinone, and fatty acid, which presented some high homogeneity. Most of the tested samples contained mycolic acid; glucose and arabinose as the main sugars; aspartic acid, arginine, lysine, tyrosine, and alanine as the main amino acids; and C16:0, C18:0, C18:2cis-9,12, anteiso-C14:0, and summed feature 8 as the main fatty acids. In addition, their polar lipid profiles were investigated for the first time, which significantly varied among Pleurotus species. The genus Pleurotus contained menaquinone-6 as the sole respiratory quinone, which showed a significant difference with that of its closely related genera. These results of this study demonstrated that the combined method above could efficiently differentiate each Pleurotus species and thus be considered an efficient tool for surveying the genetic diversity of the genus Pleurotus.

2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Ke-Yun Zhu ◽  
Yao Tian ◽  
Ying-Xi Li ◽  
Qing-Xiang Meng ◽  
Jie Ge ◽  

Abstract Background Krüppel‐like factors (KLFs) are zinc finger proteins which participate in transcriptional gene regulation. Although increasing evidence indicate that KLFs are involved in carcinogenesis and progression, its clinical significance and biological function in breast cancer are still limited. Methods We investigated all the expression of KLFs (KLF1-18) at transcriptional levels by using Oncomine and Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA). The mRNA and protein expression levels of KLFs were also determined by using RT-qPCR and immunohistochemistry, respectively. CBioPortal, GeneMANIA and STRING were used to comprehensive analysis of the molecular characteristics of KLFs. The clinical value of prognostic prediction based on the expression of KLFs was determined by using the KM plotter. The relevant molecular pathways of KLFs were further analyzed by using Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway database. Finally, we investigated the effect of KLF2 and KLF15 on biological behavior of breast cancer cells in vitro. Results The expression of KLF2/4/6/8/9/11/15 was significantly down-regulated in breast cancer. The patients with high KLF2, KLF4 or KLF15 expression had a better outcome, while patients with high KLF8 or KLF11 had a poor prognosis. Furthermore, our results showed that KLF2 or KLF15 can be used as a prognostic factor independent on the other KLFs in patients with breast cancer. Overexpression of KLF2 or KLF15 inhibited cell proliferation and migration, and blocked cell cycle at G0/G1 phase, resulting in cell apoptosis. Conclusions KLF2 and KLF15 function as tumor suppressors in breast cancer and are potential biomarkers for prognostic prediction in patients with breast cancer.

2022 ◽  
Wensheng Zhou ◽  
Zhichao Liu ◽  
Yanan Wang ◽  
Yanwei Zhang ◽  
Fangfei Qian ◽  

2022 ◽  
Leming Shi ◽  
Jun Shang ◽  
Yue Zhao ◽  
He Jiang ◽  
Jingcheng Yang ◽  

Abstract Patients with adenocarcinomas in situ (AIS) and minimally invasive (MIA) lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) are curable by surgery, whereas 20% stage I patients die within five years post-operative. We hypothesize that poor-prognosis stage I patients may exhibit key molecular characteristics deviating from AIS/MIA. Focal adhesion (FA) was identified as the only pathway significantly perturbed at both genomic and transcriptomic levels by comparing 98 AIS/MIA and 99 LUAD. Then, two FA genes (COL11A1 and THBS2) were found strongly upregulated from AIS/MIA to stage I while steadily expressed from normal to AIS/MIA. Furthermore, unsupervised clustering separated stage I patients into two molecularly and prognostically distinct subtypes (S1 and S2) based on COL11A1 and THBS2 expressions (FA2). Subtype S1 resembled AIS/MIA, whereas S2 exhibited more somatic alterations and activated cancer-associated fibroblast. The simple knowledge-driven model was validated with 12 external datasets, showing potential in identifying high-risk stage I patients for more intensive post-surgery treatment.

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Mingming Hu ◽  
Jinjing Tan ◽  
Zhentian Liu ◽  
Lifeng Li ◽  
Hongmei Zhang ◽  

BackgroundYoung lung cancer as a small subgroup of lung cancer has not been fully studied. Most of the previous studies focused on the clinicopathological features, but studies of molecular characteristics are still few and limited. Here, we explore the characteristics of prognosis and variation in young lung cancer patients with NSCLC.MethodsA total of 5639 young lung cancer samples (NSCLC, age ≤40) were screened from the SEER and the same number of the old (NSCLC, age ≥60) were screened by propensity score matching to evaluate the prognosis of two groups. 165 treatment-naïve patients diagnosed with NSCLC were enrolled to explore the molecular feature difference between two age-varying groups. CCLE cell line expression data was used to verify the finding from the cohort of 165 patients.ResultsThe overall survival of the young lung cancer group was significantly better than the old. Germline analysis showed a trend that the young group contained a higher incidence of germline alterations. The TMB of the young group was lower. Meanwhile, the heterogeneity and evolutionary degrees of the young lung cancer group were also lower than the old. The mutation spectrums of two groups exhibited variance with LRP1B, SMARCA4, STK11, FAT2, RBM10, FANCM mutations, EGFR L858R more recurrent in the old group and EML4-ALK fusions, BCL2L11 deletion polymorphism, EGFR 19DEL, 20IN more recurrent in the young group. For the base substitution, the young showed a lower fraction of transversion. Further, we performed a pathway analysis and found the EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor resistance pathway enriched in the young lung cancer group, which was validated in gene expression data later.ConclusionsThere were significantly different molecular features of the young lung cancer group. The young lung cancer group had a more simple alteration structure. Alteration spectrums and base substitution types varied between two groups, implying the different pathogenesis. The young lung cancer group had more potential treatment choices. Although young lung patients had better outcomes, there were still adverse factors of them, suggesting that the young group still needs more caution for treatment choice and monitoring after the treatment to further improve the prognosis.

Plant Disease ◽  
2022 ◽  
Huizheng Wang ◽  
Jinye Gao ◽  
Yang Zhao ◽  
Minghong Fan ◽  
Wei He ◽  

Oxalis corniculata L., which belongs to the family Oxalidaceae R. Br., is a very common perennial herb. It is usually planted on bare land or under the forest as landscaping plants, and the whole plant can be used for its medicinal values of clearing heat, detoxification and detumescence. In August 2019, typical symptoms of anthracnose on O. corniculata leaves were observed in the green belt on the campus of Shandong University of Technology (36.81°N, 117.99°E), Shandong Province, China. The disease incidence was above 40% by investigating more than 300 m2 of planting area. Most of O. corniculata are planted under the forest where the disease is found, mainly in the environment with high relative humidity and less ventilation. The infected leaves appeared initially as tawny oval or irregular spots, and then the lesions enlarged gradually until the leaves became dieback or wholly withered, which greatly reduced the landscape effect of O. corniculata. Diseased leaves were collected by cutting into small pieces and sterilized with 75% ethanol for 30 s and 2% sodium hypochlorite (NaClO) for 60 s, rinsed with sterile deionized water for three times. Each air-dried tissue segment was cultured on potato dextrose agar (PDA) and incubated at 25℃ for 5 to 7 days in the dark (Zhu et al. 2013). Fifteen isolates were obtained from 20 symptomatic leaves and the cultures were initially gray white, subsequently became grayish to dark green after 7 days, with copious gray aerial mycelium and black microsclerotia. Three isolates were verified by the amplification of DNA sequences of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), actin (ACT), histone H3 (H3) and chitin synthase (CHS1) genes, using the primer pairs GDF1/GDR1, ACT-512F/ACT-783R, CYLH3F/CYLH3R, and CHS-79F/CHS-234R (Damn et al. 2019, Fu et al. 2019, Liu et al. 2013), respectively. The sequenced genes (GenBank accession no. OK017473, OK159078, OK159076, OK159077) shared 99.62 to 100.00% nucleotide identity with the corresponding genes of Colletotrichum truncatum strain UASB-Cc-10 (GenBank accession no. KF322064.1, KF322055.1, KF322073.1, KF319059.1), respectively, which was consistent with the morphological identification (Sawant et al. 2012). Pathogenicity test was performed with six healthy O. corniculata plants infected with mycelial plugs (about 3 mm in diameter) of three C. truncatum isolates from a 5-day-old culture, while the negative controls on the same leaves were inoculated with sterile PDA plugs. All plants were placed in a greenhouse at 25 to 30℃ with 90% relative humidity. The experiment was conducted three times. Five days later, all inoculated leaves appeared brown sunken spots, whereas no symptoms appeared on negative controls. The same pathogens, C. truncatum, were identified from the inoculated leaves on the basis of morphological and molecular characteristics as described above, confirming Koch’s postulates. To our knowledge, anthracnose caused by C. truncatum on O. corniculata is the first report in China. The discovery of this new disease is beneficial to the application and protection of O. corniculata, a popular landscape and medicinal plant. References: Damn, U., et al. 2019. Stud. Mycol. 92:1. Fu, M., et al. 2019. Persoonia 42:1. Liu, F., et al. 2013. Mycologia 105:844. Sawant, I. S., et al. 2012. New Dis. Rep. 25:2. Zhu, L., et al. 2013. J. Phytopathol. 161:59. The author(s) declare no conflict of interest. Acknowledgments: This research was financially supported by the Top Talents Program for One Case One Discussion of Shandong Province and Academy of Ecological Unmanned Farm (2019ZBXC200).

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