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2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (4) ◽  
pp. 79-92
R. R. Asmyatullin ◽  
I. A. Aydrus ◽  
Nagy Szabolcs

The global pharmaceutical market is one of the most innovative and dynamically developing sectors of the global economy. In addition, this industry can be considered highly profitable. Its role has especially increased in the context during the coronavirus pandemic. This article examines trade relations between Russia and Hungary in the pharmaceutical sector. For the Hungarian economy, the pharmaceutical industry is one of the traditional and most innovative sectors of the economy: about 86% of the manufactured products are exported. Hungary is among the top 20 largest exporting and importing countries of pharmaceutical products. The main partners of Hungary are the EU countries. Russia remains an important partner of Hungary in the export of pharmaceutical products, however, it we should note the downward trend of the Russian share in Hungarian exports, due to the sanctions policy on the part of the EU. After the imposition of sanctions in 2014, the growth rate of the Russian pharmaceutical market slowed down, which also negatively affected the volume of trade cooperation with European partners. Russia has traditionally been a major importer in the global pharmaceutical market. An important problem is the reduction of drug import dependence and the expansion of exports. For Russia, this will be possible thanks to the development of unique innovative products. Hungary is an attractive country for the development and expansion of Russia's trade relations in the global pharmaceutical market. For both countries, the pharmaceutical industry is strategically important. The situation with the coronavirus pandemic has shown that political differences can be leveled. Hungary became the first European country to conclude a contract with Russia for the supply of Sputnik V coronavirus vaccine. Thus, there is a high economic potential to make up for the lost pharmaceutical relationship between the two countries.

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (4) ◽  
pp. 43-80
Z. A. Kokoshina

The Central Asian region due to its economic potential and strategic signifi -cance has traditionally been of particular importance for Russia’s foreign policy. It was therefore not surprising that a serious deterioration of the political situation in Afghanistan in summer-autumn 2021 caused by the military defeat and the subsequent collapse of the pro-Western regime followed by the seizure of power by the Taliban raised serious concern of the Russian leadership. The developments in Afghanistan have attracted an increasing attention of the expert community, prompting a fl urry of comments and forecasts. Although many of these papers were published hastily, their assessments and conclusion were usually based on the long-term observations. This paper attempts to provide an overview of the military-political situation in the Central Asian region as it was caught by a new crisis in Afghanistan and as it is seen by both Russian and foreign experts. The fi rst section outlines positions and interests of the key regional and non-regional actors that have a signifi cant impact on the military-political situation in Central Asia. The second section examines the response of the Russian Federation to the situation in Afghanistan after the Taliban took power. Finally, the third section provides an overview of the latest expert comments and reports that attempt to assess possible implications of those events for the regional military-political dynamics and the national security interests of the Russian Federation.

Forests ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 94
Xin Yao ◽  
Fan Zhang ◽  
Richard T. Corlett

The hollies (Ilex L., Aquifoliaceae) form a large (>669 spp.) genus of forest trees and shrubs, which is almost cosmopolitan in mesic environments but most diverse in subtropical China and montane South America. Throughout the range of the genus, Ilex species have been utilized as beverages, medicines, ornamentals, honey plants, timber, and for various other minor uses. Recent studies on the genomics, evolution, and biogeography of Ilex now make it possible to take a systematic approach to understanding and expanding the economic importance of the genus, but information on existing uses is scattered among numerous published and unpublished sources. We therefore review the existing literature on utilization of Ilex species, supplementing this with information from the grey literature and product websites. We show that, despite the number and diversity of known uses, most Ilex species are not known to be utilized at present, suggesting considerable unrealized potential. We highlight gaps in our knowledge and opportunities for expanded usage. Finally, we discuss how the availability of a new phylogeny and whole genome can assist screening of additional wild species for economic potential and facilitate breeding programs for species already under cultivation.

2022 ◽  
Vol 4 (1) ◽  
pp. 77-83
Ubaidillah ◽  

Pule village topography is a hilly area that has economic potential if it is managed well. The functions of it are as water absorption and earthquake defense, besides that the hilly area also can be as ecotourism for the alternative strategy of economic enhancement and for ecosystem education. This research-based service aims to empower the community economy and apply the education that is integrated with nature through participatory method related to the goals achieved. The first result, officially opened the ecotourism with the views of Kekep Hills. The second, the forming of community-based tourism (Pokdarwis) as the management of ecotourism. The third, the education that is integrated of nature becomes the educational and fun media. It was created by using ecotourism pattern to grow the awareness of conservation for childhood

2022 ◽  
pp. 58-65
S. S. Vopilovskii

The study of the Russian fishery management system aims to determine the degree of readiness of the fishing industry to implement economic processes of access to aquatic biological resources in the country’s Northern fishery basin. A comparative analysis of fishery management systems in a market economy (fishery complex of Russia) and a planned economy of the USSR has been presented. It has been determined that the allocation of aquatic biological resources for industrial fishing is managed on the basis of Russian regulatory legal acts, and the implementation of the tasks of developing the fishery sector and ensuring the country’s food security is consistent with the implementation of the Basic State Policy of Russia. Key performance indicators of the fishing industry, the system of allocation of fishing (catch) quotas for aquatic biological resources based on the “historical principle” and the “auction system” have been presented. The aim of the study is to assess the being implemented plans for the total allowable catch development, and the desire of the fishery management system and business to increase the economic potential of the Russian fishery sector. 

2022 ◽  
pp. 104643
Lucas Villela Cassini ◽  
Jean-François Moyen ◽  
Gabriel Cellier ◽  
Bruna de Freitas ◽  
Caetano Juliani ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
pp. 1
Thywill Cephas Dzogbewu ◽  
Nathaniel Amoah ◽  
Samuel Korateng Fianko ◽  
Sampson Afrifa ◽  
Deon de Beer

Additively manufactured products offer extensive variety to consumers than many forms of production. Additive manufacturing (AM) production system allows consumer involvement, which has created a huge but largely untapped market. However, there is a gap between production and the market. Therefore, AM towards product production which focuses on the Commercialization of Additive Manufactured Products (CAMPs) is imperative. Despite the importance of CAMP, specific focus of research on the commercialization of additively manufactured products are scanty. There is also a lack of knowledge about the conceptual structure, intellectual structure, research trends, and the thematic structure of CAMP research. To contribute to this stream of research, this study takes an exploratory dimension by conducting a bibliometric analysis of publications on the CAMP. The R package and its associated biblioshiny were the software used. The study reveals that studies on CAMP started in 2007 with renewed interest starting from 2012. Importantly, it was found that the most cited articles focused on the economic potential of AM products in the home and specific industries. Also, there is an increasing focus on the business models that are necessary for the commercialisation of AM products. Generally, there is a shift in focus from the firm to the market. However, this is a niche area and requires more attention. Themes such as commercialization are just emerging, and researchers need to devote more time and effort to the consumer side of the commercialization of AM products.

Babafemi Sunday Olisa ◽  
Philip Olusegun Ojo ◽  
Ishiak Othman Khalid ◽  
Adebayo Agboola ◽  
Oluwole Towolawi ◽  

Greater attention is always being given to quantity of seeds produced rather than the inherent quality when issues related to seed requirements are discussed. However, seed production should not be limited to production of crops with high yielding potential, but also of high quality seeds with good economic potential that can give good crop establishment and yields in a wide range of production environments. This requires good knowledge of seed production and the establishment of an economically functional seed system with serviceable strategies. This underscores the importance of seed quality assurance systems strengthened with seed law enforcement strategies to assure production of good quality seeds of preferred varieties. This paper discusses those strategies put in place to ensure a successful production of quality seeds in the Nigerian seed industry and how the setups operate to achieve this objective.

2022 ◽  
Vol 951 (1) ◽  
pp. 012020
Indrawirawan ◽  
B Suwignyo ◽  
T A Kusumastuti

Abstract This study aims to analyse enterprise budgeting and the factors that affect the smallholder Bali cattle fattening income in Barru Regency, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. The total respondents were 46 farmers include 11 farmers at Bali cattle fattening enterprise six-month period and 35 farmers at fattening enterprise nine-month period. Respondents were selected using a purposive method. The data of the research was collected using interviews with questionnaires. Analysis of economic potential as follows net income and return to labour and management used enterprise budgeting analysis. The factors that affect the income of farmers using multiple linear regression analysis. The results showed that the 6- and 9-month fattening period of the smallholder Bali cattle fattening have net income of IDR 23,122,086 / farmer/period and IDR 11,926,657/farmer/period. In addition, it provides returns to labour and management of IDR 27,428,173/farmer/period and IDR 15,111,982/farmer/period. The number of feeder cattle and non-formal education dummy partially and significantly influence (P<0.01) income smallholders. Smallholder Bali cattle fattening enterprise is a potential business alternative to generate income for rural communities.

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